SUBGENUS Acianthera SECTION Sicariae SUBSECTION Sicariae Luer 1986

Characterized by the triquetrous ramicauls with well developed sharp wings and they are continuous with the margins of the blade of the leaf above. The subgenus Arthrosia has similar three-edged ramicauls but the articulated lip of this subsection immediately separate them.

  1. Pleurothallis aculeata Luer & Hirtz 1996 Ecuador

  2. Pleurothallis aechme Luer 1976 Ecuador

  3. Pleurothallis casapensis Lindl. 1842 Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela

  4. Pleurothallis circumplexa Lindl. 1838 Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

  5. Pleurothallis cerberus Luer & R.Vásquez 1980 Bolivia

  6. Pleurothallis chamelopoda Luer 1996 Colombia

  7. Pleurothallis chionopa Luer 1980 Colombia and Ecuador

  8. Pleurothallis cogniauxiana Schltr. 1907 Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama

  9. Pleurothallis compressicaulis Dod 1984 Haiti and the Dominican Republic

  10. Pleurothallis consatae Luer & R.Vásquez 1999 Bolivia

  11. Pleurothallis cordatifolia Dod 1976 Dominican Republic

  12. Pleurothallis costabilis Luer & R.Vásquez 1991 Bolivia

  13. Pleurothallis decurrens Poepp. & Endl. 1836 Colombia, Peru and Ecuador

  14. Pleurothallis discophylla Luer & Carnevali 1993 Venezuela , Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil

  15. Pleurothallis exarticulata Barb. Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  16. Pleurothallis gacayana Schltr. 1925 Guatemala and Costa Rica

  17. Pleurothallis luteola Lindl. 1841 Brazil

  18. Pleurothallis markii [Archila] comb novo Pfahl 2013 Guatemala

  19. Pleurothallis melanoglossa Luer & R.Escobar 1996 Colombia

  20. Pleurothallis mexiae Luer 1999 Peru

  21. Pleurothallis pantasmi Rchb.f.1855 Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Ecuador

  22. Pleurothallis pantasmoides C.Schweinf. 1951 Ecuador and Peru

  23. Pleurothallis rinkei [Luer] comb novo Pfahl 2012 Ecuador

  24. Pleurothallis rodrigoi Luer 2003 Colombia

  25. Pleurothallis rubroviridis Lindl. 1858 Cuba, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru

  26. Pleurothallis sandaliorum G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2000 Venezuela

  27. Pleurothallis scalpricaulis Luer 1976 Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador

  28. Pleurothallis sicaria Lindl 1849 Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela

  29. Pleurothallis sicariopsis Luer 1981 Ecuador

  30. Pleurothallis sicula Luer & R.Vásquez 1997 publ. 1998 Ecuador and Bolivia

  31. Pleurothallis spilantha Barb.Rodr. 1881 Brazil

  32. Pleurothallis yauaperyensis Barb.Rodr. 1891 Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Guyana, Fr Guiana, Surinam and northern Brazil

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