Epidendrum haematanthum Schltr. 1921 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum

TYPE Drawing by Schlechter

Part sun Cool

Common Name The Blood Flower Epidendrum

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in southern Peru at elevations around 1500 meters as a large to giant sized, cool growing terrestrial? with erect, strict stems enveloped completely by both leafless and leaf-bearing sheaths and carrying erect-patent, oblong-ligulate, obtuse leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, 16 to 18" [40 to 45 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence with linear-lanceolate, acuminate floral bracts.

Epidendrum haematanthum is part of GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum characterized by the complicated, tuberculose callus on the lip, with a low column, with an incumbent anther. All photos on the net are Epidendrum calanthum and not correct for E haemantanthum. The real E haemantanthum has scarlet flowers that have a prominently 3-lobed lip which is heart-shaped at the base of the sidelobes. In addition, the lip has a large ovate callus with a small callus on each side.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 9: 86 Peru 1921; Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. Figuren-Atlas 57: 464 Schlechter 1929 drawing fide; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo not = E calanthum