Epidendrum lavendulum Hágsater 2020 GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum

TYPE Photo

TYPE LCDP by © R. Jiménez M. & A. Cisneros /TYPE Photo by R. Jiménez M. and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Lavender Violet Epidendrum [Refers to the flower color]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Ecuador from the eastern slope of the Volcán Sumaco and foothills of the Andes, east of Quito in dense wet forest at elevations around 1300 meters as a large sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, slightly sinuous, terete to slightly compressed towards the apex, thin stems, covered by foliar sheaths and carrying 7 to 10, distichous, distributed throughout the stem; tubular, smooth, papyraceous when dry sheaths; blade lanceolate-oblong, apex obtuse to rounded, emarginate, articulate, coriaceous, smooth, green, margins entire leaves that blooms in the mid spring, summer and fall on a terminal, without a spathe peduncle 13.2" [33 cm] long, elongate, covered by 8 tubular, imbricating, acute, green with red dots, scarious when dry, striated, papyraceous bracts rachis 4" [10 cm] long, 16" [40 cm] long ovarall, racemose to pluri-racemose, producing new racemes from the upper nodes of the peduncle, laxly, successively 12, to 25 flowered inflorescence flowered inflorescence with decreasing in size, much shorter than the ovary, triangular, acuminate, embracing floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, lilac, column lilac-purple flowers with callus white slightly tinged with lilac and without fragrance.

"Epidendrum lavendulum Hágsater belongs to the GROUP Secundum SUBGROUP Secundum, which is characterized by the caespitose habit, erect, simple, cane-like stems, the normally elongate peduncle of the inflorescence, the erect raceme of generally non-resupinate, showy, colorful flowers, and the lip adorned by a complex a callus. The new species has a laxly-flowered inflorescence, an ovary 1.56" [39 mm] long, lavender-violet flowers with a white slightly tinged with lilac callus, a massive callus formed by 2 basal sub-spherical calli and a wide sub-quadrate platform with a slightly raised and protruding mid-rib, and a mid-lobe of the lip flabelliform, emarginate with an apiculate sinus. Epidendrum vinosum Schltr. has a more compact inflorescence, flowers salmon colored, but the lip forms a tricorn, the lateral lobes triangular, somewhat retrorse, and the mid-lobe is entire, small, narrow, rectangular, longer than wide, the apex obtuse." Hagsater etal 2020


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 17(2) Plate 1775 Hagsater & Jimenez 2020 TYPE Drawing/Photo fide;