Maxillaria hematoglossa A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845 sect. Cucullatae Christenson 2013

Side View of Flower

Photos by Gerry Sinclair

Another Flower

Photo by Rod Rice

LATE through

Common Name The Blood Red Lipped Maxillaria

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found in Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica in deciduous forests at elevations around 1000 to 1800 meters as a medium sized, cool growing epiphyte that is often confused with Maxillaria cuccullata but differs in the yellow striping and spots. The plant has clustered, ovoid, strongly compressed, sulcate pseudobulbs carrying a single, deciduous, apical, slender, plicate, dorsally carinate, apically emarginate and rounded, conduplicate below into the base leaf and blooms in the spring through fall on a basal, erect, 5.2" [13 cm] long inflorescence that arises on a new growth and is completely enveloped by inflated, tubular bracts and carries a single flower.

Often cited as a synonym of Maxillaria cucullata but I will leave it separate until more information is available.

Synonyms Camaridium hematoglossum (A.Rich. & Galeotti) M.A.Blanco 2013; Camaridium punctostriatum (Rchb.f.) Soto Arenas 2008; Psittacoglossum hematoglossum (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; Psittacoglossum punctostriatum (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012; Psittacoglossum rubrilabium (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing/photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 857 Dodson 1983 drawing fide; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo good; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018