!Trichosalpinx ciliaris (Lindl.) Luer 1983 SUBGENUS Trichosalpinx TYPE for the SUBGENUS

Photos by © Daniel Jimenez and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower?

Side view of flower and plant?

Plant and Inflorescence?

Photos by Jay Pfahl


Drawing by © Carl Luer and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Webpage


Common Name The Eyelash Trichosalpinx

Flower Size .12" [3mm]

Found from Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Trinidad in coffee plantings and forests, epiphytic, high up on large Liquidambar trees at elevations up to 1800 meters as a mini-miniature sized, caespitose, warm to cool growing epiphyte, with erect, slender, more or less flexuous at nodes along the ramicauls enveloped by 4 to 8 lepanthiform sheaths with ciliate ostia carrying a single, apical, erect, coriaceous, narrowly elliptic , acute leaf that is cuneate below to the petiole and is suffused with purple and blooms in the spring through fall on a apical, erect, arising from near the apex of the ramicaul that is much shorter than the leaf, peduncle .2 to .4" [.5 to 1 cm] long, short to 1" [to 2.5 cm], distichous, fasciculate, racemose, simultaneously opening, several flowered inflorescence and having a large triangular basal bract carrrying flowers that have a moveable lip which will quiver in the slightest breeze and can have several [up to 12] successive inflorescence arising from the same leaf axil.

"The small purplish flowers are produced in a short, distichous raceme. The sepals and petals are ciliate, simlar to those of T blaisdellii . The lip is ciliate and oblong, not nessessarily only twice as long as wide. The conical callus at the base o is more similar to T memor thatn T blaisdellii." Luer 1997

Synonyms Humboldtia lepanthiformis (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia ciliata (Knowles ex Westc.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia lepanthiformis (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis ciliaris (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1942; Pleurothallis lepanthiformis Rchb. f. 1844; Pleurothallis purpusii Schltr. 1915; *Specklinia ciliaris Lindl. 1838;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as P lepanthiformis;

Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952 as Pleurothallis ciliaris ;

AOS Bulletin Vol 289 No 8 1959 as Pleurothallis ciliaris photo fide;

Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

Venezuelan Orchids Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Pleurothallis ciliaris drawing fide;

AOS Bulletin Vol 33 #8 1964 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965;

AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as Pleurothallis ciliaris drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Pleurothallis ciliaris drawing fide;

Miniature Orchids Northen 1980 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1251 Dodson 1985 as Pleurothallis ciliaris drawing fide;

Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 McVaugh 1985 as Pleurothallis ciliaris drawing fide;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of the Pleurothallidinae Vol 1 1986 drawing not = T memor;

The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Pleurothallis ciliaris photo fide;

ORQUIDEA (Méx. ) 10 (2) 1987 photo/drawing fide to the first photo;

Native Orchids of the Eastern Carribean Kenny 1988 as Pleurothallis ciliaris photo fide;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II Orchids of Bolivia plate 0391 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing not = T memor drawing fide;

Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 photo fide;

Native Colombian Orchids Vol 4 COS 1992 photo not = T dependens;

The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 as Pleurothallis ciliaris;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XV Systematics of Trichosalpinx Luer 1997 drawing fide for the first photo only;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide;

Harvard Pap. Bot. 5 #2: Carnevali etal. 2001;

Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42-43 pg 2624 - 2756 Brieger 2001 drawing fide;

Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003;

An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 drawing fide/photo good;

Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 photo fide;

Guia de Orquideas de Chiapas Carlos Rommel Beutelspacher Baigts 2013 photo fide;

Diversity of Pleurothallidinae in Guatemala: An Endangered Orchid Subtribe with High Economic and Horticultural Potentials Edgar Mo Mo, Cetzal, Basu and Vega 2017 as Stelis tenebrosaphoto fide;

Orchid Genera and Species in Guatemala Archila, Szlachchetko, Chiron, Lipinska, Mystkowska and Bertolini 2018