Epidendrum cardioglossum Rchb.f. 1850 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum

TYPE Drawing by Hagsater & Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Another Drawing

Original Drawing by © Padre Pedro Ortiz Conserved at the Herbario de la Universidad Javeriana, Bogota Colombia

Part shade Cool toCold Fall THROUGHSpring

Common Name The Heart-Shaped Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size 1/2" [1.25 cm]

Found in Venezuela in cloud forests at elevations of 1400 to 3000 as a large sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with a more or less erect, then arching in the upper 1/3 stem enveloped completely by tubular, nervose, rather rough, old grey leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths carrying, a few, spread unevenly throughout the apical half, lightly sulcate, thin, carinate, apically unequal in older leaves. Curious, that in successive years, the plant produces a new 4 to 5" side branch arising near the apex of the older cane and has an arching to pendant manner of growth with newer leaves held at the apex of the new short cane that blooms in the fall through spring on a terminal, short, racemose inflorescence with the few, simultaneously opening, resupinate, yellow to green flowers held at all angles.

"Epidendrum cardioglossum belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum, characterized by the monopodial branching habit, cane-like stems, branching sub-apically, the branches shorter than the main stem, leaves coriaceous to sub-coriaceous and fleshy flowers, the lip 3-lobed. The species is recognized by the oblong to elliptic, obtuse leaves, short, few-flowered inflorescences, the flowers yellow to green, the 3-lobed lip with elliptic lateral lobes, and the midlobe transversely oblong, minutely apiculate. Epidendrum pseudocernuum Carnevali & I.Ramírez has the lateral sepals prominently aristate, longer, conical inflorescence with up to 60 greenish cream colored flowers. Epidendrum cernuum Kunth has an elongate, cylindrical, many-flowered inflorescence, the lip with small, obliquely ovate lateral lobes, the midlobe subrectangular. Epidendrum vernixium Rchb.f. has a lax-flowered inflorescence with successive flowers, and elongate ovary inflated behind the perianth, a 3-lobed lip, and the lateral lobes elliptic and falcate." Hagsater etal 2009


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 6: 68 Schlechter 1919; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1966 drawing not; Flora de Venezuela Volumen XV Parte 3 Foldats 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing not; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing not; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1214 Hagsater 2009 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1278 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1292 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1299 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing good;