Epidendrum pentadactylum Rchb.f. 1854 GROUP Oerstedella SUBGROUP Verrucosum Photo by © Walter Schug and His MesoAmerican Orchid Page

Flower Closeup

Plant and Inflorescence Photos by © Daniel Jimenez

Cool to Coldfall to Spring

Common Name The 5 Fingered Epidendrum

Flower Size .15" to .2" [3.5 to 5 mm]

Found in Costa Rica and recently in Chiapas Mexico at elevations of 1000 to 2500 meters in wet/dry montane forests as a large to giant sized, cool to cold growing epiphyte with erect, cane-like, terete, very thin, apically branching, branches erect but shorter than the main stems enveloped basally by tubular, purple spotted, non-leafed sheaths and carrying 5 to 8, all along the apical half of the stems, deciduous, alternate, articulate, linear-lanceolate, acute, minutely apiculate, entire margined leaves that blooms in the fall through spring on an erect, terminal, sessile, racemose, densely many flowered inflorescence with shorter than the ovaries, heliconically arranged on the rachis, triangular-ovate, acute floral bracts and carrying 10 to 27, successive, 2 to 5 at any one time, somewhat fragrant flowers.

Synonyms Oerstedella pentadactyla (Rchb.f.) Hágsater 1981

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Xenia Orchidaceae Rchb.f 1854 drawing; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 41. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 123. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 216. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923; The Genus Epidendrum Ames 1936 as Epidendrum pendactylum; Ceiba Vol 5 No 1 L O Williams 1956; Orquideologia Vol 12 No 1 1977; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Plate 1461 Mora & Atwood 1992 drawing fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Costa Rica and Panama Dressler 1993; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 as Oerstedella pentdactyla; Orchids of Mexico Hagsater, Soto, Salazar, Jimenez, Lopez and Dressler 2005; Icones Orchidacearum 8 Plate 869 Hagsater & Sanchez 2006 drawing fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 1 Morales 2009 photo fide;