Epidendrum amblyantherum Hágsater & E.Santiago 2009 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum

TYPE LCDP Photo by © Gelis & Cisneros and Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1852 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 and the AMO Herbaria Website

TYPE Drawing

TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Common Name The Blunt Rounded Anther Cap Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in north central Ecuador at elevations around 3000 to 3500 meters as a medium sized, cold growing terrestrial with cane-like stems developing the new one from towards the apex of the previous stem and carrying 12 or more on the main stem and 5 to 6 on the branches, all along the apical half, erect-spreading, unequal in size, oblong-elliptic, subobtuse, margin entire leaves that blooms in the winter through spring on a terminal, racemose to paniculate, mostly simultaneously 14 to 26 flowered flowered inflorescence with a triangular, acuminate, amplexicaul bract in the middle of the peduncle and much shorter than the ovary, triangular-lanceolate, acuminate, amplexicaul floral bracts and resupinate, fleshy, yellow to yellowish ochre flowers.

"Epidendrum amblyantherum belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Cernuum, characterized by the monopodial habit, cane-like stems with subapical branches which are considerably shorter than the main stem, coriaceous to subcoriaceous leaves, apex bilobed, and fleshy flowers, the lip 3-lobed. The species is recognized by the yellow to yellowish ochre flowers, unequal sepals and petals in size, and the clearly 3-lobed lip, with dolabriform lateral lobes, the calli surrounded by 3 pairs of short keels, and the truncate, ovoid anther. Epidendrum pallatangae has the ovary and sepals dorsally strongly pubescent, an entire to slightly 3-lobed lip, the nectary penetrating the ovary, and the ovoid anther apically elongate and acute. Epidendrum cuicochaënse Hágsater & Dodson has short inflorescences with successive, apple-green flowers, the lip slightly 3-lobed with subtriangular lateral lobes, and a subrectangular-oblong midlobe, minutely apiculate. Epidendrum megaloclinium Hágsater & Dodson has the sepals dorsally pubescent, and a the slightly 3-lobed lip, bicallose, with 3 thin keels running down the length of the lip." Hagsater etal 2009


ReferencesW3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; *Icones Orchidacearum 12 plate 1203 Hagsater & Santiago 2009 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1284 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1852 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1883 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 18(2) Plate 1900 Hagsater & Jimenez 2021 see recognition section