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Barkeria palmerii

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Genera or species names that are synonyms of current names are denoted with a ~.

The basiosynonym of a species is denoted with a "*". The basiosynonym is the very first name that a species had before it was changed to the current species name. If you have a name in parenthesis preceding another name, the name in parentheses is the basiosynonym. An example: ~*Ophrys bicolor Naegeli - See Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (Naegeli) Nelson: Ophyrs bicolor is the basiosynonym and in the current name the parentheses, (Naegeli), is the namer of the basiosynonym, while Nelson is the namer of the current species Ophyrs apifera var. bicolor.

If a genus is complete [all of the species are represented] it is preceded by a `

! denotes the Type Species of the genus

* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon

I have decided to include synonyms in the alphabetical listings because I have found it frustrating to find that some growers do not stay currrent in their plant names and as such we the consumer end up buying a plant that we feel is an exotic different species only to find that it is a plant that we have had for years under the correct name. An example, Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f is actually the common species Brassavola nodosa [L]Lindley.

Symbol Chart:

Fragrance = Fragrance

Light Meter Icons; Full Shade = Full shade Dappled shade or Partial Shade = Part shade Bright Light or Full light = Part sun Full Sun = Full sun

Temperature Icons;

Cold = Cold 2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 55`F night average - - Cool = Cool1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 60`F night average

Warm = Warm1000 meters to 1800 meters, 68`F to 75`F night average - - Hot = HotSea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F

Season Icons;

Spring = SpringSummer = SummerFall = FallWinter = Winter

SIZE: Miniature - under 6" tall leaf and pseudobulb Small - under 12" tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium - under 24" tall Large - under 48" tall Giant - Over 48" tall

Beach
Rainbow

`Baptistonia Barb. Rodr. 1877 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

This is a monotypic epiphytic genus from Brazil that is closely allied to Oncidium, with compressed, oblong pseudobulbs with two coriaceous leaves and an inflorescence that arises from the side of a mature pseudobulb.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Baptisto Caetano d'Almeida Nogueira, Brazilian entymologist

Type species = ! = Baptistonia echinata Barb. Rodr. 1877

    ~Baptistonia albini [Schlechter] Chiron & Castro 2006 - see Oncidium albini Schltr. 1926

    ~ Baptistonia × amicta (Lindl.) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium × amictum Lindl. 1847

    ~Baptistonia brieniana ( Rchb.f. ) V.P.Castro ''&'amp;' Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium brienianum Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Baptistonia cassolana (V.P.Castro & Campacci) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium riograndense Cogn. 1906

    ~Baptistonia colorata (Königer & J.G.Weinm.bis) Chiron 2008 - See Oncidium coloratum Königer & J.G. Weinm. 1994

    ~Baptistonia cornigera ( Lindl. ) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium cornigerum Lindl. 1833

    ~Baptistonia cruciata (Rchb.f.) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium fimbriatum Lindley. 1833

  1. !Baptistonia echinata Barb. Rodr. 1877

    Part shadeCoolTo HotWinter

    ~Baptistonia fimbriata (Lindl.) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro, 2004 - See Oncidium fimbriatum Lindley. 1833

    ~Baptistonia gutfreundiana (Chiron & V.P.Castro) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium gutfreundianum Chiron & V.P.Castro 2003

    ~Baptistonia kautskyi (Pabst) V.P.Castro '&' Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium kautzkyi Pabst 1976

    ~Baptistonia leinigii (Pabst) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium leinigii Pabst 1972

    ~Baptistonia lietzei (Regel) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium lietzei Regel 1880

    ~Baptistonia lietzei subsp. guairensis Chiron 2008 - See Oncidium lietzei Regel 1880

    ~Baptistonia nitida (Barb.Rodr.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium nitidum Barb.Rodr. 1881

    ~Baptistonia pabstii (Campacci & C.Espejo) Chiron & V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium pabstii Campacci & C.Espejo 1998

    ~Baptistonia pubes (Lindl.) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium pubes Lindl. 1826

    ~Baptistonia pulchella (Regel) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium waluewa Rolfe 1904

    ~Baptistonia regentii V.P.Castro & Chiron 2005 - See Oncidium gutfreundianum Chiron & V.P.Castro 2003

    ~Baptistonia remotiflora (Garay) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium truncatum Pabst 1955

    ~Baptistonia riograndense (Cogn.) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium riograndense Cogn. 1906

    ~Baptistonia sarcodes (Lindl.) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium sarcodes Lindl. 1849

    ~Baptistonia silvana (V.P.Castro & Campacci) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium silvanum V.P.Castro & Campacci 1991

    ~Baptistonia truncata (Pabst) Chiron '&' V.P.Castro 2004 - See Oncidium truncatum Pabst 1955

    ~Baptistonia uhlii Chiron & V.P.Castro 2006 - See Oncidium uhlii (Chiron & V.P.Castro) Königer 2008

    ~*Baptistonia velteniana V.P.Castro & Chiron 2005 - See Oncidium veltenianum (V.P.Castro & Chiron) Königer 2005

    ~Baptistonia venusta (Drapiez) Chiron 2008 - See Oncidium venustum Drap. 1836

    ~Baptistonia verrucosissima (Cogn.) V.P.Castro & Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium brienianum Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Baptistonia widgrenii (Lindl.) V.P.Castro '&' Chiron 2004 - See Oncidium widgrenii Lindl. 1855

Barbosella Schlechter 1918 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

According to Carl Luer. There are 19 or so dwarf miniature cool to cold growing epiphytes found from Central America south to Venezuela then to Peru and Brazil that have short ramicauls, solitary flowers that emerge laterally from the ramicauls without an annulus, and a column that is well developed carring a hooded ventral anther and stigma, the fat column foot is set into a concavity at the base of the lip forming a ball and socket joint allowing the lip to move, four equally sized pollina are present which distinguish it from Pleurothallis which has two. This genus can be grown with the same culture as Masdevallia.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Barbosa Rodriguez Brazilian Botanist

Type species = ! = Pleurothallis gardneri Lindley = Barbosella gardneri [Lindley]Schlechter 1842

    ~Barbosella anaristella (Kraenzl.) Garay 1974 - See Barbosella dolichorhiza Schltr.1920

  1. Barbosella australis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeCoolLATE Summer

    ~Barbosella australis var. genuina Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella australis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella australis var. latipetala Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella australis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella australis var. loefgrenii (Cogn.) Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella australis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    ~ Barbosella bradeorum Schltr. 1923 - See Barbosella dolichorhiza Schltr.1920

    ~Barbosella brenesii Schltr. 1923 - See Barbosella prorepens (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella caespitifica (F. Lehm. '&' Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1974 - See Barbosella prorepens (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

  2. Barbosella circinata Luer 1977

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeWarmTo Cool

  3. Barbosella cogniauxiana (Speg. '&' Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    or or

  4. Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeWarmCoolWinter LATEWinterand EARLIER spring

    ~Barbosella crassifolia var. aristata Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella crassifolia var. genuina Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella crassifolia var. hamburgensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1953 - See Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella crassifolia var. minor Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

  5. Barbosella cucullata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeCoolTo ColdWinterSpringandFall

  6. Barbosella dolichorhiza Schltr.1920

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shade HotCoolFall

  7. Barbosella dusenii (Samp.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    ~Barbosella dussii (Cogn.) Dod 1986 - See Barbosella prorepens (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella fuscata Garay 1969 - See Barbosella dolichorhiza Schltr.1920

  8. !Barbosella gardneri (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    LATE and

    ~Barbosella gardneri var. dusenii (A.Samp.) Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella dusenii (Samp.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella gardneri var. genuina Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella gardneri (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  9. Barbosella geminata Luer 1980

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeWarmTo ColdWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~Barbosella hamburgensis (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1947 - See Barbosella crassifolia (Edwall) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella handroi Hoehne 1934 - See Barbosella cogniauxiana (Speg. '&' Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918

  10. ?Barbosella hirtzii Luer 1994?

    Full shade Cool

    ~Barbosella kegelii (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1918 - See Chamelophyton kegelii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1974

    ~Barbosella loefgrenii (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918 - See Barbosella australis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella longiflora (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1921 - See Barbosella cucullata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    ~Barbosella longipes Schltr. 1920 - See Barbosella cucullata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  11. Barbosella macaheensis (Cogn.) Luer 2000

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Deep shade

    ~Barbosella microphylla (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1918 - See Barbosella gardneri (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  12. Barbosella miersii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    to

    ~Barbosella monstrabilis (Ames) Garay 1974 - See Barbosella prorepens (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

  13. Barbosella orbicularis Luer 1976

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    to

    ~Barbosella porschii (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Barbosella cogniauxiana (Speg. '&' Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918

  14. Barbosella portillae Luer 2002

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shade WarmSpring

  15. Barbosella prorepens (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1918

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Full shadeCool TO ColdSpring and LATE Fall

    ~Barbosella reichenbachiana (Endres ex Rchb.f.) Schltr.1923 - See Pleurothallopsis reichenbachiana (Endres ex Rchb.f.) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2001

    ~Barbosella rhynchantha (Rchb. f. '&' Warsz.) Schltr. 1918 - See Barbosella cucullata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  16. Barbosella ricii Luer '&' R. Vásquez 2000

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    ~Barbosella riograndensis Dutra ex Pabst 1959 - See Barbosella cogniauxiana (Speg. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918

  17. Barbosella schista Luer & R.Escobar 1983

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Deep shade Cold LATERSpring

  18. Barbosella spiritu-sanctensis (Pabst) F.Barros & Toscano 1990

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Deep shade Warm Cool LATERSummer

  19. Barbosella sp

  20. Barbosella sp.

    ~Barbosella tolimensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1974 - See Barbosella prorepens (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1918

  21. Barbosella trilobata Pabst 1956

    SUBGENUS Cardinella

    ~Barbosella varicosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Barbosella cucullata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  22. Barbosella vasquezii Luer 2000

    SUBGENUS Barbosella

    Deep shade Cool Cold Winter

~Barbrodria Luer 1981 - See Barbosella Schlechter 1918 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae. SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Barbrodria miersii (Lindl.) Luer 1981 - See Barbosella miersii (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

Barkeria Knowles & Westcott 1838 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

There are 17, small to medium sized epiphytes or lithophytes in this Central American genus that grow with warm to cool conditions, and need a bright rest in winter as they drop their leaves, watering should be resumed after the new growth appears in the spring. This genus is characterized by having thick roots, with slender, cane-like, fusitorm to cylindrical, enveloped by scarious leaf sheaths carrying alternate, linear-lanceolate to broadly ovate, articulated, sessile, soft textured, deciduous leaves and blooms on a terminal, racemose, few to many flowered inflorescence. Best grown mounted on wood branches or tree fern slabs, given a well ventilated or airy space, brightly lit, with high humidity and lots of fertilizer while growing and a definitive rest through the winter months only to resume with the onset of new growth in the spring.

Common Name or Meaning Named for George Barker English orchid enthusiast

Synonyms `Dothilophis Raf. 1836[1838]; Pachyphyllum Kunth 1816

According to Carl Withner

Type species = ! = Barkeria elegans Knowles '&' Westc. 1838 = Barkeria uniflora (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb. 1977

  1. Barkeria archilarum Chiron 2011

    Part shade Cool LATERSpring

  2. Barkeria barkeriola Rchb. f. 1884

    Part shadeHot TO Warm LATE SummerTo Fall

    ~Barkeria chinensis (Lindl. ex Benth.) Thien 1966 - See Barkeria obovata (C. Presl) Christenson 1988

    ~Barkeria chinensis subsp. naevosa (Lindl.) Thien 1970 publ. 1971 - See Barkeria naevosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1923

    ~Barkeria chinensis ssp. palmeri [Rolfe] Thein, Brittonia 1970 -See Barkeria palmeri [Rolfe]Schlechter 1918

    ~Barkeria cyclotella Rchb.f Gard. 1880 - See Barkeria scandens (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb 1977

  3. Barkeria delpinalii Archila & Chiron 2011

    Part shade Hot LATERSpring

  4. Barkeria dorotheae Halb. 1976

    Part sunHot LATE FallTo Winter

    ~Barkeria elegans Knowles '&' Westc. 1838 - see Barkeria uniflora (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb. 1977

  5. Barkeria fritz-halbingeriana Soto Arenas 1993

    Part shade Warm Fall

    ~Barkeria halbingeri Thien 1973 - See Barkeria melanocaulon A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1845

  6. Barkeria lindleyana Bateman ex Lindl. 1842

    Part shadeHot TO CoolFall

    ~Barkeria lindleyana var centrae Rchb.f 1873 - See Barkeria lindleyana Bateman ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Barkeria lindleyana var. cyclotella [Rchb.f] Thein 1970 - See Barkeria scandens (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb 1977

    ~Barkeria lindleyana ssp. lindleyana [Batem. ex Lindl. Thein 1970 - See Barkeria lindleyana Bateman ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Barkeria lindleyana ssps. spectabile [Batem ex Lindl.] Rchb.f 1862 - See Barkeria spectabilis Bateman ex Lindley 1842

    ~Barkeria lindleyana subsp. vanneriana (Rchb. f.) Thien 1970- See Barkeria vanneriana Rchb. f. 1885

  7. Barkeria melanocaulon A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1845

    Part sunHotTo WarmWinter

  8. Barkeria naevosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1923

    Part shadeHot TO Warm LATE FallWinter EARLY Spring

    ~Barkeria naevosa subsp. strophinx (Rchb.f.) Halb. 1974 - See Barkeria strophinx (Rchb.f.) Halb.1977

    ~Barkeria nonchinensis Schlechter 1914 - See Barkeria obovata [C.Presl.]Christenson 1988

  9. Barkeria obovata (C. Presl) Christenson 1989

    Part sunHotTo WarmEARLYWinter

  10. Barkeria palmeri [Rolfe]Schlechter 1918

    Part sunHotTo Cool MID Winter

  11. Barkeria scandens (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb 1977

    Part sunCool

  12. Barkeria shoemakeri Halb. 1975

    Part sunHotTo Warm MID Winter

  13. Barkeria skinneri (Bateman ex Lindl.) A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1844

    Part sun CoolColdFall TO MID Winter

    ~Barkeria skinneri var major Paxton 1849 - See Barkeria skinneri (Bateman ex Lindl.) A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1844

  14. Barkeria spectabilis Bateman ex Lindley 1842

    Part sunCoolTo WarmSummer

  15. Barkeria strophinx (Rchb.f.) Halb.1977

    EARLY

  16. !Barkeria uniflora (La Llave '&' Lex.) Dressler '&' Halb. 1977

    to

  17. Barkeria vanneriana Rchb. f. 1885

  18. Barkeria whartoniana (C. Schweinf.) Soto Arenas 1993

    Part sunHot

~`Barlaea Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cynorkis Thou. 1809 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchidieae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Barlaea calcarata (Thouars) Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cynorkis squamosa (Poir.) Lindl. 1835

Barlia Parlat 1860 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

There are two species in this old world intermediate to cool growing, terrestrial genus that arise from buried root stem, ovoid or round tuberoids with deciduous leaves arising from a elongated stem from which a terminal, cylindric, densely many flowered inflorescence carrying fragrant flowers.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Barla, a Brazilian amatuer botanist

Synonyms Loroglossum L.C.Rich. 1817

Type species = ! = Barlia longibracteata [Biv.] Parl. 1858 = Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) W. Grueter 1967

    ~ Barlia canariensis (Lindl.) Szlach. 2001 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Barlia cazorlensis (Lacaita) Szlach. 2001 - See Orchis cazorlensis Lacaita 1930

    ~Barlia collina (Banks '&' Sol. ex Russell) Szlach. 2001 - See Anacamptis collina (Banks & Sol.ex Russell) R.M.Bateman, A.M.Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 1997

    ~Barlia longibractea (Bivona) Parlatore 1858 - See Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    ~*Barlia metlesicsiana W.P.Teschner 1982 - See Himantoglossum metlesicsianum (W.P.Teschner) P.Delforge 1999

    ~Barlia patens (Desf.) Szlach. 2001 - See Orchis patens Desf. 1799

    ~Barlia prisca (Hautz.) Szlach. 2001 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

  1. !Barlia robertiana (Loisel.) Greuter 1967

    FragrancePart sunColdTo Cool LATE Winter TO EARLY Spring

    ~Barlia spitzelii (Saut. ex W.D.J.Koch) Szlach. 2001 - See Orchis spitzelii Sauter ex W. Koch 1837

~`Barombia Schlechter 1914 - See Aerangis Rchb.f 1865 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

The single species in this genus has been moved to Aerangis

~Barombia gracillima[Kraenzel]Schlechter 1914 - See Aerangis gracillima [Kraenzel]J.Stewart '&' Arends 1989

~Barombia schliebenii (Mansf.) P.J.Cribb 1980 - See Rangaeris schliebenii (Mansf.) P.J.Cribb 1989

~`Barombiella Szlach. 2003 - See Aerangis Rchb.f 1865 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae

~ Barombiella schliebenii (Mansf.) Szlach. 2003 - See Rangaeris schliebenii (Mansf.) P.J.Cribb 1989

`Bartholina R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchidieae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

There are two species in this terrestrial genus endemic to the Cape Province of South Africa needing a perfectly drained sandy compost and moist cool temperatures until leaf fall which denotes the need for a decided rest until the new growth appears.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Bartolin a Dutchman

Type species = ! = Bartholina pectinata (Thunb.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton 1813 = Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

  1. !Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

  2. Bartholina ethelae Bolus 1884

    Part sunColdSpring

    ~Bartholina lindleyana Rchb.f. ex Rolfe 1912 - See Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

    ~Bartholina pectinata (Thunb.) R.Br. in W.T.Aiton 1813 - See Bartholina burmanniana (L.) Ker Gawl. 1818

Basiphyllaea Schltr. 1921 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Bletinae. There are 7 species in this terrestrial genus occuring in Florida south through the Caribbean that is related to the Bletinae but has been suggested as a member of the Laelinae as well in the past.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the basally positioned leaves orchid

Synonyms Carteria Small 1910 non Diesing 1866

Type species = ! = Basiphyllaea sarcophylla (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1921

    ~ Basiphyllaea angustifolia Schltr. 1925 - See Basiphyllara corallicola (Small) Ames 1924

  1. Basiphyllaea carabiaiana (L.O.Williams) Sosa & M.A.Díaz 2001

    LATE MID

  2. Basiphyllara corallicola (Small) Ames 1924

    LATER THROUGH

  3. Basiphyllaea volubilis (M.A.Díaz) Sosa & M.A.Díaz 2001

    MID THROUGH

  4. Basiphyllaea wrightii (Acuńa) Nir 2000

    Deep ShadeHotWarm

Baskervilla Lindl. 1840 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Cranichidinae

There are 10 species in this terrestrial genus occuring in central and Andean South America that are characterized by having a basal rosette of leaves with an apical inflorescence with a dense head of nonresupinate flowers with the petals and the lip adnate to the column at a distance from the base. The sepals are free and the petals are adnate to the dorsal side of the column which carries 4 soft pollina.

Common Name or Meaning English botanist and protege of Lindley 1800's]

Type species = ! = Baskervilla assurgens Lindl.1840

  1. Baskervilla auriculata Garay 1978

    Full shade Warm toCoolLATESpring to EARLYfall

    ~Baskervilla auriculata var. yungasensis T.Hashim. 1992 - See Baskervilla auriculata Garay 1978

  2. Baskervilla colombiana Garay 1953

    Part shadeWarm Cool Fall

    ~ Baskervilla janeirensis Brade 1943 - See Baskervilla paranaensis (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

  3. Baskervilla leptantha Dressler 1993

    Full shade Warm cool Fall

  4. Baskervilla machupicchuensis Nauray & Christenson, 2001

    Full shadeCold fall

    ~Baskervilla nicaraguensis Hamer & Garay 1982 - See Baskervilla colombiana Garay 1953

  5. Baskervilla paranaensis (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

    Full shade Warm cool Fall

  6. Baskervilla stenopetala Dressler 1998

    Full shade Warm cool Fall

  7. Baskervilla venezuelana Garay & Dunst. 1976

~Batemania Rchb. f. 1834 - See Batemannia Lindley 1834 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

~Batemania beaumontii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852 - See Batemannia ciliata (Morel) Cogn. 1906

~Batemania fimbriata Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1854 - See Galeottia fimbriata L. Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1854

~Batemania meleagris [Lindley]Rchb.f 1855 - See Huntleya meleagris Lindl. 1837

~Batemania ciliata (Morel) Cogn. 1906 - See Galeottia ciliata (Morel) Dressler & Christenson 1989

~Batemania peruviana Rolfe 1895 - See Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834

~Batemania petronia Barb Rodr. 1891 - See Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834

~Batemania yauaperyensis Barb Rodr. 1891 - See Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834

Batemannia Lindley 1834 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There are 5 species spread throughout the Amazon basin that grow as epiphytes and have clustered, one-noded, ovoid pseudobulbs with 2 to 3 apical, plicate leaves, giving rise to a basal, short, raemose inflorescence that has a few to many, medium sized, showy flowers with generally narrow lateral sepals attached at the end of the column foot and downturned. They have fairly broad petals, a trilobed lip withn erect lateral lobes, a downturned apical lobe , a wingless column with four pollina and a short, broad stipe. This genus and Bifrenaria can be grown in the same manner.

Common Name or Meaning Named for James Bateman an English orchid enthusiast

Synonyms `Petronia Barb. Rodr. 1877

Type species = ! = Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834[1835]

    ~*Batemannia antioquiana Kraenzl. 1920 - See Galeottia antioquiana (Kraenzl.) Dressler & Christenson 1988 publ. 1989

    ~*Batemannia apiculata Rchb.f. 1876 - See Huntleya apiculata (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1916

  1. Batemannia armillata Rchb.f 1875

    FragrancePart shadeCoolTo WarmLATE SpringTo Summer

    ~Batemania beaumontii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1852 - See Galeottia ciliata (Morel) Dressler & Christenson 1989

    ~Batemannia burtii Endr. '&' Rchb.f 1872 - See Huntleya burtii [Endres '&' Rchb.f] Pfitzer 1889

    ~Batemannia ciliata (Morel) Cogn. 1906 - See Galeottia ciliata (Morel) Dressler & Christenson 1989

  2. !Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834[1835]

    FragrancePart shadeHotTo WarmSpring

    ~Batemannia fimbriata Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1854 - See Galeottia fimbriata L. Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Batemannia grandiflora [A.Rich]Rchb.f 1856 - See *Galeottia grandiflora A. Rich 1845

    ~*Batemannia gustavi Rchb. f. 1877 - See Huntleya gustavii (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1916

    ~*Batemannia lalindei Linden 1873 - See Pescatoria lalindei (Linden) Dressler 2005

  3. Batemannia leferenzii Senghas 1993

  4. Batemannia lepida Rchb.f. 1878

    ~Batemannia meleagris [Lindley]Rchb.f 1855 - See Huntleya meleagris Lindl. 1837

  5. Batemannia peruviana Rolfe 1895

    FragrancePart sunWarmCool LATESpring

    ~Batemannia petronia Barb Rodr. 1891 - See Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834

    ~*Batemannia wallisii Rchb.f 1880 - See Huntleya wallisii Batem 1837

    ~Batemannia yauaperyensis Barb Rodr. 1891 - See Batemannia colleyi Lindley 1834

~`Bathiea Schltr. 1915 - See Neobathiea Schltr. 1925 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae.

~Bathiea perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr. 1915 - See Neobathiea perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr. 1925

~`Bathiorchis Bosser & P.J.Cribb 2003 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813

SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~Bathiorchis rosea (H.Perrier) Bosser & P.J.Cribb 2003 - See Goodyera rosea (H.Perrier) Ormerod 2006

~Beadlea Small 1903 - See Cyclopogon C. Presl 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~Beadlea aprica (Lindl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon apricus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea argyrifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon argyrifolius (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1877

~Beadlea argyrotaenia (Schltr.) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon argyrotaenius Schltr. 1921

~Beadlea bicolor (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon bicolor (Ker Gawl.) Schltr. 1919

~Beadlea bifida (Ridl.) Garay & Dunst. 1979 - See Helonoma bifida (Ridl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

~Beadlea calophylla (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon calophyllus (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1877

~Beadlea cearensis (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon cearensis Barb.Rodr., Gen. Spec. Orchid. 2: 283 (1882

~Beadlea calophylla (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon calophyllus (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1877

~ Beadlea comosa (Rchb.f.) Hamer & Garay 1981 - See Cyclopogon comosus (Rchb.f.) Burns-Bal. & E.W.Greenw. 1986

~Beadlea cranichoides (Griseb.) Small 1913 - See Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea cranichoides f. alba P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney 1995 - See Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea cranichoides f. albolabia P.M.Br. & C.L.McCartney 1995 - See Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea diversifolia (Cogn.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon apricus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea elata (Sw.) Small 1918 - See Cyclopogon elatus (Sw.) Schltr. 1919

~Beadlea elegans (Hoehne) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon elegans Hoehne 1944

~*Beadlea elliptica Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon ellipticus (Garay) Dodson 1993

~Beadlea epiphytica Dodson 1980 - See Cyclopogon epiphyticus (Dodson) Dodson 1989

~ Beadlea hennisiana (Sandt) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon hennisianus (Sandt) Szlach. 1993

~Beadlea iguapensis (Schltr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon iguapensis Schltr.1922

~Beadlea inaequilatera (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon inaequilaterus (Poepp. & Endl.) Schltr. 1920

~ Beadlea itatiaiensis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon itatiaiensis (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1945

~Beadlea lindleyana (Link, Klotzsch '&' Otto) Garay '&' Dunst 1979 - See Cyclopogon lindleyanus (Link, Klotzsch '&' Otto) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea longibracteata (Barb. Rodr.) Garay 1982 - See Cyclopogon longibracteatus (Barb. Rodr.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea millei (Schltr.) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon millei (Schltr.) Schltr.1920

~Beadlea multiflora (Schltr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon multiflorus Schltr.1922

~Beadlea oligantha (Hoehne) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon oliganthus (Hoehne) Hoehne & Schltr. 1926

~Beadlea olivacea (Rolfe) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon olivaceus (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea plantaginea (Schltr.) Garay 1978 - See Cyclopogon plantagineus Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea prasophylla (Rchb.f.) Hamer & Garay 1981 - See Cyclopogon prasophyllus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920

~*Beadlea prasophylloides Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon prasophylloides (Garay) Szlach. 1993

~Beadlea storeri (Chapm.) Small 1903 - See Cyclopogon cranichoides (Griseb.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea subalpestris (Schltr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon subalpestris Schltr. 1925

~Beadlea truncata (Lindl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon truncatus (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

~Beadlea variegata (Barb.Rodr.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon variegatus Barb.Rodr. 1882

~Beadlea warmingii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 - See Cyclopogon warmingii (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920

Beclardia A.Rich. 1828 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

There are 2 species in this monotypical, variable, epiphytic genus that occurs only in the Mascarenes and Madagascar.

Common Name or Meaning [Beclard's Orchid [French Botanist 1800's]

Type species = ! = Beclardia macrostachya (Thouars) A. Rich. 1828

    ~Beclardia brachystachya (Thouars) A.Rich. 1828 - See Beclardia macrostachya (Thouars) A. Rich. 1828

    ~Beclardia elata (Thouars) A.Rich 1828 - See Cryptopus elatus (Thouars) Lindl.1825

    ~Beclardia erostris Frapp. ex Cordem. 1895 - See Beclardia macrostachya (Thouars) A. Rich. 1828

    ~Beclardia humbertii H.Perrier 1951 - See Lemurella culicifera (Rchb.f.) H.Perrier 1941

  1. !Beclardia macrostachya (Thouars) A. Rich. 1828

    Part shadeHotWarm LATESpringFall

    ~Beclardia polystachya (Thouars) Frapp. 1880 - See Oeoniella polystachys (Thouars) Schltr. 1918

Beloglottis Schltr. 1920 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

There are 6 species in this terrestrial, occasional lithophytic to epiphytic genus characterized by a basal rosette of leaves, a terminal inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers the dorsal sepal and the petals are attached at the base of the column, the lateral sepals do not forma mentum, the connate sepasl form a shallow cup with spreading apices, an unguiculate lip is sagittat at the base, a short column has an inflated clinandrium with a membraneous, vertical, bifid, truncate rostellum and 2 soft pollina.

Common Name or Meaning The Arrow Tongue Orchid

Type species = ! = Beloglottis costaricensis (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1920

    ~Beloglottis bicaudata (Ames) Garay 1978 - See Beloglottis costaricensis (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1920

    ~Beloglottis bifida (Ridl.) Szlach.1996 - See Helonoma bifida (Ridl.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

  1. Beloglottis boliviensis Schltr. 1920

  2. !Beloglottis costaricensis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920

    FragranceDeep Shade Hot Warm LATEWinterSpring Summer

  3. Beloglottis hameri Garay 1981

    LATE EARLY

  4. Beloglottis mexicana Garay & Hamer 1981

    EARLY

  5. Beloglottis subpandurata (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

× Bensteinia Christenson 2006 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae

Common Name or Meaning The Benzingia/Kefersteinia Orchid

Type species = ! = × Bensteinia dodsonii (Neudecker) Christenson 2006

  1. x Bensteinia ramonensis Pupulin 2007

    Deep Shade Warm Cool fall

Benthamia A.Rich. 1828 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are 29 species mostly in Madagascar and a few in the Mascarenes that are terrestrial orchids aligned with Habenaria. They are glabrous herbs with erect leaf in the lower part stems carrying 1 to several, basal or radical, lanceolate, ovate to elliptic leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, few to densely many flowered inflorescence with small, usuallly as long or longer than the flower floral bracts carrying whitish, green or yellow flowers

Common Name or Meaning Bentham's Orchid [Renowned English Botanist 1800's]

Type species = ! = Benthamia latifolia A.Rich. 1828 = Benthamia chlorantha (Spreng.) Garay & G.A.Romero 1998

  1. Benthamia bathieana Schltr.1924

    Part shadeCool Cold Summer

  2. !Benthamia chlorantha (Spreng.) Garay & G.A.Romero 1998

    MID EARLIER

  3. Benthamia cinnabarina (Rolfe) H.Perrier 1934

    Part shade Cold LATER Summer

    ~Benthamia drummondii (H.P.Linder & G.Will.) Szlach. & Rutk. 2000 - See Oligophyton drummondii H.P.Linder & G.Will. 1986

    ~Benthamia flavida Schltr. 1916 - See Benthamia cinnabarina (Rolfe) H.Perrier 1934

  4. Benthamia glaberrima (Ridl.) H.Perrier 1934

    Part shade Cold LATER Summer Fall

    ~Benthamia graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924 - See Cynorkis graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924

    ~Benthamia latifolia A.Rich. 1828 - See Benthamia chlorantha (Spreng.) Garay & G.A.Romero 1998

    ~Benthamia latifolia Schltr.1916 - See Benthamia bathieana Schltr.1924

    ~Benthamia leandriana H.Perrier 1951 - See Cynorkis tryphioides Schltr. 1913

    ~Benthamia minutiflora (Ridl.) Schltr.1924 - See Benthamia spiralis (Thouars) A.Rich. 1828

  5. Benthamia monophylla Schltr.1924

    LATE EARLY

  6. Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    EARLY

    ~Benthamia nigrescens subsp. borbonica H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    ~Benthamia nigrescens subsp. decaryana H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    ~Benthamia nigrescens subsp. humblotiana H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    ~Benthamia nigrescens subsp. secundiflora H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

    ~Benthamia nigrescens subsp. typica H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. 1916

  7. Benthamia nivea Schltr. 1924

    Part shadeCool To Cold LATER Summer

    ~Benthamia nivea subsp. parviflora H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia nivea Schltr. 1924

    ~Benthamia perrieri Schltr. 1916 - See Benthamia cinnabarina (Rolfe) H.Perrier 1934

  8. Benthamia sp Madagascar

  9. Benthamia sp Madagascar

  10. Benthamia sp Reunion

    LATE EARLY

  11. Benthamia sp Reunion

    LATE EARLY

  12. Benthamia sp Reunion

  13. Benthamia spiralis (Thouars) A.Rich. 1828

    ~Benthamia spiralis var. dissimulata (Schltr.) H.Perrier 1934 - See Benthamia spiralis (Thouars) A.Rich. 1828

Benzingia Dodson 1989 - see Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 2010 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

`Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 2010 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There are nine species in this genus from Ecuador and Peru that were segregated from Chondrorhyncha and Stenia or replaced Ackermania. Characterized by no pseudobulbs, the foliaceous distichousleaf bases froming a pendant, fan-like orchid, the leaves lightly plicate, single flowered axillary inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers with a deeply tubular, saccate lip that is truncate apically and has a flttened apicule. The lip sides do not surround the column and it carries a shallow callus. Three are 4, flattened, superposed pollina attached to a short stipe which is attached to the broad, flattened viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning Benzing's Orchid [American Plant Phisologist]

Synonyms Benzingia Dodson 1989

Type species = Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 1989 = Benzingia hirtzii Dodson ex Dodson 1995 = ! = Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 2010

  1. Benzingia caudata (Ackerman) Dressler 2005

    Full shadeHotTo CoolLATESpring and Summer

  2. Benzingia cornuta (Garay) Dressler 2005

    Full shadeWarmTo Cool

  3. Benzingia estradae (Dodson) Dodson 1995

    Full shadeWarm to Cool Winter Spring Summer Fall

  4. Benzingia hajekii (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2005

    Full shadeWarmTo CoolSpring

    ~Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 1989 - See Benzingia hirtzii Dodson ex Dodson 1995

  5. !Benzingia hirtzii Dodson 2010

    Full shadeWarmCool

  6. Benzingia jarae (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2005

    Full shadeWarm Spring Fall

  7. Benzingia palorae (Dodson & Hirtz) Dressler 2005

    HotWarmSummerFall

  8. Benzingia reichenbachiana (Schltr.) Dressler 2005

    Full shadeHotTo CoolWinterSpringSummerFall

  9. Benzingia thienii [Dodson] Harding 2008

    to

~Bertauxia Szlach. 2004 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Bertauxia nasuta (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach.2004 - See Habenaria nasuta Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881

~ Bertauxia rodeiensis (Barb.Rodr.) Szlach 2004 - See Habenaria rodeiensis Barb.Rodr.1882

~Bertauxia vaupellii (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Szlach. 2004 - See Habenaria johannensis Barb.Rodr. 1882

Bhutanthera Renz 2001 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are 5 species in this terrestrial genus within the Habenariae and is characterized by the very small plants with globose-ovoid tubers a stout stem carrying 2 subopposite leaves and a terminal, few to many flowered inflorescence carrying small flowers with entire, similar tepals with the petals not connivent to the dorsal sepal. The broadly oblong, fleshy, trilobed lip with a conical-cylindrical spur at the base that is shorter than the ovary and sepals. The short column has 2 stigmathat are cojoined and pulvinate, and there are two, clavate, mealy pollina

Common Name or Meaning The Bhutan Orchid

Type species = ! = Bhutanthera albomarginata (King & Pant.) Renz 2001

  1. !Bhutanthera albomarginata (King & Pant.) Renz 2001

    Part Sun Cold LATER Summer EARLYFall

  2. Bhutanthera himalayana Renz 2001

    Part Sun Cold LATESpringSummer

~`Bicchia Parl. 1860 - See Pseudorchis S.F.Gray 1754 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Bicchia albida Parlatore 1858 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. '&' D. Löve 1969

~Bicchia albida var. tricuspis (Beck) E.G.Camus 1908 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. '&' D. Löve 1969

~Bicornella Lindl. 1835 - See Cynorkis Thou. 1809 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchidieae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Bicornella alborubra (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis alborubra Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella anacamptoides (Kraenzl.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis anacamptoides Kraenzl. 1895

~Bicornella anacamptoides var. ecalcarata (P.J.Cribb) Szlach., Mytnik & Rutk. 2010 - See Cynorkis anacamptoides Kraenzl. 1895

~Bicornella andringitrana (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis andringitrana Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella arabica Deflers 1889 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

~Bicornella aurantiaca (Ridl.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis aurantiaca Ridl. 1886

~Bicornella baronii (Rolfe ex Scott-Elliot) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis baronii Rolfe 1891

~Bicornella bathiei (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras. 2006 - See Cynorkis bathiei Schltr. 1924

~ Bicornella bosseriana (Szlach.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis buchananii Rolfe 1898

~Bicornella brachyceras Schltr. 1924 - See Cynorkis brachyceras Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella buchananii (Rolfe) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis buchananii Rolfe 1898

~Bicornella cardiophylla (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis cardiophylla Schltr. 1916

~Bicornella cuneilabia (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis cuneilabia Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella debilis (Hook.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis debilis (Hook.f.) Summerh. 1933

~Bicornella decaryana Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis decaryana H.Perrier ex Hermans 2007

~ Bicornella gabonensis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis gabonensis Summerh. 1938

~Bicornella globosa (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis globosa Schltr. 1906

~*Bicornella gracilis Lindl. 1835 - See Cynorkis lindleyana Hermans 2007

~ Bicornella graminea (Thouars) Szlach. & Kras 200 - See Cynorkis graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella hanningtonii (Rolfe) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis debilis (Hook.f.) Summerh. 1933

~Bicornella henrici (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis henrici Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella hirtula (H.Perrier) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis filiformis Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella jumellenana (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis jumelleana Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella kirkii (Rolfe) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis kirkii Rolfe 1898

~Bicornella lilacina (Ridl.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis lilacina Ridl. 1885

~Bicornella lisowskii (Szlach.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis debilis (Hook.f.) Summerh. 1933

~Bicornella longifolia Lindl. 1838 - See Cynorkis graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella melinantha (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis melinantha Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella parviflora Ridl. 1885 - See Cynorkis graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella perrieri (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis perrieri Schltr. 1916

~Bicornella pinguicularioides Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis pinguicularioides H.Perrier ex Hermans 2007

~Bicornella quinquepartita Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis quinquepartita H.Perrier ex Hermans 2007

~Bicornella rungweensis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis rungweensis Schltr. 1915

~Bicornella sacculata (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis sacculata Schltr. 1916

~Bicornella saxicola (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis saxicola Schltr. 1924 - See Cynorkis schlechteri H.Perrier 1929 publ. 1931

~Bicornella schlechteri (H.Perrier) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis schlechteri H.Perrier 1929 publ. 1931

~Bicornella similis Schltr. 1916 - See Cynorkis graminea (Thouars) Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella sororia (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis sororia Schltr. 1913

~Bicornella stolonifera Schltr. 1916 - See Cynorkis stolonifera (Schltr.) Schltr. 1924

~Bicornella tenerrima (Ridl.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis tenerrima (Ridl.) Kraenzl. 1898

~Bicornella tryphioides (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Cynorkis tryphioides Schltr. 1913

~Bieneria Rchb.f 1853 - See Chloraea Lindl. 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae

Biermannia King '&' Pantling 1897 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 11 species in this epiphytic monopodial genus restricted to Indo-China and Malesia characterized by the very short, monopodial stem carrying fleshy, linear leaves and has short, racemose, axillary inflorescence with 3 to 6 short-lived, small flowers with the lateral sepals attached to the column base, a sessile lip that is narrowly but firmly attached to the column foot at right angles and is concave, fleshy, bilobed or not, raising in right angles to the base and parellel to or half embracing the straight column that has a short foot at angles to itself There are 2 globular to ovoid, grooved or porate pollina with strap shaped stipes and a small viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning Bierman's Orchid [Curator of Calcutta Botanical Garden 1800's]

Type species = ! = Biermannia quinquecallosa King & Pantl. 1897

    ~Biermannia annamensis Guillaumin 1955 - See Pteroceras leopardinum (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1963

  1. Biermannia bigibba (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    Part shadeHot Warm

  2. Biermannia bimaculata (King & Pantl.) King & Pantl. 1898

    MID THROUGH MID

  3. Biermannia calcarata Aver. 1988

  4. Biermannia ciliata (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    ~Biermannia decumbens (Griff.) T. Tang '&' F.T. Wang ex G. Merr. '&' Metcalf 1945 - - See *Phalaenopsis deliciosa Rchb. f. 1854 or Phalaenopsis parishii Rchb. f. 1865

    ~Biermannia naviculare Tang '&' Wang 1997 - See Phalaenopsis braceana (Hook. f.) Christenson 1986

    ~Biermannia taenialis (Lindl.) T. Tang '&' F.T. Wang 1951 - See Phalaenopsis taenialis [Lindl.] E.A Christ. & Pradham 1986

~Bifolium Petiver 1764 - See Listera R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae.

~Bifolium auriculatum (Wiegand) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Neottia auriculata (Wiegand) Szlach. 1995

~Bifolium australe [Lindley] Niewland 1913 - See Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach 2009

~Bifolium cordatum (L.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Neottia cordata (L.) Rich. 1817

~Bifolium ovatum (L.) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Neottia ovata (L.) Bluff & Fingerh. 1838

~Bifolium smallii (Wiegand) Nieuwl. 1913 - See Neottia smallii (Wiegand) Szlach. 1995

Bifrenaria Lindley 1832 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There are 21 small to medium sized epiphytes or often terrestrials that have four cornered pseudobulbs with erect, coriaceous, plicate leaves that give rise to an erect racemose inflorescence from the base of an adult pseudobulb that carries up to five flowers which are often fragrant. The lip of the flower is three or four lobed and has a single, low, elongate callus without keels. It has four pollina which are hard, attached to a short, wide stipe on a flattened viscidium. They are intermediate plants that require partial shade and humid, well watered conditions while growing and less after the pseudobulbs are mature.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the 4 pollina that sit separated on 2 stems

Synonyms Adipe Raf. 1836[1837]; Colax Lindley ex Spreng. 1826; Lindleyella Schlechter 1914; Stenocoryne Lindley 1843

Type species = ! = Maxillaria atropurpurea Lodd. 1832 = Bifrenaria atropurpurea [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

  1. !Bifrenaria atropurpurea [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

    to

    ~Bifrenaria atropurpurea var caparaoensis [Brade] Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria atropurpurea [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

    ~*Bifrenaria aurantiaca Lindley 1836 - See Rudolfiella aurantiaca [Lindley]Hoehne 1943

    ~Bifrenaria aurantiaca Wms. Non Lindley 1894 - See Bifrenaria inodora Lindl. 1843

    ~Bifrenaria aurea Barb Rodr. 1882 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

  2. Bifrenaria aureofulva [Hooker]Lindley 1843

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrancePart shadeWarmSummer

    ~Bifrenaria barbosae V.P.Castro 1998 - See Bifrenaria calcarata [Vell.] V. P. Castro 1996

    ~Bifrenaria bella Lem. 1853 - See Coelia bella (Lem.) Rchb. f. 1861

  3. Bifrenaria calcarata Barb.Rodr. 1882

    to LATE EARLY

    ~Bifrenaria calcarata [Vell.] V. P. Castro 1996 - See Bifrenaria tetragona (Lindl.) Schltr. 1908

    ~Bifrenaria caparaoensis Brade 1943 - See Bifrenaria atropurpurea [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

  4. Bifrenaria charlesworthii Rolfe 1894

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrantPart SunWarmTo Cool summerFall

  5. Bifrenaria clavigera Rchb.f. 1865

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrantPart SunWarmTo CoolSpring

    ~Bifrenaria dallemagnei R.H. Torr. 1893 - See Bifrenaria tyrianthina (Loudon) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Bifrenaria floribunda (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Rudolfiella floribunda (Schltr.) Hoehne 1953

    ~Bifrenaria fragrans Barb. Rodr. 1881 - See Bifrenaria inodora Lindl 1843

    ~Bifrenaria fuerstenbergiana Schlechter 1906 - See Bifrenaria inodora Lindl 1843

  6. Bifrenaria grandis (Kraenzl.) Garay 1958

    ~*Bifrenaria hadwenii Lindley 1851-2 - See Scuticaria hadwenii [Lindley]Hooker

    ~Bifrenaria hadwenii var bella Rchb.f 1881 - See Scuticaria hadwenii [Lindley]Hooker

    ~Bifrenaria hadwenii var pardalina Rchb.f 1880 - See Scuticaria hadwenii [Lindley]Hooker

  7. Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    FragrancePart shadeWarmSpringTo Summer

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae f. alba-plena (Pabst) F.Barros & J.A.N.Bat. 2004 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. alba (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1889 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. alba-plena Pabst 1978 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. angustior (Lindl.) Cogn. 1902 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. buchananiana Rchb.f 1879 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. citrina (B.S.Williams) Stein 1892 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. eburnea (S.Moore) Stein 1892 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. flavopurpurea Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. glabra W.Zimm. 1934 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. grandiflora (Paxton) Cogn. 1902 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. insularis Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. minor Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. pubigera Rchb.f 1879 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. purpurascens Veitch 1893 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. typica Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae [Hooker] Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria harrisoniae var. vitellina Stein 1892 - See Bifrenaria vitellina (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843

  8. Bifrenaria inodora Lindl. 1843

    FragrancePart shadeCoolTo HotLATE Winter TO EARLY Summer

  9. Bifrenaria leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1859

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrancePart shadeWarmTo Hot LATE

    ~Bifrenaria leucorhoda var. macaheensis Brade 1944 - See Bifrenaria leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1859

  10. Bifrenaria longicornis Lindl. 1838

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrantSummer

    ~Bifrenaria magnicalcarata [Hoehne Pabst 1976 - See Bifrenaria tyrianthina (Loudon) Rchb. f. 1858

    ~*Bifrenaria maguirei C.Schweinf.1959 - See Guanchezia maguirei (C.Schweinf.) G.A.Romero & G.Carnevali 2000

  11. Bifrenaria melanopoda Klotzsch 1855

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    Part shade Warm coolWinter

  12. Bifrenaria mellicolor Rchb.f. 1878

    Fragrant Part shadeWarmtoCoolFall

    ~Bifrenaria minuta Garay 1958 - See !Hylaeorchis petiolaris (Schltr.) Carnevali '&' G.A. Romero 2000

  13. Bifrenaria parvula (Hook.) Rchb.f. 1862

    ~Bifrenaria petiolaris (Schltr.) Carnevali '&' I. Ramírez ex Dodson '&' R. Escobar 1994 - See !Hylaeorchis petiolaris (Schltr.) Carnevali '&' G.A. Romero 2000

    ~Bifrenaria petiolaris (Schltr.) G.A. Romero '&' Carnevali 1996 - See !Hylaeorchis petiolaris (Schltr.) Carnevali '&' G.A. Romero 2000

    ~*Bifrenaria pickiana Schltr. 1912 - See Teuscheria pickiana (Schltr.) Garay 1959

    ~Bifrenaria picta (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Rudolfiella picta (Schltr.) Hoehne 1956

  14. Bifrenaria racemosa Lindl. 1843

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    to

    ~Bifrenaria rudolfii (Hoehne) Carnevali '&' G.A. Romero 1993 - See !Hylaeorchis petiolaris (Schltr.) Carnevali '&' G.A. Romero 2000

    ~Bifrenaria sabulosa Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Bifrenaria longicornis Lindl. 1838

    ~Bifrenaria saxicola (Schltr.) C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Rudolfiella floribunda (Schltr.) Hoehne 1953

    ~Bifrenaria secunda (Jacq.) Pabst 1967 - See Bifrenaria aureofulva [Hooker]Lindley 1843

  15. Bifrenaria silvana V.P. Castro 1991

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    FragrancePart shadeWarmCoolSpring

  16. Bifrenaria stefanae V.P. Castro 1991

    to LATE EARLY

  17. Bifrenaria steyermarkii (Foldats) Garay & Dunst. 1976

    FragrancePart shadeHotWarmSpring

  18. Bifrenaria tetragona (Lindl.) Schltr. 1908

    to

    ~Bifrenaria tetragona var rupicola Hoenhe 1950 - See Bifrenaria tetragona (Lindl.) Schltr. 1908

    ~Bifrenaria tetragona var umbrophila Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria tetragona (Lindl.) Schltr. 1908

  19. Bifrenaria tyrianthina (Loudon) Rchb. f. 1858

    FragrancePart shadeWarmTo CoolSpring and EARLY Summer

    ~Bifrenaria tyrianthina var. albescens Hoehne 1950 - See Bifrenaria harrisoniae[Hooker]Rchb.f 1855

    ~Bifrenaria tyriantha var. magnicalcarata Hoehne. 1950 - See Bifrenaria tyrianthina (Loudon) Rchb. f. 1858

  20. Bifrenaria venezuelana C.Schweinf. 1965

    Part shadeHotWarm

  21. Bifrenaria verboonenii G.A.Romero & V.P.Castro 2000

    Fragrant part Sun CoolFall

    ~Bifrenaria villosula Brade 1949 - See Bifrenaria charlesworthii Rolfe 1894

  22. Bifrenaria vitellina (Lindl.) Lindl. 1843

    SECTION Stenocoryne

    Part shadeCool To Warm Summer

    ~Bifrenaria vitellina var. leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1855 - See Bifrenaria leucorrhoda Rchb. f. 1859

    ~*Bifrenaria wageneri Rchb.f. 1854 - See Teuscheria wageneri (Rchb.f.) Garay 1967

    ~Bifrenaria wendlandiana (Kraenzl.) Cogn. 1902- See Bifrenaria clavigera Rchb.f. 1865

  23. Bifrenaria wittigii (Rchb.f.) Hoehne 1953

    Part shadeCool To Warm SpringSummer

~Bilabrella Lindley 1834 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Bilabrella altior (Rendle) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria altior Rendle 1895

~Bilabrella anaphysema (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap 2003 - See Habenaria anaphysema Rchb.f. 1867

~Bilabrella arianae (Geerinck) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria arianae Geerinck 1977

~Bilabrella caffra (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria caffra Schltr. 1924

~Bilabrella chirensis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria chirensis Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella compta (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria compta Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella cornutella (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria cornutella Summerh. 1938

~Bilabrella diselloides (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria diselloides Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella disparilis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria disparilis Summerhs.1962

~*Bilabrella falcicornis Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

~Bilabrella falciformis Bolus 1882 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

~Bilabrella furcipetala (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Habenaria kyimbilae Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella galpinii (Bolus) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria galpinii Bolus 1893

~Bilabrella genuflexa (Rendle) Szlach. & Kras-Lap 2003 - See Habenaria genuflexa Rendle 1895

~Bilabrella haareri (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria haareri Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella hirsutitrunci (G.Will.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria hirsutitrunci G.Will. 1980

~Bilabrella huillensis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria huillensis Rchb.f. 1865

~Bilabrella humilior (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap.2003 - See Habenaria humilior Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella ichneumonea (Sw.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl. 1835

~Bilabrella inaequiloba (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Habenaria inaequiloba Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella incarnata (Lyall ex Lindl.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria incarnata (Lyall ex Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865

~Bilabrella isoantha (Schltr.) Szlach. 2003 - See Habenaria isoantha Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella kilimanjari (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f. 1881

~ Bilabrella kubangensis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria huillensis Rchb.f. 1865

~Bilabrella kyimbilae (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria kyimbilae Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella linderi (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria microsaccos Kraenzl. 1909

~Bilabrella linguiformis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria linguiformis Summerh. 1932

~ Bilabrella lutaria (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella macrostele (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria macrostele Summerh. 1937

~Bilabrella martialis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella marxiana (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria isoantha Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella myodes (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria myodes Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella ndiana (Rendle) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria ndiana Rendle 1895

~Bilabrella nyikana (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap 2003 - See Habenaria nyikana Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella orthocaulis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Habenaria cornuta Lindl. 1836

~Bilabrella pedicellaris (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl. 1835

~Bilabrella peltastes (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich. 1850

~Bilabrella petraea (Renz & Grosvenor) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria petitiana (A.Rich.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

~ Bilabrella plectromaniaca (Rchb.f. & S.Moore) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria plectromaniaca Rchb.f. & S.Moore 1878

~Bilabrella retinervis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria retinervis Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella riparia (Renz & Grosvenor) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria riparia Renz & Grosvenor 1979

~Bilabrella robusta (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria robusta Welw. ex Rchb.f. 1867

~Bilabrella salsicornis Steud. 1840 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

~Bilabrella schimperiana (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich. 1850

~Bilabrella sochensis (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria sochensis Rchb.f. 1881

~Bilabrella stolzii (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria stolzii Schltr. 1906

~Bilabrella subaequalis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria subaequalis Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella tetrapetala (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras 2006 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

~Bilabrella thomsonii (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria thomsonii Rchb.f. 1885

~Bilabrella ugandensis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria ugandensis Summerh. 1962

~Bilabrella urundiensis (Summerh.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria huillensis Rchb.f. 1865

~Bilabrella vollesenii (S.Thomas & P.J.Cribb) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria vollesenii S.Thomas & P.J.Cribb 1996

~Bilabrella weberiana (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria weberiana Schltr. 1915

~Bilabrella welwitschii (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Kras-Lap. 2003 - See Habenaria welwitschii Rchb.f. 1865

~Bilabrella williamsonii (P.J.Cribb) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria arianae Geerinck 1977

~Bilabrella woodii (Schltr.) Szlach. & Kras 2009 - See Habenaria woodii Schltr. 1906

~`Binotia Rolfe 1905 - See Gomesa R Brown 1815 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Binotia brasiliensis (Rolfe) Rolfe 1905 - See Gomesa brasiliensis (Rolfe) M.W.Chase & N.H.Williams 2009

~*Binotia messmeriana Campacci 2005 - See Gomesa messmeriana (Campacci) Laitano 2010

Bipinnula Comm. ex A. Juss. 1789 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae

There are 10 species in this terrestrial genus occuring in southern South America.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the lateral sepals that are similar to a bird's feather - literally in latin "double feather"

  1. Bipinnula apinnula Gosewijn 1993

    Part sunColdSpring

  2. Bipinnula biplumata (L.f.) Rchb.f. 1883

    ~Bipinnula bonariensis Spreng. 1826 - See Bipinnula biplumata (L.f.) Rchb.f. 1883

  3. Bipinnula canisii Dutra ex Pabst 1959

    Full sunCool To Cold

    ~Bipinnula commersonii Lindl. 1827 - See Bipinnula biplumata (L.f.) Rchb.f. 1883

  4. Bipinnula fimbriata (Poepp.) I.M.Johnst.1929

    SunnyCold

  5. Bipinnula gibertii Rchb.f. 1876

    ~Bipinnula mystacina Lindl 1834 - See Bipinnula fimbriata (Poepp.) I.M.Johnst.1929

    ~Bipinnula philipporum Kraenzl. 1903 - See Bipinnula plumosa Lindl.1827

  6. Bipinnula plumosa Lindl.1827

    Part sunColdSpring

    ~Bipinnula plumosa var. philipporum (Kraenzl.) Reiche 1910 -See Bipinnula plumosa Lindl.1827

  7. Bipinnula polysyka Kraenzl. 1887

    Full sunCool To ColdSpring

  8. Bipinnula taltalensis I.M.Johnst. 1929

    suncold spring

  9. Bipinnula volkmannii Kraenzl. 1903

    suncold spring

~`Birchea A.Rich. 1841 - See Luisia Gaudich. 1829 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae

~Birchea teretifolia A.Rich. 1841 - See Luisia tenuifolia Blume 1849

~Blepharochilum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Blepharochilum macphersonii (Rupp) M.A.Clem. '&' D.L.Jones 2002 - See Bulbophyllum macphersonii Rupp 1934

~Blepharochilum sladeanum (A.D.Hawkes) M.A.Clem. '&' D.L.Jones 2002 - See Bulbophyllum macphersonii Rupp 1934

~Blephariglottis Raf. 1837 - Platanthera L.C. Rich 1817 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Blephariglottis alba House 1906 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis alba var. conspicua (Nash) W.J.Schrenk 1977 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis albiflora Raf. 1837 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. '&' D. Löve 1969

~Blephariglottis albiflora f. holopetala (Lindl.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~*Blephariglottis × andrewsii (M.White) House 1924 Platanthera × andrewsii (M.White) Luer 1975

~*Blephariglottis x bicolor Raf 1837 - See Platanthera X bicolor (Raf.) Luer 1972

~Blephariglottis blephariglottis [Willd.] Rydb. 1901 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis blephariglottis var. holopetala (Lindl.) Rydb. 1901 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis × channellii (Folsom) Baumbach & Lückel 2009 - See Platanthera × channellii Folsom 1984

~*Blephariglottis chapmanii Small 1903 - See Platanthera chapmanii (Small) Luer 1972

~Blephariglottis ciliaris (L.) Rydb. 1901 - See Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis conspicua (Nash) Small 1903 - See Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis cristata (Michx.) Raf. 1837 - See Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis cristata f. straminea (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br., N. Amer. Native Orchid J. 15: 74 (2009 - See Platanthera cristata (Michx.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis fissa (Muhl. ex Willd.) G.Keller & Soó 1935 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis flaviflora Raf. 1837 - See Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis grandiflora (Bigelow) Rydb. in N.L.Britton 1901 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis grandiflora f. albiflora (E.L.Rand & Redfield) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis grandiflora f. bicolor (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis grandiflora f. carnea (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis grandiflora f. mentotonsa (Fernald) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis integrilabia (Correll) W.J.Schrenk 1977 - See Platanthera integrilabia (Correll) Luer 1975

~Blephariglottis lacera (Michx.) Rydb. in N.L.Britton 1901 - See Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G.Don 1839

~Blephariglottis lacera f. elongata (Peck) House 1923 - See Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G.Don 1839

~Blephariglottis lacera var. terrae-novae (Fernald) W.J.Schrenk 1977 - See Platanthera × andrewsii (M.White) Luer 1975

~Blephariglottis leucophaea (Nutt.) Rydb. 1901 - See Platanthera leucophaea [Nutth.] Lindley 1835

~Blephariglottis longicornu (Lindl.) Raf. 1837 - See Habenaria longicornu Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis × lueri (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & Lückel 2009 - See Platanthera × lueri P.M.Br. 2002

~Blephariglottis pallida (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & Lückel 2009 - See Platanthera pallida P.M.Br. 1992

~Blephariglottis peramoena (A.Gray) Rydb. in N.L.Britton 1901 - See Platanthera peramoena A.Gray 1848

~Blephariglottis peramoena f. doddsiae (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera peramoena A.Gray 1848

~Blephariglottis praeclara (Sheviak & M.L.Bowles) Baumbach & Lückel 2009 - See Platanthera praeclara Sheviak & M.L.Bowles 1986

~Blephariglottis psycodes (L.) Rydb. 1901 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. albiflora (Ralph Hoffm.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. albispicata House 1923 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. ecalcarata (M.M.Bryan) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. fernaldii (J.Rousseau & Rouleau) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. rosea (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes f. varians (M.M.Bryan) Baumbach & P.M.Br. 2009 - See Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis psycodes var. grandiflora (Bigelow) J.H.Schaffn. 1914 - See Platanthera grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl. 1835

~Blephariglottis shriveri (P.M.Br.) Baumbach & Lückel 2009 - See Platanthera shriveri P.M.Br. 2008

Bletia Ruiz & Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Bletiinae.

The 33 members of this genus are almost always terrestrials found on grassland hillsides from sea level to 2700 meters and are spread from Florida south to Brazil growing in well draining soil with fertilizer and water heavy while growing and a tapering off to a trickle through the winter months. They are distinguished by basal corm with apical, thin strongly veined leaves with a basal inflorescence arising from the side of the corm, carrying flowers with the anther, operculate on the apex of the colum and having 8 soft and mealy pollina.

Common Name or Meaning named for Luis Blet a Spanish naturalist

Synonyms `Bletiana Raf. 1818; `Gyas Salisbury 1812; `Regnellia Barb. Rodr. 1877; `Thiebautia Colla 1824

Type species = ! = Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    ~Bletia acaulis (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Brassavola acaulis Lindl. 1851-2

    ~Bletia acuminata Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia rubescens Lindley 1840

    ~Bletia acutipetala W. Hook. 1834 - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

  1. Bletia adenocarpa Rchb.f. 1856

    Part ShadeCoolto WarmLATE Spring THROUGHFall

    ~Bletia albida Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia albida Batem. ex Lindl. 1839

    ~Bletia alta Hitchc. in part 1893 - Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia alta (L.) Hitchc. 1893 in part - See Eulophia alta (L.) Fawc. '&' Rendle 1910

    ~Bletia altilamellata Garay 1953 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

  2. Bletia amabilis C.Schweinf. 1938

    to

    ~Bletia amazonica (Poepp. '&' Endl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Brassavola angustata Lindl. 1838

    ~Bletia amboinensis Zipp. ex Blume 1856 - See Phaius amboinensis Blume 1856

    ~Bletia anomala Rich '&' Gal. 1845 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia anceps [Lindley] Rchb.f 1862 - See *Laelia anceps Lindley 1836

    ~Bletia angustata Gagn. 1851 - See Spathoglottis plicata Blume 1825

    ~Bletia angustifolia Gaud. 1829 - See Spathoglottis plicata Bl 1825

    ~Bletia anomala A.Rich. '&' Galeotti 1845 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

  3. Bletia antillana M.A.Diaz & Sosa 1997

    MID

    ~Bletia aphylla Nutt - See Hexalectris spicata (Walter) Barnhart 1904

    ~Bletia attenuata Rchb.f. 1863 - See Brassavola angustata Lindl. 1838

    ~Bletia autumnalis [Lindley]Rchb.f 1825 - See Laelia autumnalis Lindley 1831

    ~*Bletia bicallosa D.Don 1825 - See Eulophia bicallosa (D.Don) P.F.Hunt & Summerh. 1966

    ~Bletia bicolor Rchb.f ? - See Leptotes bicolor Lindley 1833

    ~Bletia boothiana Rchb. f. 1863 - See Laelia lobata [Lindley]Veitch 1887

  4. Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    Part sun Hot Warm Summer THROUGH Fall

    ~Bletia capitata R.Br. in W.T.Aiton 1813 - See Elleanthus capitatus (Poepp. & Endl.) Rchb.f. 1862

    ~*Bletia carabiaiana L.O.Williams 1942 - See Basiphyllaea carabiaiana (L.O.Williams) Sosa & M.A.Díaz 2001

    ~Bletia casperiana Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley '&' Paxt. 1852

  5. !Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    Part sunCoolTo WarmSpring and Summer

    ~Bletia caulescens [Lindley] Rchb.f 1861 - See Laelia caulescens Lindl.1841

    ~Bletia cebolleta [Rchb.f]Rchb.f 1862 - See *Brassavola cebolleta Rchb.f 1855

    ~*Bletia ciliata C. Presl 1827 - See Sobralia ciliata (C. Presl) C. Schweinf. '&' Foldats 1969

    ~Bletia cinnabarina [Batem. ex Lindl.] Rchb.f 1861 - See Laelia cinnabarina Bateman 1847

    ~Bletia cinnabarina var sellowii Rchb.f 1863 - See Laelia cinnabarina Bateman 1847

    ~Bletia cinnamomea (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Laelia cinnabarina Bateman 1847

  6. Bletia coccinea Lex. 1825

    Part ShadeCold to Warm LATEEARLYSummer

    ~Bletia cordata (L.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Bletia crispa [Lindley]Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia crispa [Lindley]Rchb.f 1853-4

    ~Bletia crispilabia Rchb.f 1863 - See Laelia caulescens Lindl.1841

    ~Bletia crispina Rchb. f. 1862 - See Schomburgkia crispa Lindley 1838

    ~Bletia cucullata (L.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Brassavola cucullata R. Br. 1813

    ~Bletia cucullata var. cuspidata (Hook.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Brassavola cucullata R. Br. 1813

    ~*Bletia dabia D.Don 1825 - See Eulophia dabia (D.Don) Hochr. 1910

    ~Bletia digbyana [Lindley]Rchb.f 1862 - See Rhyncholaelia digbyana [Lindley]Schlechter 1918

    ~Bletia domingensis Rchb.f 1862 - See Laeliopsis domingensis [Lindley]Lindley 1852-3

    ~Bletia ecuadorensis Schltr. 1916 - See Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    ~Bletia edwardsii Ames 1932 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

  7. Bletia ensifolia L.O.Williams 1946

    ~Bletia ensiformis Ruiz '&' Pav. 1798 - See Encyclia cyperifolia (C. Schweinf.) Carnevali '&' I. Ramírez 1993

    ~*Bletia eulophiae Rchb.f. 1862 - See Tetramicra eulophiae (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. ex Griseb. 1866

    ~Bletia excelsa Bradf. 1846 - See Schomburgkia undulata Lindley 1841

    ~Bletia flabellata Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia xanthina Lindley 1859

    ~Bletia flava Wallace ex Lindl. 1831 - See Phaius flavus (Blume) Lindl. 1856

    ~Bletia flava (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Laelia flava Lindl. 1839

  8. Bletia florida R Br. 1796

    Part sunCoolTo Hot THROUGH

    ~*Bletia formosana Hayata 1911 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletia fulgens Rchb.f. 1855 - See Bletia coccinea Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia furfuracea Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia furfuracea Lindley 1839

    ~Bletia gebinae [Lindley]Rchb.f 1847 - See Bletilla striata [Thunb]Rchb.f 1878

    ~Bletia glauca [Lindley]Rchb.f 1862 - See Rhyncholaelia glauca [Lindley]Schlechter 1918

    ~Bletia gloriosa [Rchb.f] Rchb.f 1862 - See Schomburgkia gloriosa Rchb. f. 1860

  9. Bletia gracilis Lodd. 1833

    Partial SunWarmCoolSummerFall MID Winter

    ~Bletia gracilis var roezlii [Rchb.f] L.O.Wms. 1950 - See Bletia roezlii Rchb. f. 1877

    ~*Bletia graminifolia D. Don 1825 - See Arundina graminifolia [D. Don]Hochr. 1910

    ~Bletia grandiflora La Llave '&' Lex. 1825 - See Laelia speciosa (Kunth) Schltr 1914

    ~Bletia grandis (Lindl. '&' Paxton) Rchb. 1862 f. - See Laelia grandis Lindl. '&' Paxton 1850-1

    ~Bletia harpophylla [Rchb.f] Rchb.f 1888 - See Laelia harpophylla Rchb.f 1873

    ~Bletia havanensis Lindley 1838 - See Bletia purpurea [Lam.]D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia humboldtii Rchb.f 1862- Myrmecophilia humboldtia [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1917

    ~Bletia humilis Link '&' Otto 1841 - See Maxillaria gracilis Lodd. 1832

    ~Bletia hyacinthina R. Br. 1813 - See Bletilla striata [Thunb.]Rchb.f 1878

    ~Bletia incarvillei R. Br. - See Phaius tankervilleae (Banks) Blume 1856

    ~Bletia japonica [A. Gray] Schlechter 1911 - See Eleorchis japonica [A. Gray]Maekawa 1935

    ~Bletia jongheana (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1872 - See Laelia jongheana Rchb. f. 1872

    ~Bletia jucunda Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1855 - See Bletia reflexa Lindl. 1836

  10. Bletia kienastii

    Part sunCool TO Warm

    ~ Bletia kotoensis Hayata 1911 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletia landsbergii Rchb.f. 1859 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia lankesteri (Ames '&' C.Schweinf.) Ames, F.T.Hubb. '&' C.Schweinf. 1934 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia lepidissima Rchb.f 1889 - See Myrmecophila galeottiana (A. Rich.) Rolfe 1917

  11. Bletia lilacina A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1845

    Part sunCoolWinter

    ~Bletia lindeni Rchb. f. - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley] Cogn. 1910

    ~Bletia lindleyana (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Cattleya intermedia Graham 1828

    ~Bletia lineata (Hook. f.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Brassavola acaulis Lindl. 1851-2

    ~Bletia lobata Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia lobata [Lindley]Veitch 1887

    ~Bletia longipes [Rchb.f]Rchb.f 1863 - See Laelia longipes Rchb.f 1863

    ~Bletia lucasiana Rolfe 1893 - See Laelia longipes Rchb.f 1863

    ~Bletia lundii Rchb. f. '&' Warm. 1881 - See Laelia lundii Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Bletia lyonsii [Lindl.] Rchb.f 1861 - See Schomburgkia lyonsii Lindl. 1853

  12. Bletia macristhmochila Greenm. 1878

    Part sunWarmTo CoolSpring

    ~Bletia mandonii Schltr. 1922 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia marginata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Schomburgkia crispa Lindley 1838

    ~Bletia martiana (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1865 - See Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

    ~*Bletia masuca D. Don 1825 - See Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. 1833

    ~Bletia montana (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Dilomilis montana (Sw.) Summerh. 1961

    ~Bletia morrisonicola Hayata 1911 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletia nagelii L.O. Williams 1946 - See Bletia lilacina A. Rich. '&' Galeotti 1845

  13. Bletia netzeri Senghas 1993

    ~Bletia nipponica Franch. & Sav. 1878 - See Cymbidium macrorhizon Lindl. 1833

    ~Bletia nodosa Rchb.f 1862 - See Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    ~Bletia nodosa var cordata [Lindley] Rchb.f 1863 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~*Bletia obcordata Lindl. 1831 - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

    ~*Bletia ortgiesiana Rchb. f. 1860 - See Cattleyopsis ortgiesiana (Rchb. f.) Cogn. 1910

    ~Bletia pallida Lodd. 1822 - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia palmeri S.Watson 1891 - See Bletia adenocarpa Rchb.f. 1856

    ~Bletia papillifera Ames 1933 - See Bletia roezlii Rchb. f. 1877

  14. Bletia parkinsonii Hook. 1839

    ~Bletia parviflora Rchb.f. 1862 - See Tetramicra parviflora Lindl. ex Griseb.1864

  15. Bletia patula Graham 1836

    FragranceFull sunHotTo CoolLATE WinterSpring

    ~Bletia patula var alba Hawkes 1950 - See Bletia patula Graham 1836

    ~Bletia paulinae F.Muell. 1867 - See Spathoglottis paulinae F. Muell. 1867

    ~Bletia peduncularis (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Laelia rubescens Lindley 1840

    ~Bletia perrinii Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia perrinii [Lindley]Bateman 1847

    ~Bletia pottsii S. Wats. 1887 - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia praestans (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Laelia praestans Rchb. f. 1857

    ~Bletia pulchella R.H. Torr. 1850 - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia pumila [Hooker]Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia pumila [Hooker]Rchb.f 1853-4

    ~Bletia pumilio Rchb.f 1862 - See Homalopetalum pumilio [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1923

  16. Bletia punctata Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia purpurata Rich. '&' Gal. 1845 - See Arethusa rosea (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hemsl. 1884

    ~Bletia purpurata Rchb.f 1861 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852

    ~Bletia purpurata var. aurorea Rchb.f. 1862 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852

    ~Bletia purpurata var. pallida Rchb.f. 1862 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852

    ~Bletia purpurata var. praetexta (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1862 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852

  17. Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    Part sunCoolTo HotSpring and EARLY Summer

    ~Bletia purpurea var alba Ariza '&' Jimenez - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia paulinae F.Muell. 1867 - See Spathoglottis paulinae F. Muell. 1867

    ~Bletia quadrifida Hook.f. 1890 - See Calanthe triplicata [Willem.]Ames 1907

  18. Bletia reflexa Lindl. 1836

    Part shadeCool TO WarmFallEARLYWinter

    ~Bletia retusa [Lindley] Rchb.f 1861 - See Brassavola retusa Lindley 1847

    ~Bletia rhopalorhachis Rchb.f 1862 - See Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    ~Bletia rigida Rchb.f 1862 - See Tetramicra canaliculata [Aubl.]Urb. 1918

    ~Bletia rodriguesii Cogn. 1901 - See Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

  19. Bletia roezlii Rchb. f. 1877

    Part sunWarmTo HotSummer Fall

    ~Bletia rosea (Linden ex Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Schomburgkia rosea Linden ex Lindl. 1845

    ~Bletia rosea (Lindl.) Dressler 1964 - See Arethusa rosea (Lindl.) Benth. ex Hemsl. 1884

    ~Bletia rubescens Rchb.f 1862 - See Laelia rubescens Lindley 1840

    ~Bletia rupestris (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Laelia crispata [Thunb.]Garay 1973

    ~Bletia sanguinea Poepp '&' Endl. 1836 - See Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    ~Bletia schomburgkii Rchb. f. 1862 - See Tetramicra schomburgkii (Rchb.f.) Rolfe1889

    ~Bletia secunda Lindl.1840 - See Bletia punctata Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia shepherdii Hook. 1834 - See Bletia florida R Br. 1796

    ~Bletia shepherdii Griseb. [non Hkr.]1866 - See Bletia patula Graham 1836

    ~Bletia sherrattiana Batem. ex Lindley 1867 - See Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    ~*Bletia speciosa Kunth 1815 - See Laelia speciosa (Kunth) Schltr. 1914

  20. Bletia stenophylla Schltr.1919

    partial shade Hot> <img src=

    ~Bletia striata [Thunb] Druce 1917 - See Bletilla striata [Thunb.]Rchb.f 1878

    ~Bletia subaequalis [Eggers] Rchb.f 1886 - See Tetramicra elegans [Hamilton] Cogn. 1910

    ~Bletia superbiens (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Schomburgkia superbiens (Lindl.) Rolfe 1917

    ~Bletia sylvatica (Thouars) Bojer 1837 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833

    ~Bletia tankervilleae R. Br. 1817 - See Phaius tankervilleae (Banks) Blume 1856

    ~Bletia tenera Griseb. 1866 - See Basiphyllaea wrightii (Acuńa) Nir 2000

    ~Bletia thomsoniana Rchb. f. 1887 - See Myrmecophila thompsoniana [Rchb.f] Rolfe 1917

    ~Bletia tibicinis Rchb.f 1862 - See Myrmecophila tibicinis [Bateman]Rolfe 1917

    ~Bletia tuberculata Rchb.f 1862 - See Brassavola tuberculata Hkr. 1829

    ~Bletia tuberculosa Spreng. 1826 - See Phaius tuberculosus [Thou.] Blume 1856

    ~Bletia tuberculosum Thouars 1822 - See Phaius tuberculosus [Thou.] Blume 1856

    ~Bletia tuberosa [L.] Ames 1932 - See Bletia purpurea [Lam.]D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia undulata [Lindley]Rchb.f 1862 - See Schomburgkia undulata Lindley 1841

    ~Bletia undulata var costaricana Rchb.f 1865 - See Schomburgkia lueddemannii Prill. 1862

  21. Bletia urbana Dressler 1968

    to LATE to EARLY

    ~Bletia venosa Rchb.f 1862 - See Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    ~Bletia verecunda [Salisb.] R.Br. 1813 - See Bletia purpurea [Lamb.] D.C. 1841

    ~Bletia violacea (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Laelia rubescens Lindley 1840

    ~*Bletia volubilis M.A.Díaz 1988 publ. 1989 - See Basiphyllaea volubilis (M.A.Díaz) Sosa & M.A.Díaz 2001

    ~Bletia wageneri Rchb.f. 1854 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia wageneri var. cobra Garay '&' Dunst. 1976 - See Bletia campanulata La Llave '&' Lex. 1825

    ~Bletia wallisii Rchb.f. 1877 - See Schomburgkia gloriosa Rchb. f. 1860

    ~Bletia watsonii Hooker 1894 - See Bletia catenulata Ruiz '&' Pavon 1798

    ~*Bletia wendlandii Rchb. f. 1862 - See Myrmecophila wendlandii (Rchb. f.) G.C. Kenn. 1979

    ~Bletia woodfordii Hook. 1827 - See Phaius flavus (Blume) Lindl. 1856

    ~*Bletia wrightii Acuńa 1939 - See Basiphyllaea wrightii (Acuńa) Nir 2000

    ~Bletia xanthina 1862 - See Laelia xanthina Lindley 1859

~`Bletiana Raf. 1818 - See Bletia Ruiz & Pavon 1798 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Bletiinae.

Bletilla Rchb.f 1852-3 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae

Nine species make up this genus which occurs in Eastern Asia, Taiwan and adjacent islands, as a terrestrial, with plicate leaves and a distinct corm at the base of the stem. The flowers are showy and are on a terminal, racemose, few flowered inflorescence carrying resupinate flowers with subequal, narrow, elongate sepals and petals; a lip that is hinged to the base of the column, neither saccate nor spurred, trilobed apically witha lamellate, dentate disc. The long, incurved, footless column has a ligulose rostellum that conspiculously covers the stigma. There are 8, clavate, laterally flattened, of different sizes and shape pollina with intralocular caudicles. .

Common Name or Meaning refers to this genus similarity to the genus Bletia yet smaller

Synonyms Jimensia Raf. 1836[1838];

Type species = ! = Bletilla gebina [Lindley]Rchb.f. 1852-3 = Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb.f. 1878

    ~Bletilla elegantula (Kraenzl.) Garay '&' G.A.Romero 1998 - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb. f. 1878

    ~Bletilla florida (Salisb.) Rchb.f. 1853 - See Bletia florida R Br. 1796

  1. Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    Part shadeCoolColdSpring Summer

    ~Bletilla formosana f. kotoensis (Hayata) T.P.Lin 1977 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletilla formosana f. rubrolabella S.S.Ying 1990 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletilla gebinae [Lindley]Rchb.f. 1852-3 - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb.f. 1878

    ~Blettila hyacinthina Rchb.f 1878 - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb.f. 1878

    ~Bletilla japonica (A. Gray) Schltr. 1911 - See Eleorchis japonica [A.Gray]Maekawa 1935

    ~Bletilla kotoensis (Hayata) Schltr. 1911 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletilla morrisonicola (Hayata) Schltr. 1911- See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

  2. Bletilla ochracea Schltr. 1913

    Part sunTo Full sun Cold To CoolLATETHROUGH EARLY

    ~Bletilla scopulorum (W.W. Sm.) Schltr. 1924 - See Pleione scopulorum W.W.Sm. 1921

  3. !Bletilla striata [Thumb.] Rchb. 1878

    FragrancePart sun CoolColdSpring

    ~Bletilla striata var. kotoensis (Hayata) Masam. 1964 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletilla striata f. gebina (Lindl.) Ohwi 1953 - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.] Rchb. 1878

    ~Bletilla striata var. albomarginata Makino 1929 - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb. 1878

    ~Bletilla striata var. gebina (Lindl.) Rchb.f. in ?. - See Bletilla striata [Thumb.]Rchb. 1878

    ~Bletilla szetschuanica Schltr. 1922 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

    ~Bletilla yunnanensis Schltr. 1922 - See Bletilla formosana (Hayata) Schltr.1911

~`Blumeorchis Szlach. 2003 - See Cleisostoma Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

~Blumeorchis crochetii (Guillaumin) Szlach. 2003 - See Cleisostoma crochetii (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

`Bogoria J.J.Sm.1905 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 4 species in this miniature monopodial genus occuring in Java, Sumatra and New Guinea and appears at first glance to be a miniature Phalaenopsis but the flowers are very unique, being small, wide open, with free tepals, a trilobed, deeeply sacate lip and a column with a short foot and there are 4 pollina in two masses.

Common Name or Meaning The Bogor Orchid [refers to a town in Java]

Type species = ! = Bogoria raciborskii J.J.Sm. 1905

  1. Bogoria merrillii (Ames) Garay 1972

  2. Bogoria papuana Schltr. 1913

  3. !Bogoria raciborskii J.J.Sm. 1905

    Part shade HotFall

  4. Bogoria taeniorhiza (Schltr.) Schltr. 1913

~Bolbidium [Lindley] Breiger 1981 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Bolbidium hymenanthum (Rchb. f.) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium hymenanthum Rchb.f not Hkr. 1855

~Bolbidium procumbens (Carr) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium procumbens Carr 1932

~Bolbidium pumilum (Kuntze) Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium pachyphyllum (Kuntze) Bakh. f. 1963

~Bolbidium pumilum Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium pachyphyllum (Kuntze) Bakh. f. 1963

~Bolbidium pusillum (Blume) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium pachyphyllum (Kuntze) Bakh. f. 1963

~Bolbidium quadrangulare (Rchb. f.) Brieger 1981 - See Dendrobium hymenanthum Rchb.f not Hkr. 1855

~Bolbidium striatellum (Carr) Rauschert 1983 - See Dendrobium striatellum Carr 1932

~Bolbophyllaria Rchb.f 1852 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~ *Bolbophyllaria aristata Rchb.f. 1866 - See Bulbophyllum aristatum (Rchb.f.) Hemsl. 1884

~Bolbophyllaria biseta (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861 - See Bulbophyllum bisetum Lindl. 1842

~Bolbophyllaria clavata (Thouars) S.Moore 1877 - See Bulbophyllum clavatum Thouars 1822

~Bolbophyllaria oerstedii Rchb.f. 1855 - See Bulbophyllum pachyrachis (A. Rich.) Griseb. 1864

~Bolbophyllaria pachyrachis (Griseb.) Rchb. f. 1861 - See Bulbophyllum pachyrachis (A. Rich.) Griseb. 1864

~`Bolbophyllum Spreng. 1826 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

Bollea Rchb.f 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae

There are eight species in Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador that grow as epiphytes without pseudobulbs. They have short stems that have distichous, imbricate, long, narrowly ligulate, erect leaves with a arcuate or pendant, single flowered, inflorescence. The flowers are fleshy, velvety in texture, and are large, the lip is firmly attached to the column foot, and has a prominent callus made up of parallel crests at the base, and it has 4 elongate, pear-shaped pollina separating this genus from Pescatorea which it has many similarities. They are medium altitude plants and as such need a warm to cool environment with high humidity, good air circulation, and a well draining medium with medium light. They should be fed and watered abundantly while in growth and a lessening when not.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Dr. C. Boll a German orchid aficionado

Type species = ! = Bollea violacea [Lindley] Rchb.f 1952

    ~Bollea cardonae Schnee 1953 - See Bollea hemixantha Rchb.f. 1888

  1. Bollea coelestis Rchb.f 1876

    FragranceFull shadeCoolTo WarmSpring and Summer

  2. Bollea ecuadorana Dodson 1984

    FragranceFull shadeWarmSummer

    ~?Bollea guiannensis Klotsch 1848 - See Bollea violacea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1952

  3. Bollea hemixantha Rchb.f. 1888

    Full shadeWarmHot

  4. Bollea hirtzii Waldvogel 1982

    FragranceFull shadeCoolTo WarmSummer

    ~Bollea lalindei (Linden) Rchb.f. 1874 - See Pescatoria lalindei (Linden) Dressler 2005

  5. Bollea lawrenciana [Rchb.f] Rchb. f. 1878

    FragranceFull shadeCoolSummer

    ~Bollea lehmanni Rchb.f 1879 - see Pescatorea lehmannii Rchb. f. 1879

  6. Bollea pulvinaris Rchb.f 1877

    ~Bollea schroederiana R.H. Torr. ex Sander 1895 - See Pescatoria wallisii Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1869

  7. !Bollea violacea (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1952

    FragranceFull shadeCoolTo HotSummer

    ~Bollea wendlandi Rchb. f. 1888 - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes '&' Garay 1954

    ~Bollea wendlandiana Rchb.f 1888 - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes '&' Garay 1954

  8. Bollea whitei (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920

    FragranceFull shadeWarmTo HotSpring TO EARLY Summer

Bolusiella Schltr. 1918 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

There are 6 miniature, fan-shaped species in this genus made up of monopodial, epiphytic herbs with short stems, fine roots, bilaterally flattened, flesh leaves and many flowered inflorescence arising basally with small white flowers

Common Name or Meaning Named in honor of South African Botanist Harry Bolus 1800's

Type species = ! = Bolusiella maudiae (Bolus) Schltr. 1918

  1. Bolusiella batesii (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    Full ShadeWarmCoolSpring Summer

    ~Bolusiella imbricata (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918 - See Bolusiella maudiae (Bolus) Schltr. 1918

  2. Bolusiella iridifolia (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    Part shade CoolColdSpring

    ~Bolusiella iridifolia subsp. picea P.J.Cribb 1977 - See Bolusiella iridifolia (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    ~Bolusiella lebeliana Delp. & Geerinck 1998 - See Bolusiella iridifolia (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

  3. !Bolusiella maudiae (Bolus) Schltr. 1918

    Part shadeCool TO WarmFallTHROUGHSpring

  4. Bolusiella talbotii (Rendle) Summerh. 1936

    Part shadeCool TO Warm THROUGH

Bonatea Willd.1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There 13 species in this terrestrial genus found in tropical Africa and North Yemen. A terrestrial genus with fleshy tuberous roots and leafy stems that has leaves that are mostly withered by blooming time. The flowers are large, green and white with a hood like dorsal sepal, deflexed lateral sepals, bilobed petals, lip with a basal claw, and a cylindrical spur. This genus can be grown in the manner of Disa yet needs drier, brighter, warm to cool conditions.

Common Name or Meaning Named for M. Bonat Italian botanist

Type species = ! = Bonatea speciosa (L. f.) Willd. 1805

  1. Bonatea antennifera Rolfe 1905

    Fragrance Deep shade Partial shade Warm Fall

    ~Bonatea arabica (Deflers) Cortesi 1905 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Bonatea benghalensis Griff. 1844 - See Habenaria digitata Lindl.1835

    ~Bonatea bilabrella Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

  2. Bonatea boltonii Harv. 1860

    ~Bonatea bracteata G.McDonald & McMurtry 1991 - See Habenaria transvaalensis Schltr. 1895

  3. Bonatea cassidea Sond. 1846

    Part shade Cool TO CoolLATEWinterSpring

    ~Bonatea cirrhata Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria cirrhata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Bonatea clavata Lindl 1836 - See Habenaria clavata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Bonatea darwinii Weale 1869 - See Bonatea cassidea Sond. 1846

    ~Bonatea densiflora Sond. 1846 - See Bonatea speciosa [L.f.] Willd. 1805

    ~Bonatea eminii (Kraenzl.) Rolfe 1898 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Bonatea flexuosa Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria flexuosa Lindl. 1835

    ~Bonatea foliosa (Sw.) Lindl 1835 - See Habenaria epipactidea Rchb.f. 1867

    ~Bonatea herbacea Wall. ex Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria digitata Lindl.1835

    ~*Bonatea incarnata Lyall ex Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria incarnata (Lyall ex Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Bonatea insignis (Schltr.) Summerh.1952 - See Bonatea polypodantha (Rchb.f.) L.Bolus 1928

    ~Bonatea kayseri (Kraenzl.) Rolfe 1898 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

  4. Bonatea lamprophylla J.Stewart 1978

    Part Shade Cool LATE Winter EARLYspring

    ~*Bonatea macilenta Lindl. ex Benth.1843 - See Habenaria macilenta (Lindl. ex Benth.) Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Bonatea micrantha Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria arenaria Lindl. 1835

    ~Bonatea minor Mundt ex Kraenzl. 1893 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

    ~Bonatea panduana Lindl. ex Wall. 1832 - See Habenaria digitata Lindl.1835

    ~Bonatea pauciflora Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria trifida Kunth 1816

    ~Bonatea philippsii (Rolfe) Rolfe 1898 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Bonatea pirottae Cortesi 1904 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

  5. Bonatea polypodantha (Rchb.f.) L.Bolus 1928

    Fragrance Deep shade Partial shade Cool LATE Summer EARLYFall

  6. Bonatea porrecta (Bolus) Summerh. 1949

    Partial sun Hot Warm LATE Spring

    ~*Bonatea pratensis Lindl. 1835 - See Habenaria pratensis (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1850

  7. Bonatea pulchella Summerh. 1964

    Partial shade Warm LATE Fall EARLYWinter

  8. Bonatea rabaiensis (Rendle) Rolfe 1898

    Part Shade Hot Warm Fall

    ~Bonatea saundersiae (Harv.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 - See Bonatea cassidea Sond. 1846

  9. Bonatea saundersioides (Kraenzl. & Schltr.) Cortesi 1905

    Part Shade cool Cold Fall

  10. !Bonatea speciosa [L.f.] Willd. 1805

    FragrancePart shadeCoolTo HotWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~Bonatea speciosa var. antennifera (Rolfe) Sommerville 1982 - See Bonatea antennifera Rolfe 1905

  11. Bonatea stereophylla (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1949

    Part Shade cool Cold Fall

  12. Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    Deep shade Warm fall

    ~Bonatea sudanensis Rolfe 1910 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~*Bonatea tentaculifera Summerh. 1949 - See Habenaria bonateoides Ponsie 2007

    ~Bonatea tetrapetala Lindl. 1836 - See Habenaria falcicornis (Lindl.) Bolus 1882

    ~Bonatea ugandae Rolfe 1906 - See Bonatea steudneri (Rchb.f.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~*Bonatea verdickii De Wild. 1902 - See Habenaria verdickii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1915

~Bonniera Cordem. 1899 - See Angraecum Bory 1804 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae.

There are two species in this Angraecoid genus endemic to Reunion and are separated from Angraecum because of the lask of a spur at the base of the lip. Otherwise this genus is similar to Angraecum species in the section Arachnanangraecum .

    ~ Bonniera appendiculata (Frapp. ex Cordem.) Cordem. 1899 - See Angraecum appendiculatum Frapp. ex Cordem. 1895

    ~ Bonniera corrugata Cordem. 1899 - See Angraecum corrugatum (Cordem.) Micheneau 2008

~Bothriochilus Lem. 1856 - See Coelia Lindley 1830 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendeae, .

Common Name or Meaning refers to the nectary pit at the base of the lip

~Bothriochilus bellus Lem. 1856 - See Coelia bella (Lem.) Rchb. f. 1861

~Bothriochilus densiflorus (Rolfe) Ames & Correll 1942 - See Coelia densiflora Rolfe 1906

~Bothriochilus guatemalensis (Rchb. f.) L.O. Williams 1940 - See Coelia guatemalensis Rchb. f. 1861

~Bothriochilus macrostachyus (Lindl.) L.O. Williams 1940 - See Coelia macrostachya Lindl. 1842

~`Bouletia M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

~Bouletia finetiana (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium finetianum Schltr.1906

~Braasiella Braem, Lückel & Rüssmann 1984 - See Tolumnia Raf. 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Braasiella arizajuliana (Withner & J.Jiménez Alm.) Braem, Lückel & M.Rüssmann 1984 - See Tolumnia arizajuliana (Withner & J.Jiménez Alm.) Ackerman 1997

Brachionidium Lindley 1859 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

There are 75 species spread throughout tropical America in this terrestrial and epiphytic genus of sub-viney orchids that often occur at elevations of 1000 to 3000 meters on embankments and low down on tree trunks in cloud forests. The genus is characterized by no pseudobulbs, an elongate, creeping rhizome, short ramicauls with glabrous sheaths and a single glabrous leaf, the presence of a joint between the pedicel and the ovary, similar petasl that are smaller than the dorsal sepal and synsepal and the 6 to 8 hard pollina.

Common Name or Meaning the name refers to the short arms on the column

Type species Restrepia parviflora Lindley = ! = Brachionidium parvifolium (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

  1. Brachionidium alpestre Luer & R.Vásquez 1995

    Full shadeCold EARLYSummer

  2. Brachionidium andreettae Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shadeCold Fall

  3. Brachionidium arethusa Luer 1995

    Full shadeCold Spring

  4. Brachionidium ballatrix Luer & Hirtz 1995

  5. Brachionidium brachycladum Luer & R.Escobar 1986

    Deep shade Cold LATEWinter EARLY Spring

  6. Brachionidium brevicaudatum Rolfe 1896

    Full shadeCool Cold Fall THROUGHSpring

  7. Brachionidium calypso Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold Spring

  8. Brachionidium capillare Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Warm Cool Spring

  9. Brachionidium carmeniae Luer 2010

    ull Shade Cold Spring

  10. Brachionidium ciliolatum Garay 1969

    Full shade Warm Winter

    ~Brachionidium concolor Lindl. 1859 - See Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859

  11. Brachionidium cruziae L.O.Williams1962

    Full shade Cold Summer Fall

  12. Brachionidium dalstroemii Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Summer Fall

  13. Brachionidium dentatum Luer & Dressler 1995

    Full shade Cold Summer

  14. Brachionidium diaphanum Luer & R.Vásquez 1984

  15. Brachionidium dodsoni Luer 1995

    Full shadeCoolSpring

  16. Brachionidium dressleri Luer 1995

    Full shade ColdLATER Spring Summer

    ~Brachionidium dungsii Pabst 1972 - See Brachionidium restrepioides (Hoehne) Pabst 1975

    ~Brachionidium dussii Cogn. 1910 - See Brachionidium parvum Cogn. 1909

  17. Brachionidium ecuadorense Garay 1956

    Full shade ColdSpring

  18. Brachionidium elegans Luer & Hirtz 1986

    Full shade Cold Summer EARLY Fall

  19. Brachionidium ephemerum Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Cold Summer

  20. Brachionidium escobarii Luer 1986

    Full shade Cold Summer

  21. Brachionidium filamentosum Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Warm Cool LATE Fall through Spring

    ~Brachionidium floribundum Garay 1956 - See Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859

  22. Brachionidium folsomii Dressler 1982

    Full shadeHotWarmWinter

  23. Brachionidium fornicatum Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Cold LATE Fall through Winter

  24. Brachionidium furfuraceum Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold LATE WinterEARLY spring

  25. Brachionidium galeatum Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Cool Cold fall

  26. Brachionidium gonzalesiorum Becerra 2005

    Full shade Cold Spring

  27. Brachionidium haberi Luer 1995

  28. Brachionidium hirtzii Luer 1986

    Full ShadeCold Winter Spring

  29. Brachionidium imperiale Luer & Escobar ex Harling & Andersson 2005

    Full shade Cold Winter Spring

  30. Brachionidium ingramii Luer & Dalström 1996

    Full shade Warm Fall

  31. Brachionidium inkaterrense Luer & Soto 2010

    Full Shade Cold Spring

  32. Brachionidium jesupiae Luer 1995

    Full shade Cool Summer

  33. Brachionidium juliani Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1986

    Full shade Cold Fall

  34. Brachionidium kuhniarum Dressler 1982

    Full shadeHotWarmWinter

  35. Brachionidium lehmannii Luer 1995

    Full shade

  36. Brachionidium longicaudatum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1931

    Full shade Cold Winter Spring

  37. Brachionidium loxense Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold summer Fall

  38. Brachionidium lucanoideum Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold Spring

  39. Brachionidium meridense Garay 1956

    Full shade Cold LATERFall THROUGH EARLYSummer

  40. Brachionidium minusculum Luer & Dressler 1995

  41. Brachionidium muscosum Luer & R.Vásquez 1984

    Full shade Cool EARLYSummer

  42. Brachionidium operosum Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Cold Summer

  43. !Brachionidium parvifolium (Lindl.) Lindl. 1859

    Deep shade Cold Spring

  44. Brachionidium parvum Cogn. 1909

    Deep shade Warm LATERFall Winter

  45. Brachionidium peltarion Luer 1995

    Full shade Warm Spring

  46. Brachionidium pepe-portillae Luer & Hirtz 2005

    Deep shade Warm Early Winter

  47. Brachionidium phalangiferum Garay 1956

    Full shade Cold Fall LATERSpring

  48. Brachionidium piuntzae Luer 1995

    Full shade Cool EARLYSummer

  49. Brachionidium polypodium Luer 1995

  50. Brachionidium portillae Luer 1986

    Full shade Fall

    ~Brachionidium portillae Luer 2004 - See Brachionidium pepe-portillae Luer & Hirtz 2005

  51. Brachionidium pteroglossum Luer 1984

    Full shade Cold Summer

  52. Brachionidium puraceense Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold EARLYFall

  53. Brachionidium pusillum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930

    Full shadeWarm Cold Winter Summer

  54. Brachionidium renzii Luer 1996

    Full shade Cold Winter

  55. Brachionidium restrepioides (Hoehne) Pabst 1975

    Deep shade Warm Cool Fall Winter

  56. Brachionidium rugosum Luer & Hirtz 1986

    Full shade Cold LATESummer EARLYFall

  57. Brachionidium satyreum Luer 1995

    Full shade Cold Spring

  58. Brachionidium sherringii Rolfe 1893

    Full ShadeWarmCool Winter Spring

    ~Brachionidium sherringii var. parvum (Cogn.) Stehlé 1939 - See Brachionidium parvum Cogn. 1909

    ~Brachionidium sherringii var. typicum Stehlé 1939 - See Brachionidium sherringii Rolfe 1893

  59. Brachionidium simplex Garay 1956

    Full shade Cold EARLYSummer

  60. Brachionidium sp northern Ecuador

    Full Shade spring

  61. Brachionidium stellare Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shadeWarm Cold Fall

    ~ Brachionidium steyermarkii Foldats 1968 - See Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859

  62. Brachionidium syme-morrisii Luer 1995

    Full shade Cool Fall

  63. Brachionidium tetrapetalum (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

    Full shade Cold Winter THROUGH EARLY summer

  64. Brachionidium tuberculatum Lindl. 1859

    Full ShadeCold Spring summer

  65. Brachionidium uxorium Luer & R.Vásquez 1995

    Full shade Cold spring

  66. Brachionidium valerioi Ames & C.Schweinf. 1930

    Full shade Cold LATEWinterEARLY Spring

  67. Brachionidium vasquezii Luer 1984

    Full shade Cold LATER Spring

  68. Brachionidium zunagense Luer & Hirtz 1995

    Full shade Cold Summer

Brachtia Rchb.f. 1850 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

This is a small genus of 7 species that is found in the Andes from Venezuela to Ecuador and grows cool to cold as a small epiphyte with stout ascending rhizomes covered with papery sheaths, compressed, narrowly oblong-ovate pseudobulbs with 1-2 fleshy leaves. The flowers have inflated bracts that almost cover the flowers and the lip is saccate at the base with two hard pollina attached to a stipe and viscidium. The flowers arise on a inflorescence tha has all the flowers crowded to the apex and arise individually out of compressed bracts with up to 5 open at a time much like Thrixspermum

Common Name or Meaning Named for Capt Albrecht Bracht an Austrian

Synonyms Oncodia Lindl. 1853

Type species = ! = Brachtia glumacea Rchb.f 1849

  1. Brachtia andina Rchb.f. 1856

    Part shadeCoolTo ColdWinterSpringSummerFall

  2. Brachtia brevis Kraenzl. 1920

  3. !Brachtia glumacea Rchb.f. 1850

    to

  4. Brachtia sulphurea Rchb.f. 1854

    to

    ~Brachtia verruculifera Schlechter 1920 - See Brachtia andina Rchb.f 1856

Brachycladium (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Brachycladium ariasianum (Luer & L.Jost) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes ariasiana Luer & L.Jost 1998

~Brachycladium cardiocheilum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes cardiocheila Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Brachycladium catellum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes catella Luer & R.Escobar 1983

~Brachycladium chilopse (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes chilopsis Luer & Hirtz 2002

~Brachycladium ciliare (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes ciliaris Luer & Hirtz 1994

~Brachycladium compositum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes composita Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Brachycladium cordilabium (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes cordilabia Luer 2002

~Brachycladium dactylum (Garay) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes dactyla Garay 1971

~Brachycladium destitutum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes destituta Luer & R.Escobar 1988

~Brachycladium erepse (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes erepsis Luer & Hirtz 1986

~Brachycladium exiguum (Luer & L.Jost) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes exigua Luer & L.Jost 2002

~Brachycladium geminipetalum (Luer & J.Portilla) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes geminipetala Luer & J.J. Portilla 2002

~Brachycladium hippocrepicum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes hippocrepica Luer & R.Escobar 1991

~Brachycladium irrasum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes irrasa Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Brachycladium lunare (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes lunaris Luer 1994

~Brachycladium lupulum (Luer & Hirtz) Luer, 2005 - See Lepanthes lupula Luer & Hirtz 1984

~Brachycladium lynnianum (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes lynniana Luer 2002

~ Brachycladium micropetalum (L.O.Williams) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes micropetala L.O.Williams 1940

~Brachycladium monilium (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes monilia Luer & R.Escobar 1983

~Brachycladium nummularium (Rchb.f.) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes nummularia Rchb.f. 1856

~ Brachycladium octocornutum (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes octocornuta Luer 2002

~Brachycladium pendens (Garay) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes pendens Garay 1956

~Brachycladium persimile (Luer & Sijm) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes persimilis Luer & Sijm 2002

~Brachycladium pholeter (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes pholeter Luer 1994

~Brachycladium pilosellum (Rchb.f.) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes pilosella Rchb. f. 1886

~Brachycladium platysepalum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes platysepala Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Brachycladium pseudocaulescens (L.B.Sm. & S.K.Harris) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes pseudocaulescens L.B.Sm. & S.K.Harris 1934 <

~Brachycladium ricii (Luer & R.Vásquez) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes ricii Luer & R.Vásquez 1994

~Brachycladium stalactites (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes stalactites Luer & Hirtz 1987

~Brachycladium triangulare (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes triangularis Luer 1994

~ Brachycladium tridactylum (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes tridactyla Luer 2002

~Brachycladium ursulum (Luer & R.Escobar) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes ursula Luer & R.Escobar 1994

~Brachycladium viebrockianum (Luer & L.Jost) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes viebrockiana Luer & L.Jost 1998

~Brachycladium villosum (Lřjtnant) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes villosa Lřjtnant 1977

~Brachycladium werneri (Luer) Luer 2005 - See Lepanthes werneri Luer 2002

Brachycorythis Lindl. 1838 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are about 35 species in this terrestrial genus found mostly in Africa and Madagascar but in tropical Asia as well. Closely related to to the European genera Orchis and Dactylorhiza. Very close to Habenaria but differs in one has floral bracts that are larger than the flowers. They are characterized by having fusiform or ellipsoid roots, a leafy stem carrying numerous overlapping, glabrous or pubescent leaves and gives rise to a terminal, many flowered inflorescence and can be grown like the genus Phaius. It has free sepals with the petals adnate to the column base, the lip, a broadly obcordate to flabelliform, entire to bilobulate with a sinus in between the lobes or a central apiculum. The slightly curved, clavate to broadly conical spur is shorter than the lip. There are 2 granular pollina with short caudicles and a naked viscidia.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the helmut shaped flower

Type species = ! = Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

  1. Brachycorythis acuta (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1955

    Full Shade Hot LATESpring Summer

    ~Brachycorythis acutiloba Rendle 1911 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis allisonii Rolfe 1912 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis baumii Schltr. 1921 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

    ~Brachycorythis briantiana Kraenzl. ex De Wild. & T.Durand 1899 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

  2. Brachycorythis buchananii (Schltr.) Rolfe 1898

    Part sun WarmCoolLATESpringSummer

    ~*Brachycorythis bulbinella Rchb.f. 1867 - See Schizochilus bulbinella (Rchb.f.) Bolus 1889

    ~Brachycorythis crassicornis Kraenzl. 1929 - See Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

  3. Brachycorythis disoides (Ridl.) Kraenzl. 1898

    Part sunWarmCool

    ~Brachycorythis engleriana Kraenzl. 1895 - See Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

  4. Brachycorythis galeandra (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1955

    partial sun Warm Hot LATESpring Summer

    ~*Brachycorythis gerrardii Rchb.f. 1867 - See Schizochilus gerrardii (Rchb.f.) Bolus 1889

    ~Brachycorythis goetziana Kraenzl. 1899 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

    ~Brachycorythis grandis Kraenzl. 1914 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis grandis var. sudanensis Braid 1925 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis grandis var. ugandensis (Schltr.) Braid 1925 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

  5. Brachycorythis helferi (Rchb. f.) Summerh. 1955

    Part sunWarm To Cool LATE Spring THROUGH Fall

  6. Brachycorythis henryi (Schltr.) Summerh. 1955

    Full Shade Warm Cool LATESummer EARLY Fall

    ~Brachycorythis hispidula (Rendle) Schltr. 1921 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

  7. Brachycorythis iantha (Wight) Summerh. 1955

    Part sun Summer EARLYFall

    ~Brachycorythis kassneriana Kraenzl. 1914 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

  8. Brachycorythis lastii Rolfe 1898

    LATER

  9. Brachycorythis kalbreyeri Rchb. f. 1878

    FragrancePart sunColdTo Warm

    ~Brachycorythis leopoldii Kraenzl. 1898 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Brachycorythis macclouniei Braid 1925 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

  10. Brachycorythis macrantha (Lindl.) Summerh 1955

    Fragrance Part shadeHotWarm Winter

  11. Brachycorythis obcordata (Lindl.) Summerh. 1955

    Part sunWarm Cool Summer

  12. !Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    Partial sun Cool Cold Spring EARLYSummer

    ~Brachycorythis ovata subsp. schweinfurthii (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1955 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis ovata var. schweinfurthii (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Olszewski 1998 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis ovata subsp. welwitschii (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1955 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis parviflora Rolfe 1898 - See Brachycorythis buchananii (Schltr.) Rolfe 1898

    ~Brachycorythis perrieri Schltr. 1916 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

  13. Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

    Part sun WarmColdLATESpring EARLY Summer

    ~Brachycorythis pleistophylla subsp. leopoldii (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1955 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Brachycorythis pleistophylla var. leopoldii (Kraenzl.) Geerinck 1982 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

    ~Brachycorythis pulchra Schltr. 1915 - See Brachycorythis pleistophylla Rchb.f. 1881

  14. Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

    FragrancePartial sun Cool Cold LATE Spring EARLYSummer

  15. Brachycorythis pumilio (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1882

    ~Brachycorythis rhomboglossa Kraenzl. 1898 - See Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Brachycorythis rosea A.Chev. ex Summerh. in J.Hutchinson & J.M.Dalziel 1936 - See Brachycorythis pumilio (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1882

    ~Brachycorythis schlechteri Geerinck 1982 - See Brachycorythis lastii Rolfe 1898

    ~Brachycorythis schweinfurthii Rchb.f. 1878 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis schweinfurthii var. nigerica Braid 1925 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis sibangensis Kraenzl. 1898 - See Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Brachycorythis soyauxiana Kraenzl. 1898 - See Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

  16. Brachycorythis splendida Summerh. 1955

    Part sun Summer EARLYFall

    ~Brachycorythis stolzii Schltr. 1921 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

    ~Brachycorythis sudanica Schltr. 1921 - See Brachycorythis pubescens Harv. 1860

  17. Brachycorythis tenuior Rchb.f. 1865

    ~Brachycorythis truncatolabellata (Hayata) S.S.Ying 1977 - See Brachycorythis galeandra (Rchb.f.) Summerh. 1955

    ~*Brachycorythis tysoni Bolus 1884 - See Neobolusia tysonii (Bolus) Schltr. 1895

    ~Brachycorythis ugandensis Schltr. 1922 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brachycorythis virginea (Bolus) Rolfe 1912 - See Dracomonticola virginea (Bolus) H.P.Linder & Kurzweil 1995

    ~Brachycorythis welwitschii Rchb.f. 1867 - See Brachycorythis ovata Lindl. 1838

  18. Brachycorythis wightii Summerh. 1955

    Part sun LATERSpringSummer

    ~Brachycorythis zeyheri (Sond.) Rchb.f. 1867 - See Schizochilus zeyheri Sond. 1846

Brachypeza Garay 1972 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 7 species in this small sized, monopodial genus occuring from Indo-China to New Guinea that was split from Sarcochilus and have short stems carrying a few, fleshy leaves and bloom on long peduncles with a shorter club-shaped rachis carrying successive opening, short-lived flowers with free spreading sepals and petals, the dosal sepal is erect, the laterals obliqueand the trilobed, spured lip hangs from the column foot and the side lobes are large and erect, the mid-lobe is smaller and recurved and has a long, broadened around the stigma column with a short foot and carryig 2 pollina that are deeply divided.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the very short column foot

Type species ! =

  1. Brachypeza archytas (Ridl.) Garay 1972

  2. Brachypeza indusiata (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    Full shade HotWinter

  3. Brachypeza laotica (Seidenf.) Seidenf. 1973

    deep shade winter

  4. Brachypeza stenoglottis [Hkr.f] Garay 1972

    Full shade Hot

  5. Brachypeza zamboangensis (Ames) Garay 1972

    Full shadeHot Winter

Brachystele Schltr.1920

SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae.

There are presently 21 species in this rare terrestrial genus occuring from Mexico to southern Argentina and Chile. It is characterized by the terrestrial habit, the basal rosette of leaves , the resupinate flowers with a free dorsal sepal that do not forma tube and the stigmata is below the very short, soft, undivided rostellum and the four soft pollina.

Common Name or Meaning The Short Column Orchid

Type species ! = Brachystele unilateralis (Poir.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele aguacatensis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920 - See Brachystele guayanensis (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele atramentaria (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Brachystele widgrenii (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

  1. Brachystele bracteosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele brenesii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Brachystele guayanensis (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

  2. Brachystele camporum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

  3. Brachystele chlorops (Rchb.f.) Schltr.1920

    Part shadeColdSpring

  4. Brachystele cyclochila (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele cycloglossa (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Brachystele cyclochila (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

  5. Brachystele dilatata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

  6. Brachystele guayanensis (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    to LATER

    ~Brachystele hoehnei Pabst 1971 - See Brachystele dilatata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele lechleri Schltr. 1921 - See Brachystele unilateralis (Poir.) Schltr. 1920

    ~*Brachystele longiflora Schltr. 1920 - See Sauroglossum longiflorum (Schltr.) Garay 1978

    ~Brachystele minutiflora (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Burns-Bal. 1986 - See Microthelys minutiflora (A.Rich. & Galeotti) Garay 1980 publ. 1982

    ~ Brachystele nuil (Rich.) Schltr. in ? - See Brachystele unilateralis (Poir.) Schltr. 1920

    ~ Brachystele polyantha (Rchb.f.) Burns-Bal. 1982 - See Mesadenus polyanthus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1920

    ~Brachystele spiranthoides Schltr. ex Mansf. 1928 - See Brachystele cyclochila (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920

  7. Brachystele subfiliformis (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920

    LATER

    ~Brachystele ulaei (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Brachystele dilatata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920

  8. !Brachystele unilateralis (Poir.) Schltr. 1920

    Fragrance Part sunCoolColdSummer

  9. Brachystele widgrenii (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

`Bracisepalum J.J.Sm. 1933 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

There are 2 species in this rare epiphytic genus related to Coelogyne and occuring in Sulawesi and are characterized by ovoid pseudobulbs carrying a single, apical leaf and bloom on a terminal, arising with a new pseudobulb, 8 to 40 flowered inflorescence carrying pink to yellow flushed with pink flowers.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the short sack shaped sepals that form a 2 lobed chin

Type species ! = Bracisepalum selebicum J.J.Sm.1933

  1. Bracisepalum densiflorum de Vogel 1983

  2. !Bracisepalum selebicum J.J.Sm. 1933

`Braemia Jenny 1985.SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae.

There is a single species in this hot growing terrestrial genus occuring in northern to western South America characterized by ovoid pseudobulbs carrying a single apical, thin, plicate leaf and a stiffly erect, many flowered inflorescence with the sepals and petals free, the lobed hypochile of the lip is articulated to the apex of the column foot, and the epichile is attached to the hypochile which is usually glabrous. The elongate slender column and the 2 hard pollina asr attached to an elongate stipe and is united to a very small viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning Braem's Orchid [Belgian Taxomonist current]

Type species ! = Braemia vittata (Lindl.) Jenny 1985

  1. !Braemia vittata (Lindl.) Jenny 1985

    Part ShadeHot

~`Brasilaelia Campacci 2006 - See Laelia Lindley 1831 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae

~Brasilaelia crispa (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia crispa [Lindl.] Rchb. f. 1853-4

~Brasilaelia fidelensis (Pabst) Gutfreund 2006 - See Laelia fidelensis Pabst 1967

~Brasilaelia grandis (Lindl. & Paxton) Gutfreund 2006 - See Laelia grandis Lindl. & Paxton 1850-1

~Brasilaelia lobata (Lindl.) Gutfreund 2006 - See Laelia lobata (Lindl.) H.J. Veitch 1887

~Brasilaelia perrinii (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia perrinii [Lindl.] Lindley 1842 Bateman 1847

~Brasilaelia purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852-3

~Brasilaelia tenebrosa (Rolfe) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia tenebrosa [Rolfe]Rolfe 1893

~Brasilaelia virens (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia virens Lindley 1844

~Brasilaelia xanthina (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Laelia xanthina Lindley 1859

~`Brasilidium Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Brasilidium concolor (Hook.) F.Barros & V.T.Rodrigues 2010 - See Oncidium concolor Hook. 1841

~Brasilidium crispum (Lodd. ex Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium crispum Lodd. 1832

~Brasilidium curtum (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium curtum Lindl. 1847

~Brasilidium dasytyle (Rchb.f.) F.Barros & V.T.Rodrigues 2010 - See Oncidium dasytyle Rchb. f. 1873

~Brasilidium forbesii (Hook.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium forbesii Hook. 1839

~Brasilidium gardneri (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium gardneri Lindl. 1843

~Brasilidium gravesianum (Rolfe) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium gravesianum Rolfe 1892

~Brasilidium × litum (Rchb.f.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium x litum Rchb.f. 1883

~Brasilidium marshallianum (Rchb.f.) Campacci 2006; - See Oncidium marshallianum Rchb. f. 1866

~Brasilidium pectorale (Lindl.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium pectorale Lindl. 1840

~Brasilidium praetextum (Rchb.f.) Campacci 2006 - See Oncidium praetextum Morr. 1873

~Brasilidium zappii (Pabst) Campacci 2006 - See - See Oncidium zappii Pabst 1976

~Brasiliorchis R.B.Singer 2007 - See Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Brasiliorchis barbosae (Loefgr.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria barbosae Loefgr. 1918

~Brasiliorchis chrysantha (Barb.Rodr.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria chrysantha Barb. Rodr. 1871

~Brasiliorchis consanguinea (Klotzsch) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria consanguinea Klotzsch 1853

~Brasiliorchis gracilis (Lodd.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria gracilis Lodd. 1832

~Brasiliorchis kautskyi (Pabst) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria kautskyi Pabst 1972

~Brasiliorchis marginata (Lindl.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria marginata [Lindley] Fenzl 1854 [1855]

~Brasiliorchis phoenicanthera (Barb.Rodr.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria phoenicanthera Barb. Rodr. 1881

~Brasiliorchis picta (Hook.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria picta Hook. 1832

~Brasiliorchis porphyrostele (Rchb.f.) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria porphyrostele Rchb. f. 1873

~Brasiliorchis schunkeana (Campacci & Kautsky) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria schunkeana M.A. Campacci & R.A. Kautsky 1993

~Brasiliorchis ubatubana (Hoehne) R.B.Singer, S.Koehler & Carnevali 2007 - See Maxillaria ubatubana Hoehne 1947

~`Brasilocycnis G.Gerlach & Whitten 1999 - See Lueckelia Jenny 1999.SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae

~Brasilocycnis breviloba (Summerh.) G.Gerlach & Whitten 1999 - See Lueckelia breviloba (Summerh.) Jenny 1999

Brassavola R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

The eighteen, epiphytic and sometimes lithophytic species of Brassavola are spread throughout the tropical lowland Americas, are most heavily fragrant at night and have a citrus smell. They have a single, apical, subterete leaf on a pencil-like pseudobulb and bloom with a single or a raceme of a few large flowers with elongate narrow sepals and petals and the base of the lip embracing at least a portion of the column which carries 12, sometimes eight unequal pollina occuring as a rule in spring, summer and fall. They are allied with the Cattleyas and are used extensively in hybridizing. They are the "B" in BLC in many orchids that are commonly grown. Most likely pollinated by moths attracted to the nocturnal scent.

Common Name or Meaning Named for the Italian Doctor A. M. Brassavole

Synonyms `Lysimnia Raf. 1836[1838]; `Tulexis Raf. 1836[1838]

Type species ! = Epidendrum cucullatum L. 1763= ! = Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. 1813

  1. Brassavola acaulis Lindl. 1851-2 'Alpine Wonder' AM/AOS

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotLATESpring to EARLY Summer

    ~Brassavola amazonica Poepp. '&' Endl. 1836 - See Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

  2. Brassavola angustata Lindl. 1838

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Prionoglossa

    ~Brassavola appendiculata A. Rich. 1845 - See Brassavola cucullata [L.] R. Br. 1813

  3. Brassavola cebolleta Rchb.f 1855

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Conchoglossa

    FragrancePart sunCoolSummer To Fall

  4. Brassavola chacoensis Kranzl. 1905

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    to to

    Brassavola cordata Lindley 1836 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

  5. !Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Brassavola

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSummer To Fall

    ~Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var cuspidata [Hkr.] LIndley 1887 - See Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813

    ~Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br. var elegans Schlechter 1831 - See Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813

    ~Brassavola cuspidata Hooker 1839 - See Brassavola cucullata [Lindley]R. Br. 1813

    ~*Brassavola digbyana Lindley 1846 - See Rhyncholaelia digbyana [Lindl.]Schlechter 1918

    ~Brassavola digbyana f. fimbripetala (Ames) O.Gruss & M.Wolff 2007 - See Rhyncholaelia digbyana [Lindl.]Schlechter 1918

    ~Brassavola digbyana var fimbripetala [Ames] H.G. Jones 1962 - See Rhyncholaelia digbyana [Lindl.]Schlechter 1918

    ~Brassavola duckeana Horta 1937 - See Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

    ~Brassavola elegans Hook. 1831 - See Tetramicra elegans [Hamilton] Cogn. 1910

    ~Brassavola elongata Hort. 1954 - See Brassavola cucullata [L.] R.Br. 1813

  6. Brassavola flagellaris Barb. Rodr. 1881

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Conchoglossa

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotEARLY Summer

  7. Brassavola fragrans Barb. Rodr. 1877

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Conchoglossa

    FragranceFall

    ~Brassavola fragrans Lem. 1853 - See Brassavola tuberculata Hooker 1829

  8. Brassavola gardneri Cogn. 1902

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Prionochila

    to

    ~Brassavola gibbsiana Wms. 1884 - See Brassavola tuberculata Hooker 1829

    ~*Brassavola glauca Lindley 1840 - See Rhyncholaelia glauca [Lindley]Schlechter 1918

  9. Brassavola grandiflora Lindley 1839

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    Part ShadeHotWarmSummer

    ~Brassavola lineata Hook. f. 1853 - See Brassavola acaulis Lindl. 1851-2

  10. Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Prionoglossa

    FragrancePart sunHotTo Warm LATEWinterTo Spring

    ~Brassavola martiana var multiflora [Schlechter] Jones 1969 - See Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

    ~Brassavola mathieuana Klotzsch 1853 - See Brassavola acaulis Lindl. 1851-2

    ~Brassavola multiflora Schltr. 1919 - See Brassavola martiana Lindl. 1836

    ~Brassavola nodosa Hkr. not Lindley 1833 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

  11. Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo Hot MOSTLY Spring and Summer

    ~Brassavola nodosa subsp. cordata (Lindl.) N.H. Williams - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola nodosa var. grandiflora (Lindl.) H.G. Jones 1972 - See Brassavola grandiflora Lindley 1839

    ~Brassavola nodosa var rhopalorrhachis [Rchb.f] Schlechter 1919 - See Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola nodosa var venosa [Lindley] N. G. Jones 1969 - See Brassavola venosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassavola odorattissima Regel 1852 - See Brassavola cucullata [L.]R.Br.1813

    ~Brassavola ovaliformis C. Schweinf. 1949 - See Brassavola chacoensis Kranzl. 1905

  12. Brassavola perrinii Lindley 1833

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Conchoglossa

    Fragrancepart sun Warm tocoolSpringSummer

    ~Brassavola perrinii var. pluriflora Hauman 1917 - See Brassavola perrinii Lindley 1833

    ~Brassavola pescatorii hort. ex Rchb. f. 1878 - See Coilostylis parkinsoniana [Hkr.] Withner '&' Harding 2004

    ~Brassavola psittacoglossa (Rchb.f.) Rollisson 1875 - See Bulbophyllum psittacoglossum Rchb. f. 1863

    ~*Brassavola pumilio Rchb.f 1844 - See Homalopetalum pumilio [Rchb.f]Schlechter 1923

  13. Brassavola reginae Pabst 1978

  14. Brassavola retusa Lindley 1847

  15. Brassavola revoluta Barb. Rodr. 1882

    Part shadeCold LATEWinter EARLYSpring

    ~Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f 1852 - See Brassavola nodosa [L.]Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola rigida Bold. 1909 - See Tetramicra canaliculata [Aubl]Urban 1918

    ~Brassavola scaposa Schlechter 1919 - See Brassavola grandiflora Lindley 1839

    ~Brassavola sloanei Griseb. 1859-60 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola sloanei Lindl. ex Heynh. 1841 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola stricta Hort 1885 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola suaveolens Galeotti ex Hemsl. 1879 - See Coilostylis falcata [Lindl] Withner '&' Harding 2004

  16. Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotLATESummer To Fall

    ~Brassavola subulifolia Rolfe 1840 - See Brassavola subulifolia Lindley 1831

    ~Brassavola surinamensis Focke 1851 - See Brassavola angustata Lindl. 1838

    ~Brassavola trinervis Lindley 1831 - See Brassavola tuberculata Hooker 1829

  17. Brassavola tuberculata Hooker 1829

    SUBGENUS Sessililabia SECTION Conchoglossa

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotLATESpring TO EARLYSummer

  18. Brassavola venosa Lindley 1840

    SUBGENUS Brassavola SECTION Cuneilabia

    FragranceHotWinter THROUGH Spring

Brassia R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

There are 29 species of Brassia spread throughout tropical America at altitudes below 1500 meters. The genus was described by Robert Brown in 1813 using Brassia maculata as the type species. They are commonly called 'The Spider Orchid' because of the flowers unique shape. It has also been discovered that this genus is extensively pollinate by female wasps [Pepsis and Campsomeris genera] that sting at the column attempting to pull it away to consume it, constantly stinging away at the lip, and in their struggle pick up the pollina on their head. They then rove to another flower where the pollina is stripped from their head by the bottom of the column where it enters the stigma. The genus is characterized by conspicuous pseudobulbs with one or two leaves at the apex, and distichious leaf-like sheaths encompassing the base and from these arise the lateral inflorescence that generally do not branch and have small inconspicuous floral bracts. The callus of the flower located at the base of the lip generally consists of two parellel lamellae which may become an apical tooth which can be separated or united to the lamella. The shape and form of this callus is the major distinguishing feature between each of the species. Generally the lip is smooth but in a few cases has warts and a bumpy surface, it is also free from the column and has no spur at the back. The there is no column foot and it is short with 2 fleshy, side lobes at oppposing sides at the base which also surrounds the base of the callus. The anther is at the apex of the column and carries two hard pollina attached to a rectangular stipe. They do well mounted on tree fern or potted with a well draining medium, and grown in intermediate conditions.

Common Name or Meaning Named for W. Brass an English botanist

Type species = ! = Brassia maculata R. Br. 1813

    ~*Brassia allenii L.O. Williams ex C. Schweinf. 1948 - See Ada allenii (L.O. Williams ex C. Schweinf.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia andina (Rchb.f.) M.W.Chase 2011 - See Brachtia andina Rchb.f. 1856

    ~Brassia andreettae (Dodson) Senghas 1997 - See Ada andreettae Dodson 1993

  1. Brassia angusta Lindl. 1844

    HotSpringFall

  2. Brassia antherotes Rchb. f. 1879

    Part shadeHot

  3. Brassia arachnoidea Barb. Rodr. 1877

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo Hot Southern HemisphereFall

  4. Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo Hot LATE Winter and Spring

    ~Brassia aristata Lindley 1844 - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassia attenuata H.G.Jones 1969 - See Brassia chloroleuca Barb. Rodr. 1877

  5. Brassia aurorae D.E.Benn. 1992

    Part sunCoolTo WarmLATE WinterTo Spring

    Brassia bennettiorum (Dodson) Senghas 1997 - See Ada bennettiorum Dodson 1989

    ~Brassia bicolor Rolfe 1892 - See Brassia wageneri Rchb. f. 1845

  6. Brassia bidens Lindley 1844

    Part sunWarmTo HotSpring

    ~Brassia boliviensis Schltr. 1913 - See Brassia thyrsodes Rchb. f. 1868

  7. Brassia brachiata Lindley 1842

    Part sunWarmTo CoolSpringSummer

    ~Brassia brachypus Rchb. f. 1875 - See Ada brachypus (Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia brevis (Kraenzl.) M.W.Chase 2011 - See Brachtia brevis Kraenzl. 1920

  8. Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

    FragrancePart shadeHotTo WarmSpring and Fall

    ~Brassia caudata var. hieroglyphica Rchb. f. 1881 - See Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

  9. Brassia chloroleuca Barb. Rodr. 1877

    Part shadeHotSpring

    ~*Brassia chlorops Endres '&' Rchb. f. 1873 - See Ada chlorops (Endres '&' Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia cinnabarina Linden ex Lindl. 1854 - See Ada aurantiaca Lindl. 1853-4

    ~Brassia cinnamomea Linden ex Lindl. 1854 - See Ada keiliana (Rchb. f. ex Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia clowesia Lindley 1844 - See Miltonia clowesii Lindley 1840

  10. Brassia cochleata Knowles '&' Westc. 1838

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSpring

    ~Brassia coryandra C. Morr. 1848 - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley1840

    ~Brassia cowani R.H. Torr. ex Lindl. 1854 - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassia cryptophthalma Rchb. f. 1879 - See Brassia wageneri Rchb. f. 1845

    ~*Brassia elegantula Rchb. f. 1885 - See Ada euodes (Rchb. f.) D.E. Benn. '&' Christenson 1998

    ~Brassia endresii (Kraenzl.) ined - See Mesospinidium warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

    ~*Brassia escobariana Garay 1973 - See Ada escobariana (Garay) Dodson in R.Escobar (ed.) 1990

    ~Brassia euodes Rchb. f. 1880 - See Ada euodes (Rchb. f.) D.E. Benn. '&' Christenson 1998

    ~Brassia filiana M.W.Chase 2011 - See Mesospinidium warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

  11. Brassia forgetiana Hort. 1910

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo CoolSpring

  12. Brassia gireoudiana Rchb. f. '&' Warsz. 1854

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo Hot LATESpringTo Fall

    ~*Brassia glumacea Lindley 1846 - See Ada glumacea (Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia glumaceoides M.W.Chase 2011 - See Brachtia glumacea Rchb.f. 1850

    ~Brassia guttata Lindley 1842 - See Brassia maculata R. Br. 1813

    ~Brassia havanensis Lindl. 1854 - See Ada keiliana (Rchb. f. ex Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia helenae Rchb. f. ex Linden 1881 - See Brassia warszewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

    ~Brassia hexodonta Rchb.f '&' Wars. 1854 - See Brassia warszewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

    ~Brassia hinksoniana H.G. Jones 1974 - See Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

    ~Brassia imbricata Lindl. 1864 - See Ada glumacea (Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

  13. Brassia jipijapensis Dodson '&' N.H. Williams

    Part sunHot

    ~Brassia josstiana Rchb. f. 1854 - See Brassia lanceana Lindley 1835

    Brassia juninensis C. Schweinf. 1945 - See Brassia koehlerorum Schltr. 1921

    ~Brassia keiliana Rchb. f. ex Lindl. 1852-3 - See Ada keiliana (Rchb. f. ex Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

  14. Brassia koehlerorum Schltr. 1921

    FragrancePart sunWarm LATESpring TO LATE Fall

  15. Brassia lanceana Lindley 1835

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotLATE Fall

    ~Brassia lanceana var. pumila [Lindl.]Lindl. 1854 - See Brassia pumila Lindley 1845

    ~Brassia lanceana var. viridiflora Hook. 1841- See Brassia bidens Lindley 1844

    ~Brassia lawrenceana Lindl. 1841 - See Brassia cochleata Knowles '&' Westc. 1838

    ~Brassia lawrenceana var angusta [Lindley] Lindley 1854 - See Brassia angusta Lindl. 1844

    ~*Brassia lawrenceana Lindley var. longissima Rchb.f 1868 - See Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f. 1869

    ~Brassia lewisii Rolfe 1893 - See Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

    ~Brassia longicuspis Rchb. f. 1878 - See Ada brachypus (Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia longiloba DC 1878 - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassia longissima [Rchb.f]Nash 1914 - See Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSpring

    ~Brassia longissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1914 - See Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

    ~Brassia longissima var. minor Schltr. 1922 - See Brassia caudata (L.) Lindl. 1824

  16. !Brassia maculata R. Brown 1813

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSpring

    ~Brassia mexicana C.Schweinf. 1950 - See Brassia signata Rchb. f. 1881

  17. Brassia neglecta Rchb. f. 1856

    Part sunCoolTo HotFall

    ~Brassia ocanensis Lindl. 1854 - See Ada ocanensis (Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

    ~Brassia odontoglossoides Klotsch & Karst. 1847 - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassia oestlundiana L.O.Williams 1951 - See Rhynchostele maculata (La Llave '&' Lex.) Soto Arenas '&' Salazar 1824

    ~Brassia ophioglossoides Klotzsch & Karst. - See Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    ~Brassia parviflora Ames & C. Schweinf. 1925 - See Ada chlorops (Endres '&' Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams 1972

  18. Brassia peruviana Poepp. '&' Endl. 1838

    Part sunWarmTo Cool LATE Spring and Summer

    ~Brassia pozoi (Dodson '&' N.H.Williams) Senghas 1997 - See Ada pozoi Dodson '&' N.H. Williams 1984

  19. Brassia pumila Lindley 1845

    Part sunWarmTo HotFallWinter

    ~Brassia rhizomatosa Garay '&' Dunst. 1965 - See Brassia arcuigera Rchb.f 1869

    ~*Brassia rolandoi (D.E.Benn.& Christenson) Senghas 1997 - See Ada rolandoi D.E.Benn.& Christenson 1994

  20. Brassia signata Rchb. f. 1881

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo CoolSpringTo Summer

    ~Brassia spathacea Linden '&' Rchb. f. 1854 - See Ada ocanensis (Lindl.) N.H. Williams 1972

  21. Brassia suavissima Pupulin & Bogarín 2005

  22. Brassia thyrsodes Rchb. f. 1868

    Part sunWarmTo Cool LATE FallWinter

  23. Brassia verrucosa Lindley 1840

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo Cool LATESpring TO EARLY Fall

    ~Brassia verrucosa subsp. gireoudiana (Rchb.f. '&' Warsz.) Dressler '&' N.H.Williams 2003 - See - See Brassia gireoudiana Rchb. f. '&' Warsz. 1854

    ~Brassia villosa Lindl. 1853 - See Brassia warszewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

  24. Brassia wageneri Rchb. f. 1845

    Part sunWarmTo CoolSpring

  25. Brassia warszewiczii Rchb. f. 1852

    FragranceHotPart sunFall TO EARLY Winter

    ~Brassia wrayae Skinner 1843 - See Brassia maculata R. Br. 1813

~`Brenesia Schlechter 1923 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Brenesia aspasicensis (Rchb.f.) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala aspasicensis (Rchb. f.) Pridgeon '&' M.W. Chase 2002

~Brenesia balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala balaeniceps (Luer & Dressler) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

~Brenesia costaricensis Schltr. 1923 - See Pleurothallis johnsonii Ames 1923

~Brenesia herrerae (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis herrerae Luer 1991

~Brenesia johnsonii (Ames) Luer 2004 - See Pleurothallis johnsonii Ames 1923

~Brenesia lappiformis (A.H.Heller & L.O.Williams) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala lappiformis (A.H.Heller & L.O.Williams) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

~Brenesia pan (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala pan (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

~Brenesia stonei (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala stonei (Luer) Pridgeon '&' M.W. Chase 2002

~Brenesia tomentosa (Luer) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala tomentosa (Luer) Pridgeon & M.W.Chase 2002

~Brenesia uncinata ( Fawc. ) Luer 2004 - See Echinosepala uncinata ( Fawc. ) Pridgeon '&' M.W.Chase 2002

~Brevilongium Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 and Otoglossum [Schlechter]Garay & Dunsterville 1976 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Brevilongium globuliferum (Kunth) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium globuliferum Kunth 1816

~Brevilongium harlingii (Stacy) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium harlingii Stacy 1978

~Brevilongium luerorum (Dodson) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium globuliferum Kunth 1816

~Brevilongium palaciosii (Dodson) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium palaciosii Dodson 1996

~Oncidium sancti-pauli Kraenzl. 1922

~Brevilongium scansor (Rchb.f.) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium scansor Rchb. f. 1849-50

~Brevilongium serpens (Lindl.) Christenson 2006 - See Oncidium serpens Lindl. 1833

~Briegeria - See Jacquiniella Schltr. 1920 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

~Briegeria aporophylla (L.O.Williams) Senghas 1980 - See Jacquiniella aporophylla (L.O.Williams) Dressler 1966

~Briegeria cernua (Lindl.) Senghas 1980 - See Jacquiniella cernua (Lindl.) Dressler 1966

~Briegeria cobanensis (Ames & Schltr.) Senghas 1980 - See Jacquiniella cobanensis (Ames & Schltr.) Dressler 1966 - See

~Briegeria equitantifolia (Ames) Senhas - See Jacquiniella equitantifolia (Ames) Dressler 1966

~Briegeria standleyi (Ames) Senghas 1980 - See Jacquiniella standleyi (Ames) Dressler 1966

~Briegeria teretifolia [Sw.] Senhas 1980 - See Jacquiniella teretifolia (Sw.) Britton '&' P. Wilson 1926

Bromheadia Lindley 1841 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Bromheadiinae.

There are 20 species in this terrestrial or occasional epiphytic genus occuring in SE Asia, Australia and the Philippines. It is readily distinguished by having cane-like, slender stems, numerous, oblong to lanceolate leaves held horizontally or laterally compressed in one plane with the stem and blooms on a terminal or lateral, distichously arranged, ephemeral flowers occuring successively and having sessile pollina. This genus can be gfrown like Sobralia yet with less direct sun and slightly warmer temperatures in the winter.

Common Name or Meaning Bromhead's Orchid [English plant enthusiast 1800's]

Type species = ! = Bromheadia palustris Lindley 1841 = Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

  1. Bromheadia alticola Ridl. 191

    SECTION Bromheadia

    FragrantFull shade HotFall

  2. Bromheadia aporoides Reichb.f. 1878

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part sunWarmColdSummer

  3. Bromheadia brevifolia Ridl. 1897

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part sunWarm CoolWinterSpring SummerFall

  4. Bromheadia cecieliae Kruiz. 1997

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part shadeWarm Fall Winter

  5. Bromheadia crassiflora J.J.Sm. 1931

    SECTION Aporodes

  6. Bromheadia devogelii Kruiz. 1997

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part Shade Hot Spring Fall

  7. Bromheadia divaricata Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    SECTION Bromheadia

    Part shadeCold WinterLATESpringFall

  8. Bromheadia ensifolia J.J.Sm. 1926

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part Shade Hot Warm Spring

  9. !Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

    SECTION Bromheadia

    Part shadeWarm to Hot Spring Summer Fall

    ~Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. sylvestris [Ridl.] Holttum 1953 - See Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

    ~Bromheadia finlaysoniana var. palustris (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1911 - See Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

  10. Bromheadia gracilis Kruiz. & de Vogel 1997

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part shadeWarm Winter

  11. Bromheadia grandiflora Kruiz. & de Vogel 1997

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part shadeHotWarm Spring Summer Fall

  12. Bromheadia humilis Kruiz. & de Vogel 1997

    SECTION Aporodes

    ~Bromheadia palustris Lindl. 1841 - See Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

    ~Bromheadia palustris var. papuana J.J.Sm. 1909 - See Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

    ~ Bromheadia philippinensis Ames & Quisumb. 1936 - See Bromheadia alticola Ridl. 1891

  13. Bromheadia pulchra Schltr. 1912

    SECTION Bromheadia

    ~*Bromheadia rigida Ridl. 1893 - See Dilochia rigida (Ridl.) J.J.Wood 1993

  14. Bromheadia rupestris Ridl. 1897

    SECTION Bromheadia

  15. Bromheadia scirpoidea Ridl. 1900

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part sunWarmHotSpring Summer Fall

  16. Bromheadia sp New Guinea

    ~Bromheadia sylvestris Ridl. 1891 - See Bromheadia finlaysoniana (Lindl.) Miq. 1859

  17. Bromheadia truncata Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984

    SECTION Aporodes

    Part sunHot Summer THROUGHwinter

    ~Bromheadia venusta T.E.Hunt 1953 - See Bromheadia pulchra Schltr. 1912

Broughtonia R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

A genus of 2 species and one natural hybrid found in Jamaica and Cuba. It is typified with flattened ovoid closely packed pseudobulbs with 2 apical stiff leaves. The inflorescence arises from the apex of the pseudobulb and the flowers open sequentially over months. They like hot to warm even conditions with bright light. They are allied to the Cattleya and are used often in breeding, such as the intergeneric cross Cattletonia. I find they are happiest mounted on tree branches and they can be affected easily by scale so occasional spraying with an insecticide is called for.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Mr Broughton an English botanist

Type species = ! = Broughtonia sanguinea [Sw.] R. Br. 1813

    Taxonomy according to Withner 1998

    ~Broughtonia alba (Hook.) Spreng. 1826 - See Maxillaria alba (Hook.) Lindl. 1832

    ~Broughtonia amoena Wall. ex Lindl. 1830 - See Otochilus fuscus Lindl.1830

    ~Broughtonia aurea Lindl. 1840 - See Cattleya aurantiaca [Bateman ex Lindley]P.N.Don 1840

    ~Broughtonia chinensis [Lindley]Ames 1842 - See Barkeria obovata [C. Presl]Christenson 1988[1989]

    ~Broughtonia coccinea Lindley 1835 - See Broughtonia sanguinea [Sw.]R. Br. 1813

    ~Broughtonia cubensis Cogn. 1910 - See Cattleyopsis cubensis (Lindl.) Sauleda '&' R.M. Adams 1984

    ~Broughtonia domingensis [Lindley] Rolfe 1889 - See Laeliopsis domingensis [Lindley]Lindley 1852-3

    ~Broughtonia fusca (Lindl.) Wall. 1890 - See Otochilus fuscus Lindl.1830

    ~Broughtonia grandiflora [HBK]Sprengel 1826 - See Maxillaria grandiflora [HBK] Lindley 1832

  1. Broughtonia × jamaicensis Sauleda & R.M.Adams 1984

    ~Broughtonia lilacina Henfr. 1851 - See Laeliopsis domingensis Lindl. ex Paxton 1852-3

    ~Broughtonia lindenii (Lindl.) Dressler 1966 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

    ~Broughtonia linearis Wall. ex Lindley 1830 - See Coelogyne ovalis Lindl 1838

    ~Broughtonia linearis Wall. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Coelogyne ovalis Lindl 1838

    ~Broughtonia maculata (Kunth) Spreng. 1826 - See Zygopetalum maculatum (Kunth) Garay 1970

  2. Broughtonia negrilensis Fowlie 1961

    Part sunWarmTo HotLATEFall TO EARLY Winter

    ~Broughtonia nitida Herb. ex Sweet 1826 - See Coelogyne nitida Lindley 1828

    ~Broughtonia ortgiesiana (Rchb. f.) Dressler 1966 - See Cattleyopsis ortgiesiana (Rchb. f.) Cogn. 1910

    ~Broughtonia pendula Wall. ex Lindl. 1830 - See Otochilus albus Lindl. 1828

    ~Broughtonia pendula Wall. ex Hook.f. 1890 - See Otochilus albus Lindl. 1828

    ~Broughtonia rosea (Mansf.) Dressler 1966 - See Quisqueya rosea (Mansf.) Dod 1979

  3. !Broughtonia sanguinea [Sw.]R.Br. 1789

    Part sunWarmTo HotSpring TO Summer

    ~Broughtonia tetragona (Thouars) Spreng. 1826 - See Phaius tetragonus (Thouars) Rchb.f. 1855

    ~Broughtonia violacea hort. ex T. Moore '&' Ayres 1851 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

Brownleea Harv. ex Lindl. 1842 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Brownleeinae

There are 8 species in this terrestrial genus segregated from Disa that occur in Africa and Madagascar. The genus is characterized by the pubescent to wooly tubers giving rise to glabrous, brown sheathing stem carrying 1 to a few, cauline, ovate to linear leaves that blooms on a terminal, erect, dense head like cluster or lax to dense racemose, rarely single flowered inflroescnece with shorter to longer than the ovary, acuminate, green, erect bracts and carrying white, pink or mauve flowers that are often dark spotted

Common Name or Meaning Brownlee's Orchid [English Missionary and orchid collector in South Africa 1800's]

Type species = ! = Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea alpina (Hook.f.) N.E.Br.1898 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea apetala (Kraenzl.) N.E.Br. 1898 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea caerulea Harv. ex Lindl. 1842 - See Brownleea coerulea Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

  1. Brownleea coerulea Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    LATEEARLY Fall

    ~Brownleea fanniniae Rolfe 1920 - See Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

    ~Brownleea flavescens Schltr. 1924 - See Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

  2. Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

    Part shadeCool ColdSummer EARLYFall

    ~Brownleea galpinii subsp. major (Bolus) H.P.Linder 1981 - See Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

    ~Brownleea galpinii var. major Bolus 1893 - See Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

    ~Brownleea gracilis Schltr. 1915 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea leucantha Schltr. 1924 - See Brownleea galpinii Bolus 1893

  3. Brownleea macroceras Sond. 1846

    Full sun Cool Cold Summer EARLY Fall

  4. Brownleea maculata P.J.Cribb 1977

    Full Shade Cool Fall

    ~Brownleea madagascarica Ridl. 1885 - See Brownleea caerulea Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea monophylla Schltr. 1895 - See Brownleea macroceras Sond. 1846

    ~Brownleea natalensis Rolfe 1913 - See Brownleea recurvata Sond.1846

    ~Brownleea nelsonii Rolfe 1913 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

  5. !Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    Full sun Cool Cold Summer EARLY Fall

    ~Brownleea pentheriana Kraenzl. ex Zahlbr. 1905 - See Disa ophrydea (Lindl.) Bolus 1888

    ~Brownleea perrieri Schltr. 1924 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

  6. Brownleea recurvata Sond.1846

    Full sun Cool Cold Summer EARLY Fall

    ~Brownleea transvaalensis Schltr. 1924 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

    ~Brownleea woodii Rolfe 1913 - See Brownleea parviflora Harv. ex Lindl. 1842

Bryobium Lindley 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

Common Name or Meaning

Type species = ! =

Synonyms Alvisia Lindl. 1859

    ~Bryobium diphyllum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood 2005 - See Bryobium eriaeoides (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002

  1. Bryobium eriaeoides (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002

    Part Shade hot LATEwinter spring

    ~Bryobium indivisum (Schltr.) J.J.Wood 2005 - See Eria fitzalanii F.Muell. 1882

  2. Bryobium hyacinthoides (Blume) Y.P.Ng & P.J.Cribb 2005

    Fragrance Part shade Cool to HotSpring

  3. Bryobium pudicum (Ridl.) Y.P.Ng & P.J.Cribb 2005

    Part Shade Hot

  4. Bryobium queenslandicum (T.E.Hunt) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002

    Part Shade Hot Cool LATE Winter Spring

  5. Bryobium retusum (Blume) Y.P.Ng & P.J.Cribb 2005

~Buccella Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia Ruiz and Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

~Buccella bucculenta (Luer) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia bucculenta Luer 1995

~Buccella dynastes (Luer) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia dynastes Luer 1979

~Buccella lamia (Luer & Hirtz) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia lamia Luer & Hirtz 1988

~Buccella molossoides (Kraenzl.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia molossoides Kraenzl. 1921

~Buccella molossus (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia molossus Rchb.f. 1877

~Buccella nidifica (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia nidifica Rchb.f 1878

~Buccella ophioglossa (Rchb.f.) Luer 2006 -See Masdevallia ophioglossa Rchb. f. 1878

~Buccella strigosa (Königer) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia strigosa Königer 1990

~Buccella ventricosa (Schltr.) Luer 2006 - See Masdevallia ventricosa Schltr. 1915

~Bucculina Lindl. 1837 - See Holothrix Rich. ex Lindl. 1835SUBFAMILY Orchidiodeae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Bucculina aspera Lindl. 1837 - See Holothrix aspera (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1881

Buchtienia Schltr. 1929 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

There are three species in this terrestrial genus occuring in Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia and are characterized by having a basal rosette of leaves with an axillary, erect, many flowered inflorescence with resupinate flowers with the rostellum transversly three-parted, the median lobe spathulate to anchor shaped and has two soft pollina.

Common Name or Meaning Buchtien's Orchid [German orchid Collector in Bolivia 1900's]

Type species = ! = Buchtienia boliviensis Schltr. 1929

  1. !Buchtienia boliviensis Schltr. 1929

    Full shadeCool LATEWinter EARLYSpring

    ~Buchtienia boliviensis var. rosea (Garay) Szlach. 1992 - See Buchtienia rosea Garay 1978

  2. Buchtienia rosea Garay 1978

Buesiella C.Schweinf. 1952 - See Cyrtochilum H.B.K. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~*Buesiella ornata Königer 1999 - See Cyrtochilum ornatum (Königer) Dalström 2001

~*Buesiella patens Senghas & Thiv 1994 - Cyrtochilum patens (Senghas & Thiv) Dalström 2001

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