<html> <head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"> <title>Jay's Internet Orchid Species Photo Encyclopedia Cattleyo - Clowesia </title> <META NAME="description" CONTENT="the world's largest single reference site on orchid species, how to grow, where they are found, what they are called, when they bloom"> <META NAME="keywords" CONTENT="orchids, plants, photos, culture, altitudes, fragrance, warm growing, cool growing, intermediate growing, epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial,hardy"> </head> <Body BACKGROUND="orphotdir/paper.jpg" TEXT="#000000"> <center><IMG SRC="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></center> <P></P> <table border="5" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="3" align="left"> <table border="1" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <th><a href="indexa-anat.htm">A - Anat</a></th> <th><a href="indexanc.htm">Anc - Az</a></th> <th><a href="indexb.htm">B - Br</a></th> <th><a href="indexbulb.htm">Bulb - By</a></th> <th><a href="indexc.htm">C - Cattleya</a></th> <th><a href="indexcattleyo.htm">Cattleyo - Cn</a></th> <th><a href="indexco.htm">Co - Cz</a></th> <th><a href="indexde.htm">D - Dendrob</a></th> <th><a href="indexdendroc.htm">Dendroc - Dy</a></th> <th><a href="indexe-ep.htm">E - Epic</a></th> <th><a href="indexepid-ex.htm">Epid - Ez</a></th> <th><a href="indexfghijkl.htm">FG</a></th> <th><a href="indexhi.htm">HI</a></th> <th><a href="indexjkl.htm">JK</a></th> <th><a href="indexjkl.htm#sec9">L</a></th> <th><a href="indexm-masd.htm">M-Masd</a></th> <th><a href="indexmast-max.htm">Mast-Max</a></th> <th><a href="indexme.htm">Me - Ny</a></th> <th><a href="indexo.htm">O</a></th> <th><a href="indexor.htm">Or - Oz</a></th> <th><a href="indexp-pf.htm">P - Pe</a></th> <th><a href="indexph-pk.htm">Ph - Pi</a></th> <th><a href="indexpl-pz.htm">Pl - Pz</a></th> <th><a href="indexqrsel.htm">QRS - Sel</a></th> <th><a href="indexser.htm">Ser - Sz</a></th> <th><a href="indextuvwxyz.htm">T-Z</a></th> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center style="font-weight: bold;"> <table border="5" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="3" align="left"> <table border="1" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <th><font size="3"><a href="index.htm">HOME</a></font></th> <th><font size="3"> <a href="glossary.htm">Orchid Species Glossary</a></font></th> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center><IMG SRC="orphotdir/encyc.jpg" alt="Chysis bractescens"></center> <CENTER><P><B><FONT SIZE=6> Welcome to the Internet Orchid Species Photo Encyclopedia</Font> </P> <center>Alphabetical search! Use your back button to return.</center> <P>Genera or species names that are synonyms of current names are denoted with a ~.</P> <P>The basiosynonym of a species is denoted with a "*". The basiosynonym is the very first name that a species had before it was changed to the current species name. If you have a name in parenthesis preceding another name, the name in parentheses is the basiosynonym. An example: ~*Ophrys bicolor Naegeli - See Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (Naegeli) Nelson: Ophyrs bicolor is the basiosynonym and in the current name the parentheses, (Naegeli), is the namer of the basiosynonym, while Nelson is the namer of the current species Ophyrs apifera var. bicolor.</P> <P> If a genus is complete [all of the species are represented] it is preceded by a <font size=7>`</font> <P>! denotes the Type Species of the genus <P>* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon <P>I have decided to include synonyms in the alphabetical listings because I have found it frustrating to find that some growers do not stay currrent in their plant names and as such we the consumer end up buying a plant that we feel is an exotic different species only to find that it is a plant that we have had for years under the correct name. An example, Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f is actually the common species Brassavola nodosa [L]Lindley.</P> <Center> <P><font size=5>Symbol Chart:</font><P> Fragrance = <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"> <P> Light Meter Icons; Full Shade = <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> Dappled shade or Partial Shade = <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> Bright Light or Full light = <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> Full Sun = <Img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"> <P>Temperature Icons; <P>Cold = <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> 2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 55`F night average - - Cool = <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 60`F night average<P>Warm = <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">1000 meters to 1800 meters, 68`F to 75`F night average - - Hot = <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">Sea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F <P>Season Icons; <P>Spring = <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> Summer = <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> Fall = <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> Winter = <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>SIZE: Miniature - under 6" tall leaf and pseudobulb Small - under 12" tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium - under 24" tall Large - under 48" tall Giant - Over 48" tall </center> <img align=right src="orphotdir/beach.gif" alt="Beach"> <HR><center><img src="orphotdir/rb1003.gif" alt="Rainbow" BORDER=0></center> <P> </CENTER> <P><Font size=6>Cattleyopsis Lindley 1853</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae. <P> A genus comprised of 3 species from the Caribbean islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Bermuda and the Bahamas with small, ovoid-cylindrical to ellipsoid psuedobulbs with one to two apical leaves that are fleshy-rigid and have erose margins. They have an erect, terminal, few flowered, inflorescence with small bracts that give rise to small to medium showy flowers with speading or not spreading sepals and petals, a tubular base of the spurless lip which spreads in the front and has papillae and hairs on the central veins. They have 8 pollina instead of 4 in Cattleya. This genus is allied to Broughtonia and Laeliopsis and can be interbred with Cattleya as well. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the similarities to the genus Cattleya <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cattleyopsis delicatula Lem. 1854 = Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1854 <OL> <P><LI><A href="catcubensis.htm">Cattleyopsis cubensis (Lindl.) Sauleda &amp; R.M. Adams 1984</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cattleyopsis delicatula Lem. 1854 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn 1910 <P>~Cattleyopsis guanensis Acua 1939 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910 <P>~Cattleyopsis holdridgei L.O.Williams 1946 - See Quisqueya rosea (Mansf.) Dod 1979 <P><LI><A href="catlindeni.htm">!Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cattleyopsis northropiana Cogn. 1910 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910 <P><LI><A href="catortgiesiana.htm">Cattleyopsis ortgiesiana (Rchb. f.) Cogn. 1910</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Cattleyopsis rosea Mansf. 1926 - See Quisqueya rosea (Mansf.) Dod 1979 </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Caucaea Schltr.1920 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae<P> This Andean genus consisting of 9 or so species has pseudobulbs with lateral inflorescence, a spurless flower with the sepals and petals slightly longer than the lip that has no basal claw, the basal callus is solid and quadrate, and is surrounded by the column that has fleshy wing-like lobes on each side and 2 hard pollina connected to a small oblong stipe and a round viscidium. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Rio Cauca Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Rodriguezia obscura F. Lehm. &amp; Kraenzl. 1898 = Caucaea obscura (F. Lehm. &amp; Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 = Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934 <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</font color=purple> Abola Lindley 1853 <OL> <P>~Caucaea aequinoctialis (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P><LI><A href="caucalticola.htm"> Caucaea alticola (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P><LI><A href="caucandigena.htm">Caucaea andigena (Linden &amp; Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Caucaea azuayensis (Kraenzl.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P>~Caucaea chimborazoensis (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea phalaenopsis (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P><LI><A href="caucacuculata.htm">Caucaea cucullata (Lindl.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="caudayana.htm">Caucaea dayana (Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Caucaea erosilabia (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P>~Caucaea kennedyi (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea olivaceum (Kunth) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P><LI><A href="caucmacrotyle.htm"> Caucaea macrotyle (Kniger & J.Portilla) Kniger 2003</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P><LI><A href="caucaceamimetica.htm">Caucaea mimetica (Stacy) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="caucnubigena.htm">Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Caucaea obscura (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934 <P><LI><A href="oncoliveaceum.htm">Caucaea olivaceum (Kunth) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cauceaphalaenopsis.htm">Caucaea phalaenopsis (Lindl. &amp; Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="caucaradiata.htm">!Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring">EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="oncrhodostictum.htm">Caucaea rhodosticta (Kraenzl.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="caucaeasanguinolentum.htm">Caucaea sanguinolenta (Lindl.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Caucaea spathulata (Lindl.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea phalaenopsis (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001 <P><A href="caucaeaspcolombia.htm"> Caucaea sp Colombia</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Caucaea tarquiensis (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea alticola (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 <P><LI><A href="onctripterginum.htm"> Caucaea tripterygia (Rchb.f.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Caucaea tunguraguensis (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams &amp; M.W. Chase 2001 <P><LI><A href="caucaeauniversitascuencae.htm"> Caucaea universitas-cuencae (Kniger & D.Vzquez) Kniger 2003</A><P> NONE TO FAINT<img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>` Caularthron Raf. 1837 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae. <P>This is a small genus of maybe 4 medium sized epiphytic species in tropical South America and Trinidad that is similar to Epidendrum but differs in having hollow horn like processes on the lip. It has also been known as Diacrium Lindley. This genus provides a hollow cavity inside the pseudobulb and is accessed at the base from which ants can get in and out. The leaves appear mostly on the upper end of the pseudobulb from which a terminal, racemose inflorescence arises with the few to several flowers held at the apex. The flowers open widely and, in contrast to Epidendrum, the lip is entirely free, and the column is broad and concave holding the 4 pollina with caudicles. This genus enjoys as bright sun as it can stand and they need no dry rest so water and fertilize evenly year round. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Articulated Stem, refers to the internodes displayed by the pseudobulb when the leaves fall off. <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> `Diacrium Lindley 1881 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Epidendrum bicornutum Hooker 1834 = Caularthron bicornuta [Hooker] Raf. 1836 <OL> <P><LI><A href="caulbicornutum.htm">!Caularthron bicornutum [Hooker]Raf. 1836</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="caulbilamellatum.htm">Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>Caularthron bilamellatum f. indivisum (Bradford) Carnevali &amp; I.Ramrez 2003 - See Caularthron indivisum (Bradford ex Griseb.) Garay & Dunst. 1979 <P>~Caularthron bivalvatulum [Schlechter] Jones 1974 - See Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958 <P><LI><A href="caulindivisum.htm"> Caularthron indivisum (Bradford ex Griseb.) Garay &amp; Dunst. 1979</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <P>~Caularthron umbellatum Raf. 1837 - See Dimerandra stenopetala (Hook.) Schltr. 1922 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Centranthera Schweidf. 1842 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.<P> <P><Font size=6>~`Centrochilus Schau. 1843 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae. <P> <P>~Centrochilus gracilis Schauer 1843 - See Habenaria linguella Lindl.1835 <P><Font size=6>~Centrogenium Schlechter 1920 - See Eltroplectris Raf. 1836-7</font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae<P> <P>~Centrogenium acianthiforme (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Hoehne 1945 - See Nothostele acianthiformis (Rchb.f. & Warm.) Garay 1980 publ. 1982 <P>~Centrogenium calcaratum (Sw.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay &amp; H.R. Sweet 1972 <P>~*Centrogenium cogniauxianum Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris cogniauxiana (Schltr.) Pabst 1974 <P>~*Centrogenium janeirense Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940 - See Eltroplectris janeirensis (Porto & Brade) Pabst 1974 <P>~*Centrogenium kuhlmannianum Hoehne 1944 - See Eltroplectris kuhlmanniana (Hoehne) Szlach. & Rutk. 2008 <P>~Centrogenium longicornu (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris longicornu (Cogn.) Pabst 1974 <P>~Centrogenium olivaceum (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920 - See Pelexia olivacea Rolfe 1890 <P>~Centrogenium rademarkeri Ruschi &amp; la Gasa 1972 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay &amp; H.R. Sweet 1972 <P>~Centrogenium roseoalbum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1919 - See Eltroplectris roseoalba (Rchb. f.) Hamer &amp; Garay 1974 <P>~*Centrogenium schlechterianum Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940 - See Eltroplectris schlechteriana (Porto & Brade) Pabst 1974 <P>~Centrogenium setaceum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay &amp; H.R. Sweet 1972 <P>~Centrogenium trilobum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris triloba (Lindl.) Pabst 1974 <P><Font size=6>`Centroglossa Barb. Rodr. 1882</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae. <P> This epiphytic genus is made up of 5 to 6 relatively small species mostly within Brazil with a short rhizome, small, fleshy pseudobubs carrying a single, linear to oblanceolate leaf with a racemose basal inflorescence. . <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the spur on the lip <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Ornithocephalus tripollinicus Barb.Rodr. 1877 = Centroglossa tripollinica (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881 <OL> <P><LI><A href="centrogaurantiaca.htm"> Centroglossa aurantiaca Chiron & N.Sanson 2011</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><LI><A href="centrogcastellensis.htm"> Centroglossa castellensis Brade1949</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="centglazovii.htm">Centroglossa glaziovii Cogn. 1904</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="centsp.htm">Centroglossa greeniana (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1904</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </A> <P>~Centroglossa greeniana var. aurea Cogn. 1907 - See Centroglossa macroceras Barb. Rodr. 1881 <P><LI><A href="centmacroceras.htm">Centroglossa macroceras Barb. Rodr. 1881</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATER <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="centrognuneslimae.htm"> Centroglossa nunes-limae Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940</A> <P>~*Centroglossa peruviana Cogn. 1907 - See Cryptocentrum peruvianum (Cogn.) C.Schweinf. 1946 <P><LI><A href="cenrtipollinica.htm"> !Centroglossa tripollinica (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Centropetalum Lindley 1838 - See Fernandezia Ruiz &amp; Pavon 1798</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae<P> <P>~*Centropetalum costaricense Ames & C.Schweinf. .1930 - See Pachyphyllum costaricense (Ames & C.Schweinf.) L.O.Williams 1938 <P>~Centropetalum distichum Lindl. 1838 - See Fernandezia subbiflora Ruiz &amp; Pav. 1798 <P>~Centropetalum hartwegii (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1923 - See Fernandezia hartwegii (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1972 <P>~Centropetalum ionantherum [Rchb.f $ Warsc.] Kraenzl., Pflanzer 1923 - See Fernandezia ionanthera [Rchb.f &amp; Wars.] Schlechter 1920 <P>~*Centropetalum lanceolatum L.O.Williams 1938 - See Fernandezia lanceolata (L.O.Williams) Garay & Dunst. 1972 <P>~Centropetalum myrtillus (Rchb.f.) Pfitzer 1881 - See Fernandezia myrtillus (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1972 <P>~Centropetalum nigrosignatum Kraenzl. 1906 - See Fernandezia nigrosignata (Kraenzl.) Garay & Dunst. 1972 <P>~Centropetalum punctatum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1923 - See Fernandezia maculata Garay & Dunst.1972 <P>~Centropetalum sanguineum (Lindl.) Kraenzl 1923 - See Fernandezia sanguinea (Lindl.) Garay &amp; Dunst. 1923 <P>~Centropetalum warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1852 - See Fernandezia subbiflora Ruiz &amp; Pav. 1798 <P><Font size=6> ~`Centrosis Sw. 1814 - Limodorum Swartz 1760</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae. <P>~Centrosis abortiva Sw. 1829 - See Limodorum abortivum (Linne) Swartz 1799 <P><Font size=6>~Centrosis Thou. 1822 - See Calanthe R. Brown 1821 </font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Collabieae, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae <P> <P>~Centrosis corymbosa Thouars 1822 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833 <P>~Centrosis plantaginea Thouars 1822 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833 <P>~*Centrosis sylvatica Thouars 1852 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833 <P>~Centrosis trabutiana Samp. 1913 - See Limodorum trabutianum Battandier 1886 <P><Font size=6> `Centrostigma Schltr. 1915</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae <P> There are 3 species in this African, cool growing, terrrestrial genus related to Habenaria but differing in the stigmas that are separated into two elongated arms, the lower clavate and fertile and the upper sterile and horn-like. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Central Stigma Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915 <OL> <P><LI><A href="centrclavatum.htm"> Centrostigma clavatum Summerh. 1956</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Centrostigma nyassanum Schltr. 1915 - See Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915 <P><LI><A href="centrosoccultans.htm"> !Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Centrostigma schlechteri (Kraenzl. ex Schltr.) Schltr. 1915 - See Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915 <P><LI><A href="centrospapillosum.htm"> Centrostigma papillosum Summerh. 1956</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Partial Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </OL> <P><Font size=6> ~Cephalangraecum Schlechter 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus Finet 1907</Font>SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae<P> <P>~Cephalangraecum braunii (T.Durand & Schinz) Summerh. 1936 - See Ancistrorhynchus metteniae (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1944 <P>~Cephalangraecum capitatum (Lindl.) Schltr.1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus capitatus (Lindl.) Summerh. 1944 <P>~Cephalangraecum gentilii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus capitatus (Lindl.) Summerh. 1944 <P>~Cephalangraecum metteniae (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus metteniae (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1944 <P>~Cephalangraecum straussii (Schltr.) Summerh. 1936 - See Ancistrorhynchus straussii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918 <P><Font size=6>Cephalanthera L.C. Rich 1818</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae. <P>There are approximately 26 species in this primarily terrestrial species found in the temperate zones of the new world and Europe and into North Africa and the Himalayas and grow in calcareous soils which are very basic in 'ph' value. The plant has numerous roots giving rise to an erect stem carryingsessile, plicate leaves and blooms on a terminal ,racemose, laxly to densely flowered inflorescence carrying suberect, white, pink to yellow floewrs with a sessile ovary. The sepals and petals are subsimilar, free, connivent, the lip is 2 lobed and adnate to the column base and has a concave to saccate hypochile. The epichile is recurved and has longitudinal ridges and the long erect column has large stigma and a short to absent rostellum, the anther is unhinged and the 2 pollina are clavate and mealy. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the single stamen which sits on top of the anther <P><Font color=purple> Synonyms </Font> `Dorycheile Rchb.f 1841; Helleborine Hill Britt. <P><Font color=green>LectoType Species</Font> = ! = Cephalanthera pallens L.C.M. Richard 1818 = Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <OL> <P>~Cephalanthera acuminata Lindley 1832 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera acuminata Wall. ex Lindl. 1840 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera acuminata Ledeb. 1852 - See Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931 <P>~Cephalanthera acuminata Lindley 1828 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera alba Fritsch 1888 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera alba (Crantz) Simonkai 1886 - see Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera alba var. adenophora R.Keller in H.Schinz & R.Keller 1914 - see Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P><LI><A href="cephalpicola.htm"> Cephalanthera alpicola Fukuy. 1938</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg">LATER <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> AND <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cephalanthera alpicola var. shizuoi (F.Maek.) T.Hashim. 1987 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera andrusi Post 1895 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <P>~Cephalanthera angustifolia Simonkai 1886 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P><LI><A href="cephaustinae.htm"> Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900 </A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg">LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg">and<<IMG SRC="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cephalanthera bijiangensis S.C.Chen 1987 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 <P><LI><A href="cephcaucasica.htm"> Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera comosa Tineo 1843 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera conferta (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz 2005 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P><LI><A href="cephcucullata.htm"> Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. 1854</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. epipactoides (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid.: 45 (1975 - See Cephalanthera epipactoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854 <P>~Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. floribunda (Woronow) H.Sund. 1975 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <P>Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) H.Sund. 1975 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <P>Cephalanthera cucullata var. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) Bornm. 1910 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <p><LI><A href="cephdamasonium.htm">Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 </A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium f. collina (Zapal.) So 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium f. gracilis (Zapal.) So 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium f. spicata (W.Zimm.) So 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium lus ochroleuca (Baumg.) So 1970 publ. 1971 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium subsp. caucasica (Kraenzl.) H.Sund. 1980 - See Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931 <P>~Cephalanthera damasonium subsp. kotschyana (Renz & Taubenheim) H.Sund. 1980 - See Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980 <P>~Cephalanthera elegans Schltr. 1919 - See - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera ensifolia (Murr) L.C.M. Richard 1818- See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. acuminata (Wall. ex Lindl.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. cesari-gonzalezii Rivas Goday & Bellot 1948 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. maravignae (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P><LI><A href="epipepipactioides.htm"> Cephalanthera epipactoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cepherecta.htm"> Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 </A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera erecta f. subaphylla (Miyabe &amp; Kud) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P>~Cephalanthera erecta var. oblanceolata N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P>~Cephalanthera erecta var. szechuanica Schltr. ex H.Limpr. 1922 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P><LI><A href="cephexigua.htm"> Cephalanthera exigua Seidenf. 1975</A> <P><LI><A href="cephfalcata.htm">Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> To <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera falcata var. flava X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2009 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 Cephalanthera floribunda Woronow 1908 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <P>~Cephalanthera grandiflora Bab. 1908 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera grandiflora S.F. Gray 1821 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera japonica A.Gray in M.C.Perry 1857 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 <P>~Cephalanthera kokanica Regel ex Nevski 1935 - See Epipactis gigantea Douglas ex Hook. 1839 <P><LI><A href="cephkotschyana.htm"> Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cephkurdica.htm"> Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera kurdica subsp. floribunda (Woronow) So 1969 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895 <P>~Cephalanthera lancifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Dumort. 1827 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia Druce 1907 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia (Miller) Janchen 1907 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia f. adenophora (R.Keller) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia f. collina (Zapal.) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia f. gracilis (Zapal.) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia f. pienena (Zapal.) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera latifolia f. spicata (W.Zimm.) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera lonchophyllum (L. f.) Rchb. f. 1851 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P><LI><A href="cephlongibracteata.htm">Cephalanthera longibracteata Blume 1859</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> To <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cephlongifolia.htm">!Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia f. angustifolia Maire &amp; Weiller 1959 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia f. latifolia (Maire) Maire &amp; Weiller 1959 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia f. longibracteata (Harz) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia f. pilosa (Harz) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia f. pumila Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia subsp. conferta B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia var. gibbosa Boiss. 1882 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia var. latifolia (Maire) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia var. pilosa Harz in J.Sturm 1896 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera longifolia var. rosea Perko 2002 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera mairei Schltr. 1919 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera maravignae Tineo 1843 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P><LI><A href="cephnanchuanica.htm"> Cephalanthera nanchuanica (S.C.Chen) X.H.Jin & X.G.Xiang 2012</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cephalanthera nanlingensis A.Q.Hu & F.W.Xing 2009 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P>~Cephalanthera ochroleuca Rchb. f. 1833 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera oregana Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens [Sw.] L.C.M. Richard 1818 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens Hohen. 1838 - See Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens var. collina Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens var. gracilis Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens subsp. ochroleuca (Baumg.) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera pallens var. pienena Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera palustris Rich. ex Pritz. 1866 - See Epipactis palustris (Linne) Crantz 1769 <P>~Cephalanthera platycheila Rchb.f. 1845 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 <P>~Cephalanthera raymondiae Schltr. 1922 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 <P>~Cephalanthera royleana (Lindl.) Regel 1879 - See Epipactis royleana Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="cephrubra.htm">Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cephalanthera rubra f. alba Raynaud 1985 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra f. comosa (Tineo) Robatsch 2000 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra f. latior Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra f. parviflora (Harz) So 1928 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra f. tenczyniensis (Zapal.) So 1928- See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra lusus albiflora (Harz) Touss. & Hosch. 1898 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra var. comosa (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra var. leucantha Bordz, 1950 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818 <P>~Cephalanthera rubra var. tenczyniensis Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 181 <P><A href="cephxschaberi.htm"> Cephalanthera schaberi H.Baumann 1980</A> <P>~Cephalanthera shizuoi Maek. 1936 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 <P>~Cephalanthera subaphylla Miyabe &amp; Kud 1932 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P>~Cephalanthera szechuanica Schltr. 1924 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858 <P>~Cephalanthera taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1988 - See Cephalanthera alpicola Fukuy. 1938 <P>~Cephalanthera thomsonii Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera xiphophyllum {L.F.}Rchb. 1851 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera xiphophyllum var. latifolia Maire 1914 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888 <P>~Cephalanthera yunnanensis Hand.-Mazz. 1936 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906 </OL> <P><Font size=6>Cephalantheropsis Guillaumin 1960 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Collabieae, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae <P> Found in the Eastern Himalayas through Malesia and north to Japan and has 7 terrestrial species withan erect, bamboo-like, leafy above stem carrying plicate attenuate to the leaf sheaths below and blooms on an axillary, erect, racemose, laxly few to many flowered inflorescence carrying flowers with free, subsimilar, spreading sepal and petals and a free, gibbous at the base, spurless, 3 lobed lip with it's lateral lobes envelop the truncate, short column lacking a foot and has 8 pollina in 4 equal pairs. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Cephalanthera-Like Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cephalantheropsis lateriscapa Guillaumin 1960 = Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cephalacalanthoides.htm"> Cephalantheropsis calanthoides (Ames) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg">LATE<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~<A href="orphotdir/cephgracilis.jpg"> Cephalantheropsis gracilis (Lindl.) S.Y.Hu 1972</A> - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998 <P>~Cephalantheropsis halconensis (Ames) S.S.Ying 1988 - See Cephalantheropsis calanthoides (Ames) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978 <P>~Cephalantheropsis lateriscapa Guillaumin 1960 - See Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998 <P><LI><A href="cephallongipes.htm"> !Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="fall"> <P><LI><A href="cephaobcordata.htm"> Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cephalantheropsis venusta (Schltr.) S.Y.Hu 1972 - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Cepobaculum M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae <P> All the members of this genus have been moved to Dendrobium or Dockerilla. <P>~Cepobaculum canaliculatum (R.Br.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810 <P>~Cepobaculum capra (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium capra J.J. Sm. 1910 <P>~Cepobaculum carronii (Lavarack &amp; P.J.Cribb) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium carronii Lavarack &amp; P.J. Cribb 1983 <P>~Cepobaculum foelschei (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810 <P>~Cepobaculum johannis (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium johannis Rchb.f 1865 <P>~Cepobaculum semifuscum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trilamellatum J.J.Sm. 1908 <P>~Cepobaculum tattonianum (Bateman ex Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810 <P>~Cepobaculum trilamellatum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trilamellatum J.J.Sm. 1908 <P><Font size=6>~`Ceraia Lour 1790 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae. <P> <P>~Ceraia acaciifolia (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium acaciifolium J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Ceraia acicularis (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aciculare Lindl. 1840 <P>~Ceraia alabensis (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium alabense J.J.Wood 1990 <P>~Ceraia aurantiflammea (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aurantiflammeum J.J.Wood 1998 <P>~Ceraia batanensis (Ames &amp; Quisumb.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium equitans Kraenzl. 1910 <P>~Ceraia boothii (Teijsm. & Binn.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium blumei Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia bukidnonensis (Ames & Quisumb.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium bukidnonense Ames & Quisumb. 1936 <P>~Ceraia calceola (Roxb.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium calceolum Roxb. 1832 <P>~Ceraia carinata (L.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium carinatum (L.) Willd. 1805 <P>~Ceraia chrysotainia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium chrysotainium Schltr.1910 <P>~Ceraia cinnabarina (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem.2003 - See Dendrobium cinnabarinum Rchb.f. 1880 <P>~Ceraia clavator (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium clavator Ridl. 1896 <P>~Ceraia compressicaulis (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium compressicaule J.J.Sm. 1928 <P>~Ceraia cuneata (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cuneatum Schltr. 1906 <P>~Ceraia cuneilabra (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cuneilabrum J.J.Sm. 1909 <P>~Ceraia cymbulipes (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cymbulipes J.J.Sm. 1927 <P>~ Ceraia dentata (Seidenf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium dentatum Seidenf. 1981 <P>~ Ceraia eboracensis (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium eboracense Kraenzl. 1894 <P>~Ceraia ephemera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium ephemerum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Ceraia equitans (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium equitans Kraenzl. 1910 <P>~Ceraia escritorii (Ames) Surez 2010 - See Dendrobium escritorii Ames 1915 <P>~Ceraia exilis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium exile Schltr. 1906 <P>~Ceraia facifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem.2003 - See Dendrobium faciferum J.J.Sm. 1908 <P>~Ceraia fimbriata (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium blumei Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia fugax M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hendersonii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957 <P>~Ceraia gedeana (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gracile (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia gerlandiana (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gerlandianum Kraenzl. 1909 <P>~Ceraia goldfinchii (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium goldfinchii F.Muell. 1883 <P>~Ceraia gracilis (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gracile (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia grootingsii (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium grootingsii J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Ceraia hymenocentra (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hymenocentrum Schltr. 1912 <P>~Dendrobium hymenopetalum Schltr. 1911 - See Ceraia hymenopetala (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 <P>~Ceraia inconcinna (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium angulatum Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia incurvociliata (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium incurvociliatum J.J.Sm. 1931 <P>~Ceraia juncea (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium junceum Lindl. 1842 <P>~Ceraia juncifolia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium juncifolium Schltr. 1911 <P>~Ceraia koeteiana (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aciculare Lindl. 1840 <P>~Ceraia kurashigei (T.Yukawa) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium kurashigei T.Yukawa 1998 <P>~Ceraia lamellifera (Carr) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lawiense J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Ceraia lamellulifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lamelluliferum J.J.Sm. 1927 <P>~Ceraia lanciloba (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lancilobum J.J.Wood 1990 <P>~ Ceraia lawiensis (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lawiense J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Ceraia limii (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium limii J.J.Wood 1994 <P>~Ceraia linearifolia (Teijsm. & Binn.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium linearifolium Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 <P>~Ceraia litoralis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium litorale Schltr. 1912 <P>~Ceraia macfarlanei (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium johnsoniae F. Muell. 1882 <P>~Ceraia macrapora (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium macraporum J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Ceraia minima (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium minimum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 <P>~Ceraia modesta (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium modestum Rchb.f. 1855 <P>~Ceraia multiramosa (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium multiramosum Ames 1915 <P>~Ceraia odorata (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium odoratum Schltr. 1910 <P>~Ceraia papilionifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799 <P>~Ceraia parviflora (Ames &amp; C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799 <P>~Ceraia patentiloba (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium patentilobum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 <P>~Ceraia peculiaris (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium peculiare J.J. Sm. 1928 <P>~Ceraia philippinensis (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium philippinense Ames 1914 <P>~Ceraia planibulbis (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium planibulbe Lindl. 1843 <P>~Ceraia polytricha (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium polytrichum Ames 1907 <P>~Ceraia pseudocalceola (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium pseudocalceolum J.J.Sm. 1907 <P>~Ceraia pseudoequitans (Fessel & Luckel) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium pseudoequitans Fessel & Luckel 2000 <P>~Ceraia pseudoequitans (Fessel & Luckel) M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Dendrobium pseudoequitans Fessel & Luckel 2000 <P>~Ceraia pseudotenella (Guillaumin) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium pseudotenellum Guillaumin 1965 <P>~Ceraia puberulilinguis (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium puberulilingue J.J.Sm. 1927 <P>~Ceraia ridleyana M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hendersonii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957 <P>~Ceraia robinsonii (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium carinatum (L.) Willd. 1805 <P>~Ceraia saaronica (J.Knig) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Renanthera matutina [Blume]Lindley 1833 <P>~Ceraia sanguinea M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cinnabarinum Rchb.f. 1880 <P>~Ceraia setifera M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenellum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia setifolia (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium setifolium Ridl.1896 <P>~Ceraia simplicissima Lour. 1790 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799 <P>~Ceraia stelidiifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A. Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium stelidiiferum J.J.Sm. 1920 <P>~Ceraia strigosa (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tetraedre (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia tenella (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenellum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia tenuicaulis (Hook.f.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenuicaule Hook.f. 1890 <P>~Ceraia tenuis (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenue J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Ceraia tetraedris (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tetraedre (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Ceraia torajaensis (P.O'Byrne) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium torajaense P.O'Byrne 1999 <P>~Ceraia tridentata (Ames &amp; C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tridentatum Ames &amp; C. Schweinf. 1920 <p>~Ceraia truncata (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium truncatum Lindl. 1859 <P>~Ceraia usterii (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Flickingeria usterii (Schltr.) Brieger 1981 <P>~Ceraia usterioides (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium usterioides Ames 1915 <P>~Ceraia ventricosa (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium ventricosum Kraenzl. 1910 <P>~Ceraia ventripes (Carr) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium singulare Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 <P><Font size=6>`Ceratandra Eckl. &amp; F.A. Bauer 1837</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Disinae <P> There are 6 species in this terestrial genus endemic to South Africa that is a segregate from the genus Disa and differ mainly in the horn-like appendages that are on the column. <p><FONT COLOR=PURPLE>Synonyms</Font> <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Horn-Shaped Anther Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = Ceratandra chloroleuca Eckl. ex F.A.Bauer 1837 = ! = Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 <OL> <P>~Ceratandra affinis Sond. 1846 - See Ceratandra harveyana Lindl. 1838 <P><LI><a href="ceratandraatrata.htm"> !Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Ceratandra auriculata Lindl. 1838 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 <P><LI><A href="ceratbicolor.htm">Ceratandra bicolor Sond. ex Bolus 1884</A><P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Ceratandra chloroleuca Eckl. ex F.A.Bauer 1837 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 <P><LI><A href="ceratglobosa.htm"> Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> MID <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> THROUGH EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratagrandiflora.htm">Ceratandra grandiflora Lindl. 1838</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="evotaharveyana.htm"> Ceratandra harveyana Lindl. 1838 </A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Ceratandra harveyana Sond.1846 - See Ceratandra bicolor Sond. ex Bolus 1884 <P>~Ceratandra ochroleuca G.Don 1839 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894 <P>~Ceratandra parviflora Lindl. 1838 - See Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838 <P><LI><A href="ceratvenosa.htm"> Ceratandra venosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1897</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Ceratandropsis Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra Eckl. &amp; F.A. Bauer 1837</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Disinae <P>~ Ceratandropsis globosa (Lindl.) Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838 <P>~Ceratandropsis grandiflora (Lindl.) Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra grandiflora Lindl. 1838 <P><Font size=6>~`Ceratium Bl. 1825 - See Eria Lindley 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae. <P> <P>~*Ceratium compressum Blume 1825 - See Eria compressa (Blume) Blume 1856 <P><Font size=6>~`Ceratobium (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae <P> All the members of this genus have been moved to Dendrobium. <P>~Ceratobium antennatum (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium antennatum Lindley [Rchb.f]J.J.Sm. 1843 <P>~Ceratobium bicaudatum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bicaudatum Reinw. ex Lindl. 1859 <P>~Ceratobium brevimentum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium militare P.J.Cribb 1996 <P>~Ceratobium dalbertisii (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium antennatum Lindley [Rchb.f]J.J.Sm. 1843 <P>~Ceratobium devosianum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium devosianum J.J.Sm. 1934 <P>~Ceratobium laxiflorum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium laxiflorum J.J.Sm. 1932 <P>~Ceratobium leporinum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium leporinum J.J.Sm. 1909 <P>~Ceratobium minax (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bicaudatum Reinw. ex Lindl. 1859 <P>~Ceratobium stratiotes (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium stratiotes Rchb. f.1886 <P>~Ceratobium strebloceras (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium strebloceras Rchb.f 1886 <P>~Ceratobium strepsiceros (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium tangerinum P.J. Cribb 1980 <P>~Ceratobium taurulinum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium taurulinum J.J.Sm. 1920 <P><Font size=6>`Ceratocentron Senghas 1989</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae<P> <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the solid horn that is on the front side of the spur <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Ceratocentron fesselii Senghas 1989 <P>A Philippine endemic, mini-miniature sized, monotypic, epiphytic genus <ol> <P><LI><A href="ceratfesseli.htm">!Ceratocentron fesselii Senghas 1989</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6> Ceratochilus Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae. <P> A monotypic genus from the high mountains of Java and Sumatra as an epiphyte on mossy trees in cloud forests. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the horn-like caluses at the entrance to the spur <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Ceratochilus biglandulosus Blume 1825 <Ol> <P><LI><A href="ceratbiglandulous.htm">!Ceratochilus biglandulosus Blume 1825</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~*Ceratochilus jiewhoei J.J.Wood & Shim in C.L.Chan. & al. 1994 - See Jejewoodia jiewhoei (J.J.Wood & Shim) Szlach. 1995 <P>~Ceratochilus micranthus Lindl. 1833 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969 <P>~Ceratochilus orchideus (J.Knig) Lindl. 1833 - See Trichoglottis orchidea (J.Knig) Garay 1972 <P>~Ceratochilus papuanus Kraenzl. ex Warb 1893 - See Glomera confusa J.J.Sm.1912 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Ceratochilus Lindley 1829 - See Stanhopea Hooker 1829</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae. <P> All the species in this genus have been moved to Stanhopea. <P>~*Ceratochilus grandiflorus Lodd. 1828 - See Stanhopea grandiflora (Lodd.) Lindl. 1856 <P>~Ceratochilus insignis Lindl. ex Steud. 1830 - See Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829 <P>~Ceratochilus insignis (Frost) Lindl. ex G. Don 1830 - See Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829 <P>~*Ceratochilus oculatus Lodd. 1831 - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832 <P><Font size=6>~Ceratopetalorchis Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae<P> <P>~Ceratopetalorchis cirrhata (Lindl.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria cirrhata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis clavata (Lindl.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria clavata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis cornuta (Lindl.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukall 2003 - See Habenaria cornuta Lindl. 1836 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis harmsiana (Schltr.) Szlach. 2003 - See Habenaria harmsiana Schltr.1915 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis holubii (Rolfe) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria holubii Rolfe 1898 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis kassneriana (Kraenzl.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria humilior Rchb.f. 1881 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis laurentii (De Wild.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria laurentii De Wild. 1904 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis mira (Summerh.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria mira Summerh. 1964 <P>~Ceratopetalorchis stenorhynchos (Schltr.) Szlach., Grniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria stenorhynchos Schltr. 1895 <P><Font size=6>`~Ceratopsis Lindley 1840 - See Epipogium [J.F. Gmel.] L.C. Rich 1792</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Gastrodieae, SUBTRIBE Gastrodiinae. <P> <P>~Ceratopsis rosea Lindl. 1840 - See Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl. 1857 <P><Font size=6> Ceratostylis Blume 1825 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae . <P> A genus of small epiphytes with fibrous roots and terete leaves that have an short inflorescence with one to several flowers in a small cluster that arises from sheaths at the base of the leaves. There are 147 some species in the genus that is largely found in India, S. E. Asia, and out to the Philippines and adjacent Pacific Islands. They require shade, humidity and plenty of water while growing, gradually reducing as the growths mature but never allow the plant to dry out completely. They flower more than once a year and can be divided after flowering. The solitary to a few in a cluster, resupinate flowers have erect, connivent sepals with the laterals forming an saccate or spurlike mentum with the column foot, narrow petals and a lip that is adnate to the column foot by a long, incumbent claw, entire, often with longitudinal calli and a short, dilated above, 2 lobed or with 2 spathulate, erect arms column and an elongate foot all with 8, sessile pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to how the wings of the column are raised and horn-like <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> Blume gave reference to several species when he described the genus. LECTOTYPE Ceratostylis graminea <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</font color=purple> Ritaia King & Pantl.1898 <ol> <P><LI><A href="ceratacutifolia.htm"> Ceratostylis acutifolia Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratampullacea.htm"> Ceratostylis ampullacea Kraenzl. 1893</A> <P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratanceps.htm"> Ceratostylis anceps Blume 1825</a> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratangiensis.htm"> Ceratostylis angiensis J.J Sm 1917</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="ceratanjasmorensis.htm">Ceratostylis anjasmorensis J.J.Wood & J.B.Comber 1986</a><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="ceratbackeri.htm"> Ceratostylis backeri J.J.Sm. 1913</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P>~Ceratostylis beccariana Kraenzl. 1910 - See Eria nutans Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="ceratbraccata.htm">Ceratostylis braccata Rchb.f. 1857</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratbrevibrachiata.htm"> Ceratostylis brevibrachiata J.J.Sm. 1910</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring" <P><LI><A href="ceratbrevipes.htm"> Ceratostylis brevipes Schltr. 1912</A><P> <I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Ceratostylis caespitosa (Rolfe) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Ceratostylis hainanensis Z.H.Tsi 1995 <P><LI><A href="ceratcalcarata.htm"> Ceratostylis calcarata Schltr. 1912</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATER <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratocapitata.htm"> Ceratostylis capitata Zoll. & Moritzi 1844</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><LI><A href="ceratcebolleta.htm"> Ceratostylis cebolleta J.J.Sm. 1917</A> <P>~Ceratostylis cepula Rchb.f. 1857 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratclathrata.htm"> Ceratostylis clathrata Hook.f. 1890</A> <P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><a href="ceratcrassifolia.htm"> Ceratostylis crassifolia J.J.Sm. 1913</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratcrassilingua.htm"> Ceratostylis crassilingua Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratcrassipetala.htm"> Ceratostylis crassipetala J.J.Sm. 1920</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P>~Ceratostylis cryptantha Ridl. 1912- See Sarcostoma javanica Bl. 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratdischorense.htm"> Ceratostylis dischorensis Schltr. 1912</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="cerateria.htm"> Ceratostylis eria Govaerts 1999</A><P> <I>SECTION Pleuranthemum</I><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~ Ceratostylis eriaeoides Hook.f.1891 - See Ceratostylis eria Govaerts 1999 <P><LI><A href="ceraterardii.htm"> Ceratostylis evrardii Gagnep. 1932</A><P> <P><LI><A href="ceratficinioides.htm"> Ceratostylis ficinioides Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratflavescens.htm"> Ceratostylis flavescens Schltr. 1912</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~ Ceratostylis gigas Rchb.f. 1857 - See Ceratostylis anceps Blume 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratglabriflora.htm"> Ceratostylis glabriflora Schltr. 1912</a><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratgracilis.htm"> Ceratostylis gracilis Bl. 1825</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P>~Ceratostylis gracilis Nves 1878 - See Dendrochilum tenellum (Nees &amp; Meyen) Ames 1907 <P><LI><A href="certagraminea.htm"> Ceratostylis graminea Blume 1825</A> <P> LECTOTYPE For the genus <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> to<img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cerathainanensis.htm">Ceratostylis hainanensis Z.H.Tsi 1995</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratheterophylla.htm"> Ceratostylis heterophylla W.Suarez 2011</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cerathimalaica.htm"> Ceratostylis himalaica Hook.f. 1890</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><a href="cerathydrophila.htm">Ceratostylis hydrophila Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATER <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratoincognita.htm">Ceratostylis incognita J.T.Atwood &amp; J.Beckner 1999</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><a href="cerinflata.htm"> Ceratostylis inflata Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratjacobsonii.htm"> Ceratostylis jacobsonii J.J.Sm. 1920</A> <p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P>~*Ceratochilus jiewhoei J.J.Wood & Shim in C.L.Chan. & al. 1994 - See Jejewoodia jiewhoei (J.J.Wood & Shim) Szlach. 1995 <P><LI><A href="ceratkaniense.htm"> Ceratostylis kaniensis Schltr. 1912</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlancifolia.htm"> Ceratostylis lancifolia Hook.f. 1890</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlancipetala.htm"> Ceratostylis lancipetala Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlateralis.htm"> Ceratostylis lateralis Schltr. 1911</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlatifolia.htm"> Ceratostylis latifolia Blume 1825</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Ceratostylis latipetala Ames 1910 - See Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857 <P><LI><A href="ceratlatuensis.htm"> Ceratostylis latuensis J.J.Sm. 1905</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="ceratleucantha.htm"> Ceratostylis leucantha Schltr. 1911</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Ceratostylis linearifolia Ridl. 1924 - See Ceratostylis radiata J.J.Sm. 1905 <P>~Ceratostylis linearis Ridl. 1912 - See Sarcostoma javanica Bl. 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratloheri.htm">Ceratostylis loheri L.O.Williams 1938</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlongipedunculata.htm"> Ceratostylis longipedunculata J.J.Sm. 1925</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlongipes.htm"> Ceratostylis longipes Schltr. 1912</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratlongisegmentata.htm"> Ceratostylis longisegmenta Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratmaborensis.htm"> Ceratostylis maboroensis Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Pleuranthemum</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Ceratostylis malaccensis Hook.f. 1890 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratmicrantha.htm"> Ceratostylis micrantha Schltr. 1906</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratmindanense.htm"> Ceratostylis mindanaensis Ames 1923</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="ceratnivea.htm"> Ceratostylis nivea Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="certaoctomerioides.htm"> Ceratostylis octomerioides J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2010</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg">EARLY <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratoreophila.htm"> Ceratostylis oreophila Schltr. 1912</A> <P> <I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Ceratostylis papuana (Kraenzl. ex Warb.) Kraenzl. 1900 - See Glomera confusa J.J.Sm.1912 <P><LI><A href="ceratparviflora.htm"> Ceratostylis parvifolia J.J.Sm. 1917</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P>~Ceratostylis pellita Rchb.f 1890 - See Eria leiophylla Lindl. 1859 <P><LI><A href="ceratpendula.htm"> Ceratostylis pendula Hook.f. 1890</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="ceratphaeochlamys.htm"> Ceratostylis phaeochlamys Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratophilippinense.htm">Ceratostylis philippinensis Rolfe 1905</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratpiepersii.htm"> Ceratostylis piepersii J.J.Sm. 1912</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><LI><A href="ceraplatychila.htm"> Ceratostylis platychila Schltr. 1905</A><P><I> SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratpleurothallis.htm"> Ceratostylis pleurothallis (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. 1982</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrant"> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="deep Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="summer"> <P><LI><A href="ceratopulchella.htm"> Ceratostylis pulchella Holttum 1953</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <P>~Ceratostylis pygmaea Evrard ex Gagnep. 1932 - See Ceratostylis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925 <P><LI><A href="ceratradiata.htm"> Ceratostylis radiata J.J.Sm. 1905</A><P><I> SECTION Pleuranthemum</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg">to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="ceratrecurva.htm"> Ceratostylis recurva J.J.Sm. 1910</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P><LI><A href="ceratostylusrubra.htm">Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857</A><P><I> SECTION Pleuranthemum</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Ceratostylis ritaia Schltr. 1922 - See Ceratostylis himalaica Hook.f. 1890 <P><LI><A href="ceratrivularis.htm"> Ceratostylis rivularis Schltr. 1912</A><P> <I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="ceratrobusta.htm"> Ceratostylis robusta Hook.f. 1890</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <p>~Ceratostylis rubra Ames 1910 - See Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857 <P><LI><A href="ceratscirpoides.htm"> Ceratostylis scirpoides Schltr. 1905</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><a href="cerasenilis.htm"> Ceratostylis senilis Rchb.f. 1878</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="ceratsiamensis.htm"> Ceratostylis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="deep Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="summer"> <P><LI><A href="ceratsima.htm"> Ceratostylis sima J.J.Sm. 1908</A> <P><LI><A href="ceratosp.htm">Ceratostylis simplex Bl. 1825</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="ceratspathulata.htm"> Ceratostylis spathulata Schltr. 1905</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Ceratostylis spathulata var. tenerrima Schltr. 1912 - See Ceratostylis spathulata Schltr. 1905 <P>1<A href="ceratossps.htm">Ceratostylis sp. Laos Pendant Type</A> <P>2<A href="ceratospmalaysia.htm"> Ceratostylis sp Malaysia </A> <P>3<A href="ceratosspmalaysia.htm"> Ceratostylis sp Malaysia</A> <P>4<A href="ceratostspng.htm"> Ceratostylis sp New Guinea</A> <P>5<A href="ceratostspngu.htm"> Ceratostylis sp New Guinea</A> <P>6<A href="ceratostspngui.htm"> Ceratostylis sp New Guinea</A> <P>7<A href="ceratostspnguin.htm"> Ceratostylis sp New Guinea</A> <P>8<A href="ceratostspnguina.htm"> Ceratostylis sp New Guinea</A> <P>9<A href="ceratostspnguinasul.htm"> Ceratostylis sp Sulawesi</A> <P>10<A href="ceratostyspec.htm"> Ceratostylis sp </A> <P><LI><A href="ceratsubulata.htm">Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825</A> <P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> to<img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Ceratostylis teres (Griff.) Rchb.f. 1854 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825 <P><LI><A href="ceratthailandica.htm"> Ceratostylis thailandica Seidenf. 1969</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="cerattjihana.htm"> Ceratostylis tjihana J.J.Sm. 1911</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="cerattonkinensis.htm">Ceratostylis tonkinensis (Gagnep.) Aver.1988</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="cerattricallifera.htm"> Ceratostylis tricallifera J.J.Sm. 1920</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="cerattriloba.htm"> Ceratostylis triloba Schltr. 1912</A><P><I>SECTION Ceratostylis</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cerattruncata.htm"> Ceratostylis truncata J.J.Sm. 1927</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="ceratvagans.htm"> Ceratostylis vagans Schltr. 1911</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="ceratwenzellii.htm">Ceratostylis wenzelii Ames 1914</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> </ol> <P><Font size=6>~`Cerochilus Lindl. 1854 - See Hetaeria Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae<P> <P>~Cerochilus rubens Lindl. 1854 - See Hetaeria affinis (Griff.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 2001 <p><Font size=6>~Cestichis Thouars ex Pfitzer 1887 - See Liparis L.C.Rich 1817</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae.<P> <p><Font size=6>~Cestichis Lindley - See Liparis L.C.Rich 1817</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae.<P> <P>~Cestichis aaronii (P.J.Cribb & B.A.Lewis) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis werneri Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis acaulis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis acaulis Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis alpina (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis alpina P.Royen 1979 <P>~Cestichis altigena (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis altigena Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis arachnites (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis arachnites Schltr. 1911 <P>~*Cestichis benguetensis Ames 1905 - See Liparis benguetensis (Ames) Schltr. 1911 <P>~ Cestichis brevicaulis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis brevicaulis Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis caespitosa (Thouars) Ames 1908 - See Liparis cespitosa [Lamarck] Lindley 1825 <P>~Cestichis calcarea (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis calcarea Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis caricifolia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis caricifolia Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis cespitosa (Lam.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis cespitosa [Lamarck] Lindley 1825 <P>~Cestichis chlorantha (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis chlorantha Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis clemensiae Ames 1910 - See Liparis condylobulbon Rchb. f. 1862 <P>~Cestichis coelogynoides (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis coelogynoides (F.Muell.) Benth. 1873 <P>~Cestichis compressa (Blume) Ames 1905 - See Liparis compressa [Bl] Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cestichis condylobulbon ( Rchb.f. ) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis condylobulbon Rchb. f. 1862 <P>~Cestichis decurrens (Blume) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis decurrens (Blume) Rchb.f. ex Ridl. 1886 <P>~Cestichis disticha (Thouars) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis disticha [Thouars] Lindl. 1826 <P>~Cestichis divergens (J.J.Sm.) Ames 1905 - See Liparis mucronata (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cestichis dolichobulbos (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis dolichobulbos Schltr. 1911 <P>~ Cestichis dolichostachya ( Fukuy. ) Tuyama 1939 - See Liparis dolichostachys Schltr. 1906 <P>~Cestichis elegans (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis elegans Lindl. 1830 <P>~ Cestichis elliptica (Wight) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851 <P>~*Cestichis elmeri Ames 1905 - See Liparis elmeri [Ames] Ames 1911 <P>~Cestichis forbesii (Ridl.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis bootanensis Griff. 1851 <P>~ Cestichis genychila (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis genychila Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis gibbsiae (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis gibbsiae J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Cestichis gracilis (Hook.f.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis elegans Lindl. 1830 <P>~*Cestichis halconensis Ames 1907 - See Liparis halconensis (Ames) Ames 1915 <P>~Cestichis imperatifolia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis imperatifolia Schltr. 1911 <P>~ Cestichis indifferens (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis elegans Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cestichis kempteriana (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis kempteriana Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis latifolia (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis latifolia [Blume] Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cestichis laurisilvatica (Fukuy.) Maek. 1937 - See Liparis laurisilvatica Fukuy. 1933 <P>~Cestichis leptopus (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis leptopus Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis longipes (Lindl.) Ames 1905 - See Liparis viridiflora [Blume] Lindley 1830 <P>~Cestichis lyonii Ames 1911 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851 <P>~Cestichis major (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis major Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis mapaniifolia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis mapaniifolia Schltr. 1911 <P>~ Cestichis merapiensis ( Schltr. ) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis merapiensis Schlechter 1911 <P>~Cestichis merrillii Ames 1905 - See Liparis merrillii (Ames) Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis microblepharon (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis microblepharon Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis nugentiae (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis nugentiae F.M.Bailey 1900 <P>~*Cestichis nutans Ames 1909 - See Liparis nutans (Ames) Ames 1915 <P>~Cestichis ovalis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis ovalis Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis parviflora ( Blume ) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis parviflora [Bl.]Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cestichis pedicellaris (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis caricifolia Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis pendula (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis viridiflora [Blume] Lindley 1830 <P>~Cestichis persimilis ( Schltr. ) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis condylobulbon Rchb. f. 1862 <P>~Cestichis philippinensis Ames 1905 - See Liparis philippinensis (Ames) Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis platybulba (Hayata) Kud 1930 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851 <P>~Cestichis platychila (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis platychila Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis plicata (Franch. &amp; Sav.) Maek. 1937 - See Liparis bootanensis Griff. 1851 <P>~Cestichis reflexa (R.Br.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis reflexa Lindl. 1826 <P>~Cestichis schistochila (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis schistochila Schltr. 1906 <P>~Cestichis serrulata (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis serrulata Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis similis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis similis Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis spectabilis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis spectabilis Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis stenostachya (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis stenostachya Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis swenssonii (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis swenssonii F.M. Bailey 1906 <P>~Cestichis sympodialis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis sympodialis Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis torricellensis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis torricellensis Schltr. 1905 <P>~Cestichis truncicola (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis truncicola Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cestichis vestita Ames 1908 - See Liparis condylobulbon Rchb. f. 1862 <P>~Cestichis werneri (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis werneri Schltr. 1911 <P><Font size=6>~`Chaenanthe Lindl. 1838 - See Diadenium Poepp. &amp; Endl. 1836</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae. <P> <P>~*Chaenanthe barkeri Lindl. 1838 - See Diadenium barkeri (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. 1893 <P>~Chaenanthe ecuadorensis Garay 1954 - See Systeloglossum ecuadorense (Garay) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970 <P>~Chaenanthe micrantha (Poepp. &amp; Endl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Diadenium micranthum Poepp. &amp; Endl. 1836 <P>~Chaenanthe parkeri Kuntze 1891 - See Diadenium barkeri (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. 1893 <P><Font size=6>~`Chaetocephala Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Myoxanthus Poepp. &amp; Endl. 1836</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothalidinae.<P> <P>~Chaetocephala lonchophylla (Barb. Rodr.) Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Myoxanthus lonchophyllus (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1982 <P>~*Chaetocephala punctata Barb. Rodr.1882 - See Myoxanthus punctatus (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1982 <P><Font size=6>Chamaegastrodia Makino & Maek. 1935</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae<P> <P>There are 4 species in this miniature, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial genus from Assam through Japan and Korea. Characterized by a short, slender, aphyllous stem enveloped by sheaths termianting in a dense inflorescence of small non-resupinate flowers. The sepals and petals are freeand preading. The lip is larger than the tepals, is spurless and has a hypochile, epichile and mesochile. There are 2, sectile pollinawitha caudicle of unequal size and shape. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Little Gastrodia Like Orchid <p><font color="purple">Synonyms</font> Evrardia Gagnep. 1932; Evrardiana Aver. 1988; Evrardianthe Rauschert 1983 <P>~Chamaegastrodia poilanei (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & A.N.Rao 1994 - See Odontochilus poilanei (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = Chamaegastrodia shikokiana Makino & Maek. 1935 <OL> <P>~Chamaegastrodia exigua (Rolfe) F.Maek. 1971 - See Chamaegastrodia vaginata (Hook.f.) Seidenf. 1994 <P>~Chamaegastrodia poilanei (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & A.N.Rao 1994 - See Odontochilus poilanei (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002 <P><LI><A href="chamaegshikokiana.htm"> !Chamaegastrodia shikokiana Makino & Maek. 1935</A> <P><Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chamaevaginata.htm"> Chamaegastrodia vaginata (Hook.f.) Seidenf. 1994</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrant"> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Chamaeleorchis Senghas &amp; Lckel 1997 - See Miltonia Lindley 1837</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.<P> <P>~Chamaeleorchis warscewiczii (Rchb.f.) Senghas &amp; Lckel 1997 - See Miltonia warscewiczii Rchb.f 1856 <P><Font size=6>~`Chamaeorchis Koch 1837 - See Chamorchis L.C.M.Richards 1818</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae. <P>~*Chamaeorchis alpina Linne 1837 - See Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886 <P><Font size=6>~`Chamaerepes Spreng 1826 - See Chamorchis L.C.M.Richards 1818</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae. <P>~Chamaerepes alpina Spreng 1826 - See Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886 <P><Font size=6>Chamaeangis Schlechter 1915 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.<P>This genus consiting of 11 species is found in Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands as a medium sized monopodial epiphyte with short or long stems and leathery or fleshy leaves that are unequally bilobed apically that is represented with fifteen species. This genus can be grown in the same manner as Aerides. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the low-lying flowers with a spur <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> Several species where proposed when Schlechter described the genus. <ol> <P>~Chamaeangis dewevrei (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918 <P>~Chamaeangis divitiflora (Schltr.) Schltr. 1915 - See Microterangis divitiflora (Schltr.) Senghas 1985 <P><LI><A href="chamgabonensis.htm"> Chamaeangis gabonensis Summerh. 1958</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chamaeangis gracilis (Thouars) Schltr. Angraecum gracile Thouars 1822 1915 - See Angraecum gracile Thouars 1822 <p>~Chamaeangis hariotiana [Kranzl.]Schltr. 1915 - See Microterangis hariotiana [Kranzl.]Sengh. <P><A href="chaehildebrandtii.htm">~Chamaeangis hildebrandtii (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972</A> - See Microterangis hildebrandtii (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1985 <P><LI><A href="chaemischunmonea.htm">Chamaeangis ichneumonea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chamaeangis kloetzlianum Szlach. &amp; Olszewski 2001 - See Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918 <P><LI><A href="chamlanceolata.htm"> Chamaeangis lanceolata Summerh. 1958</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chamlecompte.htm"> Chamaeangis lecomtei (Finet) Schltr. 1918</A> <P>~Chamaeangis lecomtei var. tenuicalcar Stvart & Droissart 2009 - See Chamaeangis lecomtei (Finet) Schltr. 1918 <P><LI><A href="chamletouzeyi.htm">Chamaeangis letouzeyi Szlach. & Olszewski 2001</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chamodoratissima.htm">Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> To <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chamaeangis orientalis Summerh. 1951 publ. 1952 - See Chamaeangis sarcophylla Schltr. 1915 <P>~Chamaeangis pauciflora Prez-Vera 2003 - See Chamaeangis letouzeyi Szlach. & Olszewski 2001 <P>~Chamaeangis pobeguinii (Finet) Schltr. 1915 - See Angraecopsis pobeguinii (Finet) H.Perrier 1941 <P><LI><A href="chamsarcophylla.htm"> Chamaeangis sarcophylla Schltr. 1915</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chamaeangis schliebenii Mansf. 1933 - See Rhipidoglossum rutilum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918 <P><LI><A href="chaemsp.htm"> Chamaeangis sp.</A> <P><LI><A href="chamspiralis.htm"> Chamaeangis spiralis Stvart & Droissart 2009</A> <P><LI><A href="chamthomensis.htm">Chamaeangis thomensis (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P>~Chamaeangis urostachya (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1915 - See Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918 <P><LI><A href="chamvagans.htm">Chamaeangis vagans (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><LI><A href="chamvesicatta.htm">Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chamaeangis vesicata var. kloetzliana (Szlach. & Olszewski) R.Rice 2005 - See Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918 </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Chamaeanthus Schltr. 1905</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P> There are 2 species occuring in Southern Thailand, Java, southern Taiwan and the Philippines. This genus has 2 pollina, the 9 removed species had 4 pollina and now reside in Gunnerella. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Low Flowering Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chamaeanthus brachystachys Schltr. 1905 <OL> <P>~Chamaeanthus aymardii N.Hall 1977 - See Gunnarella aymardii (N.Hall) Senghas 1988 <P>~*Chamaeanthus begaudii N.Halle 1977 - See Gunnarella begaudii (N.Hall) Senghas 1988 <P><LI><A href="chambrachystachys.htm"> !Chamaeanthus brachystachys Schltr. 1905</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chamaeanthus carinatus J.J.Sm. 1935 - See Gunnarella carinata (J.J.Sm.) Senghas 1988 <P>~*Chamaeanthus filiformis J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Calymmanthera filiformis (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1913 <P>~*Chamaeanthus florenciae N.Hall 1986 - See Gunnarella florenciae (N.Hall) Senghas 1988 <P>*Chamaeanthus gracilis Schltr. 1913 - See Gunnarella gracilis (Schltr.) Senghas 1988 <P>~*Chamaeanthus laciniatus Carr 1929 - See Biermannia laciniata (Carr) Garay 1972 <P>~Chamaeanthus laxus Schltr. 1913 - See Gunnarella robertsii Senghas 1988 <P>~*Chamaeanthus minimus Schltr. 1913 - See Drymoanthus minimus (Schltr.) Garay 1972 <P>~Chamaeanthus neocaledonicus (Rendle) N.Hall 1977 -See Gunnarella neocaledonica (Rendle) Senghas 1988 <P>~Chamaeanthus robertsii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1913 - See Gunnarella robertsii Senghas 1988 <P>~*Chamaeanthus singularis J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Dryadorchis singularis (J.J.Sm.) Christenson & Schuitt.1995 <P><LI><A href="chamwenzelii.htm"> Chamaeanthus wenzelii Ames 1915</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Chamelophyton Garay 1974</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae<P> There is a single species in this genus formed to contain this species that did not fit within Barbosella or Restrepia as it has a creeping habit, rounded to circular leaves, a single flowered inflorescence and 6 pollina 4 large and 2 that are smaller. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Ground Creeping Orchid [refers to the repent habit of the plant] <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font color=purple> Garayella Brieger 1977 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chamelophyton kegelii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1974 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chamekegelii.htm"> !Chamelophyton kegelii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1974</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Deep shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>Chamorchis L.C.M. Richard 1818 </Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae. <P>This is a monotypic genus in northern Scandanavia and through alpine Europe to Russia. The genus has two, oblong to ellipsoid tubers ghiving rise to an erect stem lacking scales and carrying 6 to 10, linear, terete, unspotted leaves that blooms on an erect, short, lax to somewhat densely 6 to 14 flowered inflorescence with herbaceous floral bracts and carrying small, yellowish green, resupinate flowers <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Dwarf Orchid [refers to the small size of the flower] <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Arachnites F.W.Schmidt 1793; `Chamaeorchis Koch 1837; `Chamaerepes Spreng 1826 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886 <OL> <P>~Chamorchis albida Dumort. 1827 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. &amp; D. Lve 1969 <P><LI><A href="chamalpina.htm">!Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chamorchis viridis [L.]Dumort. 1827 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820 </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Changnienia S.S.Chien 1935</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoese,<P> A monotypic terrestrial genus endemic to China. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Chang Nien's Orchid [Chinese Botanist 1900's] <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Changnienia amoena S.S.Chien 1935 <OL> <P><LI><A href="changamoena.htm"> !Changnienia amoena S.S.Chien 1935</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg">LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6> ~Chaseella Summerh. 1961 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.<P> <P>*Chaseella pseudohydra Summerh. 1961 - See Bulbophyllum pseudohydra [Summerh.] G A Fischer & J J Verm. in prep <P><Font size=6> ~ Chaseopsis Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon 1794</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae. <P>~Chaseopsis aurantiaca (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria lankesteri Ames 1924 <P>~Chaseopsis microphyton (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria microphyton Schltr. 1910 <P>~Chaseopsis ramonensis (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria ramonensis Schltr. 1923 <P>~Chaseopsis wercklei (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria wercklei (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1940 <P><Font size=6> `Chaubardia Rchb.f 1852 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae .<P> There are 3 species in this new world fan-shaped epiphytic genus.They are characterized by having deciduous leaves with imbricating distichious leaf sheaths which produce the fan-shape plant. The small pseudobulbs can be either obvious and ovate in shape [C. surinamensis] or hidden within the leaf sheaths. The inflorescence is single flowered and arises from the base of the sheaths giving rise to a flower that has the sepals and petals similar in shape and size, the lip is ovate and has a large rib-shaped cupped callus on the claw or on the base of the lip blade. The column, which is curved, has a broad wing on each side from the base to the midpoint carrying 4 pollina in 2 unequal pairs. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Named for S.B. Chaubard a French botanist and nurseryman <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Andinorchis Szlach., Mytnik & Grniak 2006; <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chaubardia surinamensis Rchb.f. 1852 <OL> <P>~Chaubardia gerhti (Hoehne) Garay 1969 - See Hoehneella gehrtiana (Hoehne) Ruschi 1945 <P>~Chaubardia heloisae (Ruschi) Garay 1969 - See Hoehneella heloisae Ruschi 1945 <P><A href="chauheteroclita.htm"></A> <p><LI><A href="huntleyaheteroclita.htm">Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. &amp; Endl.] Dodson &amp; Bennet 1989</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chauklugii.htm">Chaubardia klugii (C. Schweinf.) Garay 1973</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chausuranamensis.htm">!Chaubardia surinamensis Rchb. f. 1852</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Chaubardia tigrina Garay &amp; Dunst. 1961 - See Chaubardiella tigrina (Garay &amp; Dunst.) Garay 1969 </OL> <P><Font size=6> `Chaubardiella Garay 1969 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae .<P> This is a small epiphytic genus of nine species that are found in tropical Central and South America. The species were taken from the genus Chaubardia as they had no psuedobulbs and can be distinguished by a distinctive slender rostellum. This genus is characterized by the fan-shaped plant made up of imbricating leaf sheaths ona very short stem, there are no, or, very small pseudobulbs giving rise to a basal, single flowered and they lie on the medium a distance away from the plant. The fleshy flowers have spreading sepals and petals, a very short, thick column with a hooked rostellum, a lip that does not surround the column and there are two unequal pairs of pollina connected to a quadrate stipe and a hooked viscidium. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to being a small Chaubardia, not very descriptive as they are not that similar <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chaubardia tigrina Garay &amp; Dunsterville 1969 = Chaubardiella tigrina [Garay &amp; Dunsterville]Garay 1969 <OL> <P>~*Chaubardiella calceolaris Garay 1969 - See Stenia calceolaris (Garay) Dodson &amp; D.E. Benn. 1989 <P><LI><A href="chauchasmatichila.htm">Chaubardiella chasmatochila (Fowlie) Garay 1969</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chaubdalesandroi.htm">Chaubardiella dalessandroi Dodson &amp; Dalstrm 1984</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chaudelcasittloi.htm"> Chaubardiella delcastilloi D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chaubhirtzii.htm">Chaubardiella hirtzii Dodson 1989</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">MID <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> to EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chaubpacuarensis.htm">Chaubardiella pacuarensis Jenny 1989</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">LATE<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> and <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chaubpubescens.htm">Chaubardiella pubescens Ackerman 1981</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P>~Chaubardiella saccata (Garay) Garay 1969 - See Stenia saccata Garay 1969 <P><LI><A href="chaubserrulata.htm"> Chaubardiella serrulata D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1998</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATE <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chaubsubquadrata.htm">Chaubardiella subquadrata (Schltr.) Garay 1969</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chautigrina.htm">!Chaubardiella tigrina (Garay &amp; Dunst.) Garay 1969</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> to EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Chauliodon Summerh. 1943</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae<P>This is a montypic leafless genus confined to west central Africa. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Projecting teeth Orchid [refers to the erect, pointed callus that projects upward in front of the spur] <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Angraecum deflexicalcaratum De Wild 1916 = Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979 <OL> <P>~Chauliodon buntingii Summerh. 1943 - See Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979 <P><LI><A href="cauldefleicalcaratum.htm"> !Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Cheiradenia Lindl. 1853</Font>SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae. <P> There is a single species in this little known epiphytic and sometimes lithophytic genus occuring in north to northeastern South America. The genus is characterized by the small plant with a short rhizome and inconspicuous pseudobulbs and a multiflorous inflorescence arising through a leaf axil. The adult leaves are less than 2.8" [7 cm] long, and there is a 3 lobed lip with fan-shaped calli and it carries 4 hard, superposed pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Refers to the Finger-like appendages on the lip <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cheicuspidata.htm">!Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cheiradenia imthurnii Cogn. 1906 - See Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Cheiropterocephalus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Malaxis Sw. 1788</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae <P>~~Cheiropterocephalus sertuliferus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Malaxis excavata Kuntze 1891 <P><Font size=6>~Cheirorchis Carrire 1932 - See Cordiglottis J.J.Sm. 1922</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae<P> <P>~Cheirorchis filiformis (Hook.f.) Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis filiformis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cheirorchis fulgens (Ridl.) Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis fulgens (Ridl.) Garay 1972 <P>~*Cheirorchis major Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis major (Carr) Garay 1972 <P><Font size=6>Cheirostylis Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae<P> There are about 53 species in this terrestrial genus occuring from SE Africa, SE Asia, Japan, the Philippines to New Guinea with underground rhizomes that give rise to erect stems at intervals with lying flat to the ground, an erect, terminal, 2 flowered inflorescence with small flowers with the sepals joined to form a tube and the petals are free and the lip has a claw that extends through the tube above and becomes two serrated lobes extending beyond it having 2 stigma and 2 pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the 5 finger-like appendages on the colum apex <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cheirostylis montana Blume 1825 <OL> <P>~Cheirostylis anomala Ohwi 1954 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 <P><LI><A href="cheirbidentata.htm"> Cheirostylis bidentata J.J.Sm. 1928</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P><LI><A href="cheirbipunctata.htm"> Cheirostylis bipunctata Avery. 1997</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P><LI><A href="cheircalcarata.htm"> Cheirostylis calcarata X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2007</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cheircelebensis.htm"> Cheirostylis celebensis P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2006</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirchinense.htm"> Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cheirostylis chinensis var. tortilacinia (C.S.Leou) S.S.Ying 1996 - See Cheirostylis tortilacinia C.S.Leou 1990 <P><LI><A href="cheiclibborndyeri.htm"> Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg">LATE <IMG src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheircochinchinenesis.htm"> Cheirostylis cochinchinensis Blume 1859</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheircristata.htm"> Cheirostylis cristata Avery. 2010</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATEr<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cheirdendrophila.htm">Cheirostylis dendrophila Schltr. 1911</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cheirostylis dendrophila var. lancilabris Schltr. 1911 - See Cheirostylis dendrophila Schltr. 1911 <P>~Cheirostylis derchiensis S.S.Ying 1991 - See Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976 <P><LI><A href="cheirdidymacanthus.htm"> Cheirostylis didymacantha Seidenf. 1978</A> <P><Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~ Cheirostylis eglandulosa Aver. 1996 publ. 1997 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 <P><LI><A href="cheirflabellata.htm"> Cheirostylis flabellata (A.Rich.) Wight 1851</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirfoliosa.htm"> Cheirostylis foliosa Aver. 2007</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cheirostylis franchetiana King & Pantl. 1895 - See Myrmechis pumila (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 <P><LI><A href="cheirgoldschmidtiana.htm"> Cheirostylis goldschmidtiana Schltr.1915</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt=Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cheirostylis grandiflora sensu Gagnepain 1934 non Bl. - See Cheirostylis spathulata J.J. Smith 1927 <P><LI><A href="cheirgriffithii.htm">Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl. 1857</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">To <img SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cheirostylis gymnochiloides (Ridl.) Rchb.1885 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002 <P>~*Cheirostylis heterosepala Rchb.f. 1881 - See Hetaeria heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1934 <P>~Cheirostylis humblotii Rchb.f. 1885 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002 <P>~Cheirostylis hungyehensis T.P.Lin 1977 - See Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976 <P>~Cheirostylis inabae Hayata 1914 - See Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907 <P><LI><A href="cheirjamesleungii.htm"> Cheirostylis jamesleungii S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">LATE <IMG src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirjavanica.htm"> Cheirostylis javanica J.J.Sm. 1913</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> EARLIER <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cheirostylis josephi Schltr.1921 - See Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896 <P>~Cheirostylis kanarensis Blatt. & McCann 1932 - See Didymoplexis pallens Griff. 1844 <P>~Cheirostylis kanashiroi Ohwi 1938 - See Cheirostylis liukiuensis Masam.1930 <P><LI><A href="cheilatipetala.htm"> Cheirostylis latipetala Aver. & Averyanova 2006</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cheirlepida.htm"> Cheirostylis lepida (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1897</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cheirliukiuensis.htm"> Cheirostylis liukiuensis Masam.1930</a> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cheirostylis longiflora (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1939 - See Odontochilus longiflorus (Rchb.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Drake 1892 <P>~Cheirostylis macrantha Schltr. 1906 - See Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl. 1857 <P><LI><A href="cheirmalipoense.htm"> Cheirostylis malipoensis X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2007</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cheirostylis marmorata (C.Morren) Lindl. ex Lem. 1848 - See Dossinia marmorata C.Morren 1848 <P>~Cheirostylis marmorata Aver. 1999 - See Cheirostylis marmorifolia Aver. 2000 <P><LI><A href="cheirmarmorifolia.htm"> Cheirostylis marmorifolia Aver. 2000</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cheirostylis micrantha Schltr.1924 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002 <P><LI><A href="cheirmontana.htm"> !Cheirostylis montana Blume 1825</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cheirmontieroi.htm"> Cheirostylis monteiroi S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg">LATER <IMG src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cheirostylis munnacampensis A.N.Rao 1988 - See Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896 <P>~Cheirostylis nemorosa Fukuy. 1935 - See Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999 <P><LI><A href="cheirnotalis.htm"> Cheirostylis notialis D.L.Jones 1997</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cheirnuda.htm"> Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cheiroctodactyla.htm"> Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cheirostylis oligantha Masam. & Fukuy. 1940 -See Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907 <P><LI><A href="cheirovata.htm"> Cheirostylis ovata (F.M.Bailey) Schltr. 1911</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirpabongnensis.htm"> Cheirostylis pabongnensis Lucksom 1997</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cheirparviflora.htm"> Cheirostylis parvifolia Lindl. 1839</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P>~Cheirostylis philippinensis Ames 1908 - See Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895 <P><LI><A href="cheirpingbianensis.htm"> Cheirostylis pingbianensis K.Y.Lang 1996</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLIER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cheirpusilla.htm"> Cheirostylis pusilla Lindl. 1840</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> EARLIER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~*Cheirostylis quadrilobata Schltr. 1911 - See Myrmechis quadrilobata (Schltr.) Schuit. 1996 <P><LI><A href="cheirrubrifolius.htm"> Cheirostylis rubrifolius T.P.Lin & W.M.Lin 2009</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATER <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cheirostylis sarcopus Schltr. 1915 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002 <P>~Cheirostylis seidenfadeniana C.S.Kumar & F.N.Rasm. 1987 - See Cheirostylis parvifolia Lindl. 1839 <P><LI><A href="cheirserpens.htm"> Cheirostylis serpens Aver. 2005</a><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="cheirspathulatus.htm">Cheirostylis spathulata J.J. Smith 1927</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirtabiyahanensis.htm"> Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cheirostylis taichungensis S.S.Ying 1990 - See Cheirostylis cochinchinensis Blume 1859 <P>~Cheirostylis tairae (Fukuy.) Masam. 1964 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 <P>~Cheirostylis taiwanensis Yamam. 1933 - See Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895 <P><LI><A href="cheirtakeoi.htm"> Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cheirostylis tatewakii Masam. 1932 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919 <P><LI><A href="cheirthailandica.htm"> Cheirostylis thailandica Seidenf. 1978</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cheirthanmoiensis.htm"> Cheirostylis thanmoiensis (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P><LI><A href="cheirtortilicinaia.htm">Cheirostylis tortilacinia C.S.Leou 1990</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="cheiryunnanensis.htm"> Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Chelonanthera Bl. 1825 - See Coelogyne Lindley 1821</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae. <P> <P>~Chelonanthera clypeata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese 1854 <P>~*Chelonanthera gibbosa Blume 1825 - See Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese 1854 <P>~Chelonanthera incrassata Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne incrassata (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~*Chelonanthera longifolia Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne longifolia Lindl. 1830 <P>~Chelonanthera miniata Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne miniata Lindl. 1830 <P>~*Chelonanthera speciosa Bl. 1825 - See Coelogyne speciosa [Bl.]Lindley 1834 <P>~Chelonanthera sulphurea (Rchb. f.) Blume 1825 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P>~*Chelonanthera ventricosa Blume 1825 - See Pholidota ventricosa (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857 <P><Font size=6>Chelonistele Pfitzer ex Kraenzl. 1907</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae. <P> There are 14 species in this epiphytic or lithophytic genus occuring form the Himalayas through Myanmar and to Borneo and Java. This genus is related to Coelogyne and their culture is similar to Coelogyne species from the same area and elevations. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the cupola-shaped winged column <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chelamplissima.htm"> Chelonistele amplissima (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Carr 1935</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Chelonistele amplissima var. schweinfurthiana (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood 1984 - See Chelonistele amplissima (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Carr 1935 <P>~Chelonistele apiculata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Panisea apiculata Lindl. 1854 <P>~Chelonistele biflora (C.S.P.Parish ex Rchb.f.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Panisea uniflora Lindl. 1854 <P><LI><A href="chelbrevilamellata.htm"> Chelonistele brevilamellata (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg">to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Chelonistele clemensii (Ames) Carr 1935 - See Nabaluia clemensii Ames 1920 <P>~Chelonistele crassifolia Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P>~Chelonistele cuneata (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P><LI><A href="cheldentifera.htm"> Chelonistele dentifera de Vogel 1984</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cheldevogelii.htm"> Chelonistele devogelii Schuit. Mar 2012</A> <p><Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Deep shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chelingloria.htm"> Chelonistele ingloria (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chelonistele keithiana W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Nabaluia clemensii Ames 1920 <P><LI><A href="pholsigmatochilus.htm">Chelonistele kinabaluensis (Rolfe) de Vogel 1984</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chelonistele kutaiensis (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P><LI><A href="chellaetitiareginae.htm"> Chelonistele laetitia-reginae de Vogel 1996</A> <P><LI><A href="chellamellifera.htm"> Chelonistele lamellulifera Carr 1935</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg">LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chellurida.htm"> Chelonistele lurida (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Pfitzer 1907</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chelonistele lurida var. grandiflora de Vogel 1984 - See Chelonistele devogelii Schuit. Mar 2012 <P><LI><A href="chelmaximae-reginae.htm"> Chelonistele maximae-reginae de Vogel, Vugt, M.Perry, E.Winkel & Hoogend. 2013</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Chelonistele perakensis (Rolfe) Ridl. 1924 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P>~Chelonistele pinniloba (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P>~Chelonistele pusilla (Ridl.) Ridl. 1924 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P><LI><A href="chelramentacea.htm"> Chelonistele ramentacea J.J.Wood 1984</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chelrichardsii.htm"> Chelonistele richardsii Carr 1935</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chelsulphrea.htm">!Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> Northern hemisphere cultivation <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> Singapore cultivation <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chelonistele sulphurea var. crassifolia (Carr) de Vogel 1984 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907 <P>~Chelonistele tenuiflora (Ridl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Geesinkorchis phaiostele (Ridl.) de Vogel 1984 <P><LI><A href="chelunguiculata.htm"> Chelonistele unguiculata Carr 1935</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chelonistele vermicularis (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1907 - See Coelogyne vermicularis J.J.Sm. 1906 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Chelyella Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon 1794</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae. <P>~Chelyella admonens (I.Bock) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria bracteata (Schltr.) Ames & Correll 1943 <P>~Chelyella amparoana (Schltr.) J.Freitas & Lrio 2014 - See Maxillaria serrulata Ames &amp; Correll 1943 <P>~Chelyella bracteata (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria bracteata (Schltr.) Ames & Correll 1943 <P>~Chelyella carinata (Barb.Rodr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria imbricata Barb.Rodr. 1877 <P>~Chelyella densa (Lindl.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria densa Lindl. 1835 <P>~Chelyella hagsateriana (Soto Arenas) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria hagsateriana Soto Arenas 1992 <P>~Chelyella iguapensis (Hoehne & Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria imbricata Barb.Rodr. 1877 <P>~Chelyella imbricata (Barb.Rodr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria imbricata Barb.Rodr. 1877 <P>~Chelyella jenischiana (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria jenischiana (Rchb.f.) C.Schweinf. 1948 <P>~Chelyella purpurea Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria parviflora (Poepp. & Endl.) Garay 1967 <P>~Chelyella serrulata (Ames & Correll) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria serrulata Ames &amp; Correll 1943 <P>~Chelyella tubercularis (J.T.Atwood) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria tubercularis J.T.Atwood 1994 <P><Font size=6>~`Chelyorchis Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 2000 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.<P> <P>~Chelyorchis ampliata (Lindl.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 2000 - See Oncidium ampliatum Lindl. 1833 <P><Font size=6>~`Chileorchis Szlach. 2008 - See Chloraea Lindl. 1827</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae <P>~Chileorchis disoides (Lindl.) Szlach. 2008 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827 <P><Font size=6>~Chelystachya Mytnik & Szlach. 2011 - See Polystachya Hooker 1824</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Polystachyinae <P>~Chelystachya affinis (Lindl.) Mytnik & Szlach. 2011 - See Polystachya affinis Lindl. 1830 <P><Font size=6> Chiloglottis R. Brown 1810 </Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae.<P> A genus of 21 interesting species endemic to Australia and New Zealand that are deciduous terrestrials with paired leaves and subteranean tuberoids with insectiferous flowers that have 4 pollina. Pot with well drained soil mixed with leaf litter and wood shavings and keep cool to cold and moist while in active growth and much less water as the leaves die down in the late spring and summer. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the tongue-shaped lip <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chiloglottis diphylla R. Br. 1810 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chilanaticeps.htm"> Chiloglottis anaticeps D.L.Jones 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chiloglottis bifolia (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1911 - See Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch 1946 <P><LI><A href="chilogboweri.htm"> Chiloglottis boweri [In ed]</A> <P><LI><A href="chilchlorantha.htm"> Chiloglottis chlorantha D.L.Jones 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilocornuta.htm">Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. 1844</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="childiphylla.htm"> !Chiloglottis diphylla R.Br. 1810</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chiloglottis dockrillii Rupp 1953 - See Chiloglottis reflexa [Labill.]Druce 1917 <P><LI><A href="chiloformicifera.htm">Chiloglottis formicifera Fitzg. 1877</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> To <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> and <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilgrammata.htm"> Chiloglottis grammata G.W.Carr 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chiloggunii.htm"> Chiloglottis gunnii Lindl. 1840</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chilojeanesi.htm">Chiloglottis jeanesii D.L.Jones 1997</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chillongiclavata.htm"> Chiloglottis longiclavata D.L.Jones 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chiloglottis muelleri Fitzg. 1885 - See Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. 1844 <P><LI><A href="chilopalachila.htm">Chiloglottis palachila D. Jones &amp; M.A. Clem 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chilpescottiana.htm"> Chiloglottis pescottiana R.S.Rogers 1918</A><P><A><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Chiloglottis platychila G.W.Carr 1991 - See Chiloglottis gunnii Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chilplatyptera.htm"> Chiloglottis platyptera D.L.Jones 1991</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt=Cold"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> THROUGH EARLIER <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilluricalatta.htm">Chiloglottis pluricallata D.L.Jones 1991</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> to<img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chilreflexa.htm">Chiloglottis reflexa [Labill.] Druce 1917</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <IMG SRC="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chilseminuda.htm">Chiloglottis seminuda D.L.Jones 1991</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chilspaerula.htm"> Chiloglottis sphaerula D.L.Jones 2006</A> <P><A><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chilospaffvalida.htm">Chiloglottis sp. aff. valida</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chilsphyrnoides.htm"> Chiloglottis sphyrnoides D.L.Jones 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLIER <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chilsylvestris.htm">Chiloglottis sylvestris D.L.Jones &amp; M.A.Clem. 1987</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> THROUGH <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chiltrapeziformis.htm">Chiloglottis trapeziformis D.L. Jones 1877</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO mid <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chiloglottis traversii F.Muell. 1864 - See Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch 1946 <P><LI><A href="chiltriceratops.htm"> Chiloglottis triceratops D.L.Jones 1998</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chiltrilabra.htm">Chiloglottis trilabra Fitzg. 1883</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chiltrullata.htm">Chiloglottis trullata D.L.Jones 1991</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> To <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="chiltruncata.htm"> Chiloglottis truncata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.1987</a><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilovalida.htm">Chiloglottis valida D.L. Jones 1991</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> TO MID<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </OL> <p><font size=6>`Chilopogon Schltr.1912</font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Podochilinae.</P>There are 2 species in this Asian genus closely related to Appendicula and Podochilus with a short, slender, leafy stem carrying many, distichous, basally sheathing leaves that blooms on a terminal, several to many flowered inflorescence with distichous bracts usually longer than the flowers and attractively colored, and with small flowers with an ovate to ovate-lanceolate, dorsal sepal, obliquely ovate, forming a mentum with the lateral sepals and linear, obtuse petals with a trilobed to obscurely trilobed, shortly spurred lip, a short column and 6 pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the serrate floral bracts <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912 <OL> <P>~Chilopogon bracteatum Schltr. 1912 - See Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912 <P>~*Chilopogon bracteatus var. warianus Schltr. 1912 - See Appendicula wariana (Schltr.) Ormerod 2011 <P><LI><A href="chilopdistichum.htm"> Chilopogon distichum (Ridl.) Schltr. 1912</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chilopogon kinabaluensis Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 - See Appendicula congesta Ridl. 1894 <P>~Chilopogon merrillii (Ames) Ames 1915 - See Appendicula merrillii Ames 1913 publ. 1914 <P><LI><A href="chiloxysepalum.htm"> !Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Deep Shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>Chiloschista Lindley 1832</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P>Twenty small, mostly leafless epiphytes make up this warm growing genus from India, S.E. Asia, Indonesia, and Australia. They are best mounted on wood or cork and need high humidity, moderate shade and regular water, but they like to dry out between waterings and, after growth has stopped, less water is required. The ephemeral flowers have lateral sepals and petals that are subequal and are often adnate to the column foot, the lip is more or less clawed, hinged to the apex of the column foot and is pouched or spurred, 3 lobed, lateral lobes larger and erect, midlobe small, the disc has a finger-like callus and is hirsute-pubescent, The short, semiterete column has a long foot, a shallow clinandrium, a deep set stigma, a deflexed, bifid rostellum, an anther cap with 2 long-filiform setae, 4 pollina in 2 closely appressed, unequal, sessile pairs and a sublinear stipe. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the deep cleft in the lip <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chiloschista usneoides [D.Don]Lindley 1832 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cholsextinctoriformis.htm"> Chiloschista extinctoriformis Seidenf. 1988</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <P><LI><A href="chiloexuperei.htm">Chiloschista exuperei (Guillaumin) Garay 1972</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chilogodefroyana.htm"> Chiloschista godefroyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"> <P><LI><A href="chiloguandongensis.htm"> Chiloschista guangdongensis Z.H.Tsi 1984</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> MID<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chiloschista hoi S.S.Ying 1987 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938 <P>~Chiloschista indica J.J. Sm. 1913 - See Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm 1905 <P><LI><A href="chiljavanica.htm"> Chiloschista javanica Schltr. 1919 </A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chiloloheri.htm"> Chiloschista loheri Schltr. 1921</A> <P>~Chiloschista lunifera J.J. Sm. 1905 - See Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm 1905 <P><LI><A href="chilolunifera.htm">Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm. 1905</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> or <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="chiloparishii.htm">Chiloschista parishii Seidenf. 1988</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> and <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chilophyllorhiza.htm"> Chiloschista phyllorhiza (F.Muell.) Schltr. 1921</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chilopusilla.htm">Chiloschista pusilla Schlechter 1919</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilramifera.htm">Chiloschista ramifera Seidenf. 1988</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chilorodriquezii.htm"> Chiloschista rodriguezii Cavestro & Ormerod 2005</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><LI><A href="chilsegawae.htm"> Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> MID<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chiloschista segawae f. taiwaniana (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938 <P>~Chiloschista segawae var. taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1977 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938 <P><LI><A href="chilsweelimii.htm"> Chiloschista sweelimii Holttum 1966</A><P> <A><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"></A><A><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"></A> <P><LI><A href="chilostaeniophyllum.htm"> Chiloschista taeniophyllum (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1921</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="chilotreubii.htm"> Chiloschista treubii (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1921</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="chilotrudellii.htm">Chiloschista trudelii Seidenf. 1987</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chilusneoides.htm">!Chiloschista usneoides (D.Don) Lindl. 1832</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chiloviridiflora.htm">Chiloschista viridiflava G.Seidenfaden 1988</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chiloyunnanesis.htm"> Chiloschista yunnanensis Schltr. 1919</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="spring"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~` Chilosimpliglottis - See Chiloglottis R. Brown 1810 </Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae <P>~ Chilosimpliglottis pescottiana (R.S.Rogers) Jeanes 2002 - See Chiloglottis pescottiana R.S.Rogers 1918 <P><Font size=6>~`Chiloterus D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum R. Br. 1810</Font>SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Prasphyllinae <P>~Chiloterus cucullatus (Rchb.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum cucullatum Rchb.f. 1871 <P>~Chiloterus gibbosus (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum gibbosum R.Br. 1810 <P><Font size=6>~`Chironiella Braem 2006 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.<P> The species of the subgenus Crispae of Laelia were proposed to be moved into this genus. I have left them in Laelia <p>~Chironiella fidelensis (Pabst) Braem 2006 - See Laelia x fidelensis Pabst 1967 <P>~Chironiella crispa (Lindl.) Braem 2006 - See Laelia crispa [Lindl.] Rchb. f. 1853-4 <P>~Chironiella fidelensis (Pabst) Braem 2006 - See Laelia x fidelensis Pabst 1967 <P>~Chironiella grandis (Lindl.) Braem 2006 -See Laelia grandis Lindl. & Paxton 1850-1 <P>~Chironiella lobata (Lindl.) Braem 2006 - See Laelia lobata (Lindl.) H.J. Veitch 1887 <P>~Chironiella perrinii (Lindl.) Braem 2006 - See Laelia perrinii [Lindl.] Bateman 1847 <P>~Chironiella purpurata (Lindl. & Paxton) Braem 2006 - See Laelia purpurata Lindley 1852-3 <P>~Chironiella tenebrosa (Rolfe) Braem 2006 - See Laelia tenebrosa [Rolfe]Rolfe 1893 <P>~Chironiella virens (Lindl.) Braem 2006 - See Laelia virens Lindley 1844 <P>~Chironiella xanthina (Lindl.) Braem 2006 - See Laelia xanthina Lindley 1859 <P><Font size=6>~ Chitonanthera Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena Thwaites 1861</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae SUBTRIBE Thelasiinae .<P> <P>~*Chitonanthera angustifolia Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena angustifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~Chitonanthera aphanopetala Schltr.1923 - See Octarrhena falcifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~*Chitonanthera aporoides Schltr. 1913 - See Octarrhena aporoides (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~Chitonanthera bilabrata (P.Royen) Christenson 1985 - See Octarrhena bilabrata (P.Royen) W.Kittr. 1984 publ. 1985 <P>~ *Chitonanthera falcifolia Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena falcifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~*Chitonanthera filiformis L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena filiformis (L.O.Williams) P.Royen 1979 <P>~Chitonanthera filiformis var. brachyphylla L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena filiformis (L.O.Williams) P.Royen 1979 <P>~Chitonanthera oberonioides Schltr. 1913 - See Octarrhena aporoides (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~*Chitonanthera podochiloides Schltr. 1913 - See Octarrhena podochiloides (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P>~Chitonanthera tenuis (J.J.Sm.) L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena tenuis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1913 <P>~Chitonanthera vinosa J.J.Sm.1934 - See Octarrhena angustifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003 <P><Font size=6>~`Chitonochilus Schltr. 1905 - See Agrostophyllum Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Agrostophyllinae <P>~*Chitonochilus papuanus Schltr. 1905 - See Agrostophyllum neoguinense Kittr. 1984 publ. 1985 <P><Font size=6>~Chloidia Lindl. 1840 - See Corymborkis Thouars 1809</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Tropidieae, SUBTRIBE Tropidiinae. <P> <P>~Chloidia confusa Ames 1908 - See Corymborkis veratrifolia [Reinw.] Bl. 1859 <P>~Chloidia decumbens Lindl. 1840 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891 <P>~Chloidia flava (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891 <P>~Chloidia polystachya (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908 <P>~Chloidia vernalis Lindl. 1840 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908 <P><Font size=6>Chloraea Lindl. 1827</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae<P> There are 52 terrestrial species spread throughout southern South America of small to medium sized, glaborous terrestrials with fasciculate, fleshy, hairy roots with subterranean fingerlike tubers giving rise to spirally arranged conduplicate leaves with resupinate flowers with free sepals and petals to the base and a prominent column foot, a spurless lip, an erect anther that carries 2 soft, mealy pollina. They are quite rare in collections and are very different taxonomically and have few relatives in the orchidacea. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the greenish hue the flowers of some members of this genus have <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Asarca Lindley 1827; Bieneria Rchb.f 1853; Ulantha Hkr. 1830 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <OL> <P>~Chloraea affinis Lindl. 1834 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827 <P><A href="chloralaris.htm"> Chloraea alaris Lindl. 1827</A> - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea alborosea Kraenzl. & Speg. 1907 - See Gavilea glandulifera (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1956 <P><LI><A href="chloalpina.htm">Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="bippinulata.htm">Chloraea apinnula (Gosewijn) Szlach. 2001 </A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea arechavaletae Kraenzl. 1888 - See Bipinnula penicillata (Rchb.f.) Cisternas & Salazar 2012 <P>~Chloraea aurantiaca (Lindl.) Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea aurantiaca var. crocata (Phil.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea aurea Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea barbata Lindl. 1834 <P>~*Chloraea austiniae A.Gray 1877 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900 <P><LI><a href="chlorbarbata.htm"> Chloraea barbata Lindl. 1834</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chlorbella.htm"> Chloraea bella Hauman 1920</a><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea bergii Hieron. 1879 - See Bipinnula penicillata (Rchb.f.) Cisternas & Salazar 2012 <P>~<A href="chlorberteroana.htm"> Chloraea berteroana Kraenzl. 1903</A> - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea besseri Rchb.f. 1850 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea bicallosa Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea bidentata (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1969 <P><LI><A href="chlorbidentata.htm"> Chloraea bidentata (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1969</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chlorbiserialis.htm"> Chloraea biserialis Griseb. 1879</A> <P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chlobletioides.htm"> Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorboliviana.htm"> Chloraea boliviana (Rchb.f.) Kraenzl. 1904</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea bouganvilleana Franch. 1889 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847 <P>~Chloraea calopogon Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea prodigiosa Rchb.f. 1850 <P>~Chloraea campestris Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827 <P>~ Chloraea chica Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904 - See Gavilea chica (Speg. & Kraenzl.) Chemisquy 2012 <P>~Chloraea chlorosticta Phil. 1857 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea cholilensis Kraenzl. 1902 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833 <P><LI><A href="chlorchrysantha.htm"> Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea chrysochlora Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857 <P><LI><A href="chlorcollicensis.htm"> Chloraea collicensis Kraenzl. 1904 </A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P>~Chloraea commersonii Brongn. in L.I.Duperrey 1834 - See Gavilea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) M.N.Correa 1956 <P><LI><A href="chlorcrispa.htm"> Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorcristata.htm"> Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea crocata Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833 <P><LI><A href="chlorcuneata.htm"> Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840</A><P> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <IMG SRC="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P>~ Chloraea cygnaea Phil 1864 - See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorleptopetala.htm">Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833</A><P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="spring"> <P>~Chloraea cylindrostachya var. leptopetala (Reiche) Skottsb. 1916 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea dasypogon Phil.1864 - See Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834 <P>~Chloraea decipiens Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea densa A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827 <P>~ Chloraea densiflora Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833 <P><LI><A href="chlordensipapillosa.htm"> Chloraea densipapillosa C.Schweinf. 1941</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P><LI><A href="chlordisoides.htm"> Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea disoides var. picta (Phil. ex Kraenzl.) M.N.Correa 1969 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827 <P><LI><A href="chlorelegans.htm"> Chloraea elegans M.N.Correa 1969</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Chloraea elwesii Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea enigmatica (Hauman) Hoehne 1940 - See Gavilea australis (Skottsb.) M.N.Correa 1956 <P>~Chloraea falklandica Kraenzl. 1910 - See Chloraea fonkii Phil. 1858 <P>~Chloraea ferruginea Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea fimbriata Poepp. 1833 - See Bipinnula fimbriata (Poepp.) I.M.Johnst.1929 <P>~Chloraea fimbriata Phil. 1857 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorgaudichaudii.htm">Chloraea fonckii Phil. 1857-8 </A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chlorgaleata.htm"> Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827</A><P><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829 - See Chloraea fonckii Phil. 1857-8 <P><LI><A href="chlorgavilu.htm">!Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Sunny"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <p>~Chloraea gayana A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833 <P><LI><A href="chlorgrandiflora.htm"> Chloraea grandiflora Poepp 1833</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="partial shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea grandis Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea gymnoglossa Phil. 1857-8 - See Chloraea fonkii Phil. 1858 <P>~Chloraea hemichloris Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857 <P><LI><A href="chlorheteroglossa.htm"> Chloraea heteroglossa Rchb.f. 1850</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorhomolopetala.htm"> Chloraea homopetala Phil. 1858 </A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="spring"> <P>~Chloraea hookeriana Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea hystrix Speg. &amp; Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847 <P>~Chloraea ignea Kraenzl. 1906 - See Chloraea biserialis Griseb. 1879 <P>~ Chloraea incisa Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea inconspicua Phil. 1865 - See Chloraea fonkii Phil. 1858 <P>~Chloraea kingii (Hook.f.) Macloskie1904 - See Gavilea kingii (Hook.f.) M.N.Correa 1956 <P>~Chloraea kranzliniana Hoehne 1939 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847 <P>~Chloraea kruegeri Phil. ex Kraenzl.1904 - See Gavilea chica (Speg. & Kraenzl.) Chemisquy 2012 <P>~Chloraea lagunae-pacis Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850 <P><LI><A href="chlorlamellata.htm"> Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827</A><P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chlorlaxiflora.htm"> Chloraea laxiflora Hauman 1920</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorlechleri.htm"> Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="spring"> <P>~Chloraea leontoglossa Speg. &amp; Kraenzl. 1902 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847 <P>~ Chloraea leptopetala Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea leucojiflora Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea nudilabia Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea liliacea Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840 <P>~<A href="chlorlindleyi.htm"> Chloraea lindleyi Poepp.1833</A> - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea lineata Phil ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850 <P>~*Chloraea littoralis Phil. 1864 - See Gavilea littoralis (Phil.) M.N.Correa 1969 <P>~*Chloraea longibracteata Lindl. 1827 - See Gavilea longibracteata (Lindl.) Sparre ex L.E.Navas 1973 <P><LI><A href="chlorlongipetala.htm"> Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea lotensis Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) Skottsb. 1909 - See Gavilea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) M.N.Correa 1956 <P>~Chloraea lutea (Willd.) Schltr. 1914 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <P><LI><A href="chlormagellanica.htm">Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chlormembranacea.htm">Chloraea membranacea Lindl. 1840</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea membranacea var. paranensis Schltr. 1926-7 - See Chloraea membranacea Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea modesta Phil ex Kraenzl 1904 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850 <P><LI><A href="chlormultiflora.htm"> Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea multilamellata Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlormultilineolata.htm"> Chloraea multilineolata C.Schweinf. 1941</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Chloraea nervosa Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlornudilabia.htm"> Chloraea nudilabia Poepp. 1833</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea obovata Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea odontoglossa A. Rich. 1849 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea odoratissima (Poepp. & Endl.) Macloskie 1904 - See Gavilea odoratissima (Poepp. & Endl.) Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea oregana Nutt. ex Benth. & Hook.f. 1883 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900 <P>~ Chloraea panduriformis Phil. ex Kraenzl.1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea papillosa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea patagonica Phil. 1863-5 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorpavonii.htm">Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840</A> <p><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~ Chloraea pearcei Phil. 1864 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea pennicillata Rchb. f. 1878 - See Bipinnula penicillata (Rchb.f.) Cisternas & Salazar 2012 <P>~Chloraea perez-moreaui Garay 1954 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea peruviana Kraenzl. 1906 - See Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorphilipii.htm"> Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorphoenica.htm"> Chloraea phoenicea Speg. 1897</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea picta Phil. ex Kraenzl.1903 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea pigichen Kuntze 1891 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorvirescens.htm">Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 </A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="spring">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chloraea pleistodactyla Kraenzl. &amp; Spegg. 1902 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea poeppigiana A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea pogonata Phil. 1864 - See Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834 <P><LI><A href="chlorpraecincta.htm"> Chloraea praecincta Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Chloraea praecincta var. intermedia Hauman 1921 - See Chloraea praecincta Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904 <P><LI><A href="chlorprodigiosa.htm"> Chloraea prodigiosa Rchb.f. 1850</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea pseudocampestris Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea reflexa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea reflexa var. latifolia Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea reicheana Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorreticulata.htm"> Chloraea reticulata Schltr. 1918</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chlorriojana.htm"> Chloraea riojana A.Sobral & Novoa 2013</A> <P><I>SUBGENUS Chloraea SECTION Foliosae</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea robusta Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea rypaloglossa A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~<A href="chlorsceptrum.htm"> Chloraea sceptrum Rchb.f. 1850</A> - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea secunda Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P>~ Chloraea semibarbata Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea semibarbata subsp. pearcei (Phil.) Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea semibarbata subsp. spectabilis (Phil.) Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840 <P>~Chloraea semitensis Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827 <P>~*Chloraea sobralioides Kraenzl.1920 - See Sobralia sobralioides (Kraenzl.) Garay 1978 <P><A href="chlorsp.htm">Chloraea sp.</A> <P><LI><A href="chlorspeciosa.htm"> Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <p>~Chloraea speciosa f. sterilis Kraenzl. 1904 -See Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea spectabilis (Phil.) Phil. 1864 -See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840 <P>~Chloraea spegazziniana Kraenzl 1902 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847 <P>~Chloraea stenantha Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea suaveolens Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827 <P><LI><A href="chlortectata.htm"> Chloraea tectata Ravenna 2001</A><P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> <P>~Chloraea teixeirana (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1893 - See Bipinnula penicillata (Rchb.f.) Cisternas & Salazar 2012 <P><LI><A href="chlortrachysepala.htm"> Chloraea trachysepala Kraenzl. 1904</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea ulantha Rolfe 1893 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea ulanthoides Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea ulanthoides var. affinis (Lindl.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea ulanthoides var. grandis (Kraenzl.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827 <P>~Chloraea undulata Raimondi ex Colunga 1878 - See Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chloraea unguis-cati Rchb. f. 1849 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorvenosa.htm"> Chloraea venosa Rchb.f. 1850</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Chloraea verrucosa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833 <P>~Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827 - See Chloraea piquichen (Lam.) Lindl. 1840 <P><LI><A href="chlorviridiflora.htm">Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Chloraea viridiflora var. reticulata Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea reticulata Schltr. 1918 <P><LI><A href="chlorvolkmannii.htm"> Chloraea volkmannii Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1904</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chlovolucris.htm"> Chloraea volucris Lindl. 1834</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Chloraea wittei Hicken 1917 - See Gavilea wittei (Hicken) Ormerod 2002 <P>~Chloraea xerophila Kraenzl. 1910 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Chlorosa Blume 1825 - See Cryptostylis R. Brown 1810</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchideae , TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Caladeniinae <P> <P>~Chlorosa latifolia Bl. 1825 - See Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Blume 1858 <p>~*Chlorosa clemensii Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 - See Cryptostylis clemensii (Ames & C.Schweinf.) J.J.Sm. 1927 <P><Font size=6>~`Choeradoplectron Schau. 1843 - See Peristylus Benth. & Hook. f. 1883 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae </Font> <P>~Choeradoplectron spiranthes Schauer 1843 - See Peristylus lacertifer (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1927 <P><Font size=6>~Chondradenia Maxim. ex Makino 1902 - See Orchis Tourn ex L. 1753</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae<P> <P>~Chondradenia doyonensis (Hand.-Mazz.) Verm. 1972 - See Platanthera roseotincta (W.W.Sm.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1940 <P>~Chondradenia fauriei (Finet) Sawada ex Maek. 1971 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808 <P>~Chondradenia yatabei Maxim. ex Makino 1902 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808 <P><Font size=6> Chondrorhyncha Lindley 1846</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae. <P>There are now 7 species in this genus and they are found in Central and South America as epiphytes and rarely lithophytes with the largest concentration of species in the Andes of Colombia at elevations of 300 to 2000 meters where they are cool to warm growing orchids that need shady humid conditions and never should be allowed to dry out completely. This genus is characterized by the lack of pseudobulbs, with the leaves forming a fan-shaped plant with an axillary, single flowered inflorescence arising from the axils of the leaf sheaths which gives rise to the flowers that have lateral sepals forming a semi tube, a not saccate lip that surrounds the column, a prominent callus, tongue or keel-like, in the mid portion of the lip, a clavate column without a ventral keel and four flattened pollina on a short stipe attached to a flat, cordiform viscidum. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the beak-like rostellum of the flower <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Warscewiczella Rchb.f.; Warszewiczella Benth. &amp; Hkr.f <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindley 1846 <OL> <P>~Chondrorhyncha alba (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia alba Schltr 1923 <P> Chondrorhyncha albicans Rolfe 1898 - See Daiotyla albicans (Rolfe) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha amabilis Schltr. 1920 - See Chondroscaphe amabilis (Schltr.) Senghas &amp; G. Gerlach 1993 <P>~Chondrorhyncha amazonica [Rchb.f &amp; Warsc.]A.D.Hawkes - See Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854 <P>~Chondrorhyncha anatona (Dressler) Senghas 1990 - See !Euryblema anatonum (Dressler) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha andreae P. Ortz 1994 - See Euryblema andreae (P.Ortiz) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha andreettae Jenny 1989 - See Aetheorhyncha andreettae (Jenny) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha antonii P. Ortiz 1994 - See Echinorhyncha antonii (P. Ortiz) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha aromatica [Rchb.f] P.H.Allen - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes &amp; Garay 1954 <P>~ *Chondrorhyncha aurantiaca Senghas & G.Gerlach 1991 - See Ixyophora aurantiaca (Senghas & G.Gerlach) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha bicolor Rolfe 1894 - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001 <P>~Chondrorhyncha caloglossa (Schltr.) P.H.Allen 1949 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha caquetae Fowlie 1968 - See Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindl 1846 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha carinata P. Ortiz 1994 - See Ixyophora carinata (P.Ortiz) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha caudata Ackerman 1981 - See Benzingia caudata (Ackerman) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha chestertonii Rchb.f 1879 - See Chondroscaphe chestertonii (Rchb. f.) Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha cornuta Garay 1970 - See Benzingia cornuta (Garay) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha costaricensis (Schltr.) Allen . 1949 - See Kefersteinia costaricensis Schltr. 1918 <P>~Chondrorhyncha crassa Dressler 1983 - See Daiotyla crassa (Dressler) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha discolor [Lindley]P.H.Allen 1949 - See Warczewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852 <P>~Chondrorhyncha eburnea Dressler 1983 - See Chondroscaphe eburnea (Dressler) Dressler 2001 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha ecuadorensis Dodson 1989 - See Echinorhyncha ecuadorensis (Dodson) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha embreei Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe embreei (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996 <P>~Chondrorhyncha endresii Schltr. 1921 - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha escobariana Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe escobariana (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996 <P>~*Chondrorhycha estradae Dodson 1980 - See Benzingia estradae (Dodson) Dodson 1995 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha estrellensis Ames 1923 - See Stenotyla estrellensis [Ames] Harding 2008 <P>~Chondrorhyncha fimbriata (Linden & Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1872 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993 <P>~Chondrorhyncha flabelliformis (Sw.) Alai 1962 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. &amp; Garay 1959 <P>~Chondrorhyncha flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Garay 1967 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha fosterae Dodson 1984 - See Ixyophora fosterae (Dodson) P.A.Harding 2008 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha gentryi Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe gentryi (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996 <P>~Chondrorhyncha guttata (Rchb.f.) Garay 1978 - See Stenia guttata Rchb. f. 1880 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha helleri Fowlie 1971 - See Stenotyla helleri [Fowlie] Harding 2008 <P><LI><A href="chondhirtzii.htm">Chondrorhyncha hirtzii Dodson 1989</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><a href="choninedita.htm"> Chondrorhyncha inedita Dressler & Dalstrm 2004</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chondrorhyncha lactea (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1942 - See Kefersteinia lactea (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1923 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha lankesteriana Pupulin 2000 - See Stenotyla lankesteriana (Pupulin) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha lendyana Rchb.f 1886 - See Stenotyla lendyana (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha lipscombiae Rolfe 1912 - See Warczewiczella lipscombiae (Rolfe) Fowlie 1969 <P>~Chondrorhyncha litensis Dodson 1989 - See !Echinorhyncha litensis (Dodson) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha lojae [Schlechter] Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia lojae Schlechter <P>~*Chondrorhyncha luerorum R.Vsquez & Dodson 1998 - See Ixyophora luerorum (R.Vsquez & Dodson) P.A.Harding 2008 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha maculata Garay 1969 - See Daiotyla maculata (Garay) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha manzurii P.Ortiz 2000 - See Echinorhyncha manzuri [Ortiz] Harding & Manzur 2009 <P>~Chondrorhyncha marginata (Rchb. f.) P.H. Allen 1949 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha merana Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe merana (Dodson & Neudecker) Dressler 2001 <P>~Chondrorhyncha microcharis (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia microcharis Schltr. 1923 <P>~Chondrorhyncha palorae (Dodson & Hirtz) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1992 - See Benzingia palorae (Dodson & Hirtz) Dressler 2005 <P><LI><A href="chonpanguensis.htm"> Chondrorhyncha panguensis Dodson ex P.A.Harding 2008</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P>~Chondrorhyncha parvilabris (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia parvilabris Schltr. 1923 <P>~* Chondrorhyncha picta (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1990 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha plicata D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1994 - See Chondroscaphe plicata (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2001 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha pusilla C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) C. Schweinf. 1970 <P><A href="chonreichenbachiana.htm">~Chondrorhyncha reichenbachiana Schltr. 1921</A> - See Benzingia reichenbachiana (Schltr.) Dressler 2005 <p>~Chondrorhyncha rhombilabium (C. Schweinf.) Fowlie 1984 - See Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. & Endl.] Dodson & Bennet 1989 <P><LI><A href="chonrosea.htm">!Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindl 1846</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">LATE<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chondrorhyncha stapelioides (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia stapelioides Rchb.f.1852 <P>~*Chondrorhyncha stenioides Garay 1978 - See Stenia stenioides (Garay) Dodson & R.Escobar 1993 <P><LI><A href="chondsuarezi.htm">Chondrorhyncha suarezii Dodson 1989</A><P> NO PHOTO<Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Chondrorhyncha subquadrata (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Chaubardiella subquadrata (Schltr.) Garay 1969 <P>~Chondrorhyncha thienii (Dodson) Dodson 1984 - See Benzingia thienii [Dodson] Harding 2008 <P><LI><A href="chonvelastiguii.htm"> Chondrorhyncha velastiguii Dodson 1989</A> <P><Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><A href="chondviridisepala.htm">~*Chondrorhyncha viridisepala Senghas 1989 - See Ixyophora viridisepala ( Senghas ) Dressler 2005</A> <P>~*Chondrorhyncha vollesii G.Gerlach, Neudecker & Seeger 1989 - See Echinorhyncha vollesii (G.Gerlach, Neudecker & Seeger) Dressler 2005 <P>~Chondrorhyncha wailesiana (Lindl.) A.D.Hawkes 1965 - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878 <P>~Chondrorhyncha wercklei (Schltr.) C.Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia wercklei Schltr. 1923 </OL> <P><Font size=6>Chondroscaphe Senghas &amp; G. Gerlach 1993 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae. <P> There are 14 to 15 species in this genus created from several members of Chondrorhyncha because of a second thickening below the basal callus. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Cartiliginous Thickening Orchid [refers to the thickening below the basal callus] <p><FONT COLOR=green> Type Species</Font> = ! = Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chonamabilis.htm">Chondroscaphe amabilis (Schltr.) Senghas &amp; G. Gerlach 1993</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="chonatrilinguis.htm"> Chondroscaphe atrilinguis Dressler 2001</A> <P><A><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chondbicolor.htm">Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001 </A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chondchestertonii.htm">Chondroscaphe chestertonii (Rchb. f.) Senghas &amp; G. Gerlach 1993</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="chondabeibaensis.htm"> Chondroscaphe dabeibaensis P.A. Harding 2008</A> <p> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> SPORADICALLY<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="choneburnea.htm"> Chondroscaphe eburnea (Dressler) Dressler 2001</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">LATE<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg">EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chonembraei.htm"> Chondroscaphe embreei (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996</A> <P><A><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~<A href="chonendresii.htm"> Chondroscaphe endresii (Schltr.) Dressler 2002</A> - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001 <P><LI><A href="chondescobariana.htm"> Chondroscaphe escobariana (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">LATER<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chondroscaphe fimbriata (Linden & Rchb.f.) Dressler 2001 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993 <P><LI><a href="chonfimbriata.htm">!Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993 </A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chondgentryi.htm"> Chondroscaphe gentryi (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996</a><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chonlaevis.htm"> Chondroscaphe laevis Dressler 2001</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chonmerana.htm"> Chondroscaphe merana (Dodson & Neudecker) Dressler 2001</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chondplicata.htm"> Chondroscaphe plicata (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2001</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chonyamilethae.htm"> Chondroscaphe yamilethae Pupulin 2005</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Christensonella Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon 1794</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae <P>~Christensonella acicularis ( Herb. ex Lindl. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria acicularis Herb. ex Lindl. 1837 <P>~Christensonella cepula (Rchb.f.) S. Koehler 2007 - See Maxillaria madida Lindl. 1838 <P>~Christensonella cogniauxiana ( Hoehne ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria paranaensis Barb.Rodr. 1882 <P>~Christensonella echinophyta (Barb.Rodr.), Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria seidelii Pabst 1960 <P>~Christensonella ferdinandiana ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria ferdinandiana Barb. Rodr. 1881 <P>~Christensonella geckophora (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria geckophora D.E.Benn. & Christenson 2001 <P>~Christensonella hatschbachii (Schltr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria subulata Lindl 1832 <P>~Christensonella juergensii ( Schltr. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria paranaensis Barb.Rodr. 1882 <P>~Christensonella macleei (Bateman ex Lindl.) Solano 2011 - See Maxillaria macleei Bateman ex Lindl. 1840 <P>~Christensonella madida ( Lindl. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria madida Lindl. 1838 <P>~Christensonella minuta ( Cogn. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria minuta Cogn. 1904 <P>~Christensonella nardoides ( Kraenzl. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria nardoides Kraenzl. 1905 <P>~ Christensonella neowiedii (Rchb.f.) S.Koehler 2007 - See Maxillaria neowiedii Rchb.f.1876 <P>~Christensonella pachyphylla ( Schltr. ex Hoehne ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria pachyphylla Schltr. ex Hoehne 1936 <P>~Christensonella paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria paranaensis Barb.Rodr. 1882 <p>~Christensonella paulistana (Hoehne) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria subulata Lindl 1832 <P>~Christensonella plebeia (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria pumila Hook. 1837 <P>~Christensonella pumila ( Hook. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria pumila Hook. 1837 <P>~Christensonella seidelii ( Pabst ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria seidelii Pabst 1960 <P>~Christensonella spannagelii (Hoehne) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria pumila Hook. 1837 <P>~Christensonella spegazziniana (Kraenzl.) Szlach. & Sitko 2012 - See Maxillaria paranaensis Barb.Rodr. 1882 <P>~Christensonella squamata (Barb.Rodr.) S.Koehler 2007 - See Maxillaria uncata Lindl. 1837 <P>~Christensonella subulata ( Lindl. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria subulata Lindl 1832 <P>~Christensonella subulifolia (Schltr.) S.Koehler 2012 - See Maxillaria subulifolia Schltr. 1920 <P>~Christensonella uncata ( Lindl. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria uncata Lindl. 1837 <P>~Christensonella vernicosa ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria neowiedii Rchb.f.1876 <P>~Christensonella vitelliniflora ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach., Mytnik, Grniak & Smiszek 2006- See Maxillaria neowiedii Rchb.f.1876 <P><Font size=6>`Christensonia Haager 1993</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE ?<P> A monotypic Asian genus with one small, monopodial epiphyte with spurred flowers that was named in 1993 and is found in Vietnam. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Named for Eric A. Christenson an American taxomonist 2012 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Christensonia vietnamica Haager 1993 <OL> <P><LI><A href="christvietnamica.htm">!Christensonia vietnamica Haager 1993</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">LATE <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </ol> <P><Font size=6>~Chromatotriccum M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 </font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.<P> <P>~Chromatotriccum aemulans (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Chromatotriccum amblyogenium (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Chromatotriccum apertum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium apertum Schltr.1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum aphanochilum (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium aphanochilum Kraenzl. 1910 <P>~Chromatotriccum asumburu (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum aurantiflavum (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum baeuerlenii (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium baeuerlenii F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum brevilabium (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium brevilabium Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum calyptratum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum chrysopterum ( Schuit. &amp; de Vogel ) D.L.Jones &amp; M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium chrysopterum Schuit. & de Vogel 2001 <P>~Chromatotriccum cochleatum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium cochleatum J.J.Sm. 1908 <P>~Chromatotriccum convexipes (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium convexipes J.J.Sm. 1929 <P>~Chromatotriccum crepidiferum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium glomeratum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum cuculliferum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium cuculliferum J.J.Sm. 1913 <P>~Chromatotriccum deflexum (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium wentianum J.J.Sm. 1911 <P>~Chromatotriccum delphinioides (R.S.Rogers) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002- See Dendrobium lawesii F. Mueller 1884 <P>~Chromatotriccum dichroma (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium dichroma Schlechter 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum erosum (Blume) D.L.Jones &amp; M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Chromatotriccum flammula (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum fruticicola (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum fulgidum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium fulgidum Schlechter 1916 <P>~Chromatotriccum lane-poolei (R.S.Rogers) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum lawesii (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium lawesii F. Mueller 1884 <P>~Chromatotriccum loesenerianum (Schltr.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium loesenerianum Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum macrogenion (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium macrogenion Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum maritimum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium fulgidum Schlechter 1916 <P>~Chromatotriccum melinanthum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium melinanthum Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum mitriferum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum mohlianum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium mohlianum Rchb.f 1862 <P>~Chromatotriccum nubigenum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium nubigenum Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum obtusipetalum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium wentianum J.J.Sm. 1911 <P>~Chromatotriccum oreodoxa (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium oreodoxa Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum pachyceras (F.Muell. &amp; Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium smilliae F. Muell. 1867 <P>~Chromatotriccum pandanicola (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum paspalifolium (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum phlox (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum rhabdoglossum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium rhabdoglossum Schltr. 1923 <P>~Chromatotriccum roseum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium roseicolor A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957 <P>~Chromatotriccum rutriferum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium rutriferum Rchb.f. 1887 <P>~Chromatotriccum sacculiferum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium dillonianum A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957 <P>~Chromatotriccum salmoneum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trichostomum Rchb.f. ex Oliv. 1875 <P>~Chromatotriccum speciosum (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum sphenochilum (F.Muell. &amp; Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones, 2002 - See Dendrobium sphenochilum F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum strictum (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum subclausum (Rolfe) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe var 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum sulawesiense (Erfkamp &amp; O.Gruss) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium glomeratum Rolfe 1894 <P>~Chromatotriccum trichostomum (Rchb.f. ex Oliv.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trichostomum Rchb.f. ex Oliv. 1875 <P>~Chromatotriccum vacciniifolium (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium wentianum J.J.Sm. 1911 <P>~Chromatotriccum vannouhuysii (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium vannouhuysii J.J.Sm 1911 <P>~Chromatotriccum verruculosum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium verruculosum Schltr. 1912 <P>~Chromatotriccum wentianum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. &amp; D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium wentianum J.J.Sm. 1911 <P>~Chromatotriccum woluense (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium woluense J.J.Sm. 1928 <P>~Chromatotriccum womersleyi (T.M.Reeve) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium womersleyi T.M. Reeve 1982 <P><Font size=6>Chroniochilus J.J.Sm. 1918</font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.</p> There are 5 species in this small sized, Asian genus with a short stem and a few leaves. The tepals are similar, the lateral sepals are decurrent along the column foot and inside are sparsely bristly-hairy. The broadly clawed, trilobed, spurless lip is elasticly placed on the column foot and has conspicuous side lobes and a callus between them. The column is very long and has a conspicuous, free foot carrying 2, subglobose pollina with oblong stipes. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Persistent Lip Orchid [refers to the long-lasting flowers] <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chroniochilus tjidadapense J.J.Sm. 1918 - See Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1927 <ol> <P>~Chroniochilus godeffroyanus (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1938 - See Chiloschista godefroyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919 <P><LI><A href="chronminimus.htm"> !Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm.1927</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chroniosinicus.htm"> Chroniochilus sinicus L.J.Chen & Z.J.Liu 2010</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chronithrixspermoides.htm"> Chroniochilus thrixspermoides (Schltr.) Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chroniochilus tjidadapense J.J.Sm.1918 - See Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm.1927 <P><LI><A href="chronvirescens.htm"> Chroniochilus virescens (Ridl.) Holttum 1960</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Chrysobaphus Wall.1826 - See Anoectochilus Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae<P> <P>~Chrysobaphus roxburghii Wall. 1826 - See Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. 1832 <P><Font size=6>~`Chrysoglossella Hatus. 1967 - See Hancockia Rolfe 1903</font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae SUBTRIBE Bletiinae <P>~Chrysoglossella japonica Hatus. 1967 - See Hancockia uniflora Rolfe 1903 <P><Font size=6>`Chrysocycnis Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1854</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae. <P> There are about 5 species in this genus that is related to Cycnoches in Central and South America. Characterized by the elongate rhizomes between single leafed pseudobulbs, conduplicate, flattened leaves single flowered inflroescence arising from the pseudobulb base or along the stem and flowers that have free spreading sepals, a lip without a spur, a footless column and 4 flattened pollina superposed and attached to a short stipe and has a semilunate, broad viscidium. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Golden Swan Orchid [refers to the column that is shaped like a swan's neck] <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1854 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chrysocecuadoriense.htm">Chrysocycnis ecuadorense Dodson &amp; Garay 1980</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chrysocycnis glumacea L.O.Williams 1940 - See Cyrtidiorchis alata (Ruiz & Pav.) Rauschert 1982 <P><LI><A href="chrysolehmanii.htm"> Chrysocycnis lehmanii Rolfe 1918</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P>~*Chrysocycnis rhomboglossum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 - See Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1982 <P><LI><A href="chrysocschlimii.htm">!Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1854</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="chrytigrinum.htm"> Chrysocycnis tigrinum (C. Schweinf.) J.T. Atwood 1989</A><p> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Chrysocycnis trigonidii Linden &amp; Rchb. f.? - See Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1854 <P>~Chrysocycnis triptera Schltr. 1920 - See Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1982 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Chrysoglossella Hatus. 1967 - See Hancockia Rolfe 1903</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Collabieae, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae <P><Font size=6>Chrysoglossum Blume 1825</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Collabieae, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae <P> There are about 10 species in this Asian terrestrial genus with a single apical leaf for each pseudobulb giving rise to a terminal inflorescence that is not densely flowered and a column with small wings or arms on the front edges and a distinct foot. There are 2, free, subglobose or unequally four sided pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Golden Tongue Orchid [refers to the lip color of the type species] <P><Font color=green>LectoType Species</Font> = ! = Chrysoglossum villosum Blume 1825 <OL> <P>~Chrysoglossum aneityumense Ames 1933 - See Collabium vesicatum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911 <P><LI><A href="chryassamicum.htm"> Chrysoglossum assamicum Hook.f. 1890</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <P>~*Chrysoglossum bicameratum J.J.Sm. 1931 - See Collabium bicameratum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood 1994 <P>~Chrysoglossum chloranthum (Gagnep.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Collabium chloranthum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984 <P>~Chrysoglossum cyrtopetalum Schltr. 1911 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum delavayi (Gagnep.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Collabium delavayi (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984 <P><LI><A href="chrysogensigerum.htm"> Chrysoglossum ensigerum W.Burgh & de Vogel 1997</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Partial shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Chrysoglossum erraticum Hook.f. 1890 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum formosanum Hayata 1911 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum gibbsiae Rolfe 1909 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum hallbergii Blatt. 1928 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum latifolium Benth. &amp; Hook.f. 1889 - See Diglyphosa latifolia Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum macrophyllum King & Pantl. 1895 - See Diglyphosa latifolia Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum maculatum (Thwaites) Hook.f. 1890 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum nebulosum (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Collabium nebulosum Blume 1825 <P>~Chrysoglossum neocaledonicum Schltr. 1906 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825 <P><LI><A href="chryornatum.htm"> Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Partial Shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~ Chrysoglossum papuanum (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. 1910 - See Collabium vesicatum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911 <P>~*Chrysoglossum pumilum J.J.Sm. 1933 - See Collabium pumilum (J.J.Sm.) Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984 <P><LI><A href="chryreticulatum.htm">Chrysoglossum reticulatum Carr 1935</A> <p><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Chrysoglossum robinsonii Ridl. 1915 - See Collabium chinensis (Rolfe) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1977 <P>~Chrysoglossum simplex (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Collabium simplex Rchb.f. 1881 <P>~Chrysoglossum sinense Mansf. 1930 - See Chrysoglossum assamicum Hook.f. 1890 <P>~*Chrysoglossum vesicatum Rchb.f. 1868 - See Collabium vesicatum (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1911 <P><LI><A href="chryvillosum.htm">!Chrysoglossum villosum Blume 1825</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> </OL> <P><Font size=6> ~Chusua Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis Rchb.f. 1852</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae <OL> <P>~ Chusua brevicalcarata (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis brevicalcarata (Finet) So 1966 <P>~Chusua chidorii (Makino) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chidorii (Makino) Ohwi 1936 <P>~ Chusua chrysea (W.W.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chrysea (W.W.Sm.) So 1966 <P>~Chusua crenulata (So) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis crenulata So1966 <P>~ Chusua curtipes (Ohwi) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis curtipes (Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003 <P>~Chusua donii Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua hemipilioides (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Amitostigma hemipilioides (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1936 <P>~Chusua hui (Tang & F.T.Wang) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) So 1966 <P>~Chusua joo-iokiana (Makino) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Orchis joo-iokiana Makino 1902 <P>~Chusua kiraishiensis (Hayata) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis kiraishiensis (Hayata) Ohwi 1936 <P>~Chusua limprichtii (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) So 1966 <P>~Chusua monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Sirindhornia monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) H.A.Pedersen & Suksathan 2002 <P>~Chusua nana (King & Pantl.) Pradhan 1979 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua pauciflora (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua puberula (King & Pantl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2002 - See Ponerorchis puberula (King & Pantl.) Verm. 1972 <P>~Chusua pulchella (Hand.-Mazz.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975 - See Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi var. delavayi (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi var. giraldiana (Kraenzl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi var. nana (King & Pantl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi var. tenii (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua roborowskyi var. unifoliata (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua secunda Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) So 1966 <P>~Chusua taiwanensis (Fukuy.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis taiwanensis (Fukuy.) Ohwi 1936 <P>~Chusua takasago-montana (Masam.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis takasago-montana (Masam.) Ohwi 1936 </OL> <P><Font size=6> <A href="chysis.htm"> `Chysis Lindley 1837</A></Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Chysiinae.<P> Chysis is a genus of 10 epiphytic or lithophytic plants found from Mexico south to Peru and east to Andean Venezuela. Chysis is characterized by epiphytes and the occasional lithophyte with clustered fusiform psuedobulbs, carrying distichous and plicate leaves that are deciduous. The plant itself is often pendulous growing. The inflorescence arises from the side of the old psuedobulb as a new one arises and is laxly racemose and gives rise to a few showy flowers with equal sized petals and sepals, a three lobed lip that is attached to the column foot and has at it's base a callus with several crests holding 8 pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> "Fusion" refers to the 8 pollina being fused together <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> `Thorvaldsenia Leibm. ex Hartman 1844; `Thorwaldsenia Leibm. ex Hartman 1844 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chysis aurea Lindley 1837 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chyaddita.htm"> Chysis addita Dressler 2000</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="chyarchilae.htm"> Chysis archilae Chiron 2010</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="chyaurea.htm">!Chysis aurea Lindley 1837</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chysis aurea frma limminghei [Linden &amp; Rchb.f] P.H.Allen - See Chysis limminghei Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1858 <P>~Chysis aurea var bractescens [Lindley]P.H.Allen 1955 - See Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840 <P>~Chysis aurea var. limminghei (Linden &amp; Rchb. f.) - See Chysis limminghei Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1858 <P>~Chysis aurea var. maculata Hook. 1851 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. &amp; Warsz. 1857 <P><LI><A href="chysisbractescens.htm">Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chysisbruennow.htm">Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. &amp; Warsz. 1857</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="chyschelsonii.htm">Chysis x chelsonii 1874</A> <P><LI><A href="chychiron.htm"> Chysis chironii Archila 2010</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATER<Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Chysis costaricensis Schltr. 1923 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. &amp; Warsz. 1857 <P><LI><A href="chylaevis.htm"> Chysis laevis Lindl. 1840</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chysilimminhei.htm">Chysis limminghei Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1858</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Chysis maculata (Hook.) Fowlie 1971 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. &amp; Warsz. 1857 <P>~Chysis makoyi Heynh. 1846 - See Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840 <P>~Chysis nietana Gojon Snchez 1930 - See Chysis laevis Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chysis orichalcea Dressler 2000 - See Chysis laevis Lindl. 1840 <P>~Chysis pluricostata Dressler 2005 publ. 2006 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. &amp; Warsz. 1857 <P><LI><A href="chytricostata.htm">Chysis tricostata Schlechter 1923</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chyviolacea.htm"> Chysis violacea Dressler 2003</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Chytroglossa Rchb. f. 1863</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae<P> A Brazilian genus with 3 miniature sized epiphytic species. The genus is related to Ornithocephalus nad can be grown in the same manner. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Pot-Shaped Lip Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Chytroglossa marileoniae Rchb. f. 1863 &amp; Chytroglossa aurata Rchb. f. 1863 <OL> <P><LI><A href="chytroaurita.htm">Chytroglossa aurata Rchb.f. 1863</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Chytroglossa aurata f. luteoviridis V.P.Castro & Chiron 2007 - See Chytroglossa aurata Rchb.f. 1863 <P><LI><A href="chytromarileonii.htm">!Chytroglossa marileoniae Rchb. f. 1863</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="chytpaulensis.htm"> Chytroglossa paulensis Edwall 1903</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE<IMG SRC="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="winter">EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Chytroglossa seehaweri I.Bock 1997 - See Rauhiella seehaweri (I.Bock) Toscano & Christenson 2001 </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Cionisaccus Breda 1829 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813</Font> SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae<P> <P>~ Cionisaccus lanceolatus Breda 1829 - See Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook. 1823 <P><Font size=6> `Cirrhaea Lindley 1832</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae<P> Seven species make up this Brazilian epiphytic genus that grows the same as the Gongora and has ribbed, ovoid to quadrangular, one leafed psuedobulbs, and a basal, pendant inflorescence with many racemose, complex flowers. Closely allied to Gongora and Polycinis it differs by it's 3-lobed lip and column. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the bristles on the rostellum <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> `Sarcoglossum Beer 1854; Scleropteris Schweidw. 1839 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cymbidium dependens Lodd. = Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <OL> <P>Cirrhaea atropurpurea Hoffmanns 1844 - See Gongora quinquenervis Ruiz &amp; Pavon 1798 <P><LI><A href="cirrdependens.htm">!Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> and <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~ Cirrhaea dependens var concolor Porsch 1908 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var fryana Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var livida Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~ Cirrhaea dependens var ornata Hoehne 1942 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var russeliana Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var tigrina Porsch 1908 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var violaceovirens Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea dependens var violascens Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P><LI><A href="cirrfuscolutea.htm"> Cirrhaea fusco-lutea Lindley 1833 </A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cirrhaea fuscolutea Hook. 1839 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea hoffmannseggii Heynh. 1863 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea livida Lodd. - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 <P><LI><A href="cirrloddigesii.htm"> Cirrhaea loddigesii Lindley 1833 </A> <P><LI><A href="cirrhalongiracemosa.htm">Cirrhaea longiracemosa Hoehne 1934</A><P> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cirrnasuta.htm">Cirrhaea nasuta Brade 1949</A> <P>~Cirrhaea obtusata Lindl. 1837 - See Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea pallida Lindl. 1837 - See Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea purpurascens Hoffmanns. 1844 - See Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea saccata Lindl. 1839 - See Cirrhaea fusco-lutea Lindley 1833 <P><LI><A href="cirrseidelii.htm">Cirrhaea seidelii Pabst 1972</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <P><LI><a href="cirrhsilvana.htm"> Cirrhaea silvana V.P.Castro & Campacci 1990</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cirrhsp.htm"> Cirrhaea sp Brazil</A> <P>~Cirrhaea tristis Lindley 1836 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea violaceovirens Hoffmanns. 1842 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea violascens Hoffmanns. 1842 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea viridipurpurea Lodd. 1833 - See Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea viridipurpurea var. frayana Knowles & Westc. 1839 - See Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850 <P>~Cirrhaea warreana Lodd. 1863 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850 </OL> <P><Font size=6>Cirrhopetalum Lindley 1830</A> - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae</Font> <ol> <P>~Cirrhopetalum abbreviatum Rchb. f. 1881 - See Bulbophyllum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum acuminatum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907 <P>~Cirrhopetalum acutiflorum (A.Rich.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum acutiflorum A.Rich. 1841 <P>~Cirrhopetalum adenophorum Schlechter 1906 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum aemulum W.W. Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum forestii Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum africanum Schlechter 1915 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum albidum Wight 1851 - See Bulbophyllum acutiflorum A.Rich. 1841 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum albociliatum Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum albociliatum (Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su) K.Nakaj 1973 <P><A href="cirramesianum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum amesianum Rolfe 1891</A> - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum andersonii Hk f. 1870 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum andersonii Kurz 1870 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum annamense Garay 1999.</A> - See Bulbophyllum annamense (Garay) Sieder & Kiehn 2009 <P>~Cirrhopetalum annamicum (Finet) Tang &amp; F.T.Wang 1951 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum antenniferum Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum antenniferum [Lindley] Rchb. f. 1864 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum appendiculatum Rolfe 1890 - See Bulbophyllum putidum [Teijsm. &amp; Binn.]J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum asperulum (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 <P>~Cirrhopetalum aurantiacum W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum electrinum Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum auratum Lindley 1840 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum aureum Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum aureum (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum autumnale Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 <P><A href="cirrbaucoense.htm">~Cirrhopetalum baucoense (Ames) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum weberi Ames 1912</A> <P>~Cirrhopetalum bicolor (Lindl.) Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum bicolor Lindl.1830 <P><A href="cirrbiflora.htm">~Cirrhopetalum biflorum J.J.Smith 1905 - See Bulbophyllum biflorum Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1855</A> <P>~Cirrhopetalum blepharistes Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb. f. 1872 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum blumei Lindl. 1830 - see - See Bulbophyllum maxillare [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum boninense Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum boninense (Schltr.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum boninense Makino 1919 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum bootanense Griff. 1851 - Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum bootanoides Guillaumin 1956 - See Bulbophyllum frostii Summerh.1928 <P>~Cirrhopetalum borneense Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum brevibrachiatum Schltr. 1911 - See Bulbophyllum brevibrachiatum (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum brevipes Hook.f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum yoksunense J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum breviscapum Rolfe 1905 - See Bulbophyllum lasiochilum Parish &amp; Rchb.f 1874 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum brienianum Rolfe 1893 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum brunnescens Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum caespitosum Wall. ex Lindl. 1838 - See Bulbophyllum scabratum Rchb. f. 1864 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum campanulatum Rolfe 1910 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum candelabrum Lindley ex Moore 1854 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum capitatum [Bl.] Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum carinatum Teijm &amp; Binn. 1853 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum caudatum [Lindley] King &amp; Pantling 1898 - See Bulbophyllum caudatum 'Trident' CHM/AOS Lindley 1829 <P>~Cirrhopetalum caudatum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum cercanthum Garay, Hamer, &amp; Siegrist 1996 - See Bulbophyllum cercanthum (Garay, Hamer & Siegerist) J.M.H.Shaw 2009 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum chinense Lindl. 1842 - See Bulbophyllum chinense (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum chondriophorum Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum chondriophorum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum chryseum Kraenzl. 1910 - See Bulbophyllum tenuifolium (Blume) Lindl. 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum ciliatum Klinge 1899 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~Cirrhopetalum citrinum Ridl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm &amp; Binn 1862 <P>~Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitz. 1883 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum collettii Hemsl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum collettianum Hemsl. ex Collett &amp; Hemsl. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum compactum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm &amp; Binn 1862 <P>~Cirrhopetalum compressum Lindl. 1843 - See Bulbophyllum uniflorum [Bl.]Hassk. 1844 <P>~Cirrhopetalum concinnum Hook.f.1890 - See Bulbophyllum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 <p>~Cirrhopetalum concinnum var purpureum Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum cornutum Lindl. 1838 See Bulbophyllum helenae J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum cumingii Lindl. 1838 - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861 <P><A href="cirrcurtisii.htm">~Cirrhopetalum curtisii Hkr.f 1927</A> - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Cirrhopetalum curtisii var. lutescens Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~Cirrhopetalum curtisii var. purpureum (Ridl.) Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917 <P>~<A href="cirrcyclopsepalon.htm">Cirrhopetalum cyclosepalon (Carr) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994</A> - See Bulbophyllum dentiferum Ridl. 1915 <P>~Cirrhopetalum delitescens [Hance] Rolfe 1882 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876 <P>~Cirrhopetalum dentiferum (Ridl.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum dentiferum Ridl. 1915 <P>~Cirrhopetalum distans Rchb.f - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872 <P>~Cirrhopetalum dolichoblepharon Schltr. 1911 - See Bulbophyllum brevibrachiatum (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum dyerianum King & Pantl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum rolfei (Kuntze) Seidenf. 1979 <P>~<A href="cirreberhardii.htm">~Cirrhopetalum eberhardtii Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum picturatum [Lodd.] Rchb.f 1861</A> <P>~*Cirrhopetalum elatum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum elatum (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~<A href="cirrelegans.htm">Cirrhopetalum elegans Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1862</A> - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum elegantulum Rolfe 1891 - See Bulbophyllum elegantulum (Rolfe) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum elisae F. Muell. 1868 - See Bulbophyllum elisae F. Mueller 1868 <P>~Cirrhopetalum elliae (Rchb.f.) Trimen 1885 - See Bulbophyllum elliae Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum elongatum (Blume) Lindl. 1843 - See Bulbophyllum elongatum (Blume) Hassk. 1844 <P>~Cirrhopetalum emarginatum Finet 1897 - See Bulbophyllum emarginatum (Finet) J.J.Sm.1912 <p>~*Cirrhopetalum farreri W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum farreri (W.W.Sm.) Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974 <P>~<A href="cirrhopetalumfascinator.htm">*Cirrhopetalum fascinator Rolfe 1908</A> - See Bulbophyllum fascinator [Rolfe]Rolfe 1908 <P>~Cirrhopetalum fastuosum Rchb.f - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum fenestratum (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum fenestratum J.J. Sm. 1907 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum fibratum Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum fimbriatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum fimbriatum Lindl. 1839 - See Bulbophyllum fimbriatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum flabellovernis [Koenig] Seidenfadden &amp; Ormerad 1995 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~Cirrhopetalum flagelliforme Teijsm. &amp; Binn. ex Rchb. 1861 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum flaviflorum Liu &amp; Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum flavisepalum (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869 <P>~Cirrhopetalum fletcherianum (Rolfe) Rolfe 1915 - See Bulbophyllum fletcherianum Rolfe 1911 <P>~Cirrhopetalum fletcherianum Rolfe 1915 - See Bulbophyllum fletcherianum Rolfe 1911 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum fordii Rolfe 1896 - See Bulbophyllum fordii (Rolfe) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum frostii (Summerh.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum frostii Summerh.1928 <P>~Cirrhopetalum gagnepainii Guill 1964 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <p>~Cirrhopetalum gamblei Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum fischeri Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum gamosepalum Griff. 1851</A> - See Bulbophyllum gamosepalum (Griff.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum gongshanense (Z.H.Tsi) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gongshanense Z.H.Tsi 1981 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum gracillimum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum grandiflorum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum wightii Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum graveolens F.M. Bailey 1896 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum gusdorfii (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gusdorfii J.J. Sm. 1917 <P>~ Cirrhopetalum gusdorfii var. johorense (Holttum) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gusdorfii J.J. Sm. 1917 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum guttulatum Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum guttulatum (Hook. f.) M.S. Balakr. 1970 <P>~ Cirrhopetalum guttulatum Wight non Hook. f. - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum J.J. Sm. 1905 <P>~Cirrhopetalum habrotinum (J.J. Verm. &amp; A.L. Lamb) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum habrotinum J.J. Verm. &amp; A.L. Lamb? <P>~Cirrhopetalum henryi Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum hirundinis Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum hirundinis [Gagnep.] Seidenf. 1974 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum hookeri Duthie 1902 - Bulbophyllum muscicola Rchb.f. 1872 <P>~Cirrhopetalum inabai Hayata 1914 - See Bulbophyllum japonicum [Makino] Makino 1910 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum insulsum Gagnep.1950 - See Bulbophyllum levinei Schltr. 1924 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum japonicum Makino 1891 - See Bulbophyllum japonicum [Makino] Makino 1910 <P>~Cirrhopetalum kenejianum Schlechter 1915 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum koordersii Rolfe 1899 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><A href="cirrhopetalumlasiochilum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum lasiochilum [Par &amp; Rchb.f] Hkr.f 1874</A> - See Bulbophyllum lasiochilum Par. &amp; Rchb.f 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum layardii F. Meuller &amp; Krnzl. 1894 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum lendyanum Rchb. f. 1887 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm &amp; Binn 1862 <P>~Cirrhopetalum leopardinum Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum binnendijkii J.J. Sm. 1906 <p>~Cirrhopetalum lepidum [Blume]Schlechter 1911 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~Cirrhopetalum leratiae Kraenzl. 1928 - See Bulbophyllum baladeanum J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum leratii Schltr. 1911 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum linchianum (S.S.Ying) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914 <P>~Cirrhopetalum linearfolium Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum lineatum Teijsm & Bin 1862 - See Bulbophyllum lineatum (Teijsm. & Binn.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum loherianum Kraenzl. 1916 - See Bulbophyllum loherianum [Kranzel] Ames 1925 <P>~Cirrhopetalum longibrachiatum (Z.H.Tsi) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum longibrachiatum Z.H.Tsi 1981 <P>~Cirrhopetalum longidens Rolfe 1917 - See Bulbophyllum boninense (Schltr.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><A href="cirrhlongiflorum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum longiflorum [Thou.]Schlechter 1915</A> - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum longiscapum Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum longissimum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum longissimum (Ridl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum macgregorii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1914 - See Bulbophyllum chloranthum Schltr. 1905 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum macraei Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 <P><A href="bulbmaculosum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum maculosum Lindl. 1841</A> - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. annamicum Finet 1909 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. frutescens Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum makinoanum Schlechter 1919 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum makoyanum Rchb.f 1879 - See Bulbophyllum makoyanum [Rchb.f]Ridley 1879 <P>~Cirrhopetalum makoyanum var brienianum [Rolfe] Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum mannii Mukerjee 1953 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876 <P>~Cirrhopetalum masonii Senghas 1978 - See Bulbophyllum masonii (Senghas) J.J.Wood 1986 <P> Cirrhopetalum mastersianum Rolfe 1890 - See Bulbophyllum mastersianum [Rolfe]J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum maxillare Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum maxillare [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum maximum Ridl. 1900 - See Bulbophyllum virescens J.J. Sm. 1907 <P><A href="cirrhopetalummedusae1.htm">~*Cirrhopetalum medusae Lindley 1842 - See Bulbophyllum medusae [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861</A> <P>~ Cirrhopetalum melanoglossum (Hayata) Hayata 1917- See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914 <P>~Cirrhopetalum melinanthum Schltr. 1919 - See Bulbophyllum electrinum Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum micholtzii Rolfe 1912 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869 <P>~Cirrhopetalum microbulbon Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum nanobulbon Seidenfaden 1973 publ. 1974 <P>~<A href="cirrminiatum.htm">Cirrhopetalum miniatum 'Jane'CHM/AOS Rolfe 1913</A> - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum minutiflorum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1996 - See Bulbophyllum puguahaanense Ames 1915 <P>~Cirrhopetalum mirificum Hance 1931 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876 <P>~Cirrhopetalum mirum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum mirum J.J. Sm. 1906 <P>~Cirrhopetalum morotaiense (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum morotaiense J.J. Sm. 1932 <P>~Cirrhopetalum mundulum Bull 1891 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum nilgherrense Wight 1853 - See Bulbophyllum kaitiense Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum nodosum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum nodosum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum nutans Lindl. 1839 - See Bulbophyllum othonis (Kuntze) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>Cirrhopetalum ochraceum Ridley 1898 - See Bulbophyllum serratotruncatum Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum omerandrum (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum omerandrum Hayata 1914 <P>~Cirrhopetalum oreogenes Auct. no W.W.Sm. 1934 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum ornatissimum Rchb. f. 1882 - See Bulbophyllum ornatissimum (Rchb. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum ornatissimum Auct. non Rchb.f 1898 - See Bulbophyllum fascinator [Rolfe]Rolfe 1908 <P>~Cirrhopetalum ornithorhynchum J.J.Sm. 1903 - See Bulbophyllum leysianum Burb. 1894 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pachybulbum Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pahudi De Vriese 1854 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pallidum Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm &amp; Binn 1862 <P>~Cirrhopetalum panigrahianum (S.Misra) S.Misra 1997 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophyllum [King &amp; Pntlg.]J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum papillosum Rolfe 1908 - See Bulbophyllum thaiorum J.J.Smith 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum parvulum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum rolfei (Kuntze) Seidenf. 1979 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum pecten-veneris Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum picturatum all authors other than Lodd. 1840 - See Cirrhopetalum pseudopicturatum Garay <P>~Cirrhopetalum picturatum Lodd. 1840 - See Bulbophyllum picturatum [Lodd.] Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pileolatum Klinge 1899 - See Bulbophyllum elegantulum (Rolfe) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~<A href="cirrpingtungense.htm">Cirrhopetalum pingtungense (S.S. Ying &amp; C. Chen) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994</A>- See Bulbophyllum pingtungense S.S. Ying & C. Chen 1985 <P>~Cirrhopetalum polliculosum (Seidenf.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum polliculosum Seidenf. 1973 <P>*Cirrhopetalum proboscideum Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum proboscideum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1961 <P>~Cirrhopetalum proliferum hort. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum proudlockii King & Pantl. 1897 - See Bulbophyllum proudlockii (King & Pantl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pseudopicturatum Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum pseudopicturatum (Garay) Sieder & Kiehn 2009 <P>~Cirrhopetalum psittacoides Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum puguahaanense (Ames) Garay, Hamers &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum puguahaanense Ames 1915 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pulchrum N.E. Br. 1886 -See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum) pumilio Par. &amp; Rchb.f. 1874 - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pumilio Par. &amp; Rchb.f. ex B.D.Jackson 1895 - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum pumilio (Par. &amp; Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890</A> - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum punctatissimum (Ridl.) Rolfe ex Ridl. 1924</A> - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <p>~Cirrhopetalum putidum Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum putidum [Teijsm. &amp; Binn.]J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum racemosum Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum insulsoides Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974 <P><A href="cirrhopetalumrefractum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum refractum Zoll. 1847 </A>- See Bulbophyllum refractum [Zoll.]Rchb. f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum remotifolium Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum hirundinis [Gagnep.] Seidenf. 1974 <P>~Cirrhopetalum retusiusculum [Rchb. f.] Hemsley 1869</A> - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum rhombifolium Carr 1935 - See Bulbophyllum rhombifolium [Carr]Masam. 1942 <P>~Cirrhopetalum rivesii Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum robustum Rolfe 1893 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum roseopunctatum Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1995 - See Bulbophyllum schwarzii Sieder & Kiehn 2010 publ. 2011 <P>~Cirrhopetalum roseum Jayaw. 1963 - See Bulbophyllum elliae Rchb.f. 1861 <P><A href="bulbrothchildianum.htm">~Cirrhopetalum rothschildianum O'Brien 1895 - See Bulbophyllum rothschildianum (O'Brien) J.J. Sm. 1912</A> <P>~Cirrhopetalum roxburghii Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum roxburghii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864 <P>~Cirrhopetalum rubroguttatum (Seidenf.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum rubroguttatum Seidenf. 1985 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum sarcophyllum King &amp; Pantl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophyllum [King &amp; Pantl.]J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum sarcophyllum var. minor King &amp; Pantl. 1898 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophylloides Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 <P>~Cirrhopetalum saruwatarii (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830 <P>~Cirrhopetalum semibifidum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907 <P>~Cirrhopetalum setiferum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876 <P>~Cirrhopetalum siamense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~Cirrhopetalum sibuyanense (Ames) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum sibuyanense Ames 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum sigaldii Guillaumin 1963 - See Bulbophyllum vietnamense Seidenf. 1975 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum sikkimense King &amp; Pantling 1898 - See Bulbophyllum sikkimense (King & Pantl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum simillinum [Par &amp; Rchb.f] Hkr.f 1890 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum skeatianum (Ridl.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum spathulatum Rolfe ex E. Cooper 1929 - See Bulbophyllum spathulatum (Rolfe ex E. Cooper) Seidenf. 1970 <P>~Cirrhopetalum spicatum Gagnep. 1950 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872 <P>~Cirrhopetalum stramineum Auct. non Teijsm &amp; Binn 1934 - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum stramineum Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864 <P><A href="cirrstrangularium.htm">~Cirrhopetalum strangularium Rchb. f. 1887</A> - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum striatum Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum sutepense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Bulbophyllum sutepense (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. &amp; Smitinand 1961 <p>~Cirrhopetalum surigaense [Ames & Quis.] Suarez 2007 - See Bulbophyllum surigaense Ames & Quisumb. 1933 publ. 1934 <P>~Cirrhopetalum taeniophyllum (Parish &amp; Rchb. f.) Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum taiwanense Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum taiwanense (Fukuy.) K.Nakaj. 1973 <P>~Cirrhopetalum tanegasimense [Mas.]Masasum. 1970 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum tenuicaule Rolfe 1937 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>Cirrhopetalum thomasinii Lindley ex Josst 1851 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum thomsonii Hooker f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum fischeri Seidenf. 1974 <P><A href="cirrthoarsii.htm"> <P>~Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindley 1824 </A>- See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum thouarsii var. concolor Rolfe 1892 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum thwaitesii (Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum thwaitesii Rchb.f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum tigridum (Hance) Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum tigridum Hance 1883 <P>~Cirrhopetalum touranense Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915 <P>~Cirrhopetalum touranense var brevifolium Gagnep 1933 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum trichocephalum Schltr. 1919 - See Bulbophyllum trichocephalum (Schltr.) T. Tang &amp; F.T. Wang 1951 <P>~Cirrhopetalum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 - See Bulbophyllum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 <P>~Cirrhopetalum trimenii Hook.f. in H.Trimen 1898 - See Bulbophyllum trimenii (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum tripudians Par & Rchb.f 1876 - See Bulbophyllum tripudians Par. &amp; Rchb.f. 1874 <P>~Cirrhopetalum trisetum (Ames) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum tseanum S.Y. Hu &amp; Barretto 1976 - See Bulbophyllum tseanum (S.Y. Hu & Barretto) Z.H. Tsi 2000 <P>~Cirrhopetalum umbellatum [Forst.] Hkr. &amp; Arn 1832 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822 <P>~Cirrhopetalum unciniferum (Seidenf.) Senghas 1983 - See Bulbophyllum unciniferum Seidenf. 1973 <P>~Cirrhopetalum uniflorum Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum baladeanum J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum urainse Hayata 1914 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum vaginatum Lindl. 1828 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864 <P>~Cirrhopetalum viridiflorum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum viridiflorum (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1910 <P>~Cirrhopetalum viscidum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.Knig) Aver. 2003 <P>~Cirrhopetalum walkerianum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861 <P><A href="cirrwallichi.htm">~Cirrhopetalum wallichii Lindl. 1828 - Bulbophyllum wallichii Rchb.f. 1861 </A> <P>~Cirrhopetalum wallichii Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum muscicola Rchb.f. 1872 <P>~*Cirrhopetalum wallichii J.Graham 1839 - See Bulbophyllum fibratum (Gagnep.) T.B.Nguyen & D.H.Duong 1984 <P>~Cirrhopetalum warianum Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912 <P>~Cirrhopetalum weberi (Ames) Senghas 1983 - See Bulbophyllum weberi Ames 1912 <P><A href="bulbowendlandianum.htm">~*Cirrhopetalum wendlandianum Kraenzl. 1891 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum (Kraenzl.) Dammer 1912</A> <P>~Cirrhopetalum whiteanum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864 <P>~Cirrhopetalum wightii Thwaites 1861 - See Bulbophyllum elliae Rchb.f. 1861 <P>~Cirrhopetalum zamboangense (Ames) Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum zamboangense Ames 1913 <P>~Cirrhopetalum zygoglossum Garay, Hamer &amp; Siegrist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912 </OL> <P><Font size=6> Cischweinfia Dressler &amp; L.O. Wms. 1970</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.<P> There are 11 to 13 species in this epiphytic genus from moist forests that ranges from Costa Rica south to Bolivia and is closely related to Trichopilia except that it has a lip that is fused at it's margins to the column to form a nectary that is fused below to the ovary. <P>The Type species is Aspasia pusilla which has been renamed to Cischweinfia pusilla. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Named for the American botanist Charles Schweinfurth <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Aspasia pusilla C. Schweinf. 1941 = Cischweinfia pusilla [C. Schweinf.]Dressler &amp; L.O.Wms. 1970 <ol> <P>~Cischweinfia chasei D.E.Benn. &amp; Christenson 1994 - See Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970 <P><LI><A href="cischcolombiana.htm">Cischweinfia colombiana Garay 1973</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cischdasyandra.htm">Cischweinfia dasyandra (Rchb. f.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="ciscdonrafae.htm"> Cischweinfia donrafae Dressler & Dalstrm 2004</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cischweinfia emarginata Christenson 2003 - See Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970 <P><LI><A href="cischgleisctein.htm">Cischweinfia glicensteinii Christenson 2003</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> To <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> and <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cischhorichii.htm">Cischweinfia horichii Senghas &amp; Neudecker 1995</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="cischjarae.htm">Cischweinfia jarae Dodson &amp; D.E. Benn. 1989</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><A href="cischkromeri.htm">~Cischweinfia kroemeri R. Vsquez &amp; Dodson 1999 - See Cischweinfia jarae Dodson &amp; D.E. Benn. 1989</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="cischnana.htm"> Cischweinfia nana Dressler 2001</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg">EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cischparva.htm">Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cischplatychila.htm">Cischweinfia platychila Garay 1972</A><P><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cischweinfia platychila f. palatina Tessmer 2005 - See Cischweinfia platychila Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cischpopowiana.htm">Cischweinfia popowiana Kniger 1987</A><P><Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="cischpusila.htm">!Cischweinfia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cischweinfia pusilla var. furcata Dressler & Dalstrm 2004 - See Cischweinfia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970 <P><LI><A href="cischpygmaea.htm"> Cischweinfia pygmaea (Pupulin, J.Valle & G.Merino) M.W.Chase 2011</A><p> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cishrostrata.htm">Cischweinfia rostrata Dressler &amp; N.H. Williams 1970</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cischsheehaniae.htm">Cischweinfia sheehaniae Christenson 2003</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P><A href="cishspe.htm">Cischweinfia species novo</A> <P><A href="cischweinsp.htm">Cischweinfia sp.</A> <P><A href="cischsuarezi.htm">~Cischweinfia suarezii Dodson 1989 - See Cischweinfia jarae Dodson &amp; D.E. Benn. 1989</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Cistella Blume 1825 - See Geodorum G. Jacks 1811</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae<P> <P>~Cistella cernua (Willd.) Blume 1825 - See Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919 <P><Font size=6>'Claderia Hook.f. 1890</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Misfit, <P> A terrestrial genus with 2 species occuring in south east Asia as well as New Guinea with an elongate creeping rhizome giving rise to short, leafy shoots at intervals before climbing up shrubs or tree trunks that bloom on terminal, peduncel from 4" to 12" [10 to 30 cm] long, rachis slowly lengthens as theseveral, 1 to 2 flowers open at a time carrying resupinate flowers with free sepals and petals, a lip that is saccate basally, trilobed apically and has large side lobes as well as having an arched column carrying 2 pollina. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Eria-Like Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Claderia viridiflora Hook.f. 1890 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cladpapuana.htm"> Claderia papuana Schltr. 1911</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cladviridiflora.htm"> !Claderia viridiflora Hook.f. 1890</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Partial Shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="summer"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~Cladobium Lindl. 1836 - See Scaphyglottis Poeppig &amp; Endl. 1836</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae. <P> <P>~Cladobium ceracifolium (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940 <P>~Cladobium costaricense Schltr. 1923 - See Lankesterella orthantha (Kraenzl.) Garay 1962 <P>~Cladobium epiphytum (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella caespitosa (Lindl.) Hoehne 1944 <P>~Cladobium gnomus (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella gnomus (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1944 <P>~Cladobium longicolle (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella longicollis (Cogn.) Hoehne 1944 <P>~Cladobium majus Hoehne &amp; Schltr 1926 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940 <P>~Cladobium oliganthum Hoehne &amp; Schltr. 1926 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940 <P>~Cladobium pilosum (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella pilosa (Cogn.) Hoehne 1944 <P>~*Cladobium spannagelianum Hoehne &amp; Brade 1930 - See Lankesterella spannageliana (Hoehne &amp; Brade) Hoehne 1940 <P>~Cladobium violaceum Lindl. 1836 - See Scaphyglottis violacea Lindl. 1901 <P><Font size=6>~`Cladorhiza Raf. 1828 - See Corallorhiza [Haller] R.Br 1755</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae <P> <P>~*Cladorhiza maculata Raf. 1817 - See Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. 1817 <P><font size=6>Cleisocentron Brhl 1926</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P> This small monopodial epiphytic genus occurs from the N Himalayas to N Borneo and has 5 distinct species. Characterized by the pendulous stem carrying narrow leathery leaves and an axillary, racemose, many flowered inflorescence. The lip is firmly adnate to the column foot, urceolate, lobulate above, laterla lobes erect, a short triangular midlobe witha gently curved, cylindric spur. There are 4 pollina in unequal pairs on linear stipes witha large subquadrate viscidium <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the spur being almost closed by 2 calli <P><Font color=green>LECTOType Species</Font> = ! = Cleisocentron pallens [Cathcart ex Lindley] N Pearce & Cribb 2001? <OL> <P><LI><A href="cleisabasii.htm"> Cleisocentron abasii Cavestro 2002</A> <P>~Cleisocentron collettianum (King & Pantl.) Garay 1972 - See Robiquetia pachyphylla (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleisgokusingii.htm"> Cleisocentron gokusingii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2008</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisocklossii.htm"> Cleisocentron klossii (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> MID <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscmerrlilii.htm">!Cleisocentron merrillianum (Ames) Christenson 1992</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleispallens.htm"> Cleisocentron pallens (Cathcart ex Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cleisocentron trichromum (Rchb.f.) Brhl 1926 - See Cleisocentron pallens (Cathcart ex Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001 </OL> <P><font size=6>`Cleisomeria Lindl. ex G. Don 1855</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P> There are 2 species in this East Indian epiphytic genus related to Aerides with a long pendant stem carrying oblong, terete, unequally bilobed apically acute leaves and blooms on an axillary, racemose, short, few to many flowered inflorescence with sepals and petals spreading, An immobile, 3 lobed, spur gently arched, cylindric lip with either an erect central projection on the back wall or and decurved, shelf-like back wall callus and a flap-like front wall callus, there is no median septum and the erect, cylindric, column has the foot decurrent on the back wall or free, has long slender stipes, a large viscidium, 4 pollina in two masses, each divided into free halves. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Means closed part and refers to the spur is almost closed by the callus <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cleisomlanatum.htm">!Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleispilosulum.htm"> Cleisomeria pilosulum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade">LATE <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"><Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </OL> <P><font size=6><A href="cleisostoma.htm"> Cleisostoma Blume 1825</a> </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P> One of the largest mini flowered genera of it's subtribe is widely distributed over the entire tropical Asia and out to the Philippines and south to Australia. This genus is composed of 88 different, compact, small to medium sized epiphytes that have flat fleshy or terete leaves. The inflorescence can be short or long, simple or branched, erect or pendulous and always multiflowered. The 3-lobed lip is spurred and has a sort of a foot that is attached to the margins of the side lobes and the short column has a short foot has 4 pollina that are united in 2 round bodies. The genus was established by C. L. Blume in 1825 using Cleisostoma sagittatum as the type species. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> refers to the spur entrance that is almost closed by calli <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Blumeorchis Szlach. 2003; Carteretia A.Rich. 1834; Echioglossum Blume 1825; Garayanthus Szlach. 1995; Ormerodia Szlach. 2003; Raciborskanthos Szlach. 1995; Sarcanthus Lindley 1824 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cleisostoma sagittatum Blume 1825 = Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972 = See Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. &amp; Smitinand) Garay 1972 <OL> <P>~*Cleisostoma acaule Lindl. 1833 - See Gastrochilus acaulis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891 <P>~Cleisostoma aciliatum Guillaumin & Tixier 1965 - See Thrixspermum ancoriferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma acuminatum Rolfe 1913 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma acutilabris (Guillaumin) Aver. 1988 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 <P><LI><A href="cleisaikoae.htm"> Cleisostoma aikoae Cootes 2015</a><P><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma amabile Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1853 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825 <P>~*Cleisostoma ancoriferum Guillaumin 1963 - See Thrixspermum ancoriferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma andamanicum Hook.f. 1890 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisappendiculatum.htm"> Cleisostoma appendiculatum (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.1893</A><P><I> SECTION Pilearia</i> TYPE for the section <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="part Shade"> LATER<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleisosarientinum.htm">Cleisostoma arietinum (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972</A><P> <I>SECTION Mitriformes Seiden 1975 </I> TYPE for the section<P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~*Cleisostoma armigera King & Pantl. 1896 - See Pomatocalpa armigerum (King & Pantl.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 <P>~Cleisostoma arnitii F. Muell. 1875 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967 <P><LI><A href="stereobicuspidatus.htm"> Cleisostoma aspersum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <I> SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> to <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cleisostoma auriculatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845 <P>~Cleisostoma bambusarum (King & Pantl.) King & Pantl. 1899 - See Pomatocalpa bambusarum (King & Pantl.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleisbeccari.htm"> Cleisostoma beccarii (Schltr.) Garay 1972</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~*Cleisostoma beckleri F. Muell. ex Benth. 1873 - See Papillilabium beckleri (F. Muell. ex Benth.) Dockr. 1967 <P>~*Cleisostoma bicolor Lindl. 1851 - See Pomatocalpa bicolor (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~Cleisostoma bicorne (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma firmulum Rchb.f. 1886 <P>~*Cleisostoma bicuspidatum Hook. f. 1896 - See Cleisostoma aspersum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma bidoupense (Tixier & Guillaumin) Aver.1988 - See Deceptor bidoupensis (Tixier & Guillaumin) Seidenf. 1992 <P><LI><A href="cleisbillamemallatum.htm"> Cleisostoma bilamellatum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A><P> <I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma bipunctatum (C.S.P.Parish &amp; Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Trichoglottis bipunctata (C.S.P.Parish &amp; Rchb.f.) Tang &amp; F.T.Wang 1951 <P><LI><A href="cleisobirmaiacum.htm">Cleisostoma birmanicum (Schltr.) Garay 1972</A><P> <I>SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden. 1975</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma borneense J.J.Wood 1984b - See Cleisostoma suaveolens Blume 1825 <P>~Cleisostoma brachybotryum Hayata 1914 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisbrachystachys.htm"> Cleisostoma brachystachys (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A> <P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I> <P>~*Cleisostoma brevilabre F.Muell.1878 - See Plectorrhiza brevilabris (F.Muell.) Dockrill 1967 <P>~Cleisostoma brevipes Hook.f. 1890 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882 <P>~Cleisostoma breviracemum Hayata 1911 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925 <P><LI><A href="cleiburuense.htm"> Cleisostoma buruense (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscallosilobum.htm"> Cleisostoma callosilobum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cleisostoma callosum Blume 1825 - See Micropera callosa (Blume) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleiscapricorne.htm">Cleisostoma capricorne [Ridley]Garay 1972</A><P><I> SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cleisostoma carinatum (Rolfe ex Downie) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma duplicilobum (J.J. Sm.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma cerinum Hance 1822 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleischanturbiense.htm">Cleisostoma chantaburiense Seidenf. 1975</A><P> <I>SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleisostoma chrysomelas (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma racemiferum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 <P>~*Cleisostoma comberi J.J. Wood 1986 - See Sarcoglyphis comberi (J.J. Wood) J.J. Wood 1987 <P>~Cleisostoma complanatum (J.Koenig) Lindl. 1833 - See Thrixspermum complanatum (J.Koenig) Schltr. 1911 <P><LI><A href="cleiscomplicatum.htm"> Cleisostoma complicatum (Seidenf.) Garay 1972</A> <P><I>SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATER<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~*Cleisostoma congestum F.M.Bailey 1895 - See Thrixspermum congestum (F.M.Bailey) Dockrill 1967 <P>~Cleisostoma cornutum Rupp 1935 - See Plectorrhiza tridentata [Lindley]Dockrill 1967 <P>~Cleisostoma crassifolium Lindl. &amp; Paxton 1852-3 - See Sarcophyton crassifolium (Lindl. & Paxton) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleiscrassisimum.htm"> Cleisostoma crassissimum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <P>~Cleisostoma crassum Ridl. 1896 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P>~*Cleisostoma cristatum Ridl.1893 - See Pelatantheria cristata (Ridl.) Ridl.1896 <P><LI><A href="cleisocrochetii.htm">Cleisostoma crochetii (Guillaumin) Garay 1972</A><P> <I>SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma crucicallum (Burkill) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908 <P>~Cleisostoma cryptochilum F. Muell. 1885 - See Ascoglossum calopterum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1913 <P>~Cleisostoma cumingii Rchb.f. 1856 - See Pomatocalpa diffusum Breda 1830 <P>~*Cleisostoma dawsonianum Rchb.f. 1868 - See Staurochilus dawsonianus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1914 <P>~Cleisostoma dealbatum Lindl. 1843 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825 <P>~*Cleisostoma decipiens Lindl. 1844 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma demangei (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma dichroanthum Gagnep. 1951 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma dichroanthum var. teurnamense Tixier 1963 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisostomadiscolor.htm">Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845</A><P> <I>SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> to<img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE<Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> TO EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleisduplicilobum.htm"> Cleisostoma duplicilobum (J.J. Sm.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Paniculatum Seiden 1975</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma elegans Seidenfadden 1975 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~ Cleisostoma elongatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~*Cleisostoma elytrigerum Seidenf. 1995 - See Cleisostomopsis elytrigera (Seidenf.) Szlach. 2003 <P><LI><A href="cleisequesre.htm"> Cleisostoma equestre Seidenf. 1992</A><P><I>SECTION Paniculata Seiden 1975</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P>~*Cleisostoma erectum Fitzg. 1878 - See Plectorrhiza erecta (Fitzg.) Dockrill 1967 <P>~Cleisostoma evrardii Gagnep. 1932 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma expansum Rchb.f. 1878 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P>~Cleisostoma fallax (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Rhynchogyna fallax (Guillaumin) Seidenf. 1992 <P><LI><A href="cleifiliformis.htm">Cleisostoma filiforme (Lindley) Garay 1972</A><P><I> SECTION Pilearia [Lindl.] Seiden. 1975 </I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleifirmulum.htm"> Cleisostoma firmulum Rchb.f. 1886</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleisfissicors.htm"> Cleisostoma fissicors (Ridl.) Seidenf. & J.J.Wood 1992</A> <P> <I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma flagellare (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908 <P>~Cleisostoma flagelliforme (Rolfe ex Downie) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908 <P><LI><A href="cleisflavescens.htm"> Cleisostoma flavescens Aver. & Averyanova 2003</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P><LI><A href="cleisflexum.htm"> Cleisostoma flexum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma fordii Hance 1876 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined <P>~Cleisostoma formosanum Hance 1884 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma fratrum Guillaumin 1956 - See Thrixspermum hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f. 1874 <P><LI><A href="cleifurstenburgiana.htm">Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908</A><P> <I>SECTION Pilearia [Lindl.] Seiden. 1975</I><P><Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma fuscomaculatum (Hayata) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972 <P>~*Cleisostoma fuscum Lindl. 1850 - See Pomatocalpa fuscum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma galeatum Thwaites 1861 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~Cleisostoma gemmatum (Lindl.) King &amp; Pantl. 1899 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma gemmatum Rupp 1937 - See Schistotylus purpuratus (Rupp) Dockrill 1967 <P><LI><A href="cleisgjellerupii.htm"> Cleisostoma gjellerupii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma guiberti Linden &amp; Rchb. f. 1862 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden &amp; Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994 <P><LI><A href="cleihalophyla.htm"> Cleisostoma halophilum (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A> <P><I>SECTION Pilearia</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma hincksianum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma appendiculatum (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.1893 <P>~Cleisostoma hongkongense (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~*Cleisostoma incurvum J.J.Sm. 1911 - See Pomatocalpa incurvum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1913 <P><LI><A href="cleisinflatum.htm">Cleisostoma inflatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 </A><P><I>SECTION Paniculata Seiden 1975</I> <p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <P>~Cleisostoma inflexilobum (Holttum) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma nieuwenhuisii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma ionosmum Ridl.1897 - See Cleisostoma odoratum Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma ionosmum Lindl 1847 - See Staurochilus ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914 <P>~Cleisostoma ionosmum f. lutschuense Makino 1907 - See Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuy. 1942 <P><LI><A href="cleisjavanicum.htm">Cleisostoma javanicum (Blume) Garay 1972</A><p> <I>SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975</I> TUPE for the section<P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleisostoma keffordii F.M.Bailey 1884 - See Micropera fasciculata (Lindl.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleiskerrii.htm"> Cleisostoma kerrii Seidenf. 1975</A><P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><a href="cleiskoeteiense.htm">Cleisostoma koeteiense (Schltr.) Garay 1972</a> <p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <P>~Cleisostoma koordersii Rolfe 1899 - See Pomatocalpa marsupiale (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1913 <P><LI><A href="cleiskrabiense.htm"> Cleisostoma krabiense (Seidenf.) Garay 1972</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <P>~Cleisostoma krempfii (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882 <P>~*Cleisostoma kunstleri Hook. f. 1894 - See Pomatocalpa kunstleri (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P>~*Cleisostoma lanatum Lindl. 1849 - See Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855 <P>~Cleisostoma langbianense Guillaumin 1959 - See Cleisocentron klossii (Ridl.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma laoticum Guillaumin 1930 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~*Cleisostoma latifolium Lindl. 1840 - See Pomatocalpa diffusum Breda 1830 <P>~Cleisostoma latifolium var. fuscum J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P><LI><A href="cleislecongkietii.htm"> Cleisostoma lecongkietii Tich & Aver. 2015</A><P><I>SECTION Pterogyne Aver. 2015</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleislinearlobatum.htm"> Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. &amp; Smitinand) Garay 1972 </A><P> <I> SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleilitoreum.htm"> Cleisostoma litoreum (Schltr.) Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cleisostoma longifolium Teijsm. & Binn. 1853 - See Cleisostoma suaveolens Blume 1825 <P>~Cleisostoma lophochilum (Gagnep.) Garay 1972 - See Pelatantheria ctenoglossum Ridl. 1896 <P>~Cleisostoma macphersonii (F.Muell.) Benth. 1873 - See Pomatocalpa macphersonii (F. Muell.) P.F. Hunt 1958 <P>~*Cleisostoma maculosum Lindl. 1833 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~Cleisostoma maculosum Thwaites 1861 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma mannii Rchb.f. 1872 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P>~*Cleisostoma marsupiale Kraenzl. 1889 - See Pomatocalpa marsupiale (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1913 <P><LI><A href="sarcogmasiusii.htm"> Cleisostoma masiusii (Miadin, A.L.Lamb & Emoi) P.O'Byrne 2015</A> <P> <I>SECTION Subulata Seiden. 1975</I> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleismenghaiense.htm"> Cleisostoma menghaiense Z.H.Tsi 1983</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P>~Cleisostoma micholitzii Kraenzl. 1894 - See Cleisostoma quinquefidum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma micranthum (Lindl.) King &amp; Prantl 1898 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969 <P> Cleisostoma minax (Rchb.f.) Seidenf. 1995 - See Cleisostoma javanicum (Blume) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleismontanum.htm"> Cleisostoma montanum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="clemuticum.htm"> Cleisostoma muticum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleisnangongense.htm"> Cleisostoma nangongense Z.H.Tsi 1989</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleniewhousii.htm"> Cleisostoma nieuwenhuisii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</a> <P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma </I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <P>~Cleisostoma nugentii F.M.Bailey 1895 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967 <P>~Cleisostoma oblongisepalum Hayata 1912 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925 <P><LI><A href="cleisodoratum.htm"> Cleisostoma odoratum Garay 1972</A><P> <i>SECTION Cleisostoma</I> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATER<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~Cleisostoma orbiculare Rupp 1934 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967 <P>~ Cleisostoma ornithorrhynchum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Robiquetia rosea (Lindl.) Garay, 1972 <P>~*Cleisostoma pachyphyllum Cavestro 2003 - See Stereochilus pachyphyllus (Cavestro) Cavestro 2003 <P><LI><A href="cleispacificum.htm"> Cleisostoma pacificum P.J.Cribb & B.A.Lewis 1989</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma paludosum (P.Royen) T.M.Reeve 1981 - See Cleisostoma gjellerupii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleispaniculata.htm"> Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Paniculata Seiden. 1975</I> TYPE for the section<p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter">EARLY<Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleisparishii.htm"> Cleisostoma parishii (Hook.f.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Cleisostoma parvum Ridl. 1897 - See Pomatocalpa parvum (Ridl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma pauciflorum (Wight) Senghas 1989 - See Cleisostoma tenuifolium (L.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma pensile (Ridl.) Garay 1972 - See Sarcoglyphis pensilis (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1973 <P>~Cleisostoma petitiana Guillaumin 1945 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969 <P><LI><A href="cleisphitamii.htm"> Cleisostoma phitamii Tich & Aver. 2015</A><P><I>SECTION Gastrochilopsis Aver. 2015</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleisostoma piliferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882 <P>~*Cleisostoma pilosulum Gagnep. 1932 - See Cleisomeria pilosulum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma poilanei Gagnep. 1932 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969 <P>~Cleisostoma potamophilum (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Sarcoglyphis potamophila (Schltr.) Garay & W.Kittr. 1985 publ. 1986 <P>~*Cleisostoma purpuratum Rupp 1938 - See Schistotylus purpuratus (Rupp) Dockrill 1967 <P><LI><A href="cleiquinquefidus.htm"> Cleisostoma quinquefidum (Lindl.) Garay 1972</A><p> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleisracemifera.htm">Cleisostoma racemiferum (Lindl.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma ramosum (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Staurochilus ramosus (Lindl.) Seidenf. 1988 <P><LI><A href="cleisrostratum.htm">Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined</A><P><I>SECTION Subulatum Seid 1975 </I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleisrhyncholabium.htm"> Cleisostoma rhyncholabium Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="cool"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleisostoma ridleyi Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma inflatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma ringens Rchb.f. 1888 - See Stereochilus ringens (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma robustum Guillaumin 1930 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisrolfeanum.htm"> Cleisostoma rolfeanum (King & Pantl.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Pilearia</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~*Cleisostoma roseum Lindley 1838 - See Trichoglottis rosea [Lindley] Ames 1925 <P><LI><A href="cleisrostellatum.htm"> Cleisostoma rostellatum (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A><P><i>SECTION Paniculatum</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="warm"> <P>~Cleisostoma rostratum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined <P>~Cleisostoma sacculatum (Ridl.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 <P><LI><a href="cleissagittatum.htm"> Cleisostoma sagittatum Blume 1825</A><P> <I>SECTON Cleisostoma</I> TYPE for the section<P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. &amp; Smitinand) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleissamarindae.htm"> Cleisostoma samarindae (Schltr.) Garay 1972</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <P>~Cleisostoma schlechteri Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma quinquefidum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma scolopendrifolium (Makino) Garay 1972 - See Pelatantheria scolopendrifolia (Makino) Aver. 1988 <P><LI><A href="cleisscortechinii.htm"> Cleisostoma scortechinii (Hook.f.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Subulata Seiden 1975</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> THROUGH<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>~Cleisostoma secundum Rolfe 1907 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825 <P>~Cleisostoma seidenfadenii Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 <P>~Cleisostoma siamense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912 <P>~Cleisostoma sigaldiense Guillaumin 1953 - See Pteroceras leopardinum (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1963 <P>~Cleisostoma sikkimense Lucksom 1992 - See Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. &amp; Smitinand) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma simondianum (Gagnep.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined <P><LI><A href="cleissimondii.htm">Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975</A><P><I> SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975 </I> TYPE for the section<P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cleisostoma simondii var. guangdongense Z.H.Tsi 1983 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 <P><LI><A href="cleissororium.htm"> Cleisostoma sororium (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Cleisostoma spathulatum Blume 1825 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisspwmalesia.htm"> Cleisostoma sp.1</A> western Malesia <P><LI><A href="cleisspwmalesi.htm"> Cleisostoma sp.2</A> western Malesia <P><LI><A href="cleisostomasp.htm">Cleisostoma sp.3</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleisspeci.htm"> Cleisostoma sp. 4</A> <P><LI><A href="cleisspng.htm"> Cleisostoma sp. 5 </A>Java <P>~Cleisostoma spicatum Lindl. 1847 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisstraita.htm"> Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882</A><P><I>SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleisstrongyloides.htm"> Cleisostoma strongyloides (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A><p> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> <Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <P><LI><A href="cleissuaveolens.htm"> Cleisostoma suaveolens Blume 1825</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg" alt="Full Shade"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleissubulatum.htm">Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825</A> <P> <I>SECTION Subulata Seiden. 1975</I> TYPE for the section <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> TO <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleisostoma subviolaceum (Llanos) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Trichoglottis subviolacea (Llanos) Merr. 1918 <P><LI><A href="cleissuffusum.htm"> Cleisostoma suffusum (Ridl.) Garay 1972</A> <P><I>SECTION Cleisostoma</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleissumbavense.htm"> Cleisostoma sumbavense (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <P>~Cleisostoma tenerum (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Trichoglottis tenera (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872 <P>~Cleisostoma tenuicaule King &amp; Pantl. 1897 - See Trichoglottis orchidea (J.Knig) Garay 1972 <P><LI><A href="cleistenuifolia.htm"> Cleisostoma tenuifolium (L.) Garay 1972</A><P><I>SECTION Subulatum Seidenf. 1975</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistenuirachis.htm"> Cleisostoma tenuirachis (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <P>~Cleisostoma teres Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 <P><LI><A href="cleisteretifolia.htm">Cleisostoma teretifolium Teijsm. &amp; Binn. 1864</A><P><I> SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975 </I><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P>~Cleisostoma termissum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845 <P>~Cleisostoma thomatoglossum Guillaumin 1961 - See Pelatantheria rivesii (Guillaumin) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 <P>~ Cleisostoma thwaitesianum Trimen 1885 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma tixieri Guillaumin 1960 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969 <P>~*Cleisostoma tonkinense Gagnep. 1951 - See Pomatocalpa tonkinense (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975 <P><LI><A href="cleistricornutum.htm"> Cleisostoma tricornutum Aver. 2015</A><P> <I>SECTION Cleisostoma Seiden 1975</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> and Again <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P>~*Cleisostoma tridentatum Lindl. 1838 - See Plectorrhiza tridentata (Lindl.) Dockr. 1967 <P>~*Cleisostoma truncatum J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Pomatocalpa truncatum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P>~Cleisostoma unciferum (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma undulatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912 <P><LI><A href="cleisuraiensis.htm"> Cleisostoma uraiense (Hayata) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma uteriferum Hk.f. 1890 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P>~Cleisostoma vacherotiana Guillaumin 1948 - See Aerides multiflora Roxbury 1823 <P>~Cleisostoma virginale Hance 1877 - See Robiquetia succisa (Lindl.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972 <P>~Cleisostoma viridescens (Fukuy.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma uraiense (Hayata) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974 <P>~Cleisostoma vitellinum Rchb.f. 1876 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P><LI><A href="cleisweberi.htm"> Cleisostoma weberi (Ames) Garay 1972</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleisostoma wendlandorum Rchb.f 1856 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827 <P><LI><A href="cleielegans.htm">Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972</A><P> <I>SECTION Mitriformes Seiden 1975 </I> <P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~*Cleisostoma zollingerianum Kraenzl. 1897 - See Trichoglottis zollingeriana (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1906 </OL> <P><Font size=6>`Cleisostomopsis Seidenf. 1992</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.<P> There are 2 species in this epiphytic genus confined to Thailand and Vietnam characterized by an elongate, slender stem carrying laxly, many terete leaves blooming on lateral, racemose inflorescence with small bracts and has many small flowers with free lateral speals that are larger than the dorsal sepal and petals that are small than the sepals, a lip adnate to the base of the column, spurred, 3 lobed, spur longer than the sepals, inside with a "Y"-shaped callus on the base wall but has no septum. The column is short, stout and without a column foot and has a large rostellum, a concave stigma and 4 waxy, subglobose pollina in 2 pairs, each pair with a caudicle attached by a common stipe to a large viscidium. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> The Cleisostoma-Lik Orchid <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cleisostomopsis eberhardtii (Finet) Seidenf. 1992 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cleistosteberhardii.htm">!Cleisostomopsis eberhardtii (Finet) Seidenf. 1992</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleiselytrigera.htm"> Cleisostomopsis elytrigera (Seidenf.) Szlach. 2003</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part shade"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>Cleistes Rich. ex Lindl. 1840</Font> SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Pogoniieae. SUBTRIBE Pogoniinae <P> There are 66 species in this terrestrial genus allied to Pogonia spread from Florida to Brazil. They are characterized by having a slender, erect stem arising from a subterranean nodular or fibrous tuber, carrying cauline, conduplicate towards the base, lanceolate or ovate, acute or acuminate leaf arranged singley at intervals along the stem. The inflorescence is tereminal, is laxly few flowered and has conspicuous leafy bracts giving rise to showy, large, yellow, pink or purple flowers with free, subsimilar sepals and petals and an entire or obscurly 3 lobed lip, that is funnel shaped, without a spur and has a central longitudinal callus. The column is elongate and subclavate and carries 2 mealy pollina lacking a viscidium. They differ from Pogonia by the different root, larger size and larger campanulate flowers. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> In Greek means closed, refers to the narrowly funnel shaped corolla <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Cleistes lutea Lindley 1840 = !Cleistes grandiflora (Aubl.) Schltr. 1926 <OL> <P><LI><A href="cleisabdita.htm">Cleistes abdita G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2009</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisacuminata.htm"> Cleistes acuminata Schltr. 1926</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisangeliana.htm"> Cleistes angeliana Campacci 2011</A> <P><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisaphylla.htm"> Cleistes aphylla (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1926</A><P><I>C aphylla group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisbatistana.htm"> Cleistes batistana Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisbella.htm"> Cleistes bella Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881</A><P><I>C bella group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistesdivaricatumvarbifaria.htm">Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling &amp; Gregg 1992</A> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P><LI><A href="cleisbrazilensis.htm"> Cleistes brasiliensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1925</A> <P> <I>C brasilensis group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisbeunaaventurae.htm"> Cleistes buenaventurae Szlach. & Kolan. 2013</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscalantha.htm"> Cleistes calantha (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C vinosa group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleicaloptera.htm"> Cleistes caloptera Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881</A><P><I>C metallina Group</I><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold">LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscastanoides.htm"> Cleistes castaneoides Hoehne 1939</A><P><I>C rosea group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscipoana.htm"> Cleistes cipoana Hoehne 1939</A><P><I>C paranaensis group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleiscostaricensis.htm"> Cleistes costaricensis Christenson 1992</A><p> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistesdivaricatum.htm">Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cold"><img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <P>~Cleistes divaricata f. leucantha P.M.Br. 1995 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921 <P>~Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria Fernald 1946 - See Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling &amp; Gregg 1992 <P><LI><A href="cleiselegantula.htm"> Cleistes elegantula (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleiselongata.htm"> Cleistes elongata Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisexilis.htm"> Cleistes exilis Hoehne 1916</A><P><I> C paranaensis group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisfragrans.htm"> Cleistes fragrans (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P><I>C vinosa Group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisgerthatschbachiana.htm"> Cleistes gert-hatschbachiana Hoehne 1952</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P>~Cleistes gracilis Schltr. 1926 - See Cleistes rodriguesii (Cogn.) Campacci 2005 <P><LI><A href="cleisgrandiflora.htm"> Cleistes grandiflora (Aubl.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I> C speciosa group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <P>~ Cleistes hoehneana Schltr. ex Mansf. 1930 - See Cleistes silveirana Hoehne & Schltr. 1925 <P><LI><A href="cleishumidicola.htm"> Cleistes humidicola (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"> <P><LI><A href="cleisidroboi.htm"> Cleistes idroboi Szlach. & Baranow 2012</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisionoglossa.htm"> Cleistes ionoglossa Hoehne & Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C mantaqueirae group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisitatiaiae.htm"> Cleistes itatiaiae Pabst 1955</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"> <P><LI><A href="cleislatiglossa.htm"> Cleistes latiglossa Hoehne 1939</A><P><I>C rosea Group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P>~Cleistes latiglossa var. alba Hoehne 1940 - See Cleistes latiglossa Hoehne 1939 <P><LI><A href="cleislatipetala.htm"> Cleistes latipetala (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P> <I>C speciosa Group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleislenheirensis.htm"> Cleistes lenheirensis (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1940 </A> <P> <I>C speciosa group</I> <P><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleislepida.htm"> Cleistes lepida (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P><I>C Mantiqueirae Group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleilimbonii.htm">Cleistes libonii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C speciosa group</I> <P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg" alt="Part Shade"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"><Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P>~Cleistes lutea Lindl. 1840 - See Cleistes grandiflora (Aubl.) Schltr. 1926 <P><LI><A href="cleimacrantha.htm"> Cleistes macrantha (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C speciosa group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismagnifica.htm"> Cleistes magnifica (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C speciosa group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismantiquerae.htm"> Cleistes mantiqueirae Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881</A><P><I>C Mantiqueirae Group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <p>~Cleistes medicii Ruschi 1972 - see Cleistes exilis Hoehne 1916 <P><LI><A href="cleismetallica.htm"> Cleistes metallina (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P> <I>C metallina group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismonantha.htm"> Cleistes monantha (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P> <I>C speciosa group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismontana.htm"> Cleistes montana Gardner 1842</A><P><I>C brasilensis Group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismoritzii.htm"> Cleistes moritzii (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1966</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleismunchiquensis.htm"> Cleistes munchiquensis Szlach. & Baranow 2012</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> LATER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> EARLIER <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisnana.htm"> Cleistes nana (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistpaludosa.htm"> Cleistes paludosa Rchb.f. 1850</A> <P><I>C aphylla group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P>~Cleistes paludosa Benth. ex Griseb. 1864 - See Cleistes tenuis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926 <P><LI><A href="cleiparanensis.htm"> Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C paranaensis group</I><p> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLY<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P>Cleistes paranaensis var. bradeana (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1940 - See Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926 <P>~Cleistes paranaensis var. minor Hoehne 1940 - See Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926 <P><LI><A href="cleisparviflora.htm"> Cleistes parviflora Lindl. 1840</A><P> <I>C mantiqueirae Group</i><p> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleispaulensis.htm"> Cleistes paulensis (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C mantiqueirae group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleispluriflora.htm"> Cleistes pluriflora (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P><I> C brasilensis group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleispusilla.htm"> Cleistes pusilla Pansarin 2004</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisquadricallosa.htm"> Cleistes quadricallosa (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleramboi.htm"> Cleistes ramboi Pabst 1953</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg" alt="Full Sun"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg" alt="Cold"> <P><LI><A href="cleisrevoluta.htm"> Cleistes revoluta (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1925</A><P><I> C speciosa group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisrisaraldensis.htm">Cleistes risaraldensis Szlach. & Baranow 2012</A><p> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisrodiensis.htm"> Cleistes rodeiensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P> <I>C brasilensis group</I><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisrodriguesii.htm"> Cleistes rodriguesii (Cogn.) Campacci 2005</A><P><i>C mantiqueirae group</i><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLIER <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistesrosea.htm"> Cleistes rosea Lindl. 1840</A> <p> <img src="orphotdir/sun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg">to <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg"> <P>~Cleistes rosea f. pallida Carnevali & I.Ramrez 1990 - See Cleistes abdita G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2009 <P><LI><A href="cleissilveriuana.htm"> Cleistes silveirana Hoehne & Schltr. 1925</A><P> <I>C metallina group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><A href="cleistessp.htm">Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Lowland</A><P> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <P><A href="cleissps.htm">Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Middle elevation lands</A><P> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><A href="cleissp.htm">Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Middle elevation lands</A><P> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisspeciosa.htm"> Cleistes speciosa Gardner 1842</A><P><I>C speciosa group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> LATER<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisstricta.htm"> Cleistes stricta (C.Schweinf.) Garay & Dunst. 1972</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistamboana.htm"> Cleistes tamboana Dodson & Carnevali 1997 </A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleistenuis.htm"> Cleistes tenuis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926</A><P><I>C aphylla group</I><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <P>~Cleistes toledoi Schltr. ex Hoehne 1936 - See Cleistes aphylla (Barb.Rodr.) Hoehne 1926 <P><LI><A href="cleistriflora.htm"> Cleistes triflora (C.Schweinf.) Carnevali & I.Ramrez in G.A.Romero & G.Carnevali 2000</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisulignosa.htm"> Cleistes uliginosa Pabst 1967</A><P><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Partial Sun"> <P><LI><A href="cleisunifoliata.htm"> Cleistes unifoliata (C.Schweinf.) Carnevali & I.Ramrez 1990</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisuribei.htm"> Cleistes uribei Szlach. & Baranow 2012</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleivargasi.htm"> Cleistes vargasii (C.Schweinf.) Medley 1991</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/deepshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcold.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisvenusta.htm"> Cleistes venusta (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926</A> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisvinosa.htm"> Cleistes vinosa (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926</A><P> <I>C vinosa group</I> <P> <img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> EARLIER<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="cleisviolascens.htm"> Cleistes violascens Campacci 2014</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> </ol> <P><Font size=6>~Cleistesiopsis Pansarin & F.Barros, Kew Bull. 63: 444 (2008 publ. 2009 - See Cleistes Rich. ex Lindl. 1840</Font> SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Pogoniieae. SUBTRIBE Pogoniinae <P>~Cleistesiopsis bifaria (Fernald) Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009 - see Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling & Gregg 1992 <P>~Cleistesiopsis divaricata (L.) Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921 <P>~Cleistesiopsis divaricata f. leucantha (P.M.Br.) P.M.Br. 2009 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921 <P><Font size=6>`Clematepistephium N.Hall 1977</Font> SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Vanillineae<p> This is a monotypic, vine-like orchid genus confines to New Caledonia. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Clematepistephium smilacifolium (Rchb.f.) N.Hall 1977 <OL> <P><LI><A href="clemsmilacifolium.htm"> Clematepistephium smilacifolium (Rchb.f.) N.Hall 1977</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> <Img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool"> <Img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> <Img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> </OL> <P><Font size=6>~`Clinhymenia A. Rich. & Galeotti 1844 - See Cryptarrhena R.Br. 1816</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae <P>~Clinhymenia pallidiflora A. Rich. & Galeotti 1844, nom. inval - See Cryptarrhena lunata R.Br. 1816 <P><Font size=6>`Clowesia Lindley 1843 </Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae <P>There are seven species spread from Mexico south to Venezuela. They are generally fragrant and are grown like the Catasetum yet differ in having perfect flowers, ie. that contain both sexes. The pseudobulb is shorter than those of Catasetum and have deciduous, plicate leaves, a pendulous, basal inflorescence that arise after leaf fall in the fall carrying bisexual, fragrant flowers with a short column, as broad as it is long. This genus requires abundant fertilizer and water while in its growth phase and a distinct lessening of both after leaf fall. <P><font color=orange>Common Name or Meaning</Font> Named for the Rev. J. Clowes An English orchid aficionado 1800's <P><font color=purple>Synonyms</Font> Myanthus Lindley 1832 <P><Font color=green>Type Species</Font> = ! = Clowesia rosea Lindley 1843 <ol> <P><LI><A href="clowamazonica.htm"> Clowesia amazonica K.G.Lacerda & V.P.Castro 1995</A> <P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> to <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="clowdodsoni.htm">Clowesia dodsoniana Ag. Len 1986</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg"> <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg"> LATE<img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg"> MID<img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="clowglaucoglossa.htm"> Clowesia glaucoglossa (Rchb.f.) Dodson 1975</A><P> <img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg"><img src="orphotdir/partialshade.jpg"><Img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg">to <Img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg">LATE<IMG SRC="orphotdir/spring.jpg">to EARLY <IMG SRC="orphotdir/summer.jpg"> <P><LI><A href="clowesiarosea.htm">!Clowesia rosea Lindley 1843</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/tempcool.jpg" alt="Cool">EARLY <Img src="orphotdir/winter.jpg" alt="Winter"> <P><LI><A href="clowesiarussellianum.htm">Clowesia russelliana [Hooker] Dodson 1975</A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> THROUGH <Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> <P><LI><A href="clowthylaciochila.htm">Clowesia thylaciochila (Lem.) Dodson 1975</A><P><img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot">To <img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm"> LATE <img src="orphotdir/spring.jpg" alt="Spring"> EARLY <img src="orphotdir/summer.jpg" alt="Summer"> <P><LI><A href="clowwarscewiczii.htm">Clowesia warczewitzii (Lindl. & Paxton) Dodson 1975 </A><P> <Img src="orphotdir/scent.jpg" alt="Fragrance"><img src="orphotdir/partialsun.jpg" alt="Part sun"><img src="orphotdir/tempint.jpg" alt="Warm">To <img src="orphotdir/temphot.jpg" alt="Hot"><Img src="orphotdir/fall.jpg" alt="Fall"> </OL> <P><font size=6>~Cnemidia Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia Lindl. 1833</Font> SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Tropideae <P> <p>~*Cnemidia angulosa Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859 <P>~*Cnemidia bambusifolia Thwaites 1861 - See Tropidia bambusifolia (Thwaites) Trimen 1885 <P>~Cnemidia ctenophora Rchb.f.1878 - See Tropidia effusa Rchb.f. 1868 <P>~Cnemidia semilibera Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859 <center style="font-weight: bold;"><img src="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></center> <center style="font-weight: bold;"> <center>Alphabetical search! Use your back button to return.</center> <table border="5" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="3" align="left"> <table border="1" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <th><a href="indexa-anat.htm">A - Anat</a></th> <th><a href="indexanc.htm">Anc - Az</a></th> <th><a href="indexb.htm">B - Br</a></th> <th><a href="indexbulb.htm">Bulb - By</a></th> <th><a href="indexc.htm">C - Cattleya</a></th> <th><a href="indexco.htm">Co - Cz</a></th> <th><a href="indexde.htm">D - Dendrob</a></th> <th><a href="indexdendroc.htm">Dendroc - Dy</a></th> <th><a href="indexe-ep.htm">E - Epic</a></th> <th><a href="indexepid-ex.htm">Epid - Ez</a></th> <th><a href="indexfghijkl.htm">FG</a></th> <th><a href="indexhi.htm">HI</a></th> <th><a href="indexjkl.htm">JK</a></th> <th><a href="indexjkl.htm#sec9">L</a></th> <th><a href="indexm-masd.htm">M-Masd</a></th> <th><a href="indexmast-max.htm">Mast-Max</a></th> <th><a href="indexme.htm">Me - Ny</a></th> <th><a href="indexo.htm">O</a></th> <th><a href="indexor.htm">Or - Oz</a></th> <th><a href="indexp-pf.htm">P - Pe</a></th> <th><a href="indexph-pk.htm">Ph - Pi</a></th> <th><a href="indexpl-pz.htm">Pl - Pz</a></th> <th><a href="indexqrsel.htm">QRS - Sel</a></th> <th><a href="indexser.htm">Ser - Sz</a></th> <th><a href="indextuvwxyz.htm">T-Z</a></th> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center style="font-weight: bold;"> <table border="5" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="3" align="left"> <table border="1" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <th><a href="index.htm">HOME</a></th> <th> <a href="glossary.htm">Orchid Species Glossary</a></th> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </center> <center style="font-weight: bold;"><img src="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></center> <p style="font-weight: bold;">If you have questions as to the taxonomy of these species please e-mail me with thoughts,synonyms or criticisms.</p> <a style="font-weight: bold;" href="mailto:jfal@sprynet.com">Jay Pfahl c/o Neptune Designs.</a> <center style="font-weight: bold;"><img src="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></center> <p style="font-weight: bold;"><font size="6">Below are other orchid sites that I find useful.</font></P> <p style="font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://www.orchidmall.com/default.htm">Orchid Mall</a> A great site to link up to other orchid sites, includes vendors, societies, and book sites.</p> <a style="font-weight: bold;" href="http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/orchidcongress/coclists.html">Orchid Discussion List's </a><span style="font-weight: bold;">A list of links to orchid related newsgroups, online discussion groups, and mailing lists</span> <p style="font-weight: bold;"><a href="http://www.houstonorchidsociety.org/Stanhopea"> The Stanhopea Page</a> A list of all the Stanhopea species and photos of many of the species.</p> <center> <p><img src="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></p> </center> <center> <b>Just Click on the Subject Below and the Section of the page will appear.</b> <table border="5" cellpadding="3"> <tbody> <tr> <td colspan="3" align="left"> <table border="1" cellpadding="4"> <tbody> <tr> <th><a href="index.htm">Orchid Species Photos</a></th> <th><a href="hybrid.htm">Orchid Hybrid Photos </a></th> <th><a href="indexjewel.htm">Gold Orchid Jewelry </a> </th> <th> <a href="neptune.htm">About Neptune Designs</a></th> <th> <a href="collecting.htm">Orchid Collecting Page</a></th> <th> <a href="bibliography.htm">Bibliography and source books</a></th> <th> <a href="climate.htm">Orchid Species Climate Page</a> </th> <th> <a href="whatnew.htm">What's New</a> </th> <th> <a href="glossary.htm">Orchid Species Glossary</a></th> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <script async src="//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js"></script> <!-- adesense --> <ins class="adsbygoogle" style="display:inline-block;width:728px;height:90px" data-ad-client="ca-pub-2358767644170461" data-ad-slot="1466503239"></ins> <script> (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); </script> <p></p> <center><img src="orphotdir/islandpalm.gif" alt="Palm"></center> <p></p> <p><font size="7"> Neptune Designs Inc.</font> </p> </center> <p>Neptune Designs is celebrating it's 20th year here in tropical Key West making quality jewelry with nature in mind. We specialize in 14 karat orchid flower and coin jewelry but manufacture all kinds of 14 Karat gold and gemstone jewelry.</p> <a href="neptune.htm">Neptune Designs home page</a> Please give us your comments as to the workings of this home page, we have hopes of creating a site that will have photos of every genera and possibly cultural tips as well. E-Mail: <a href="mailto:jfal@sprynet.com">Jay Pfahl c/o Neptune Designs.</a> </B> </body> </html>