Epidendrum dixiorum Hágsater 1993 GROUP Difforme

Photo by © Bill Bergstrom

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez & Hagsater and The AMO Herbaria Website

Common Name or Meaning Dix's Epidendrum [Mr & Mrs - Co-Collectors of species current]

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Mexico and Guatemala at elevations of 1400 to 2150 meters as a miniature to small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with reed-like, terete, slightly flexuous stems enveloped below by leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying 8 to 12, elliptic to lanceolate, unequally bilobed apically, basally clasping leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, short, subumbellate inflorescence carrying simultaneous, resupinate, nocturnally foul scented flowers.

"Epidendrum dixorum is a member of the GROUP Difforme characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be distinguished by the terete atems, 6 to 8 large simultaneous flowers with conspicuously elongated ovary, 3-lobed lip with trapezoid, emarginate, recurved midlobe, and prominent, marginally erose clinandrium. It is somewhat similar to E. succulentum Hágsater, which has 3-veined petals, cordiform lip, straight column and fimbriate clinandrium. Epidendrum chlorocorymbos Schltr., on the other hand, has non-prominent clinandrium, 3-lobed lip, the midlobe bilobed but very short, and subglobose calli." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 2 The Genus Epidendrum Part 1 Plate 129 Hagsater 1993 drawing ok to photo, fide to drawing; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018