Epidendrum cirrhochilum F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Paniculatum

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Another Flower

Photo by © Dave Alford


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Tendriled Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size 5/8" [1.5 cm]

Found in Panama, Colombia and Ecuador in humid premontane and montane cloud forests at elevations of 250 to 1600 meters as a large sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte or terrestrial on steep slopes with a short rhizome carrying cane-like stems entirely enveloped by tubular sheaths of which many are leaf bearing carrying distichous, spreading, narrowly ligulate-ovate, acute, coriaceous leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, paniculate, loosely several flowered, 8" [20 cm] long inflorescence with simultaneously opening flowers.

"Epidendrum cirrhochilum belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum which is characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, usually apical inflorescence, the filiform petals and the lip usually 3-lobed, with 3 parallel fleshy keels, the apical lobe often bifurcate, the “birdwing” type pollinia, and SUBGROUP Paniculatum , which has green and white flowers, often marked with purple on the disc of the lip and apex of the column. The species is recognized by the relatively small flowers, sepals .24 to .28" [6 to 7 mm] long, the single callus, and the long-acuminate cirrhose lobes of the lip, the disc surrounded by a purple semi-circle. Epidendrum cirrochiloides Hágsater & E.Santiago from Panama has elliptic leaves and larger flowers, sepals .44 to .48" [11 to 12 mm] long, and a bicallose lip, and also has the cirrhose lobes of the lip. Epidendrum cirrhohirtzii Hágsater & E.Santiago from Lita and Chical has smaller leaves, a few-flowered inflorescence, the flowers greenish with the lip and apical half of the column white, immaculate. Epidendrum bispathulatum Hágsater, O.Pérez & E.Santiago has larger flowers, sepals .5 to .56" [12.5 to 14 mm] long, a bicallose lip, the mid-lobe divided into a pair of linear-spatulate lobes, obliquely truncate at the apex, the apical margin erose." Hagsater etal 2010


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 374 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 453 Bennett & Christenson 1998; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 302 Hagsater 1999 see recogntion section; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 11 Plate 1112 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 in recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1307 Hagsater 2010 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1318 Hagsater 2010 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1319 Hagsater & Santiago 2010 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 13 Plate 1352 Hagsater & Dodson 2010 See Recognition section; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1479 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 as E aff cirrhochilum photo good; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 photo fide; Orquideas de Farallones de Cali Galindo-Tarazona, Haelterman, Zuluaga Trochez and Sebastian Moreno 2020 photo fide