!Oeceoclades maculata [Lindley]Lindley 1833

Plant and Inflorescence

Flower Closeup

Photos by Jay Pfahl

What has been known as E mackenii

Photo by Kurzweil

Part sun Hot to Cool LATESummerandFall

Common Name The Spotted Oeceoclades - In Cuba - Lengua de Vaca [Cow's tongue]

Flower Size about 3/4" [2 cm]

Found from southern Florida, Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Cayman Islands, Lewwards, Puerto Rico, Trinidad & Tobago, Windwards, Guatemala, Belize, Costa Rica, Panama, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bennin, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Guinea Bissau, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Zaire, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Angola, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Natal South Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar and Reunion in leaf litter below trees and on rocky scrub slopes at elevations up to 1200 meters as a pantropical, medium sized, erect, cool to hot growing terrestrial orchid with dark greenish brown, lightly sulcate, ovoid pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical, suberect to spreading, coriaceous, oblong-elliptic, green mottled with lighter green leaves. It has nonfragrant flowers that appear in the late summer and fall on a basal, erect, to 12" long, racemose, laxly 12 or more flowered and needs even watering and fertilizer year round.

All the photos are from plants that have appeared on my property in the Florida Keys. It has really become quite common in disturbed areas all through the Florida Keys. This species, Eulophia graminea and Pelexia obliqua have benefited greatly with mans influential expansion across the globe as both have spread to ever wider locations.

Synonyms Aerobion maculatum (Lindl.) Spreng. 1826; *Angraecum maculatum Lindley 1821; Epidendrum connivens Vell. 1831; Eulophia ledienii Stein ex N.E.Br] DeWild. 1889; Eulophia liedenii N.E.Br. 1889; Eulophia mackenii Rolfe ex Hemsl. 1892; Eulophia maculata [Lindley]Rchb.f 1863; Eulophidium leidienii (Stein) Willd. 1902; Eulophidium liedenii (N.E.Br.) De Wild. 1903; Eulophidium mackenii (Rolfe ex Hemsl.) Schltr. 1915; Eulophidium maculatum [Lindley]Pfitz 1887; Eulophidium maculatum var. pterocarpum Hauman 1917; Eulophidium nyassanum Schlechter 1915; Eulophidium warneckeanum Kraenzel 1902; Geodorum pictum Link & Otto 1828; Graphorchis maculata (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Graphorkis maculata [Lindley]O. Ktze.; Limodorum maculatum [Lindley] Lodd. 1822; Oeceoclades mackenii (Rolfe ex Hemsl.) Garay & P.Taylor 1976; Oeceoclades maculata var. pterocarpa (Hauman) Garay & P.Taylor 1976

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Eulophidium ledienii photo fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Eulophidium maculatum; Iconografia de Orchidaceae Do Brasil Hoehne 1949 as Eulophidium maculatum drawing fide; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 32 # 10 1963 as Eulophidium ledienii; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Eulophidium ledieni; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Eulophidium maculatum drawing fide; Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968 as Eulophidium maculatum; AOS Bulletin Vol 389 No 6 1969 as Eulophidium maculatum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Eulophidium maculatum drawing fide; Orchidaceae Brasilenses Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as Eulophidium maculatum drawing fide; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977 as Eulophidium maculatum drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 as E mackenii photo fide to the O mackenii photo by Kurzweil; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 176 Dodson 1980 drawing fide; Moscosoa 4: 203 Dod 1986; Orchids from The Coast Of Ecuador Arosemana, Jurado, Estrada and Konanz 1988 photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Peru Plate 0119 Dodson & Bennett 1989 drawing fide; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Schlechteriana Vol 2 No 1 1991; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 as O mackenii; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 24 1457 - 1520 Brieger 1991 as Geodorum pictum; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 drawing fide; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996 photo fide; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997 drawing fide; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 drawing/photo fide; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999 as O mackenii drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 69 No 2 2000 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 2 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Moscosoa 13:116 2002 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 # 11 2003 photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 drawing fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Les Orchidees de Cote d'Ivorie Perez-Vera 2003 photo/drawing fide; Orchids of The Brazilian Central Plateau Menezes 2004 photo fide; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 photo fide; 100 Orquideas Argentinas Freuler 2005 photo fide; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009 photo fide; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 2 Morales 2009 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #10 2010 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 79 #11 2010 photo fide; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 84 #7 2015 photo fide; Les Orchidees de Madagascar Bosser & Lecoufle 2015 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 85 #8 2016 photo fide; Orchid Digest Vol 81 #1 2017 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018 photo fide; A la Recherche des Orchidees de Madagascar Hervouet 2018 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide