Coilostylis clavatum [Raf.] Withner & Harding 2004

Plant and FlowerPhoto by Dalton Holland Baptista

toto

Common Name The Club Shaped Epidendrum [refers to the pseudobulbs]

Flower Size 2 5/8" [6.5 cm]

Found in Costa Rica, French Guiana, Surinam, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia and Brazil at elevations of 200 to 500 meters as a small sized, hot growing epiphyte with dark brown to olive green, often hard-shiny, medium compressed but not sharp edged pseudobulbs with a brown, very ragged sheath and carrying a single, apical, elliptical, stiff but not particularly thick leaf that is conduplicate into the apex of the pseudobulb. Flowering occurs through out the spring and summer on a terminal, erect, 10" [25 cm] long, few flowered racemose inflorescence arising on a newly forming pseudobulb and carrying fragrant, longlasting flowers.

This is a easy growing orchid in hot environments, potted, medium shade and even water and fertilizer year round will ensure a happy blooming plant.

This species is often confused with Coilostylis vivipara and often plants with the epiteth E purpurescens are actually C vivipara - if the pseudobulbs are cylindrical, not bulbous and the inflorescence has the tendency to keiki one above the other so it is possible to have several plants blooming at once then the orchidis Coilostylis viviparum.

Synonyms Auliza clavatum [Lindley] Brieger 1977; *Didiothion clavatum Raf 1838; Epidendrum clavatum Lindley 1836; Epidendrum clavatum var purpurescens [Focke] Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum glumibracteum Rchb.f 1863; Epidendrum psilanthemum Loefgren 1917; ; Epidendrum purpurascens Focke 1851; Maxillaria glumibracteum (Rchb.f.) Hemsl. 1884

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as Epidendrum clavatum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 120. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum glumibracteatum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 118. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as Epidendrum glumibracteum; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum purpurescens; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as Epidendrum purpurescens drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 31 No 3 1962 photo as Epidendrum purpurescens; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as Epidendrum clavatum; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 as Epidendrum purpurescens drawing fide; Die Orchideen #1 1-4 tafel 1&2 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Epidendrum viviparum photo plant only; Die Orchideen #9 33-36 tafel 9 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Auliza clavata photo fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 3/4 1977/8 photo as E purpurescens not/E glumibracteum; and E clavatum; Orchids of Venezuela ; An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as Epidendrum purpurascens drawing fide; The Orchids of Surinam Werkhoven 1986 as Epidendrum purpurescens photo fide; Native Colombian Orchdis Vol 2 COS 1991 as E viviparum photo fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1524 Atwood & Mora 1993 as Epidendrum glumibracteum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as Epidendrum purpurescensdrawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003 as E purpurescens drawing fide; Australian Orchid Review Vol 69 No 4 2004; *The Cattleyas and Their Relatives, the Debateable Epidendrum Withner and Harding 2004 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Epidendrum glumibracteatum photo ok; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1168 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 as Epidendrum purpurescens drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 3 Morales 2009 as Epidendrum glumibracteum photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo not; Orquideas de Roirama Luz & Franco 2012 as E purpurescens photo fide;

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------