Epidendrum anchinocturnum Hágsater 1999 GROUP Nocturnum SUBGROUP Nocturnum

Side View of Flower

TYPE Drawing

Photos/TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Anchicaya Epidendrum [refers to the location and a play on words the Ancho Epidendrum - The Wide Nocturnum Epidendrum]

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in west central Colombia on the pacific slope of the Andes at elevations around 250 meters as a miniature sized, hot growing epiphyte with simple, laterally compressed, straight stems enveloped basally by tubular, ancipitous sheaths and carrying 2 to 3, on the apical 1/3 of the stem, coriaceous, ovate-suborbicular, rounded and retuse, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, compact 1/2 to .56" [1.2 to 1.4 cm] long, pluriracemose, successively 1 to 4 flowered inflorescence with 1 to 2, imbricate, oblong-triangular, acute bracts and much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acute, floral bracts ancd carrying flowers with the sepals bronze green, the petals yellowish green, and the lip and column pure white.

"Epidendrum anchinocturnum belongs to the GROUP Nocturnum SUBGROUP Nocturnum characterized by the simple stems carrying large star-shaped flowers usually with a 3-lobed lip. The species can be easily recognized by the short stems 3.6" [9 cm] high, short and wide leaves, with a length/width ratio of 2: 1, unique to this group of species. Epidendrum buenaventurae Schltr. from the same area has much taller plants 10 to 16" [25 to 40 cm] and longer/narrower leaves 2.8 to 6" x .4 to .96" [7 to 15 x 1 to 2.4 cm]. E. litense Hágsater & Dodson, from northern lowland Ecuador, has approximately the same size plants and flowers, but much narrower, longer leaves 1.6 to 3.2" x .28 to .36" [4 to 8 x 0.7 to 0.9 cm] [note that in the original description of that species the measurements are incorrect]). Other species in this group, with similar length/width ratio have larger plants and very long ovaries, several times longer than the floral segments, like E. macroophorum Hágsater & Dodson and Epidendrum angustilobum Fawc. & Rendle 1909." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 13(1-2): 291 Sanchez & Hagsater 1993 drawing fide; *Icones Orchidaceaerum 3 Plate 305 Hagsater 1999 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1326 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff anchinocturnum photo good;