Epidendrum littorale Hágsater & Dodson 1993 GROUP Difforme

Photo by The Mundiflora Orchid Website

Another Plant

Photo by Ecuagenera and their Ecuador Orchid Website

TYPE Drawing TYPE Drawing by © Jimenez, Hágsater & E.Santiago and The AMO Herbario Website

Partial shade HotWarmSpringEARLYSummer

Common Name or Meaning The Coastal Epidendrum

Flower Size 1.2" [3 cm]

Found in Colombia and Ecuador on the western slopes of the Andes at elevations of 300 to 600 meters as a small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte with simple, cane-like, terete, slightly flexuous stems carrying 7 to 9, elliptic, coriaceous, apically bilobed, basally clasping leaves held all along the stem and blooms in the spring and early summer on a terminal, subumbellate, erect, short, 4 to 6 flowered inflorescence, occuring only once and carrying simultaneously opening flowers.

"This species is a member of the GROUP Difforme characterized by the caespitose, sympodial plants, fleshy, pale green to glaucous leaves, apical inflorescence, sessile, rarely with a short peduncle, one-flowered to many-flowered, and then corymbose, without spathaceous bracts, fleshy, green to yellowish-green rarely white flowers. The species can be recognized by the terete stems, 3-lohed lip with lateral lobes semiorbicular, crenate, midlobe broad and prominent, crenate, with a wide, shallow apical sinus, straight column, and clinandriÜm prominent, erose-dentate. Epidendrum scharfii Hágsater & Dodson grows in the same general area, but in a different habitat (upstream), and has much smaller plants with ascending leaves, reniform lip with entire margins and emarginate apex." Hagsater etal 1993


References W3 Tropicos, Kew Monocot list , IPNI ; * Icones Orchidacearum 2 Plate 153 Hagsater 1993 drawing fide; Icones Orchidacearum 4 Plate 418 Hagsater 2001 see recognition section; Orchids of the Department of Valle De Cauca Colombia Vol 2 Kolanowska, Hagsater etal. 2014 drawing fide; Orchids of the Darien Gap Kolanowska 2014 drawing fide; Orquideas, Tesoro de Colombia Vol 2 Ortiz & Uribe 2017 Drawing fide;