Epidendrum decurviflorum Schltr. 1920 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Vernixium

Flower Closeup

Photos by © Jay Pfahl


TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Decurved Epidendrum

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Colombia and Bolivia in cloud forests at elevations around 2270 to 3100 meters as a medium to giant sized, cold growing epiphyte or terrestrial with an erect, thin, many-branched, leafy stem carrying erect-patent, ligulate, obtuse leaves that blooms in the spring through fall on an erect, about 4" [10 cm] long, subdensely many flowered inflorescence arising through a spathe with erect-patent, linear, acute floral bracts and carrying, successsive, non-resupinate, somewhat fleshy flowers.

"Epidendrum decurviflorum to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Vernixium which is characterized by the monopodial, sub-apical branching habit, erect, lax inflorescences, non-resupinate flowers, and the lip 3-lobed. The species is recognized by the lanceolate, obtuse leaves, 1.2 to 2.3" x .4 to .48" [3 to 5.5 x 1.0 to 1.2 cm], yellow, concolor flowers or with purplish semicircle around the disc of the lip, sepals and petals unequal in size, the base of the lip somewhat cordate, the lateral lobes transversely rectangular. Epidendrum scytocladium Schltr. is vegetatively very similar, but the flowers are greenish yellow with the apex of the column tinged purplish, sepals and petals similar in size, and the base of the lip deeply cordate, the lateral lobes sub-falcate, and the midlobe with the apical margin somewhat involute. Epidendrum chioneoides Carnevali & G.A.Romero has green flowers, apparently concolor, sepals and petals of similar size, and the lip clearly 3-lobed, the lateral lobes dolabriform." Hagsater etal 2009


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 130 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 246 Schlechter 1920; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren -Atlas 57: 175 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Native Colombia Orchids Vol 2 COS 1991 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 101 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Orquideologia Vol 23 #1 2004 photo fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Vasquez & Ibisch 2004; Icones Orchidacearum Part 12 Plate 1237 Hagsater 2009 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1292 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1299 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1801 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(1) plate 1804 2020 see recognition section