Epidendrum congestoides Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930 GROUP Nanodes Photo by

Full shadeHotWarmWinter and again in LATE Spring

Common Name The Congestum-Like Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica in mangroves and rainforests at elevations of sea-level to 1000[1800] meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to warm, pendant growing epiphyte with a simple, cane-like, laterally compressed, erect stems enveloped completely by leaf bearing sheaths and carrying 7 to 11, all along the stem, spreading, distichous, unequal, non-articulate, succulent, basally imbricating, glaucous, green, oblong to ovate-oblong, amplexicaul and conduplicate basally, obtuse, unequally bilobed, strongly revolute margins, with a dorsal keel, minutely dentate-fimbriate apically leaves that blooms in the winter and again in the late spring on a terminal, sessile, occuring only once, usually 2 flowered inflorescence with slightly shorter than the ovary, obovate, rounded, conduplicate, imbricating, unequal, apical margin dentate floral bracts and carrying simultaneously opening, non-resupinate, fleshy flowers

This species along with E congestum, E neodiscolor, E uleinanodes are all similar to E schlechterianum and many references put them all synomonous with E schlechterianum taking precendence but I follow Hagsater and leave them all separate.


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 as Epidendrum schlecterianum drawing fide; Die Orchideen #8 29-32 tafel 8 Rudolph Schlechter 1971 as Nanodes congestioides photo fide; Die Orchideen 3 Auflage Bd 1 Sonderabdruck aus Schlechter Lieferung 9 513 - 576 Brieger, Maatsch and Senghas 1977 as Nanodes congestoides drawing/photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as Nanodes discolor drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 136 Hagsater 1993 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 363 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 392 Hagsater 1999 see recognition section; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Rudolf Schlechter Die Orchideen Band 1C lieferung 42 - 43 pg 2626 - 2762 Brieger 2001 as Nanodes congestioides; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Manual de las Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 920 Hagsater 2007 drawing ok; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 982 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 9 Plate 986 Hagsater 2007 see recognition section; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide; Miniature Orchids, A Compendium Parsons and Gerritson 2013 photo fide