Epidendrum lindbergii Rchb.f. 1881 GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Viridipurpureum

Photo by © Eric Hagsater


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part Shade Cool Cold LATE Summer

Common Name Lindberg's Epidendrum [German Collector in Brazil mid 1800's]

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Minas Gerais state of Brazil in wet montane forests as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, canelike, terete, erect, robust stems carrying 8 to 9, alternate, articulate, subcoriaceous, narrowly elliptic, margin entire, acute, spreading leaves that blooms in the later spring on a terminal, racemose to paniculate, slightly arching, peduncle, thin straight, very short nearly totally hidden by the spathe, the rachis, 2 to 7.6" [5 to 19 cm] long, thin, straight, 2.8 to 8.4" [7 to 21 cm] long, 3 to 6 branched, each branch 2.8 to 4.8" [7 to 12 cm] long, densely many flowered inflorescence nearly as long to slightly longer than the apical leaf, with much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular, long-oblanceolate-obovate, obtuse floral bracts.

"Epidendrum lindbergii belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Viridipurpureum , characterized by the caespitose, sympodial habit, sub-coriaceous leaves, prominent spathaceous bracts, wide petals (not filiform), the pollinia laterally compressed but not quite bird-wing type, and the mid-lobe of the lip usually bifid. The species is recognized by the entire lip, green flowers , with the disc of the lip and apex of the column white, petals .128" [3.2 mm] wide. Epidendrum dipus Lindl. short plants, ca, 20" [50 cm] tall, with a spathe at the base of the short, densely flowered, paniculate inflorescence, the sepals green somewhat dorsally tinged with brown, and the white lip. Epidendrum nutans Sw., endemic to Jamaica has a clearly 3-lobed lip, the mid-lobe clearly narrower than with width between the lateral lobes, the apex emarginate, forming a pair of divergent, triangular lobes. It has been confused with Epidendrum densiflorum Hook. which belongs to the GROUP Pseudepidendrum which is characterized by caespitose plants, cane-like stems, acute to acuminate leaves, usually apical inflorescence, without any spathaceous bract, though it may have several bracts, the mostly filiform petals and the lip usually 3-lobed (with 3 parallel fleshy keels), the apical lobe often bifurcate, the “bird-wing” type pollinia, at least the inner pair, and GROUP Pseudepidendrum SUBGROUP Densiflorum where the short-pedunculate inflorescence is paniculate, flowering only once, flowers are green, the apex of the column and disc of the lip creamy-white, the calli sometimes tinged purple, the petals are linear-oblong to linear-oblanceolate, never filiform, and the pollinia unequal in shape, only the inner pair “bird-wing” like. All of the species of that subgroup have narrower petals, and a clearly 3lobed lip, with the mid-lobe bilobed, the lobes more or less divergent. Epidendrum densiflorum has dense, many-flowered, paniculate inflorescences, with a slightly 3-lobed, equally wide between the lateral lobes as at the mid-lobe which is very short and forming a pair of obliquely triangular, acute lobes. Epidendrum hassleri Cogn. has robust stems, paniculate inflorescences, oblanceolate-elliptic to spatulate-oblanceolate sepals .44 to .56" [11 to 14 mm] long, linear-oblanceolate to linear oblong petals .4 to .52" x .04 to .06" [10 to 13 x 1 to 1.5 mm], the lip wider between the lateral lobes than between the lobes of the mid-lobe directed upwards, and the ovary .6 to 1" [15 to 25 mm] long. Epidendrum brachythyrsus Kraenzl. has thin stems, oblanceolate sepals .48 to .52" [12 to 13 mm] long, petals linear-oblong, and the lip is as wide between the lateral lobes as between the lobes of the mid-lobe, ovary is .8 to 1.32" [20 to 33 mm] long. Epidendrum noackii Cogn. has shorter, thinner stems, ca. 20" [50 cm] tall, narrow leaves, and a short, few-flowered inflorescence, 2.8 to 3.2" [7 to 8 cm] long. Epidendrum andres-johnsonii Hágsater & E.Santiago has thinner stems, ca. .24' [6 mm] in diameter, the lip is sub-entire, nearly as wide between the lateral lobes and the mid-lobe, and the mid-lobe is very short and barely formed." Hagsater etal 2013


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1408 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1423 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1436 Hagsater & Santiago 2013 See recognition section; * Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1450 hagsater & Sanchez 2013 drawing/photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 14 Plate 1462 Hagsater & Sanchez 2013 see recognition section;