Epidendrum hawkesii A.H.Heller 1966 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum

Photo by © the Belize Botanical Garden


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name Hawkes Epidendrum [American Orchid Enthusiast and Author 1900's]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama in remnant evergreen forests or on moist grassy roadsides at elevations of 120 to 360 meters as a medium to large sized, hot growing epiphyte and rarely a terrestrial with only basal roots on an unbranched, cane-like, erect, simple stem enveloped towards the base by purple spotted, somewhat fractiflex sheaths and carrying oblong-elliptic, somewhat concave, round and retuse apically, fleshy-coriaceous, rigid, green with purple spotted leaves that blooms on a terminal, compact, racemose, to 20" [50 cm] long, several to many [20 to 60] flowered inflorescence.

CAUTION I am not sure of the photo determination so please use with caution, the drawing is correct.

"Epidendrum hawkesii belongs to the GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum , characterized by the caespitose habit, numerous oblong, coriaceous leaves, usually elongate peduncle of the inflorescence with a raceme of non-resupinate flowers, bicallose lip and caudicles of the pollinia, like a pile of roof-tiles. The species is recognized by the resupinate, reddish orange colored flowers, the petals somewhat reflexed, oblanceolate, acute sepals, narrowly rhombic petals with the base unguiculate and the apical margin erose. Epidendrum baumannianum Schltr. is vegetatively very similar, but the lateral sepals are oblong, oblique and acuminate, very similar to the petals, and the petals have an entire margino Epidendrum apatotylosum Hágsater has non-resupinate, purplish-red flowers with the distal part of the column white, prolonged by a pair of truncate, laminar appendices that appear as part of the calli. from Epidendrum radicans Pavón ex Lindl . has a creeping habit, with roots all along the stem, orange-reddish flowers, the disc of the lip yellow with a few red dots, sepals and petals are generally spreading, elliptic and acute, the margin entire." Hagsater etal 2008


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

*Phytologia 14: 2 Heller 1966 Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 717 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 11 plate 1104 Hagsater & Soto 2008 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1130 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 17(1) Plate 1790 Hagsater & Jimenez 2019 see recognition section;