Pleurothallis quadrifida [La Llave & Lex]Lindley 1842 SUBGENUS Specklinia SECTION Acuminatae Lindley 1859 Photo courtesy of © Lourens Grobler

Plant and Flower

Flower Closeup

Photos by Jay Pfahl

Inflorescence and Plant Photo courtesy of David Koenst

Plant and Flowers in situ Costa Rica Photo courtesy of Wilfried Löderbusch

MOSTLY and

Common Name The Four-Fold Slitted Pleurothallis

Flower Size 1/4 to 1/2" [7 to 9 mm]

This small to just medium sized, hot to cool growing epiphytic or occasional lithophytic species is found in the Jamaica, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia and Venezuela at altitudes up to 1800 meters in wet, exposed locations often in scrub forest with erect, terete, ramicauls carrying a single, apical, coriaceous, linear to oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, retuse and obtuse apically, gradually narrowing below into the conduplicate, petiolate base leaf that blooms mostly in the summer on an apical, erect, simple, to 15" [38 cm] long, simultaneously opening, many flowered inflorescence subtended by a compressed sheath carrying sweetly scented flowers held all to one side of the inflorescence which extends well above the leaves.

Grow in a pot or mounted with semi-shade and give cool to hot temperatures with year round moisture and good air movement.

Synonyms Anathallis racemiflora (Lindl. ex Lodd) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; *Dendrobium quadrifidum La Llave & Lex. 1825; Humboldtia incompta (Rchb. f.) Kuntze ?; Humboldtia longissima (Lindl.) Kuntze ?; Humboldtia nicaraguensis (Rchb. f.) Kuntze ?; Humboldtia quadrifida (Lex.) Kuntze; Humboltia incompta (Rchb. f.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia longissima (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia nicaraguensis (Liebm.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia quadrifida (Lex.) Kuntze 1891; Humboltia racemiflora (Lindl. ex Lodd.) Kuntze 1891; Loddigesia quadrifida (La Llave & Lex.) Luer, 2006; Physosiphon nicaraguensis Liebm. 1853; Pleurothallis ghiesbreghtiana A. Rich. & Galeotti 1845; Pleurothallis ghiesbreghtiana var. cleistogama L.O.Williams 1951; Pleurothallis incompta Rchb. f. 1854; Pleurothallis longissima Lindl. 1859; Pleurothallis lyroglossa Schltr. 1910; Pleurothallis nicaraguensis (Liebm.) Rchb. f. 1861; Pleurothallis niederleinii Schltr. 1918; Pleurothallis racemiflora Lindl. ex G.Lodd. 1825; Pleurothallis tricostata Cogn. 1912; Specklinia quadrifida (Lex.) Luer 2004; Stelis nicaraguensis (Liebm.) Solano & Soto Arenas 2002 publ. 2003; Stelis quadrifida (Lex.) Solano & Soto Arenas 2002 publ. 2003; Stelis racemiflora Lodd. ex W.Baxter 1839; Stelis racemiflora (Pridgeon & M.W.Chase) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001; Stelis superposita Schltr. 1915

References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; Lankester's Epidendra Website CR ; *Edwards's Bot. Reg. 28: Misc. 70. 1842; Bonplandia Rchb.f 1854 as P incompta; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865 as P incompta drawing; Xenia Orchidaceae vol 2 Rchb.f 1865 as P longissima drawing; Refugium Botanicum Reichenbach 1872 as P longissima drawing fide; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P incompta; Die Orchideen Schlechter 1915 as P racemifera; Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 668. 1891 as Humboldtia quadrifida; Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni. Veg. Beih. 19: 190. Costa Rica Schlechter 1923 as P incompta; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P longissima; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P racemiflora; Symbolae Antillanae Vol VI Orchidaceae Urban 1909 as P tricostata; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as P longissima; Flora of Jamaica Fawcett & Rendle 1910 as P racemifera; The Orchids of Panama L.O. Williams & P Allen 1946 as P ghiesbreghtiana; Orchids of Guatemala and Belize Ames & Correll 1952 as P ghiesbrectiana; Venezuelan Orchids Illustrated Vol 2 Dunsterville & Garay 1961 drawing good; Encyclopedia of Cultivated Orchids Hawkes 1965 as P ghiesbreghtiana; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 drawing ok; Flora de Venezuela Foldats Volumen XV Part 2 1970 as P racemiflora; Las Orquedias De El Salvador Vol 2 Hamer 1974 drawing/photo good; Orchids of Venezuela, An Illustrated Field Guide Vol 3 Dunsterville & Garay 1979 drawing fide; Miniature Orchids Northen 1980 as P racemifera photos fide; Las Orquideas de El Salvador Vol 3 Hamer 1981 drawing ok; Icones Planetarum Tropicarum plate 1123 Dodson 1984 drawing fide; Flora Novo-Galaciana Vol 16 Orchidaceae Mc Vaugh 1985 drawing fide; Systematics of Pleurothallis Vol 3 Luer 1986 as Pleurothallis racemiflora; An Introdution to the Orchids of Mexico Wiard 1987 as Pleurothallis racemifera photo fide; Orchids of Jamaica Gloudon & Tobisch 1995 as P racemifera photo fide; An Orchid Flora Of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands Ackerman 1995 as P racemiflora; AOS Bulletin Vol 65 No 7 1996; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as P tricostata; Orchids of Venezuela [An illustrated field guide] Vol. 3 Ramiro and Carnevali 2000 as P racemiflora drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XX Luer 2000 as P racemiflora drawing fide; Orchidaceae Antillanae Nir 2000 as P racemifera; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Anathallis racemiflora; Lindleyana Vol 16 No 4 2001 as Stelis racemiflora; Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 as P ghiesbreghtiana drawing fide; Systematics and evolution of the genus Pleurothallis R. Br. (Orchidaceae) in the Greater Antilles Hagen Stenzel 2004 drawing fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVI Luer 2004 as Specklinia quadrifida; The Orchids of Cuba Llamacho & Larramendi 2005 as Specklinia quadrifida photo fide; Icones Pleurothallidinarum Vol XXVIII Luer 2006 as Loddigesia quadrifida; Orchids of Costa Rica Vol 5 Morales 2009 photo fide; Mille et Une Mini Orchideees Roguenant 2009 as Stelis quadrifida photo fide; Algunas Orquideas De Mexico Suarez 2012 photo fide; Orchid Flora of the Greater Antilles Ackerman 2014 drawing fide

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