Epidendrum mixtum Schltr. 1912 GROUP Ramosum

Plant and Flowers

Photos by © Eduardo A. Pérez García and his Microplanta Website


Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website


Common Name The Mixed Up Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua in wet montane forests at elevations of 400 to 2400 meters as a medium to giant sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte on sheer rock cliffs with a straight to zigzag main stem carrying lanceolate-ligulate leaves and secondary and tertiary stems carrying smaller ones that blooms in the fall and winter on a terminal, arising on the secondary and tertiary stems, arcuate, zigzag, simultaneously 4 to 8 flowered inflorescence with conduplicate, prominent, from longer to twice as long as the ovary, ovate, acute floral bracts carrying resupinate, fragrant flowers.

"Epidendrum mixtum belongs to the GROUP Ramosum and is recognized by the erect, branching habit, fragrant white flowers produced from the apex of the secondary-tertiary branchlets, the rachis zigzag, floral bracts much longer than the ovary, floral segments .36 to .52" [9 to 13 mm] long and the lip triangular and acute. E ramosum has smaller green flowers.

Synonyms Epidendrum ramosum var. mixtum (Schltr.) Ames, F.T.Hubb. & C.Schweinf.1934

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as E ramosum var mixtum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956 as E ramosum var mixtum; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 1 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing hmm; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 722 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 1 Plate 036 Hagsater & Salazar 1990 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 122 Hagsater & Sanchez 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 159 Hagsater & Salazar 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 5&6 Plate 581 Hagsater & Salazar 2002 see recognition section; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 942 Hagsater & Salazar 2007 see recognition section; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018