Maxillaria cucullata Lindl. 1840 sect. Cucullatae Christenson 2013 TYPE for sect.

Photo by © Lourens Grobler .

Yellow Color Variety

Photo by © Danny Lentz, plant grown by the Atlanta Botanical Garden

Red flower variety

Photo by Noble Bashor

Questionable Species ANYONE?

Photo by David P. Banks, Australia copyrighted ©

to and EARLY

Common Name The Cowl Carrying Maxillaria

Flower Size 1 1/2" to more than 3 1/2" [4 to 9 cm]

Found from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia? and Ecuador? at elevations ranging from 700 to 3300 meters in damp rain or mist forests as a small sized, warm to cold growing epiphyte, terrestrial or lithophyte with small pseudobulbs enveloped almost completely by several scarious sheaths and carrying a single, apical, linear to oblong elliptic, coriaceous, obtuse or rounded apically, basally conduplicate leaf that has variable foliage and flowers borne through the axils of the several, distichous sheaths subtending the clustered, ovoid-oblong, compressed psuedobulb that blooms in the fall and early winter on a 5 to 15" [7.5 to 37 cm] long, solitary flowered inflorescence arising on a mature pseudobulb and that has scarious-fibrous bracts that almost completely cover the peduncle and fragrant flowers.

Part of the M cucculata group which includes, M meleagris; , M praestans M punctostriataand M cedralensis and M obscura,

Synonyms Camaridium cucullatum (Lindl.) M.A.Blanco 2007; Maxillaria atrata Rchb. f. 1866; Maxillaria galeata Rchb.f 1842; Maxillaria praestans Rchb. f. 1885; Maxillaria rubrilabia Schltr. 1923; Psittacoglossum cucullatum (Lindl.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing good; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965; AOS Bulletin Vol 37 #5 1968 drawing fide; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 5 1979; Orquídea (Mexico City), n.s., 7[3]: 1979 drawing fide;Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 as Maxillaria atrata drawing/photo fide; Las Orquedias de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 849 Dodson 1983 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1B lieferung 28 1713 - 1776 Brieger 1993; AOS Bulletin Vol 63 # 4 1994 as M seymorriana photo fide; Guatemala Y Sus Orquideas Behar & Tinschert 1998 as M atrataphoto fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Algunas Orquideas de Oaxaca Suarez 2004 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 4 Morales 2009 as Camaridium cuculatum photo fide; Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 as Camaridium cucullatum photo fide; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide; Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018; Orchid Digest Vol 83 #3 2019 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 as Camaridium cucullata photo fide