Epidendrum pseudocernuum Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1998 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum

Photo by © Carlos J. Jerez


Drawing by © Hagsater and The AMO Herbario Website

Collection Sheet Specimen by © Jany Renz and The Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Jany Renz Herbaria Website

Part sun CoolCold LATERWinter THROUGH LATERSummer

Common Name The False Cernuum Epidendrum

Flower Size .6" [1.5 cm]

Found in Venezuela in cloud forests at elevations of 1800 to 3300 meters as a large sized, cool to cold growing terrestrial and rarely epiphyte with cane-like, terete, erect, straight, branching sub-apically, main stem longer than the branches stem carrying 15 on the main stem, 5 to 9 on the branches, all along the apical half, basal ones shorter, alternate, subcoriaceous, oblong, obtuse, margin spreading, slightly erose towards the apex, articulate below into the base leaves that blooms in the later winter through later summer on a terminal, racemose, occuring only once, arching, conical, short, terete, thin, generally lax, few flowered inflorescence with much shorter than the ovary, narrowly triangular to triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicual floral bracts and carrying 7 to 13, resupinate, simultaneously opening flowers.

"Epidendrum pseudocernuum belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum, characterized by the monopodial, canelike stems with sub-apical branching, the branches shorter than the main stem, coriaceous to sub-coriaceous leaves, fleshy flowers, and 3- lobed lip. The species is recognized by the oblong leaves, conical, generally lax, few-flowered inflorescence, ca. 1.6 to 3" [4 to 7.5 cm] long, the green to greenish cream-colored flowers, elliptic-obovate sepals with revolute margins, and the strongly arched column. Epidendrum cernuum Kunth has a cylindrical inflorescence, ca. 3 to 6" [7.5 to 15 cm] long, greenish-yellow to yellowish brown flowers, sepals oblong-elliptic and the column arched. Epidendrum brevicernuum Hágsater & Dodson has elliptic to lanceolate leaves, greenish white to green flowers, the lateral lobes of the lip as large as the midlobe, and the apex of the midlobe emarginate, not apiculate. Epidendrum cardioglossum Rchb.f. has a short inflorescence, .8 to 1.6" [2 to 4 cm} long, with 4 to 6, greenish yellow flowers, elliptic sepals .16 to .24" [4.5 to 6 mm] wide, and a straight column with the margin of the clinandrium-hood entire." Hagsater etal 2009


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1965 as E cernuum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Dunsterville and Garay 1979 as E cernuum drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 1 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 441 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Fernandez 2003 photo good; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1214 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1218 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1278 Hagsater & Sanchez 2009 drawing fide;