Pleurothallis funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscosae Lindl. 1842 Photo by The Ecuagenera Website

Another Angle Photo by Peter Bryder and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Flower Closeup Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Dan Newman of Hanging Gardens.

Praemorsa type Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

Full shadeHot Cool

Common Name or Meaning The Dark Pleurothallis [refers to the lip]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Fr Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and northern Brazil in wet montane forests at elevations around 300 to 1600 [2400] meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing epiphyte with erect ramicauls enveloped by 1 to 3, loose fitting, tubular, acuminate sheaths and carrying a single apical, erect, coriaceous, elliptic, minutely carinate and mucronate apically, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms on an erect, from the base of the leaf, 1.2" [3 cm] long, filiform, minutely white pubescent, successively few, single flowered inflorescence that lengthens and becomes fractiflex as blooming continues and has triangular, floral bracts.

CAUTION The first photo has hair that Luer does not show in his P funerea drawings, the second {P praemorsa type} has much larger petals and the mid line on the lip. Luer's drawings of P breviscapa show the pubescence.

Synonyms Anathallis breviscapa (C. Schweinf.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001; Anathallis funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2009; *Lepanthes funerea Barb.Rodr. 1891; Panmorphia funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2006; Pleurothallis praemorsa Luer 1978; Specklinia breviscapa (C.Schweinf.) Luer 2004; Specklinia funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2004; Specklinia praemorsa (Luer) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list, IPNI ; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing as P breviscapa drawing good; Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as P ciliolata drawing ok; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as P ciliolata drawing good; Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as P breviscapa drawing ok; Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P ciliolata drawing fide; Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 277 Dodson 1989 as P breviscapa drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Luer 2003 as P praemorsa photo fide for the 2nd photo; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Specklinia funerea; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Specklinia praemorsa; Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVIII Luer 2006 as Panmorphia funerea drawing fide for the first and ok for the second photo

References for P breviscapa Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 photo good; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0277 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as P rabei drawing good; Orchids of Bolivia Vol 1 Pleurothallidinae Vasquez & Ibisch 2000 drawing fide; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Anathallis breviscapa; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Specklinia breviscapa;

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