Epidendrum carnevalii Hágsater & L.Sánchez 1999 GROUP Difforme

Photo by Carlos J. Jerez

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by Hagsater & Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name Carnevali's Epidendrum [Venezuelan Orchid Specialist current]

Flower Size 1" [4 cm]

Found in Venezuela and Colombia? at elevations of 800 to 1800 meters as a miniature to small sized, warm to cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, somewhat laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 4 to 12, narrowly elliptic, bilobed leaves that blooms in the later spring through late summer on a terminal ocuring only once, sessile, simultaneously 3 to 10 flowered inflorescence with resupinate, white greenish flowers.

"Epidendrum carnevalii belongs to the GROUP Difforme characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be recognized by its somewhat laterally compressed stems, narrowlly elliptic leaves, short, wide, prominent, diverget callus, emarginate midlobe, with acute, divaricate lobes, erose-fimbriate clinandrium and specially the papillose ovary and column. It is similar to E. chlorocorymbos, from the Atlantic slopes from Mexico to Panama which has terete stems, subglobose callus, semiorbicular lobes of the midlobe, short clinandrium and glabrous ovary and column. It is also similar to other Caribbean species suchas E. floridense Hágsater, E. boricuarum Hágsater & L. Sánchez, E. garcía-esquivelii Hágsater & L. Sánchez but they have subglobose callus, entire, reniform lips and unornamented ovary and column." Hagsater etal 1999


ReferencesW3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as E difforme Drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967 as E difformeOrchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Neolehmannia difforme drawing fide; *Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 321 Hagsater & Santiago 1999 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 418 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1223 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1258 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1393 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1412 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo good