Masdevallia corniculata Rchb. f. 1878 SUBGENUS Cucullatia Luer 2002

Flower Close up

Photos by Jay Pfahl


Common Name The Small Horned Masdevallia

Flower Size 3 1/5" [8 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador on the eastern slopes of the Andes in cloud forests often on roadbanks at elevations of 1600 to 3000 meters as a miniature to just small sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte or lithophyte with stout, erect, ramicauls enveloped basally by 2 to 3 loose, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, erect, thickly coriaceous, oblong-lanceolate, obtuse leaf that is cuneate below into the channeled petiole and blooms in the late spring summer and fall on an erect, to 4" [10 cm] long, single flowered inflorescence with a large, pale green, keeled floral bract and carrying a single scented flower.

Synonyms Masdevallia calyptrata Kranzl.n 1895; Masdevallis corniculata var. inflata (Rchb.f.) Veitch. 1889; Masdevallia inflata Reichb.f. 1881; Megema corniculata (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing ok; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; Orquideologia Vol 16 No 1 1983; Systematics of Masdevallia Vol 2 Luer 1986; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 Vol 7 1996; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 6 COS 1998 photo fide; ; Masdevallia's in Kleur Vol 1 P M Oversteegen, Eisses & A P Sijm 2001 photo fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 3 Dodson 2002 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXV Systematics of Masdevallia Part Five Luer 2003 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 24 #2 2006 asd M corniculata var xanthina photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Megema corniculata; Libro Rojo de Plantas De Colombia Vol 6 Primera Parte Saenz 2007; Orchidaceae Masdevallia and Affiliates Dodson & Luer 2009 as Megema corniculata drawing fide; Orchids Masdevallia with its segregates including Dracula Zelenko 2014 photo fide;