Epidendrum cornutum Lindl. 1841 GROUP Alpicolum SUBGROUP Alpicolum

Drawing by Calaway Dodson

Deep Shade Cold

Common Name The Horned Epidendrum [? Possilby refers to the column?]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru at elevations of 2400 to 2800 meters as a medium sized, cold growing epiphyte with arching to pendent stems carrying aggregate towards the apex, ovate-elliptic, acute leaves that blooms on a terminal, short, few flowered inflorescence.

"Epidendrum cornutum Lindl. is part of GROUP Alpicolum SUBGROUP Alpicolum Characterized by the simple, cane-like stems, long, narrow 1 to 3 spathaceous bracts, fox-tail-like inflorescence and numerous flowers with fleshy lip. The species is larger and proportionately narrower overall that the following comparative species, the lateral sepals are .36 to .42" [9 to 10.5 mm] long, and the midlobe of the lip nearly .16" [4 mm] long. Many other species in this group have the margin of the lateral lobes of the lip erose with the forward corner fimbriate. Epidendrum aenigmaticum is recognized by the small flowers, ochre-orange colored inside, the lateral sepals .72 to .3" [6.8 to 7.5 mm] long, the transversely ovate-elliptic lateral lobes of the lip are upright, with the margin entire, and the midlobe is short and wide. They are similar to E tenquendamae F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. which has narrower linear-lanceolate leaves, the flowers somewhat larger and proportionately narrower, sepals .28 to .32" [7 to 8 mm] long, linear-lanceolate, .24" [6 mm] long petals, and the callus of the lip somewhal shorter." Adapted from E aenigmaticum Icones Plate 902 Hagsater etal 2007

Synonyms Epidendrum pavonianum Rchb.f. 1856

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Orquideologia 24: 3 Ortiz & Hagsater 2005; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 9 Plate 902 Hagsater & Sanchez 2007 see recognition section; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017; Icones Orchidacearum 16[2] Plate 1672 Hagsater & Sanchez 2018 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1748 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1776 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;