Epidendrum congestum Rolfe 1913 GROUP Nanodes

Plant and Flowers Photos by Franco Pupulin, Used under permission of Epidendra Website CR


Common Name The Congested Epidendrum [refers to the tightly crowded leaves and flowers]

Flower Size .4" [1 cm]

Found in western Costa Rica in seasonally dry forests on oaks at elevations around 1300 to 1750 meters as a mini-miniature [less than 1" long] sized, cool growing epiphtye with an erect to pendant stem enveloped completely by imbricate leaf bearing sheaths and carrying 5 to 11, distichous, spreading, amplexicaul, succulent, ovate to ovate-oblong, rounded, slightly bilobed apically leaves that blooms in the fall through spring on a terminal, sessile, few flowered, occurring only once inflorescence with shorter than the ovaries, obovate, oblique, rounded, conduplicate floral bracts and 2 to 3 simultaneously opening flowers.

The small, compact, simple stemmed palnts, the oblong to ovate-oblong leaves, the 2 flowered inflorescence with small, green to rose green flowers with .36 to .52" [9 to 13 mm] long, sepals, the tepals and lip margins minutely erose, the reniform to semi-orbicular lip and the fombriate-dentate clinadrium separate this species from others.

Synonyms Nanodes congesta (Rolfe) C.Nelson, J.Sutherl. & Fernald Casas 1998

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 44. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as E serruliferum; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 118. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 211. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 136 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 363 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 392 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as nanodes congestum; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Costa Rican Orchids Vanishing Beauty Pupulin 2005 photo fide; *Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 921 Hagsater 2007 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 983 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 986 Hagsater 2007 as E serruliferum drawing fide; Miniature Orchids, A Compendium Parsons and Gerritson 2013