Epidendrum cremersii Hágsater & L.Sánchez 1999 GROUP Difforme

Side View of Flowere


Plant In situ French Guiana

Photos by © Marine Perrier

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

hot Fall EARLYSpring

Common Name or Meaning Cremers' Epidendrum [American Orchid Collector in Fr Guiana]

Flower Size 2" [5 cm]

Found in central French Guiana at elevations of 100 to 200 meters as a miniature sized, hot growing epiphyte with simple, reed-like, laterally compressed stems carrying 3 to 6, oblong, unequally bilobed, coriaceous leaves that blooms in the fall through early spring on a terminal, occuring only once, sessile, simultaneously 1 to 3 flowered inflorescence without a spathe but has ovate, acute, much shorter than the ovary floral bracts and carrying resupinate flowers.

"Epidendrum cremersii belongs to the GROUP Difforme characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be recognized by lateral compressed stems, trapezoid, 3-lobed lip, ovate lateral lobes, surpasing the very small, bilobed midlobe, subrectangular, divergent lobes, arcuate column, prominent, erose clinandrium. E. barbeyanum from Costa Rica and Panama, has a transversally elliptic lip, dolabriform lateral lobes, straight column, and a reduced clinandrium. Epidendrum althausenii A. D. Hawkes, an Amazonian species, has a subcuadrate lip, semiovate lateral lobes, without deep sinus, emarginate midlobe, and a straight column. Epidendrum oldemanii E. A. Christenson also from Central French Guiana has graduating in size towards the apex leaves, small flowers, sepals .56 to .68" [14 to 16.5 mm] long, 1-veined petals, transversely reniform-bilobulate lip." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidaceaeum 3 Plate 327 Hagsater & Sanchez 1999 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 811 Hagsater and Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 8 Plate 826 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1202 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Orchids of French Guiana Szlachetko, Veyret, etal 2012 drawing/photo fide; Richardiana Vol 2 Synopsis des espčces d'Epidendrum (Orchidaceae) de Guyane. 2- Groupe « Difforme » Aurélien Sambin, Diana Essers & Guy R. Chiron 02/26/2016