Epidendrum kosnipataense Hágsater, E.Santiago & J.Duarte 2020 GROUP Saxicola

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Photo by © Rebecca Repasky /TYPE Drawing by R. Jiménez M. and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Kosñipata Epidendrum [Refers to the District of Kosñipata, Province of Paucartambo, Department of Cusco, where the Wayqecha Biological Station is located and where there is a great diversity of orchids, and where Isau Huamantupa has his family reserve and orchid garden. A large part of the Manu National Park is also found there.]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Cusco department of Peru at elevations of 2600 to 3100 meters as a small sized, cold growing epiphyte with stems forming fusiform pseudobulbs, covered by 2 non-foliar, scarious, becoming fibrous with time sheaths,and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, oblong, apex truncate, minutely apiculate, revolute in herbarium specimens, margin entire leaf that blooms in the late fall, spring and summer arising through a single, tubular at base, conduplicate at the apex, oblong, obtuse spathe, peduncle 2.28" [5.7 cm] long, thin, erect, straight; rachis .44 to .68" [1.1 to 1.7 cm] long, 4" [10 cm] long including the flowers, apical, erect, racemose, simultaneously 3 to 5 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, widely triangular, acute, embracing floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, apple green flowers with the fragrance not registered.

"Epidendrum kosnipataense belongs to the GROUP Saxicola characterized by the pseudobulbous stems, caespitose or scandent habit, the prominent spathaceous bract apically rounded, the few-flowered, erect inflorescence, flowers purple or yellow, and the surface of the vegetative structures often rugose. The new species is recognized by the single oblong leaf 3.2 to 3.6" x .4 to .56" [8.0 to 9.0 x 1.0 to 1.4 cm] with the apex truncate, 3 to 5 apple green flowers, concolor, petals .8" [20 mm] long, narrowly elliptic, and the lip deeply cordiform with a single wide mid-rib that reaches the apex of the lip. Epidendrum milpoënse Hágsater & E.Santiago has an elliptic leaf, 1.88 to 2.6" x .64 to .8" [4.7 to 6.5 x 1.6 to 2.0 cm], proportionately shorter and wider, and apically bilobed, 2 to 3 apple green flowers, petals .64 to .69" x .2 to .28" [16 to 17.5 x 5.0 to 7.0 mm], rhombic-spatulate, and the disc of the lip with 3 ribs running the length of the lip. Epidendrum saxicola Kraenzl. has oblong-elliptic leaves, the apex obtuse, 2 dirty pale purple-brown to pink flowers, the lip creamy white to yellow tinged purple, petals 15-18 mm long, linear-oblanceolate, and the lip sub-orbicular to widely cordiform and apiculate. Epidendrum pallidovirens Hágsater, E.Santiago & J.Duarte has leaves 1.2 to 2.4" x .32 to .36" [3.0 to 6.4 x 0.8 to 0.9 cm], oblong apex obtuse, flowers 2 to 3, pale green, petals .52" [13 mm] long, spatulate, and the lip entire, strongly convex. Epidendrum repaskyae Hágsater, E.Santiago & J.Duarte has 3-to 4 creamy-white flowers with a yellow disc, sepals and petals cup-shaped, sepals .44" [11 mm] long, petals .4 x .2" [10 x 5.0 mm], the lip shallowly 3-lobed, the lateral lobes sub-quadrate-rounded, mid-lobe subquadrate, apex truncate with the middle margin revolute so as to appear emarginate. Epidendrum wayqechaense has 2 flowers of similar color, sepals .52" [13 mm] long, petals .52 x .1" [13 x 2.5 mm], narrowly spatulate-oblanceolate, the lip clearly 3-lobed with the lateral lobes dolabriform and the midlobe revolute in natural position." Hagsater etal 2020


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1774 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 TYPE Drawing/Photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1795 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1796 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 see recognition section;