Epidendrum abbottii L.Sánchez & Hágsater 2001 GROUP Difforme

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The Amo Herbario Website


Common Name Abbott's Epidendrum [American Orchid Enthusiast collected the type 1900's]

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in eastern Dominican Republic at elevations of sealevel to 500 meters as a small to just medium sized, hot growing epiphyte with a simple, reed-like, somewhat laterally compressed stems carrying 7 to 12, all along the stem, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptic-lanceolate, unequally bilobed, margin entire leaves that blooms in the fall to later winter on a on a terminal, occuring only once, subumbellate, 4 to 7 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate floral bracts and carrying resupinate, simultaneously opening, greenish yellow flowers.

"Epidendrum abbottii belongs to the GROUP Difforme, characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be recognized by somewhat laterally compressed stems, 3-veined sepals, linear-lanceolate, single veined petals, lateral lobes of the lip with a slightly sinuate margin, short apiculate midlobe, clinandrium very prominent and erose. Epidendrum boricuarum Hágsater & L. Sánchez has 5-veined sepals, oblanceolate, 3-veined petals, mid lobe emarginate, forming two suborbicular lobules, clinandrium not prominent. Epidendrum floridense Hágsater has terete stems, oblanceolate, 3-veined petals, a cordate lip with an entire margin. Epidendrum umbellatum Sw. has large, vigorous plants, laterally compressed stems, narrowly obovate, 3-veined petals, lateral lobes of the lip with entire margin and bi-lobed midlobe. Epidendrum orientale Hágsater & M.A. Díaz has compact plants, terete stems, oblanceolate, 3-veined petals, bilobed lip with the lobes subovate and sometimes notched at the margin, giving the impression of a 4-lobed lip. Epidendrum difforme Jacq. has strongly laterally compressed, ancipitose stems, 5-veined sepals, ligulate-lanceolate, 3-veined petals, lateral lobes of the lip entire, the midlobe subquadrate, clinandrium short. Epidendrum crenulidifforme L. Sánchez & Hágsater, also from the Dominican Republic, has smaller plants, terete stems, 5-veined sepals, 3-veined petals, and an entire lip with a crenulate margin." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 401 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 827 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014