Epidendrum jorge-warneri Karremans & Hágsater 2014 GROUP Ramosum SUBGROUP Rugosum

TYPE Drawing

Photo by A P Karremans/TYPE Drawing by Jimenez and and The AMO Herbaria Website

Fragrant Part Shade Cold LATE EARLIER Summer

Common NameJorge Warner’s Epidendrum [Costa Rican Director of Lankester Gardens current]

Flower Size .6” [1.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica in isolated cloud forests at elevations around 2400 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with branching, cane-like, flattened, erect stems carrying up to 5, all along the stem, mostly all at the apex as the lower ones are deciduous in time, elliptic to narrowly ovate, bilobed, articulate leaves that blooms in the summer on a terminal, mostly from the lateral branches, without a spathe, occuring only once, peduncle to .8” [2 cm] long, rachis curvved, laterally flattened, simultaneously 2 to 4 flowered inflorescence with equal to longer than the ovary, acute, flattened floral bracts and carrying resupinate, brownish yellow flowers that have a sweet diurnal fragrance.

"Epidendrum jorge-warnerii belongs to the GROUP Ramosum which is characterized by the monopodial, branching stems, the spike-like, distichous inflorescence, and the single callus, and the SUBGROUP Rugosum which has a branching habit with few-flowered inflorescences from short, secondary stems, the leaf-sheaths rugose. The species can be recognized by the laterally compressed stems, the laterally compressed rachis and ovary, the 2 to 4, large, brownish-yellow flowers, sepals .6" [15 mm] long, lip .5" [12.5 mm] long, the lip which embraces the column completely and callus of the lip Y-shaped. Epidendrum anoglossoides Ames & C.Schweinf. has smaller, up to 9, greenish-yellow flowers, sepals and petals .3 to .48" [7.5-9.5 mm] long, lip .24" [6 mm] long, and callus of the lip tri-dentate." Hagsater etal 2015


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Lankesteriana 12[3]: 260 Karremans & Hagsater 2014 photo/drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 15 [1] Plate 1530 Karremans & Hágsater 2015 drawing fide