Epidendrum raniferum Lindley 1831 GROUP Cristatum SUBGROUP Cristatum Photo courtesy of Andy's Orchids Copyright 2002 All rights reserved.


Common Name The Frog Carrying Epidendrum [refers to the lip]

Flower Size 1" [2.5 cm]

Found from Mexico south to Costa Rica at elevations around 50 meters as a giant sized, hot growing epiphyte with rigid, erect, terete stems enveloped basally by several, tubular, scarious, acuminate sheaths and carrying many, lanceolate, elliptic, acute, basally clasping leaves that blooms in the fall but ocasionally in the spring on an erect, terminal, 6 3/4" [18 cm] long, many flowered, racemose inflorescence arising on a mature cane and is very similar to E cristatum but differs in the "midlobe of the lip which is bilobed, but not conspicuously lacerate [lacinate] but the lateral lobes are lacerate to various degrees". Quote by Hamer

Synonyms Epidendrum raniferum var hexadactylum [Barb. Rod.]Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum raniferum var. lofgrenii Cogn. 1898; Epidendrum raniferum var luteum Lindley 1853; Epidendrum raniferum var lutescens Lindl. ex Broadw. 1926; Epidendrum raniferum var obtusilobum Cogn. 1898;

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1856; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as Epidendrum raniferum var luteum; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915; Atlas des Orchidees Cultivees Constantin 1920 drawing fide; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 126. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 732 Hamer 1982 drawing ok; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 photo fide; Selbyana Vol 10 Orchids of Central America Hamer 1988 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 044 Bennett & Christenson 1993 See Comments section; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 photo fide; Icones Orchidacearum 3 Plate 391 Hagsater & Sanchez 2008 see recognition section; Algunas Orquideas de Mexico Tomo 1 Suarez 2013 photo fide