Epidendrum pallatangae Schltr. 1917 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Collection Sheet

Specimen by © Röpert, D. (Ed.) 2000 and Herbarium Berolinense.

Part shade Cold Summer Winter

Common Name The Pallatanga Epidendrum [A town in northern Ecuador]

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Ecuador in wet upper montane forests on steep embankments at elevations of 2900 to 3000 meters as a giant sized, cold growing terrestrial with a caespitose, shortly branching towards the apex stems enveloped completely by scabrous, distichous, leafless below and leaf-bearing above sheaths and carrying a few, towards the apex, curved, linear, obtuse leaves that blooms in the summer through winter on a terminal, erect to pendant, to 3.2" [8 cm] long, racemose, many flowered inflorescence arising without inflated basal sheaths and carrying fleshy, rigid flowers.

"Epidendrum pallatangae belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum, characterized by the monopodial habit, cane-like stems with sub-apical branches which are considerably shorter than the main stem, coriaceous to sub-coriaceous leaves, apex bilobed, and fleshy flowers, the lip 3-lobed. The species is recognized by the racemose to paniculate, lax-flowered inflorescence, the rachis flexuous, flowers successive, sepals dorsally pubescent, .6 to .84" [15 to 21 mm] long, petals narrowly obovate, .16 to .28" [4 to 7 mm] wide, clinandrium-hood prominent, the margin erose-denticulate, lip entire to sub-entire, with a fleshy, prominent, rounded keel, and short radiating keels. Epidendrum megaloclinium Hágsater & Dodson also has paniculate inflorescences, with simultaneous flowers, pubescent sepals .72 to .88" [18 to 22 mm] long, and narrowly oblanceolate petals .136" [3.4 mm] wide, the lip with 3 thin keels just in front of the calli; it grows on the Amazon side of the Andes. Epidendrum cuicochaënse Hágsater & Dodson, has a generally short, few-flowered inflorescence with a straight rachis, the flowers apple-green somewhat tinged with purple-brown, the sepals are glabrous, petals linear-oblanceolate, .12 to .`18" [3 to 4.5 mm] wide, and the lip is 3-lobed, with multiple radiating keels on the whole surface." Hagsater etal 2009


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 479 Dodson 1989 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 449 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 457 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1202 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1205 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1232 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1270 Hagsater & Sanchez 2009 drawing ok;