Pleurothallis sicaria Lindl 1849 SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Sicariae SUBSECTION Sicariae Luer 1986 Photo by Duane McDowell and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Another Flower


Photo by Jay Pfahl

Full Shade Cool to Cold SummerFall Winter

Common Name The Knife Weilding Assasin Pleurothallis [refers to the Leaf and Ramicaul]

Flower Size 1/8"

Found from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela as a medium sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte at 1000 to 2500 meters with arching to pendant ramicauls swollen basally becoming terete and then gradually widening to a complanate wide apex and enveloped basally by 2 to 3 tubular sheaths and carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, narrowly linear-elliptic, acute, gradually narrowing below into the ancipitous base leaf that blooms from the summer through the winter on a short, apical, fasciculate, few flowered inflorescence arising through a spathe that holds the simultaneoulsy opening flowers close to the apex of the leaf. The arrows on the plant photo show where the flowers appear.

Synonyms Acianthera alpina (Ames) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Acianthera sicaria (Lindl.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Humboldtia sicaria (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia sicaria (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis alpina Ames 1923; Pleurothallis trigonopoda Klotzsch 1853; Pleurothallis tripteris Rchb. f. 1849; Pleurothallis wolfiana Schltr. 1921

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten III Ecuador Schlechter 1921 as P wolfiana; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as P alpina drawing fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 27 No 6 1958; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing good; Native Orchids of Trinidad Schultes 1960; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; AOS Bulletin Vol 38 No 6 1969; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Orquideologia Vol 16 No 1 1983; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as Pleurothallis alpina; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Native Colombian Orchids Vol 3 COS 1991 photo fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 drawing good no hair on lip; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera alpina; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Acianthera sicaria; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo hmm; Icones Pleurothallidianrum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 drawing fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 1 Pupulin 2005 as Acianthera sicaria photos ok? [mine have shorter, pilose lip]; Orquideas de la Serrania del Baudo Misas Urreta 2006 drawing/photo ok; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko Bermudez 2009 photo fide as Acianthera sicaria; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orquideas del Valle de Aburra Medellin Colombia Orqidelogia 2014 photo fide