Epidendrum odontochilum Hágsater 1988 GROUP Difforme

Photo by © Bogarin and The Epidendra Website="orphotdir/epideodontochilum.jpg"> TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Part Shade Cool LATE Spring EARLY Winter

Common Name The Toothed Lip Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.6" [4 cm]

Found in Costa Rica and Panama in evergreen forests at elevations of 1000 to 1700 meters as a small to medium sized, cool growing epiphyte with simple, canelike, laterally compressed, flexuous stems carrying 5 to 11, all along the stem, narrowly elliptic to lanceolate, subcoriaceous, rounded and bilobed apically, margin entire, spreading, deep green with light green venation leaves that blooms in the late spring through early winter on a terminal, erect, on a mature stem, occuring only once, subcorymbose, sessile, simultaneously 2 to 6 flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, triangular-ovate, acute floral bracts.

The laterally compressed stems, the 1 to 2 flowered inflorescence, a sub-orbicular-reniform lip with an erose, dentate margin and indistinctly bilobed apically and the column with acute lateral processes.

"Epidendrum odontochilum belongs to the GROUP Difforme which is characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, single flowered to corymbose, wlthout spathaceous bracts and fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be recognlzed by the laterally compressed stems, the leaves wlth obvious light-colored venation, 2 to 6, very pale green flowers, the 3-lobed Iip with an erose-dentate margin, two large, thin, divergent calli, the midlobe of the lip subquadrate and forming two obscure lobes, column with a pair of lateral, narrow, acute processes, which are confused with the prominent, fimbriate clinandrium-hood. Epidendrum storkii Ames has the lateral lobes of the lip with entire or sinuate margins, the entire midlobe basally subquadrate and then triangular, the column lacks any apical processes." Hagsater etal 2004


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI *Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 11: 30-31, f. Hagsater 1988 drawing/photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 950 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 968 Hagsater 2007 drawing fide