Epidendrum igneum Hágsater 2004 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Elongatum

Photo by © Lourens Grobler

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Fire Red Epidendrum

Flower Size .8" [2 cm]

Found in Colombia on the Western Cordillera on rocks at elevations around 1900 meters as a giant sized, cool growing lithophyte with cane-like, terete, erect stems carrying numerous, ovate, bilobed apically, coriaceous leaves that blooms at most any time of year in cultivation on a terminal, racemose, erect, long pedunculate, successively to 20 at once, to 35 flowered inflorescence with the peduncle completely enveloped by tubular, imbricating sheaths and carrying non-resupinate flowers. .

" Epidendrum igneum belongs to the GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Elongatum which is characterized by the caespitose habit, simple, terete stems, numerous, oblong-elliptic, bilobed leaves, a mostly elongate inflorescence, with a raceme of successive, non-resupinate flowers, and the lip with a complicated, fleshy callus. The species is recognlzed by the non resupinate bright red flowers with a massive callus formed by a transverse flabellate plate and two rounded, yellow low mounds on each slde; the lateral lobes larger than the midlobe. The species is somewhat close to Epidendrum imperator Hágsater which has larger flowers, oblanceolate, acute sepals .56 to .72" [14 to 18 mm] long, and the lip has a massive, tridentate, yellow callus. Epidendrum catillus Rchb.f., also has larger flowers, but the \ sepals are obtuse, and the lip has a flabellate, white callus." Hagsater etal 2004


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidaceaerum 7 Plate 747 Hagsater & Sanchez 2004 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 748 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Drawing/Photo fide;