Epidendrum cirrhochiloides Hágsater & E.Santiago 2008 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Cirrhochilum-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Panama in cloud forests at elevations of 650 to 850 meters as a medium to giant sized, warm growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, laterally compressed, gradually thinner towards the apex, erect, straight stems enveloped below by scarious sheaths and carrying 9 to 16, all along the apical 2/3's of the stem, articulate, elliptic, short-acuminate, veins conspicuous, margin entire leaves that blooms in the later spring though late fall on a terminal, suberect, paniculate, peduncle laterally compressed, short, provided with 1 to 2 tubular, acuminate bracts, to 12" [30 cm] long, mostly simultaneously 60 to 200 flowered inflorescence with more than 1/2 as long as the ovary, linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers with the tepals white to greenish, and the lip white with purple lines.

Similar to E cirrhochiloidees but it differs in the smaller plant with oblong to oblong-lanceolate leaves, smaller flowers with sepals that are .28" [7 mm], a single callus on the lip, and the apical lobes are acuminate-cirrhose.

" Epidendrum cirrhochiloides belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum which is characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, usually apical inflorescence, the filiform petals and the lip usually 3-lobed (with 3 parallel fleshy keels), the apical lobe often bifurcate, the "bird-wing" type pollinia, and Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum , which has green and white flowers, often marked wilh purple on the disc of the lip and apex of the column. The species is recognized by the large plants, elliptic leaves, greenish-white flowers, the lip marked with purple lines, .44 to .48" [11 to 12 mm] long sepals, the lip bicallose, with the apical lobes long-acuminate, and nearly reflexed. It resembles Epidendrum cirrhochilum F.Lehm . & Kraenzl which has smaller plants with oblong to oblong-lanceolate leaves, smaller flowers, sepals .28" [7 mm] long, a single callus on the lip, and the apical lobes acuminate-cirrhose. Epidendrum piliferum Rchb.f. has somewhat larger plants up to 80" [2 meters] tall, larger flowers sepals .5 to .68" x .14 to .2" [12.5 to 17 x 3.5 to 5 m], and the lip with the apical lobes rounded." Hagsater etal


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1110 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 Drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1307 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1318 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1319 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section;