Epidendrum farallocernuum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2016 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum

TYPE Drawing by Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website


Common Name The Farallone E cernuum Epidendrum [refers to the location of this E cernuum-like orchid]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Valle de Cauca department of Colombia on the eastern slope of the Cordillera Occidental in montane rain forests at elevations of 3600 to 3650 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with branching, cane-like terete, thin stems carrying 5 to 7, all along the branches [main stem not seen] alternate, suberect, lanceolate, subacute, apiculate, subcoriaceous, apical margin crenate leaves that blooms in the earlier winter through early summer on a terminal, occuring only once, racemose, nutant, peduncle .28" [7 mm] long, terete, thin, naked, rachis .52 to .72" [1.3 to 1.8 cm] long, laterally compressed, zig-zag, simultaneously 8 flowered inflorescence with basally nearly as long as the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, clasping floral bracts and carrying resupinate, yellow flowers.

"Epidendrum farallocernuum belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum , characterized by the cane-like, subapically branched stems, the branches much shorter than the main stem, coriaceous to sub-coriaceous leaves and fleshy flowers. The species is recognized by the lanceolate leaves, short nutant inflorescences .8 to 1" [2.0 to 2.5 cm] long, rachis zig-zag, flowers simultaneous, floral bracts nearly as long as the ovary, flowers yellow, small, sepals .18 to .188" [4.5 to 4.7 mm] long, petals oblanceolate-spatulate, with the apical margin erose; lateral lobes of the lip very small, obliquely oblong, the mid-lobe orbicular with the apex minutely apiculate. Epidendrum angeloglossum has a 2" [5 cm] long inflorescence, rachis straight, successive flowers, the floral bracts shorter than the ovary, flowers apple green, sepals tinged purple, sepals ,56 to .68" [14.0 to 16.5 mm] long, margin entire and revolute; lateral lobes of the obliquely ovate, mid-lobe not apiculate. Epidendrum zipaquiranum Schltr. is vegetatively very similar, but is found on the Cordillera Oriental of northern Colombia, has .16 to .4" [4 to 10 cm] long inflorescences, rachis straight, up to 35 successive, greenish yellow flowers, sepals .32 to .44" [8 to 11 mm] long, and the lateral lobes of the lip are obliquely semi-ovate, and the mid-lobe widely ovate." Hagsater etal 2016


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 15 [2] Plate 1582 Hagsater & Santiago 2016 photo/drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017