Epidendrum calyptratoides Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Megalospathum SUBGROUP Vesicicaule


Plant and Flowers Photos by © fjs - Lindau - Frank Jordan

Another Flower in situ Cundinamarca 6/11/20

Inflorescence in situ Cundinamarca 6/11/20


Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Jay Pfahl

TYPE Drawing TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Calyptratum-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru on the Amazon side of the Andes at elevations of 2500 to 2750 meters as a miniature to small sized, cold, pendent growing epiphyte with laterally flattened, thin, fleshy, arising from the basal to middle internode of the previous stem, and carrying 5 to 11, unequal, all along the stem, articulate, linear-lanceolate, oblique, acute leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a terminal, arising on a mature stem, occuring only once, racemose, .56 to .8" [1.4 to 2 cm] long, simultaneously 4 to 9 flowered inflorescence arising through a solitary, conduplicate, narrowly semi-lanceolate, acuminate spathe with narrowly triangular, acuminate, shorter than the ovary floral bract and carrying green tinged with red flowers with a white anther.

The species is in a group of about 12 species that have often in the past been considered synomonous and are spread from Colombia to Bolivia. The separated species include E. cardiomorphum, Epidendrum calyptratum , Epidendrum calyptrectylosum; Epidendrum chaparense, Epidendrum falcivesicicaule, Epidendrum lagotis, Epidendrum pachyclinium, Epidendrum platypetalum and Epidendrum vesicicaule.

"Epidendrum calyptratoides is part of GROUP Megalospathum characterized by the caespitose but branching habit, many-leaved stem, fleshy, oblique leaves, a short, few flowered, raceme subtended by large semi-ovate spathaceous bracts, resupinate flowers, the column more or less united to the lip, and the SUBGROUP Vesicicaule , which has long, 3 to 8, narrow leaves, 8:1-20:1, and a simple lip. The species is recognized by the hanging plants, oblique linear-lanceolate leaves 14:1 (length:width), semi-lanceolate spathe with 4 to 9 flowered raceme, ovary inflated forming a vesicle at the apical l/3, and 6-winged, the floral segments partly spreading; the lip elliptic, bicallose, and the oblong petals, the clinandrium somewhat surpassing the body of the column. Epidendrum calyptratum , though very similar, has spreading sepals and petals, linear petals, and the ovary longer and thin, not inflated, the clinandrium widely cucullate, entire." Hagsater 2001

" Epidendrum calyptratum has an ovate, acute lip with 2 minute calli, and the sepals are .24" [6 mm] long, and 10 to 12 flowers. Epidendrum schmidtchenii Hágsater & E. Santiago has fewer flowers (7), the ovary is inflated behind the lateral sepals forming a short vesicle, and has 3 ribs, the ribs being 2-winged, with the margin of the wings erose, the lip is oblong-elliptic, sub-rectangular, the base truncate, with a callus." Taken from Plate 1414 Hagsater etal 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 426 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1290 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1414 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1599 Hagsater & Sanchez 2016 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide;