Pleurothallis funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1896 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Muscosae Lindl. 1842

Photo by Adam Karremans

Another Flower

Photo by The Ecuagenera Website

Another Angle

Photo by Peter Bryder and his Flickr Orchid Photo Website

Flower Closeup

Photo courtesy of Eric Hunt, plant grown by Dan Newman of Hanging Gardens.

Praemorsa type

Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

HOLOTYPE Drawing and Collection Sheet

HOLOTYPE Drawing of P breviscapa by I M Thurn

Drawing

Drawing

Drawings by Carl Luer

Full shadeHot Cool

Common Name or Meaning The Dark Pleurothallis [refers to the lip]

Flower Size .2" [5 mm]

Found in Fr Guiana, Guyana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and northern Brazil in wet montane forests at elevations around 300 to 1600 [2400] meters as a mini-miniature sized, hot to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte with erect ramicauls enveloped by 1 to 3, loose fitting, tubular, acuminate sheaths and carrying a single apical, erect, coriaceous, elliptic, minutely carinate and mucronate apically, gradually narrowing below into the petiolate base leaf that blooms on an erect, from the base of the leaf, 1.2" [3 cm] long, filiform, minutely white pubescent, successively few, single flowered inflorescence that lengthens and becomes fractiflex as blooming continues and has triangular, cellular-glandular shorter than the pedicel floral bracts.

Similar to P rabei but distinguished by the a much longer peduncle that bears a successively flowered raceme from near the middle to beyond the tip of the leaf. The peduncle and rachis are microscopically pubescent. The peduncle of P rabei is smooth and abbreviated, usually less than .4 [1 cm] long witha few flowered raceme that barely reaches near the pex of the leaf. The petals of P funerea are microscopically erose but entire to the naked eye. In P rabei they are distinctly ciliate, often long ciliate. The lip of P funerea is proportionally long, two thirds to three fourths as long as the sepals and the lateral lobules are very small and near the base. The lip of P rabei is no more than 1.4th as longa s the sepals and the notoriopusly variable lateral lobes are larger near the middle." Luer 2006

CAUTION The first photo by Karremans is the closest to the Barb Rodrig. Type, the second photo has hair that Luer does not show in his P funerea drawings, the second {P praemorsa type} has much larger petals and the mid line on the lip. Luer's drawings of P breviscapa show the pubescence.

Similar species include P anfracta and P angulosa.

Synonyms Anathallis breviscapa (C. Schweinf.) Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001; Anathallis funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2009; *Lepanthes funerea Barb.Rodr. 1891; Panmorphia funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2006; Pleurothallis praemorsa Luer 1978; Specklinia breviscapa (C.Schweinf.) Luer 2004; Specklinia funerea (Barb.Rodr.) Luer 2004; Specklinia praemorsa (Luer) Luer 2004

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ;

Vellosia (ed. 2) 1: 118. Barb. Rodr 1891 as Lepanthes funerea;

* Flora Brasilensis 3(4): 567 Cogniaux 1896;

Flora Brasilensis 3(4): tab 109 Cogniaux 1896 drawing fide;

Bot. Mus. Leafl. 3: 79 C. Schweinf. 1935. as P breviscapa;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as P breviscapa drawing good;

Flora de Venezuela Volumen 15 Parte 2 Foldats 1970 as P ciliolata drawing ok;

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 4 Dunsterville & Garay 1972 as P ciliolata drawing good;

Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as P breviscapa drawing ok;

Orchidaceae Brasilensis Band 1 Pabst & Dungs 1975 as P funera sic drawing ok;

Selbyana 2: 388. Luer 1978 as P praemorsa;

Orchids of Venezuela An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P ciliolata drawing fide;

Icones Plantarum Tropicarum Plate 277 Dodson 1989 as P breviscapa drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing good;

Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Luer 2003 as P praemorsa photo fide for the 2nd photo;

Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia funerea;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia praemorsa;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVII Dryadella and Acronia section Macrophyllae-Fasciculatae Luer 2005 as Specklinia funerae;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVIII A Reconsideration of Masdevallia Systematics of Speclinia Luer 2006 as Panmorphia funerea

Icones Pleurothallidinarum XXVIII A Reconsideration of masdevallia Systematics of Speclinia Luer 2006 as Panmorphia funerea drawing fide for the first and ok for the second photo;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXX Lepanthes of Jamaica Systematics of Stelis of Ecuador 4 Luer 2009 as Anathallis funerea;

References for P breviscapa

Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 as P breviscapa photo good;

AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961as P breviscapa ;

Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as P breviscapa drawing good;

Selbyana 1: 176 Luer 1975 as P breviscapa Drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 as P breviscapa drawing good;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol III Systematics of Pleurothallis Luer 1986 as P breviscapa ;

Icones Planetarum Tropicarum Series II plate 0277 Dodson & Vasquez 1989 as P breviscapa drawing fide;

Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as P rabei drawing good;

Orchids of Bolivia Vol 1 Pleurothallidinae Vasquez & Ibisch 2000 as P breviscapa drawing fide;

Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4:248 Pridgeon & M.W. Chase 2001 as Anathallis breviscapa;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklinia breviscapa;

Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Pleurothallis subgenus Acianthera and Three Allied subgenera, A Second Century of new Species of Stelis of Ecuador, Epibator, Ophidion and Zootrophion Luer 2004 as Specklnia praemorsa;

Pleurothallids Neotropical Jewels Vol 1 Karremans & Viera 2020 as Anathallis funerea photo fide

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