Epidendrum cardioepichilum Hágsater, D.Trujillo & E.Santiago 2008 GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea

TYPE Drawing by Hagsater & Trujillo and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Heart Shaped Lip Apex Epidendrum

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in Peru in montane forest at elevations around 2755 meters as a medium sized, cold growing, monopodial epiphyte with successively branching, arising from the apical nodes of the previous stem, cane-like, terete, thin, progressively shorter stems enveloped in the basal half by 2, tubular, scarious sheaths and carrying 3 to 4, along the apical half of the stem, alternate, suberect, subcoriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse, bilobed, minutely apiculate, slightly recurved, margin entire leaves that blooms in the late spring and summer on a terminal, racemose, compact, subspherical, arching-nutant, peduncle terete, thin, short, without bracts, rachis terete, thin, simultaneously 8 to 15 flowered inflorescence with small, less than half the length of the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acute, amplexicaul floral bracts and carrying resupinate, weakly disagreeably fragrant, yellowish brown flowers with the lip apex pink and the margin darker.

Epidendrum cardioepichilum Hágsater, D.Trujillo & E.Santiago 2008 GROUP Diothonea SUBGROUP Diothonea characterized by the branching plants linear-lanceolate to oblong leaves the apex bilobed, racemose, arching-nutant inflorescence, membranaceous, rarely fleshy flowers, the entire to 3-lobed, ecallose lip with the margin erose and with or without 1 to 10 thin, smooth to erose keels, the column completely free to obliquely united to the lip, the anther reniform. The species is recognized by the short inflorescence, the yellowish-brown flowers with the apex of the lip pink, the floral segments nearly parallel to the column, the apices revolute, the base of the lip forming a large cavity with the column, and the apex widely cordate and embracing the apex of the column. It is similar to Epidendrum globiflorum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl., but that species has oblong-ovate leaves, a very short inflorescence ca. .4" [1 cm] long, greenish-white flowers, the lip united to the column throughout, clearly 3-lobed and with the margin spreading. Epidendrum pseudoglobiflorum Hágsate r & Dodson has a dense inflorescence, the orange to vermillion-red colored, trumpet-shaped flowers, the sepals connate, and the lip suborbicular-hexagonal, totally united to the column . It is very similar to Epidendrum pseudocardioepichilum Becerra & Hágsater, which has green flowers, tinged magenta towards the apex of lhe floral segments, a narrower pouch, the epichile larger and rounded, and two quadrate wings at the apex of the column." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 11 plate 1108 Hagsater & Dodson 2008 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1166 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;