Eulophia graminea Lindl. 1833 SECTION Eulophia

Plant and Flowers

Inflorescence base

Photos © by Peter O'Byrne, courtesy of Dr. E.F. de Vogel, Jaap Vermeulen, and André Schuiteman and Their Netherlands National Herbarium Website

Part sun Hot Cool Spring

Common Name or Meaning The Grass-Leafed Eulophia - In Japan - Okinawa-imone-yagara - Edauti-yagara - In China Mei Guan Lan - - In Thailand Chang Phasom Khlong

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Anhui, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guihou, Hainan and Yunnan provinces of China, Taiwan, Assam, Bangladesh, eastern Himalayas, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, western Himalayas, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Borneo, Malaysia, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and the Philippines in shady grassy places in open montane forests at elevations of sealevel to 1200 meters as a small to just large sized, hot to cool growing terrestrial with large, underground pseudobulbs giving rise to leafy stems or as an inflorescence and carry 7 linear, acute, with the middle leaves being the largest that blooms in the spring on a basal, to 3' [90 cm] long, branching, glaucous, well spaced, many flowered inflorescence with narrowly ovate floral bracts and carrying long-lived successive flowers.

This species, Oeceoclades maculata and Pelexia obliqua have benefited greatly with mans influential expansion across the globe as both have spread to ever wider locations.

Synonyms Eulophia decipiens Kurz 1876; Eulophia gusukumai Masam. 1934; Eulophia inconspicua Griff. 1851; Eulophia ramosa Hayata 1911; Eulophia ucbii Malhotra & Balodi 1984 publ. 1985; Eulophia venusta Schltr. 1919; Graphorchis decipiens (Kurz) Kuntze 1891; Graphorchis graminea (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorchis inconspicua (Griff.) Kuntze 1891

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Orchids of Burma Grant 1895/1995; The Orchids of Sikkim-Himalaya Part 1 King & Pantling 1898 drawing fide; Studies in the Family Orchidaceae Fascile 2 Ames 1908; Flora of Malaya Vol 1 Orchids Holttum 1957 drawing fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1961 drawing/photo fide; The Orchids of Thailand Seidenfaden & Smitinand 1965 corrections; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orchids of Southern Ryukyu Islands Garay & Sweet 1974 drawing fide; A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon Vol 2 Dassanayake & Fosberg 1981 drawing fide; Opera Botanica #72 Orchid Genera in Thailand XI Cymbidiaeae Seidenfaden 1983 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 53 #4 1984; Orchids of the North-West Himalaya Deva and Naithani 1986 drawing Orchids of Java Comber 1990 photo ok; Orchids of Kumaun Himalayas Pangtey, Samant and Rawat 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991; The Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Wood & Seidenfaden 1992 drawing fide; Thai Orchid Species Rakpaibulsombat 1992 photo good; erns and Orchids of the Mariana Islands Raulerson & Rinehart 1992 photo fide; The Plants of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Orchids Beaman, Wood, Beaman & Beaman 1993; A Checklist of the Orchids of Borneo Wood & Cribb 1994; Orchids of Borneo Vol 1 Chan, Lamb, Shim & Wood 1994 drawing/photo fide; Identification of the Orchids [Orchidaceae Juss.] Vietnam Averyanov 1994; Orchids of Nagaland Deorani & Naithani 1995 drawing fide; The Wild Orchids of China Tsi, Chen & Mori 1997 photo fide; Native Orchids of China in Colour Singchi, Zhanhuo and Yibo 1999 photo fide; Orchids of Sumatra Comber 2001 photo fide; A Field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2001 photo fide; A to Z of SE Asian Orchids O'Byrne 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Sarawak Beeman & Wood 2001 photo fide; Orchids of Bhutan Pearce & Cribb 2002 drawing fide; Flora Malesiana Orchids of the Philippines Vol I Agoo, Shuiteman and de Vogel 2003; A field Guide to the Wild Orchids of Thailand Vaddhanaphuti 2005 photo fide; Native Australian Orchids Jones 2006 Photo fide; Orchids of India A Glimpse Misra 2007 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 77 No 6 2008 photo good; A Field Guide to the Orchids of China Singchi, Zhongjian, Yibo, Xiaohua and Zhanhuo 2009 photo hmm; Flora of China Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2009; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; Flora of China Illustrations Vol 25 Zhengyi, Raven & Deyuan 2010 drawing fide; The Atlas of Wild Orchids in Hainan Island, China Shenyan and Junmei 2010 photo fide; The Wild Orchids in Yunnan Xu Xiang Ye & Liu 2010 photos fide; Philippine Native Orchid Species Cootes 2011 photo fide; The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu Vol 2 Wood, Beaman, Lamb, Chu Lun and Beaman 2011 drawing ok/photo fide; Wild Orchids of Penninsular Malaysia Ong, O'Byrne, Yong & Saw 2011 photo fide; The Wild Orchids of Hong Kong Barretto, Cribb and Gale 2011 drawing/photo fide; A to Z of South East Asian Orchid Species Vol 2 O'Byrne 2011 photo fide; Wild Orchids of Thailand 2 Vadhanaphuti 2012 photo fide; Turczaninowia 16(4):26-46 NEW AND RARE ORCHIDS (ORCHIDACEAE) IN THE FLORA OF CAMBODIA AND LAOS Averyanov 2013 ; The Wild Orchids of Taiwan an Illustrated Guide Lin & Wang 2014 photos fide; Orchids of Odisha Misra 2014 drawing/photo fide; LANKESTERIANA 15(1): 7—50. Jeewan Singh Jalal & J. Jayanthi 2015; Malesian Orchid Journal Vol 18 2016 photo fide; Lankesteriana Vol 18 [1]: 23–62 Jalal & Jayanth 2018 photo fide; Orchids of Maharashtra Jalal 2018; AOS Bulletin Vol 88 # 6 2019 photo fide; Atlas of Native Orchids of China Vol 2 Jin Xiaohua, Li Jianwu and Ye Deping 2019 photo fide;