Epidendrum blepharistes Barker ex Lindl. 1844 GROUP Schistochilum SUBGROUP Blepharistes

Plant and Flowers in situ Navarco Quindio, Colombia elevations 1500 meters 5/08 Photos by Jay Pfahl

Costa Rican Variety Photo courtesy of Daniel Jimenez

Another Color Form Photo courtesy of Carlos Hajek and his Peruvian Orchid Page

Plant and Flowers in situ Peru Photo by Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website

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Common Name The Fringed Epidendrum

Flower Size 2 3/8" [6 cm]

This pseudobulbed species is from Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia in wet, montane cloud forests with heavy moss on dead tree crotches with an ant colony and is found at elevations of 1400-2500 meters on high, steep, exposed, rocky slopes as a medium to giant sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial or epiphyte with erect, thickly fusiform below pseudobulbs, distichously leafed above, enveloped completely by evanescent, tubular sheaths and carrying 3, coriaceous, oblong, linear-oblong to oblong-elliptic, obtuse to apiculate leaves that blooms at most any time of the year on a terminal, 2' [60 cm] long, erect, few to densely many flowered, subumbellate, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature, wrinkled, fusiform, sulcate pseudobulb that is subtended by several scarious bracts and carrying 4 to 5 alternate, conduplicate towards the base, linear-lanceolate, obtuse leaves.

This species is often found in conjunction with ants and may benefit from their presence.

Here is a list of the Peruvian Epidendrum with true pseudobulbs, E compressibulbum, E harmsianum, E micranthum, E microcattleya, E oellgaardii, E parvilabre, E polystachyum, E rupestre, E saxicola and E viviparum.

Synonyms Epidendrum brachycladium Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum brachycladium var. crassipes Lindl. 1853; Epidendrum crassipes (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1916; Epidendrum crassipes (Lindl.) Schltr. ?; Epidendrum dolabrilobum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1925; Epidendrum funckii Rchb.f. 1849; Epidendrum pachypodum Schltr. 1920

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1855 as E funkii; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten II Colombia Schlechter 1920 as E pachypodum; Beitrage Zur Orchideenkunde Von Colombia 27:66 Schlechter 1924 as E funkii; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum dolabrilobum; Orchids of Peru Vol 2 Fieldiana Schweinfurth 1959 as Epidedndrum funkii; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 3 1970 drawing fide; Orquideologia Vol 12 3/4 1977/8 as E dolabriilobum; Orquideologia VOl 14 No 1 1979 as E dolabrilobum; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 046 Bennett & Christenson 1993 as E funkii drawing fide; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 378 Dodson 1982 as E funkii drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 2 Dodson 2001 as E blepharistes drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 73 No 8 2004 as E dolabrilobum; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 2 Laelinae Vasquez and Ibisch 2004 as E funkii; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1105 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Vol 11 Plate 1125 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Las Orquideas del Peru Izerskyy & Bezverhov 2011 photo fide; An Illustrated Field Guide to the Orchids of the Yotoco Forest Reserve Colombia Kolanowska, Escobar, Sanchez & Szlachetko 2011 as E funkii drawing/photo fide; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing/photo fide

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