Epidendrum candelabrum Hágsater 1988 GROUP Difforme

Side View of Flower

Photos by © Bogarin

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Candalabra Epidendrum [refers to the erect position of the pollina and their likeness to a candle stick]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama at elevations of 600 to 1700 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with a simple, cane-like, somewhat laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 2 to 6, all along the stem, alternate, subcoriaceous, gradually larger towards the apex, lanceolate-ovate to elliptic, narrowly and unequally bilobed, margin entire leaves that blooms in the late spring through summer on a terminal, subcorymbos, short, 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, spreading, ovate, acute floral bracts and carrying successively opening, 1 to 2 at a time, resupinate flowers.

Epidendrum candelabrum is part of GROUP Difforme characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. This species has ovate-lanceolate leaves, a trilobed lip with a sub-quadrate middle lobe with a deep cleft at the apex forming 2 semi-ovate lobes.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 11: 23 Hagsater 1988 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing fide;