Pleurothallis calyptrostele Schltr.1923 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Hymenodanthae SUBSECTION Longicaulae [Barb. Rodr.] Luer 1986

Photo by Santiago Mesa

Another Flower

Photo by Daniel Jimenez and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

TYPE Drawing

HOLOTYPE Drawing by Oakes Ames

Full ShadeHot to CoolFall to EARLYWinter

Common Name The Covered Column Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/6" [4mm]

Found in Nicaragua, Herida, San Jose, Cartago, Alajuela and Guanacaste provinces of Costa Rica, Cocle province of Panama, Colombia and Ecuador in wet montane cloud forests at elevations of 300 to 1300 meters as a miniature sized, hot to cool growing, repent epiphyte with a creeping rhizome, giving rise to a short ramicaul enveloped basally by 2 to 3 close, tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, narrowly elliptic leaf that gradually narrows below into an indistinct petiole and blooms in the fall and early winter on an erect, slender, arising from low on the ramicaul, with .08" [2 mm] between each flower, peduncle .6 to .8" [1.5 to 2 cm] long, laxly 2 to 3 flowered inflorescence with as long as the pedicel floral bracts.

"Every .04 to .12" [1 to 3 mm] a short ramicaul and leaf rise from the rhizome. The more or less prostrate, overlapping leaves vary from nearly round, abot .16" [4 mm] long and broad to elliptical and about ,24" [6 mm] long and .08" [2 mm] wide. The foliform peduncle, about twice as long as the leaf, bears 1 to 3 distant, simultanoeus to nearly simultaneous flowers but most commonly 2. The pale green sepals and petals are membraneous and narrowly obtuse, the petals are much smaller and single veined, if at all and the lip is simply oblong and slightly thickened along a pair of veins> Luer 2006

Synonyms Pleurothallis biflora Schltr.1923; Pleurothallis geminiflora Ames, F.T. Hubb. & C. Schweinf. 1934; Specklinia geminiflora (Ames, F.T. Hubb. & C. Schweinf.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001; Specklinia calyptrostele (Schltr.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

*Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 23. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923;

Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 181. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P biflora;

Bot. Mus. Leafl. 3: 39 F T Hubb & C Schweinfurth 1934 as P geminiflora;

The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 drawing good to the first photo;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 216 Dodson 1980 drawing ok to the first two photos;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:257 Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Specklinia calyptrostele;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:257 Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Specklinia geminiflora;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as P geminiflora;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia alta;

Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo only first photo;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Specklinia Luer 2006 as Specklinia calyptrostele drawing ok;

Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 as P geminiflora photo fide;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Specklinia calyptrostele photo fide;

LANKESTERIANA 23(2). Karremans, Moreno, Gil-Amaya, Morales, Espinosa, Mesa, Restrepo, Rincon-Gonzales, Serna, Sierra-Ariza and Vieira-Uribe 2023 photo fide;

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