Pleurothallis loranthophylla Rchb. f 1852 SUBGENUS Rhynchopera Luer 1986


Photos by Daniel Jimenez

P navicularis type Denticulate petals

Denticulate petals

Photo by Richard Korber.


Common Name The Loranthaceae-Like Leaf Pleurothallis [Mistletoe family genus]

Flower Size 1/8" [.5 cm]

Found from Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia as a small sized, hot to cool growing, caespitose epiphyte in wet montane forests and piedmont forests at elevations of sealevel to 2100 meters with a slender, terete ramicaul enveloped basally by a few, tubular, sheaths and carrying a single, apical, lanceolate, acuminate, narrows rapidly into the petiolate base leaf that blooms in the late spring, summer and fall on 1 or 2 erect, 2" [5 cm] long, arching, several flowered, racemose inflorescence, holding the flowers over the leaf and subtended by a elongate, oblong, compressed spathe.

Synonyms Humboldtia loranthophylla (Rchb.f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboldtia navicularis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia loranthophylla (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia navicularis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia subpellucida (Klotzsch) Kuntze 1891; Pleurothallis intermedia Schltr 1919; Pleurothallis navicularis Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis punctata (H. Karst.) Schltr. 1919; Pleurothallis spathata Schltr. 1929; Pleurothallis subpellucida Klotzsch 1852; Pleurothallis violaceorosea Schltr. 1923; Rhynchopera loranthophylla (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Marg. 2001; Rhynchopera punctata H. Karst 1848

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 10(39): 674. 1852; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854; Revis. Gen. Pl.2: 667. 1891 as Humboldtia loranthophylla; Die Orchideen der Sudamerikanischen Kordillerenstaaten I Venezuela Schlechter 1919 as P intermedia; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 198. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P violaceorosea; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 1 Dunsterville & Garay 1959 drawing good; AOS Bulletin Vol 30 No 5 1961 as P spathata; AOS Bulletin Vol 36 #9 1967; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing good; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 578 Dodson 1982 as Pleurothallis navicularis drawing good; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as Pleurothallis navicularis; Orchids Travel By Air A Pictoral Safari Mulder, Mulder-Roelfsema and Schuiteman 1990 as P navivularis photo fide; The Manual Of Cultivated Orchid Species Bechtel, Cribb & Launert 1992 photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XVI Systematics of Pleurothallis subgenera Crocodeilanthe, Rhynchopera and Talpinaria Luer 1998 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum Peruviarum Plate 549 Bennett & Christenson 1998 drawing fide; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 drawing fide; Orchids of Bolivia Vasquez & Ibisch Vol 1 2000 drawing fide; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as P spathata photo fide; Orquideas Nativas del Tachira Cesar Fernandez 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 6 2003 photo fide; AOS Bulletin Vol 72 No 9 2003 photo fide; Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Vol 3 Hammel, Grayum, Herrera and Zamora 2003 drawing fide; Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana Vol 7 Steyermark, Berry, Yatskievych and Holst 2003; Native Ecuadorian Orchids Vol 4 Dodson 2003 as P spathata; Orchid Species of Peru Zelenko & Bermudez 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Orchids of Tropical America Meisel 2014 photo fide; Vanishing Beauty, Native Costa Rican Orchids Vol 2 Lacaena to Pteroglossa Pupulin 2020 photo fide