Epidendrum anoglossoides Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Collection sheet

Specimen by © Standley and the Epidendra Webpage

Fragrance Part shadeColdEARLY Spring THROUGH EARLIERFall

Common Name The Epidendrum anoglossum-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in cloud forests at elevations of 2300 to 2800 meters as a small to medium sized, cold growing epiphtye with a cane-like, flexuous, laterally compressed towards the apex, somewhat terete at the base stems producing several short branches from the middle internodes and these in turn produce short branches from the subapical internode and carrying 4 to 10, all along the main stem, 1 to 5 on the short flowering branches, elliptic-lanceolate, unequally bilobed apically, dorsally carinate, subcoriaceous, rugose, margin entire leaves that blooms in the early spring through earlier fall on a terminal, racemose, distichous, arching, nutant, smooth, shorter, zigzag, laterally compressed, lax, 3 to 10 flowered inflorescence arising on a mature stem, with as long to longer than the ovary, deltoid, ovate, obtuse, conduplicate floral bracts and carrying distichous, simultaneous, slightly metallic scentedyellowish green becoming brown with age flowers.

Separated from others by the branching stems, the arcuate, few flowered inflorescence with lanceolate petals, and the cordate-acuminate lip.

"Epidendrum anoglossoides belongs to the GROUP Ramosum which is characterized by the monopodial, branching stems, the spike-like, distichous inflorescence, and the single callus, and the SUBGROUP Rugosum which has a branching habit with few-flowered inflorescence from short, secondary stems, the leaf-sheaths rugose. The species can be recognized by its laterally compressed stems, arching, nutant inflorescence, laterally compressed rachis, floral bracts deltoid, compressed, conduplicate, 3 to 10 simultaneous, greenish-yellow flowers, sepals lanceolate, petals linear-lanceolate, acute, triangular lip with acuminate apex and the basal corners rounded. Epidendrum elcimeyae Hágsater & Carcía-Cruz has a filiform rachis, 2 to 3 flowers, sepals and petals.24 to .28" [6 to 7 mm] long, and an acute, triangular-cordiform lip. It is florally very similar to Epidendrum anoglossum Schltr. but that species belongs to the GROUP Neowilliamsia and can be recognized by rhizomatous plants, simple stems, linear apical leaves, the floral bracts shorter than the ovary, and the lanceolate, acute lip." Hagsater etal 2007


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 122 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 907 Hagsater 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 978 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1529 Hagsater & Sanchez 2015 see recognition section;