Epidendrum jimburense Hágsater & Dodson 2001 GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Orgyale

TYPE Drawing by © Lopez and The AMO Herbaria Website

Part Shade Cold EARLIER Winter

Common Name The Jimbura Epidendrum [A town near where the Type was collected]

Flower Size 1.6” [4 cm]

Found in southernmost Ecuador in protected areas along paramo among shrubs at elevations of 3000 to 3400 meters as a giant sized, cold growing epiphyte with laterally compressed above, cane-like, branching into progressively shorter, secondary stems and into tertiary floral stems carrying numerous, throughout all the stems, ovate to elliptic, bilobed to obtuse, varying in size, those of the primary and secondary larger than those of the tertiary leaves that blooms in the winter on a terminal, arising from all stems, erect, racemose, [3.5 to 9 cm] long, successively 8 to 18 flowered inflorescence with shorter than to nearly as long as the ovary, clasping, triangular, longly acuminate, conduplicate floral bracts and carrying non-resupinate, orange brown to brown or tinged with purple flowers with a yellow lip, and a red brown column towards the apex.

"Epidendrum jimburense belongs to the GROUP Andean SUBGROUP Orgyale characterized by the monopodial, sub-apical branching habit, erect to sub-erect inflorescences, lax, non-resupinate flowers, the lip entire. The species has a branching habit, subcoriaceous, bilobed to obtuse leaves, erect, racemose inflorescence, non-resupinate flowers with a cordate, bilobed lip; the sepals are .56 to .8" [14 to 20 mm] long and the petals and lip clearly erose-dentate, the petals 3-veined. Epidendrum orgyale Lindl. has .52" [13 mm] long sepals, petals linear-spathulate, serrulate, and lip deeply cordiform, apiculate, margins serrulate, .24 x .32" [6 x 8 mm]. Epidendrum quadrangulatum A.D. Hawkes has sepals .44 to .56" x .2" [11 to 14 x 5 mm], petals oblanceolate-cuneate, rounded, minutely denticulate, veins branching aboye, and the lip quadrate, apex broadly rounded, serrulate, undulate. Epidendrum pallatangae Schltr. has sepals .56 to .64' [14 to 16 mm], clinandrium large, erose, petals obtrullate, rounded, entire, 3-veined, and the lip cordiform with prominent keels." Hagsater etal 1999


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 449 Hagsater & Dodson 2001 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 7 Plate 725 Hagsater and Sanchez 2004 see recognition section; Icones Orchidacearum 12 Plate 1268 Hagsater 2009 see recognition section;