Epidendrum chrysanthum Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Rhombochilum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name The Golden Yellow Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in southwestern Colombia and northwetern Ecuador at elevations of 3600 meters as a small sized, cold growing terrestrial with terete, sympodial, repent habit, branching throughout stems carrying all along the stem, purple tinged, narrowly oblong, acute, margin irregular erose-denticulate, subcoriaceous leaves that blooms in the spring on a terminal, from the main stems and the branches, racemose, nutant, without a spathe, more or less simultaneously 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence with triangular to lanceolate, longer than the ovary floral bracts and carrying golden yellow flowers with the back side of the sepals and the ovary bronze and the apex of the tepals and the lip are green.

"Epidendrum chrysanthum belongs to the GROUP Elleanthoides SUBGROUP Rhombochilum characterized by thin, branching stems carrying narrow, grassy leaves and has a hair-thin peduncle of the inflorescence and carries successively opening, small delicate flowers. The species is recognized by its small, branching, caespitose plants with small, fleshy, bronzy-yellow-green colored flowers produced simultaneously, the rhomboid lip enveloping the column, the sepals .3" [7.5 mm] long; it only has 2 pollinia, an infrequent character in the genus. Epidendrum rhodanthum Hágsater & Dodson, which is sympatric has successive pink flowers, the lip transversely elliptic, apiculate, the sepals .36" [8.5 mm] long, and 4 pollinia.Epidendrum rhombochilum has longer, narrower leaves, and the column longer in relation to the lip, the sepals 8 mm long, this species is found on the eastern cordillera of the Andes." Hagsater etal 2001


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 427 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 Drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 plate 491 Hagsater & Sanchez 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 789 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1187 Hagsater 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1220 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1387 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1449 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1480 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1678 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section;