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Chysis bractescens

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Genera or species names that are synonyms of current names are denoted with a ~.

The basiosynonym of a species is denoted with a "*". The basiosynonym is the very first name that a species had before it was changed to the current species name. If you have a name in parenthesis preceding another name, the name in parentheses is the basiosynonym. An example: ~*Ophrys bicolor Naegeli - See Ophrys apifera var. bicolor (Naegeli) Nelson: Ophyrs bicolor is the basiosynonym and in the current name the parentheses, (Naegeli), is the namer of the basiosynonym, while Nelson is the namer of the current species Ophyrs apifera var. bicolor.

If a genus is complete [all of the species are represented] it is preceded by a `

! denotes the Type Species of the genus

* denotes the basionym or original name with the same species taxon

I have decided to include synonyms in the alphabetical listings because I have found it frustrating to find that some growers do not stay currrent in their plant names and as such we the consumer end up buying a plant that we feel is an exotic different species only to find that it is a plant that we have had for years under the correct name. An example, Brassavola rhopalorrhachis Rchb.f is actually the common species Brassavola nodosa [L]Lindley.

Symbol Chart:

Fragrance = Fragrance

Light Meter Icons; Full Shade = Full shade Dappled shade or Partial Shade = Part shade Bright Light or Full light = Part sun Full Sun = Full sun

Temperature Icons;

Cold = Cold 2500 Meters and Up, 50`F to 55`F night average - - Cool = Cool1800 to 2500 Meters, 58`F to 60`F night average

Warm = Warm1000 meters to 1800 meters, 68`F to 75`F night average - - Hot = HotSea Level to 1000 Meters, 75`F to 85`F

Season Icons;

Spring = Spring Summer = Summer Fall = Fall Winter = Winter

SIZE: Miniature - under 6" tall leaf and pseudobulb Small - under 12" tall leaf and pseudobulb Medium - under 24" tall Large - under 48" tall Giant - Over 48" tall

Beach
Rainbow

Cattleyopsis Lindley 1853 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

A genus comprised of 3 species from the Caribbean islands of Cuba, Jamaica, Bermuda and the Bahamas with small, ovoid-cylindrical to ellipsoid psuedobulbs with one to two apical leaves that are fleshy-rigid and have erose margins. They have an erect, terminal, few flowered, inflorescence with small bracts that give rise to small to medium showy flowers with speading or not spreading sepals and petals, a tubular base of the spurless lip which spreads in the front and has papillae and hairs on the central veins. They have 8 pollina instead of 4 in Cattleya. This genus is allied to Broughtonia and Laeliopsis and can be interbred with Cattleya as well.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the similarities to the genus Cattleya

Type Species = ! = Cattleyopsis delicatula Lem. 1854 = Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1854

  1. Cattleyopsis cubensis (Lindl.) Sauleda & R.M. Adams 1984

    Part sunWarmTo Hot LATE WinterSpring

    ~Cattleyopsis delicatula Lem. 1854 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn 1910

    ~Cattleyopsis guanensis Acuña 1939 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

    ~Cattleyopsis holdridgei L.O.Williams 1946 - See Quisqueya rosea (Mansf.) Dod 1979

  2. !Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

    Part sunWarmTo Hot LATE Spring TO EARLY Fall

    ~Cattleyopsis northropiana Cogn. 1910 - See Cattleyopsis lindenii [Lindley]Cogn. 1910

  3. Cattleyopsis ortgiesiana (Rchb. f.) Cogn. 1910

    Part sunWarmTo Hot LATE Winter TO EARLY Spring

    ~*Cattleyopsis rosea Mansf. 1926 - See Quisqueya rosea (Mansf.) Dod 1979

Caucaea Schltr.1920 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

This genus has pseudobulbs with lateral inflorescence, a spurless flower with the sepals and petals slightly longer than the lip that has no basal claw, the basal callus is solid and quadrate, and is surrounded by the column that has fleshy wing-like lobes on each side and 2 hard pollina connecteed to a small oblong stipe and a round viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning The Rio Cauca Orchid

Type Species = ! = Rodriguezia obscura F. Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1898 = Caucaea obscura (F. Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 = Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934

  1. Caucaea alticola (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001

  2. Caucaea andigena (Linden & Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCool To ColdSummer

  3. Caucaea cucullata (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCoolTo ColdWinterSpring

  4. Caucaea dayana (Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCoolColdFallWinter

  5. Caucaea mimetica (Stacy) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCold To CoolSpring

  6. Caucaea nubigena (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeWarmTo CoolFallWinter

    ~Caucaea obscura (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934

  7. Caucaea olivaceum (Kunth) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCold To CoolWinterSpringSummerFall

  8. Caucaea phalaenopsis (Lindl. & Rchb. f.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    FragrancePart shadeCold To CoolSpringSummerFallWinter

  9. !Caucaea radiata (Lindl.) Mansf. 1934

    Full shadeCold To CoolFallSpringEARLY Summer

  10. Caucaea rhodosticta (Kraenzl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase 2001

    Part shadeCool TO ColdWinter

  11. Caucaea sanguinolenta (Lindl.) N.H. Williams & M.W. Chase

    Part shadeCoolTo Cold

    ~Caucaea tarquiensis (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001 - See Caucaea alticola (Stacy) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001

  12. Caucaea tripterygia (Rchb.f.) N.H.Williams & M.W.Chase 2001

  13. Caucaea universitas-cuencae (Königer & D.Vázquez) Königer 2003

    NONE TO FAINT

` Caularthron Raf. 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

This is a small genus of maybe 4 medium sized epiphytic species in tropical South America and Trinidad that is similar to Epidendrum but differs in having hollow horn like processes on the lip. It is also known as Diacrium Lindley. This genus provides a hollow cavity inside and is accessed at the base of the pseudobulb from which ants can get in and out. This genus enjoys as bright sun as it can stand and they need no dry rest so water and fertilize evenly year round.

Common Name or Meaning Articulated Stem, refers to the internodes displayed by the pseudobulb when the leaves fall off. The leaves appear mostly on the upper end of the pseudobulb from which a terminal, racemose inflorescence arises with the few to several flowers at the apex. The flowers open widely and in contrast to Epidendrum, the lip is entirely free, and the column is broad and concave holding the 4 pollina with caudicles.

Synonyms `Diacrium Lindley 1881

Type Species = ! = Epidendrum bicornutum Hooker 1834 = Caularthron bicornuta [Hooker] Raf. 1836

  1. !Caularthron bicornutum [Hooker]Raf. 1836

    FragranceFull sunWarmTo Hot LATE Winter TO Spring

  2. Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958

    FragranceFull sunWarmTo Hot LATE Winter TO Spring

    Caularthron bilamellatum f. indivisum (Bradford) Carnevali & I.Ramírez 2003 - See Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958

    ~Caularthron bivalvatulum [Schlechter] Jones 1974 - See Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958

    ~Caularthron indivisum (Bradford ex Griseb.) Garay & Dunst. 1979 - See Caularthron bilamellatum (Rchb. f.) R.E. Schult. 1958

    ~Caularthron umbellatum Raf. 1837 - See Dimerandra stenopetala (Hook.) Schltr. 1922

~Centranthera Schweidf. 1842 - See Pleurothallis R. Brown 1813 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae.

~Centrochilus Schau. 1843 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Centrochilus gracilis Schauer 1843 - See Habenaria linguella Lindl.1835

~Centrogenium Schlechter 1920 - See Eltroplectris Raf. 1836-7 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Spiranthinae

~Centrogenium calcaratum (Sw.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay & H.R. Sweet 1972

~*Centrogenium cogniauxianum Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris cogniauxiana (Schltr.) Pabst 1974

~Centrogenium longicornu (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris longicornu (Cogn.) Pabst 1974

~Centrogenium olivaceum (Rolfe) Schltr. 1920 - See Pelexia olivacea Rolfe 1890

~Centrogenium rademarkeri Ruschi & la Gasa 1972 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay & H.R. Sweet 1972

~Centrogenium roseoalbum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1919 - See Eltroplectris roseoalba (Rchb. f.) Hamer & Garay 1974

~*Centrogenium schlechterianum Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940 - See Eltroplectris schlechteriana (Porto & Brade) Pabst 1974

~Centrogenium setaceum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris calcarata (Sw.) Garay & H.R. Sweet 1972

~Centrogenium trilobum (Lindl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Eltroplectris triloba (Lindl.) Pabst 1974

Centroglossa Barb. Rodr. 1882 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

This epiphytic genus is made up of 5 to 6 relatively small species mostly within Brazil with a short rhizome, small, fleshy pseudobubs carrying a single, linear to oblanceolate leaf with a racemose basal inflorescence. .

Common Name or Meaning refers to the spur on the lip

Type Species = ! = Ornithocephalus tripollinicus Barb.Rodr. 1877 = Centroglossa tripollinica (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881

    ~Centroglossa aurantiaca Chiron & N.Sanson 2011 - See Centroglossa nunes-limae Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940

  1. Centroglossa castellensis Brade1949

    Part shade Warm Cool Spring

  2. Centroglossa glaziovii Cogn. 1904

    Part shadeCoolWarmSpring

  3. Centroglossa greeniana (Rchb.f.) Cogn. 1904 NO PHOTO

    Full shadeCoolWarmSummer

    ~Centroglossa greeniana var. aurea Cogn. 1907 - See Centroglossa macroceras Barb. Rodr. 1881

  4. Centroglossa macroceras Barb. Rodr. 1881

    Part shadeCoolWarmSpring

  5. Centroglossa nunes-limae Porto & Brade 1938 publ. 1940

    ~*Centroglossa peruviana Cogn. 1907 - See Cryptocentrum peruvianum (Cogn.) C.Schweinf. 1946

  6. !Centroglossa tripollinica (Barb.Rodr.) Barb.Rodr. 1881

    Full shade Warm Cool Fall

~Centropetalum Lindley 1838 - See Fernandezia Ruiz & Pavon 1798 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~*Centropetalum costaricense Ames & C.Schweinf. .1930 - See Pachyphyllum costaricense (Ames & C.Schweinf.) L.O.Williams 1938

~Centropetalum distichum Lindl. 1838 - See Fernandezia subbiflora Ruiz & Pav. 1798

~Centropetalum ionantherum [Rchb.f $ Warsc.] Kraenzl., Pflanzer 1923 - See Fernandezia ionanthera [Rchb.f & Wars.] Schlechter 1920

~*Centropetalum lanceolatum L.O.Williams 1938 - See Fernandezia lanceolata (L.O.Williams) Garay & Dunst. 1972

~Centropetalum myrtillus (Rchb.f.) Pfitzer 1881 - See Fernandezia myrtillus (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1972

~Centropetalum nigrosignatum Kraenzl. 1906 - See Fernandezia nigrosignata (Kraenzl.) Garay & Dunst. 1972

~Centropetalum punctatum (Lindl.) Kraenzl. 1923 - See Fernandezia maculata Garay & Dunst.1972

~Centropetalum sanguineum (Lindl.) Kraenzl 1923 - See Fernandezia sanguinea (Lindl.) Garay & Dunst. 1923

~Centropetalum warscewiczii Rchb. f. 1852 - See Fernandezia subbiflora Ruiz & Pav. 1798

~`Centrosis Sw. 1814 - Limodorum Swartz 1760 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae.

~Centrosis abortiva Sw. 1829 - See Limodorum abortivum (Linne) Swartz 1799

~Centrosis Thou. 1822 - See Calanthe R. Brown 1821 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae

~Centrosis corymbosa Thouars 1822 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833

~Centrosis plantaginea Thouars 1822 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833

~*Centrosis sylvatica Thouars 1852 - See Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 1833

~Centrosis trabutiana Samp. 1913 - See Limodorum trabutianum Battandier 1886

Centrostigma Schltr. 1915 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

There are 3 species in this cool growing terrrestrial genus related to Habenaria but differing in the stigmas that are differentiated into two elongated arms, the lower clavate and fertile and the upper sterile and horn-like.

Common Name or Meaning The Central Stigma Orchid

Type Species = ! = Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915

  1. Centrostigma clavatum Summerh. 1956

    ~Centrostigma nyassanum Schltr. 1915 - See Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915

  2. !Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915

    Partial sun Cool LATE Spring EARLYSummer

    ~Centrostigma schlechteri (Kraenzl. ex Schltr.) Schltr. 1915 - See Centrostigma occultans (Welw. ex Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1915

~Cephalangraecum Schlechter 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus Finet 1907SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae

~Cephalangraecum braunii (T.Durand & Schinz) Summerh. 1936 - See Ancistrorhynchus metteniae (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1944

~Cephalangraecum capitatum (Lindl.) Schltr.1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus capitatus (Lindl.) Summerh. 1944

~Cephalangraecum gentilii (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus capitatus (Lindl.) Summerh. 1944

~Cephalangraecum metteniae (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1918 - See Ancistrorhynchus metteniae (Kraenzl.) Summerh. 1944

~Cephalangraecum straussii (Schltr.) Summerh. 1936 - See Ancistrorhynchus straussii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1918

Cephalanthera L.C. Rich 1818 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Neottieae, SUBTRIBE Neottiinae.

There are approximately 26 species in this primarily terrestrial species found in the temperate zones of the new world and Europe and into North Africa and the Himalayas and grow in calcareous soils which are very basic in 'ph' value. The plant has numerous roots giving rise to an erect stem carryingsessile, plicate leaves and blooms on a terminal ,racemose, laxly to densely flowered inflorescence carrying suberect, white, pink to yellow floewrs with a sessile ovary. The sepals and petals are subsimilar, free, connivent, the lip is 2 lobed and adnate to the column base and has a concave to saccate hypochile. The epichile is recurved and has longitudinal ridges and the long erect column has large stigma and a short to absent rostellum, the anther is unhinged and the 2 pollina are clavate and mealy.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the single stamen which sits on top of the anther

Synonyms `Dorycheile Rchb.f 1841; Helleborine Hill Britt.

LectoType Species = ! = Cephalanthera pallens L.C.M. Richard 1818 = Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera acuminata Lindley 1832 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera acuminata Wall. ex Lindl. 1840 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera acuminata Ledeb. 1852 - See Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931

    ~Cephalanthera acuminata Lindley 1828 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera alba Fritsch 1888 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera alba (Crantz) Simonkai 1886 - see Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera alba var. adenophora R.Keller in H.Schinz & R.Keller 1914 - see Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

  1. Cephalanthera alpicola Fukuy. 1938

    LATER AND

    ~Cephalanthera alpicola var. shizuoi (F.Maek.) T.Hashim. 1987 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera andrusi Post 1895 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    ~Cephalanthera angustifolia Simonkai 1886 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

  2. Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900

    LATE and<

    ~Cephalanthera bijiangensis S.C.Chen 1987 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

  3. Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931

    part shadeCold Spring

    ~Cephalanthera comosa Tineo 1843 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera conferta (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz 2005 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

  4. Cephalanthera cucullata Boiss. & Heldr. 1854

    part shadeCold LATERSpring

    ~Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. epipactoides (Fisch. & C.A.Mey.) H.Sund., Europ. Medit. Orchid.: 45 (1975 - See Cephalanthera epipactoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854

    ~Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. floribunda (Woronow) H.Sund. 1975 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    Cephalanthera cucullata subsp. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) H.Sund. 1975 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    Cephalanthera cucullata var. kurdica (Bornm. ex Kraenzl.) Bornm. 1910 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

  5. Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    Part sunColdTo Cool LATE Spring TO EARLY Summer

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium f. collina (Zapal.) Soó 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium f. gracilis (Zapal.) Soó 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium f. spicata (W.Zimm.) Soó 1969 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium lus ochroleuca (Baumg.) Soó 1970 publ. 1971 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium subsp. caucasica (Kraenzl.) H.Sund. 1980 - See Cephalanthera caucasica Kraenzl. 1931

    ~Cephalanthera damasonium subsp. kotschyana (Renz & Taubenheim) H.Sund. 1980 - See Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980

    ~Cephalanthera elegans Schltr. 1919 - See - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera ensifolia (Murr) L.C.M. Richard 1818- See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. acuminata (Wall. ex Lindl.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. cesari-gonzalezii Rivas Goday & Bellot 1948 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera ensifolia var. maravignae (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

  6. Cephalanthera epipactoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey. 1854

    part shadeCold Spring

  7. Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    Part shadeColdSpring

    ~Cephalanthera erecta f. subaphylla (Miyabe & Kudô) M.Hiroe 1971 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    ~Cephalanthera erecta var. oblanceolata N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    ~Cephalanthera erecta var. szechuanica Schltr. ex H.Limpr. 1922 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

  8. Cephalanthera exigua Seidenf. 1975

  9. Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

    Full shadeCool To ColdSpring

    ~Cephalanthera falcata var. flava X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2009 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859 Cephalanthera floribunda Woronow 1908 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    ~Cephalanthera grandiflora Bab. 1908 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera grandiflora S.F. Gray 1821 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera japonica A.Gray in M.C.Perry 1857 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

    ~Cephalanthera kokanica Regel ex Nevski 1935 - See Epipactis gigantea Douglas ex Hook. 1839

  10. Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980

    Part sunCold LATERSpring

  11. Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    Part sunCold Spring

    ~Cephalanthera kurdica subsp. floribunda (Woronow) Soó 1969 - See Cephalanthera kurdica Bornm. ex Kraenzl. 1895

    ~Cephalanthera lancifolia (F.W.Schmidt) Dumort. 1827 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia Druce 1907 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia (Miller) Janchen 1907 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia f. adenophora (R.Keller) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia f. collina (Zapal.) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia f. gracilis (Zapal.) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia f. pienena (Zapal.) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera latifolia f. spicata (W.Zimm.) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera lonchophyllum (L. f.) Rchb. f. 1851 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

  12. Cephalanthera longibracteata Blume 1859

    Full shadeCool To ColdSpring

  13. !Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    Part sunColdTo CoolSpring TO EARLY Summer

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia f. angustifolia Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia f. latifolia (Maire) Maire & Weiller 1959 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia f. longibracteata (Harz) Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia f. pilosa (Harz) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia f. pumila Asch. & Graebn. 1907 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia subsp. conferta B.Baumann & H.Baumann 2005 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia var. gibbosa Boiss. 1882 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia var. latifolia (Maire) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez 1987 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia var. pilosa Harz in J.Sturm 1896 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera longifolia var. rosea Perko 2002 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera mairei Schltr. 1919 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera maravignae Tineo 1843 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

  14. Cephalanthera nanchuanica (S.C.Chen) X.H.Jin & X.G.Xiang 2012

    Full shade Cold LATERSpring

    ~Cephalanthera nanlingensis A.Q.Hu & F.W.Xing 2009 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    ~Cephalanthera ochroleuca Rchb. f. 1833 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera oregana Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900

    ~Cephalanthera pallens [Sw.] L.C.M. Richard 1818 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera pallens Hohen. 1838 - See Cephalanthera kotschyana Renz & Taubenheim 1980

    ~Cephalanthera pallens var. collina Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera pallens var. gracilis Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera pallens subsp. ochroleuca (Baumg.) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera pallens var. pienena Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera palustris Rich. ex Pritz. 1866 - See Epipactis palustris (Linne) Crantz 1769

    ~Cephalanthera platycheila Rchb.f. 1845 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

    ~Cephalanthera raymondiae Schltr. 1922 - See Cephalanthera falcata (Thunb.) Blume 1859

    ~Cephalanthera royleana (Lindl.) Regel 1879 - See Epipactis royleana Lindl. 1840

  15. Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    Part sunColdTo Cool LATE Spring TO EARLY Summer

    ~Cephalanthera rubra f. alba Raynaud 1985 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra f. comosa (Tineo) Robatsch 2000 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra f. latior Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra f. parviflora (Harz) Soó 1928 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra f. tenczyniensis (Zapal.) Soó 1928- See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra lusus albiflora (Harz) Touss. & Hosch. 1898 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra var. comosa (Tineo) Nyman 1882 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra var. leucantha Bordz, 1950 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1818

    ~Cephalanthera rubra var. tenczyniensis Zapal. 1906 - See Cephalanthera rubra (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 181

    ~Cephalanthera shizuoi Maek. 1936 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

    ~Cephalanthera subaphylla Miyabe & Kudô 1932 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    ~Cephalanthera szechuanica Schltr. 1924 - See Cephalanthera erecta (Thunb.) Blume 1858

    ~Cephalanthera taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1988 - See Cephalanthera alpicola Fukuy. 1938

    ~Cephalanthera thomsonii Rchb.f. 1876 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera xiphophyllum {L.F.}Rchb. 1851 - See Cephalanthera longifolia (Linne) K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera xiphophyllum var. latifolia Maire 1914 - See Cephalanthera longifolia K. Fritsch 1888

    ~Cephalanthera yunnanensis Hand.-Mazz. 1936 - See Cephalanthera damasonianum (Mill.) Druce 1906

Cephalantheropsis Guillaumin 1960 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Collabiinae,

Found in the Eastern Himalayas through Malesia and north to Japan and has 7 terrestrial species withan erect, bamboo-like, leafy above stem carrying plicate attenuate to the leaf sheaths below and blooms on an axillary, erect, racemose, laxly few to many flowered inflorescence carrying flowers with free, subsimilar, spreading sepal and petals and a free, gibbous at the base, spurless, 3 lobed lip with it's lateral lobes envelop the truncate, short column lacking a foot and has 8 pollina in 4 equal pairs.

Common Name or Meaning The Cephalanthera-Like Orchid

Type Species = ! = Cephalantheropsis lateriscapa Guillaumin 1960 = Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998

  1. Cephalantheropsis calanthoides (Ames) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su 1978

    to LATE

    ~ Cephalantheropsis gracilis (Lindl.) S.Y.Hu 1972 - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

    ~Cephalantheropsis halconensis (Ames) S.S.Ying 1988 - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

    ~Cephalantheropsis lateriscapa Guillaumin 1960 - See Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998

  2. !Cephalantheropsis longipes (Hook.f.) Ormerod 1998

    Part shade Cold LATERfall

  3. Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

    Full Shade Warm Cool Fall

    ~Cephalantheropsis venusta (Schltr.) S.Y.Hu 1972 - See Cephalantheropsis obcordata (Lindl.) Ormerod 1998

~Cepobaculum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

All the members of this genus have been moved to Dendrobium or Dockerilla.

~Cepobaculum canaliculatum (R.Br.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810

~Cepobaculum capra (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium capra J.J. Sm. 1910

~Cepobaculum carronii (Lavarack & P.J.Cribb) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium carronii Lavarack & P.J. Cribb 1983

~Cepobaculum foelschei (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810

~Cepobaculum johannis (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium johannis Rchb.f 1865

~Cepobaculum semifuscum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trilamellatum J.J.Sm. 1908

~Cepobaculum tattonianum (Bateman ex Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium canaliculatum R. Brown 1810

~Cepobaculum trilamellatum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trilamellatum J.J.Sm. 1908

~`Ceraia Lour 1790 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Ceraia acaciifolia (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium acaciifolium J.J.Sm. 1917

~Ceraia acicularis (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aciculare Lindl. 1840

~Ceraia alabensis (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium alabense J.J.Wood 1990

~Ceraia aurantiflammea (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aurantiflammeum J.J.Wood 1998

~Ceraia batanensis (Ames & Quisumb.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium equitans Kraenzl. 1910

~Ceraia boothii (Teijsm. & Binn.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium blumei Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia carinata (L.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium carinatum (L.) Willd. 1805

~Ceraia chrysotainia (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium chrysotainium Schltr.1910

~Ceraia cinnabarina (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem.2003 - See Dendrobium cinnabarinum Rchb.f. 1880

~Ceraia clavator (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium clavator Ridl. 1896

~Ceraia cuneata (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cuneatum Schltr. 1906

~Ceraia cuneilabra (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cuneilabrum J.J.Sm. 1909

~Ceraia cymbulipes (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cymbulipes J.J.Sm. 1927

~Ceraia ephemera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799

~Ceraia equitans (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium equitans Kraenzl. 1910

~Ceraia facifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem.2003 - See Dendrobium faciferum J.J.Sm. 1908

~Ceraia fimbriata (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium blumei Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia fugax M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hendersonii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957

~Ceraia gedeana (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gracile (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia gerlandiana (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gerlandianum Kraenzl. 1909

~Ceraia goldfinchii (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium goldfinchii F.Muell. 1883

~Ceraia gracilis (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium gracile (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia grootingsii (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium grootingsii J.J.Sm. 1917

~Ceraia inconcinna (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium angulatum Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia incurvociliata (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium incurvociliatum J.J.Sm. 1931

~Ceraia juncea (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium junceum Lindl. 1842

~Ceraia koeteiana (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium aciculare Lindl. 1840

~Ceraia kurashigei (T.Yukawa) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium kurashigei T.Yukawa 1998

~Ceraia lamellulifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lamelluliferum J.J.Sm. 1927

~Ceraia lanciloba (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium lancilobum J.J.Wood 1990

~Ceraia linearifolia (Teijsm. & Binn.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium linearifolium Teijsm. & Binn. 1862

~Ceraia litoralis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium litorale Schltr. 1912

~Ceraia macfarlanei (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium johnsoniae F. Muell. 1882

~Ceraia odorata (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium odoratum Schltr. 1910

~Ceraia papilionifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799

~Ceraia parviflora (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799

~Ceraia patentiloba (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium patentilobum Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

~Ceraia peculiaris (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium peculiare J.J. Sm. 1928

~Ceraia philippinensis (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium philippinense Ames 1914

~Ceraia planibulbis (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium planibulbe Lindl. 1843

~Ceraia polytricha (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium polytrichum Ames 1907

~Ceraia pseudocalceola (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium pseudocalceolum J.J.Sm. 1907

~Ceraia pseudotenella (Guillaumin) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium pseudotenellum Guillaumin 1965

~Ceraia ridleyana M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium hendersonii A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957

~Ceraia robinsonii (Ames) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium carinatum (L.) Willd. 1805

~Ceraia saaronica (J.König) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Renanthera matutina [Blume]Lindley 1833

~Ceraia sanguinea M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium cinnabarinum Rchb.f. 1880

~Ceraia setifera M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenellum (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia setifolia (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium setifolium Ridl.1896

~Ceraia simplicissima Lour. 1790 - See Dendrobium crumenatum Swartz 1799

~Ceraia stelidiifera (J.J.Sm.) M.A. Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium stelidiiferum J.J.Sm. 1920

~Ceraia strigosa (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tetraedre (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia tenella (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenellum (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia tenuis (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tenue J.J.Sm. 1917

~Ceraia tetraedris (Blume) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tetraedre (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Ceraia torajaensis (P.O'Byrne) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium torajaense P.O'Byrne 1999

~Ceraia tridentata (Ames & C.Schweinf.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium tridentatum Ames & C. Schweinf. 1920

~Ceraia truncata (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium truncatum Lindl. 1859

~Ceraia ventricosa (Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium ventricosum Kraenzl. 1910

~Ceraia ventripes (Carr) M.A.Clem. 2003 - See Dendrobium singulare Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

`Ceratandra Eckl. & F.A. Bauer 1837 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Disinae

There are 6 species in this terestrial genus endemic to South Africa that is a segregate from the genus Disa and differ mainly in the horn-like appendages that are on the column.

Synonyms

Common Name or Meaning The Horn-Shaped Anther Orchid

Type Species = Ceratandra chloroleuca Eckl. ex F.A.Bauer 1837 = ! = Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Ceratandra affinis Sond. 1846 - See Ceratandra harveyana Lindl. 1838

  1. !Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Ceratandra auriculata Lindl. 1838 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

  2. Ceratandra bicolor Sond. ex Bolus 1884

    ~Ceratandra chloroleuca Eckl. ex F.A.Bauer 1837 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

  3. Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838

    MID THROUGH EARLY

  4. Ceratandra grandiflora Lindl. 1838

    Part shade ColdSummer

  5. Ceratandra harveyana Lindl. 1838

    EARLY

    ~Ceratandra harveyana Sond.1846 - See Ceratandra bicolor Sond. ex Bolus 1884

    ~Ceratandra ochroleuca G.Don 1839 - See Ceratandra atrata (L.) T.Durand & Schinz 1894

    ~Ceratandra parviflora Lindl. 1838 - See Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838

  6. Ceratandra venosa (Lindl.) Schltr. 1897

~Ceratandropsis Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra Eckl. & F.A. Bauer 1837 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Disinae

~ Ceratandropsis globosa (Lindl.) Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra globosa Lindl. 1838

~Ceratandropsis grandiflora (Lindl.) Rolfe 1913 - See Ceratandra grandiflora Lindl. 1838

~`Ceratium Bl. 1825 - See Eria Lindley 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae.

~*Ceratium compressum Blume 1825 - See Eria compressa (Blume) Blume 1856

~Ceratobium (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

All the members of this genus have been moved to Dendrobium or Dockerilla.

~Ceratobium antennatum (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium antennatum Lindley [Rchb.f]J.J.Sm. 1843

~Ceratobium bicaudatum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bicaudatum Reinw. ex Lindl. 1859

~Ceratobium brevimentum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium militare P.J.Cribb 1996

~Ceratobium dalbertisii (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium antennatum Lindley [Rchb.f]J.J.Sm. 1843

~Ceratobium devosianum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium devosianum J.J.Sm. 1934

~Ceratobium laxiflorum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium laxiflorum J.J.Sm. 1932

~Ceratobium minax (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium bicaudatum Reinw. ex Lindl. 1859

~Ceratobium stratiotes (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium stratiotes Rchb. f.1886

~Ceratobium strebloceras (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium strebloceras Rchb.f 1886

~Ceratobium strepsiceros (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium tangerinum P.J. Cribb 1980

~Ceratobium taurulinum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium taurulinum J.J.Sm. 1920

`Ceratocentron Senghas 1989 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Angraecinae

Common Name or Meaning refers to the solid horn that is on the front side of the spur

Type Species = ! = Ceratocentron fesselii Senghas 1989

  1. !Ceratocentron fesselii Senghas 1989

    Part sunHotTo Cool

Ceratochilus Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

A monotypic genus from the high mountains of Java and Sumatra as an epiphyte on mossy trees in cloud forests.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the horn-like caluses at the entrance to the spur

Type Species = ! = Ceratochilus biglandulosus Blume 1825

  1. !Ceratochilus biglandulosus Blume 1825

    Part shadeCoolTo WarmWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~Ceratochilus micranthus Lindl. 1833 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

    ~Ceratochilus orchideus (J.König) Lindl. 1833 - See Trichoglottis orchidea (J.König) Garay 1972

    ~Ceratochilus papuanus Kraenzl. ex Warb 1893 - See Glomera confusa J.J.Sm.1912

~`Ceratochilus Lindley 1829 - See Stanhopea Hooker 1829 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae.

All the species in this genus have been moved to Stanhopea.

~*Ceratochilus grandiflorus Lodd. 1828 - See Stanhopea grandiflora (Lodd.) Lindl. 1856

~Ceratochilus insignis Lindl. ex Steud. 1830 - See Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829

~Ceratochilus insignis (Frost) Lindl. ex G. Don 1830 - See Stanhopea insignis Frost ex W. Hook. 1829

~*Ceratochilus oculatus Lodd. 1831 - See Stanhopea oculata [Lodd.]Lindley 1832

~Ceratopetalorchis Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Ceratopetalorchis clavata (Lindl.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria clavata (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1865

~Ceratopetalorchis cornuta (Lindl.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukall 2003 - See Habenaria cornuta Lindl. 1836

~Ceratopetalorchis harmsiana (Schltr.) Szlach. 2003 - See Habenaria harmsiana Schltr.1915

~Ceratopetalorchis holubii (Rolfe) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria holubii Rolfe 1898

~Ceratopetalorchis laurentii (De Wild.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria laurentii De Wild. 1904

~Ceratopetalorchis stenorhynchos (Schltr.) Szlach., Górniak & Tukallo 2003 - See Habenaria stenorhynchos Schltr. 1895

`~Ceratopsis Lindley 1840 - See Epipogium [J.F. Gmel.] L.C. Rich 1792 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Gastrodieae, SUBTRIBE Gastrodiinae.

~Ceratopsis rosea Lindl. 1840 - See Epipogium roseum (D. Don) Lindl. 1857

Ceratostylis Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Eriinae .

A genus of small epiphytes with fibrous roots and terete leaves that have an short inflorescence with one to several flowers in a small cluster that arises from sheaths at the base of the leaves. There are 147 some species in the genus that is largely found in India, S. E. Asia, and out to the Philippines and adjacent Pacific Islands. They require shade, humidity and plenty of water while growing, gradually reducing as the growths mature but never allow thew plant to dry out compleately. They flower more than once a year and can be divided after flowering. The solitary to a few in a cluster, resupinate flowers have erect, connivent sepals with the laterals forming an saccate or spurlike mentum with the column foot, narrow petals and a lip that is adnate to the column foot by a long, incumbent claw, entire, often with longitudinal calli and a short, dilated above, 2 lobed or with 2 spathulate, erect arms column and an elongate foot all with 8, sessile pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to how the wings of the column are raised and horn-like

Type Species Blume gave reference to several species when he described the genus.

Synonyms Ritaia King & Pantl.1898

  1. Ceratostylis acutifolia Schltr. 1912

    Full shade Cold LATESpring

  2. Ceratostylis ampullacea Kraenzl. 1893

  3. Ceratostylis anceps Blume 1825

    Full shade Warm Cold Fall

  4. Ceratostylis anjasmorensis J.J.Wood & J.B.Comber 1986

    Full shade Cool Summer

  5. Ceratostylis backeri J.J.Sm. 1913

    ~Ceratostylis beccariana Kraenzl. 1910 - See Eria nutans Lindl. 1840

  6. Ceratostylis braccata Rchb.f. 1857

    Full shade Warm Cold LATE Spring

  7. Ceratostylis brevibrachiata J.J.Sm. 1910

    Full shade Warm Cool LATE Spring

    ~Ceratostylis caespitosa (Rolfe) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Ceratostylis hainanensis Z.H.Tsi 1995

  8. Ceratostylis capitata Zoll. & Moritzi 1844

    Part Shade Hot Warm

  9. Ceratostylis cebolleta J.J.Sm. 1917

    ~Ceratostylis cepula Rchb.f. 1857 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825

  10. Ceratostylis clathrata Hook.f. 1890

  11. Ceratostylis crassifolia J.J.Sm. 1913

    Full shade Warm Cool LATE Fall

  12. Ceratostylis crassilingua Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

  13. Ceratostylis crassipetala J.J.Sm. 1920

    ~Ceratostylis cryptantha Ridl. 1912- See Sarcostoma javanica Bl. 1825

  14. Ceratostylis eria Govaerts 1999

    SECTION Pleuranthemum

    LATE EARLY

    ~ Ceratostylis eriaeoides Hook.f.1891 - See Ceratostylis eria Govaerts 1999

  15. Ceratostylis evrardii Gagnep. 1932

    ~ Ceratostylis gigas Rchb.f. 1857 - See Ceratostylis anceps Blume 1825

  16. Ceratostylis gracilis Bl 1825

    ~Ceratostylis gracilis Náves 1878 - See Dendrochilum tenellum (Nees & Meyen) Ames 1907

  17. Ceratostylis graminea Blume 1825

    Part shade Warm toCool LATEWinter Spring

  18. Ceratostylis hainanensis Z.H.Tsi 1995

  19. Ceratostylis heterophylla W.Suarez 2011

    Full shade Warm Cool Spring

  20. Ceratostylis himalaica Hook.f. 1890

    Full shadeWarmColdLATESpring

  21. Ceratostylis incognita J.T.Atwood & J.Beckner 1999

    Part shadeCoolTo HotWinterSpringFall

  22. Ceratostylis inflata Schltr. 1912

    SECTION Ceratostylis

    ~*Ceratochilus jiewhoei J.J.Wood & Shim in C.L.Chan. & al. 1994 - See Jejewoodia jiewhoei (J.J.Wood & Shim) Szlach. 1995

  23. Ceratostylis lancifolia Hook.f. 1890

  24. Ceratostylis latifolia Blume 1825

    Full shade Warm Cold

    ~Ceratostylis latipetala Ames 1910 - See Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857

  25. Ceratostylis leucantha Schltr. 1911

    Full shade Cool Cold LATER Spring

    ~Ceratostylis linearifolia Ridl. 1924 - See Ceratostylis radiata J.J.Sm. 1905

    ~Ceratostylis linearis Ridl. 1912 - See Sarcostoma javanica Bl. 1825

  26. Ceratostylis loheri L.O.Williams 1938

    Full Shade Warm Cool

  27. Ceratostylis longisegmenta Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920

    ~Ceratostylis malaccensis Hook.f. 1890 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825

  28. Ceratostylis micrantha Schltr. 1906

    Full shade Warm Fall

  29. Ceratostylis octomerioides J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2010

    LATEREARLY

    ~Ceratostylis papuana (Kraenzl. ex Warb.) Kraenzl. 1900 - See Glomera confusa J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Ceratostylis pellita Rchb.f 1890 - See Eria leiophylla Lindl. 1859

  30. Ceratostylis pendula Hook.f. 1890

  31. Ceratostylis philippinensis Rolfe 1905

    FragrancePart shadeHotTo Warm Winter SpringSummer TO Fall

  32. Ceratostylis piepersii J.J.Sm. 1912

    Full shade Warm

  33. Ceratostylis platychila Schltr. 1905

    SECTION Ceratostylis

    Part shade Warm Winter

  34. Ceratostylis pleurothallis (E.C.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. 1982

    deep Shade summer

  35. Ceratostylis pulchella Holttum 1953

    ~Ceratostylis pygmaea Evrard ex Gagnep. 1932 - See Ceratostylis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925

  36. Ceratostylis radiata J.J.Sm. 1905

    SECTION Pleuranthemum

    to

  37. Ceratostylis recurva J.J.Sm. 1910

    Full shade

  38. Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857

    SECTION Pleuranthemum

    Part sunWarmTo HotWinter SpringSummer TO Fall

    ~Ceratostylis ritaia Schltr. 1922 - See Ceratostylis himalaica Hook.f. 1890

  39. Ceratostylis robusta Hook.f. 1890

    ~Ceratostylis rubra Ames 1910 - See Ceratostylis retisquama Rchb.f 1857

  40. Ceratostylis senilis Rchb.f. 1878

    Full Shade Warm

  41. Ceratostylis siamensis Rolfe ex Downie 1925

    deep Shade Cool summer

  42. Ceratostylis sima J.J.Sm. 1908

  43. Ceratostylis simplex Bl. 1825

    Part shadeCoolTo Fall

  44. Ceratostylis sp. Laos Pendant Type

  45. Ceratostylis sp Malaysia

  46. Ceratostylis sp Malaysia

  47. Ceratostylis sp New Guinea

  48. Ceratostylis sp New Guinea

  49. Ceratostylis sp New Guinea

  50. Ceratostylis sp New Guinea

  51. Ceratostylis sp New Guinea

  52. Ceratostylis sp Sulawesi

  53. Ceratostylis sp

  54. Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825

    SECTION Ceratostylis

    Part ShadeHot toCoolSpring

    ~Ceratostylis teres (Griff.) Rchb.f. 1854 - See Ceratostylis subulata Blume 1825

  55. Ceratostylis tonkinensis (Gagnep.) Aver.1988

    Part shade

  56. Ceratostylis triloba Schltr. 1912

    Full shade Warm Cool LATE Spring

  57. Ceratostylis wenzelii Ames 1914

    Part shadeHot

~`Cerochilus Lindl. 1854 - See Hetaeria Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~Cerochilus rubens Lindl. 1854 - See Hetaeria affinis (Griff.) Seidenf. & Ormerod 2001

~Cestichis Thouars ex Pfitzer 1887 - See Liparis L.C.Rich 1817 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae.

~Cestichis Lindley - See Liparis L.C.Rich 1817 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae.

~Cestichis alpina (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis alpina P.Royen 1979

~Cestichis caespitosa (Thouars) Ames 1908 - See Liparis cespitosa [Lamarck] Lindley 1825

~Cestichis cespitosa (Lam.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis cespitosa [Lamarck] Lindley 1825

~Cestichis coelogynoides (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis coelogynoides (F.Muell.) Benth. 1873

~Cestichis compressa (Blume) Ames 1905 - See Liparis compressa [Bl] Lindl. 1830

~Cestichis disticha (Thouars) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis disticha [Thouars] Lindl. 1826

~Cestichis divergens (J.J.Sm.) Ames 1905 - See Liparis mucronata (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Cestichis elegans (Lindl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis elegans Lindl. 1830

~ Cestichis elliptica (Wight) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851

~*Cestichis elmeri Ames 1905 - See Liparis elmeri [Ames] Ames 1911

~Cestichis forbesii (Ridl.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis bootanensis Griff. 1851

~Cestichis gracilis (Hook.f.) Ames 1908 - See Liparis elegans Lindl. 1830

~Cestichis latifolia (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis latifolia [Blume] Lindl. 1830

~Cestichis laurisilvatica (Fukuy.) Maek. 1937 - See Liparis laurisilvatica Fukuy. 1933

~Cestichis longipes (Lindl.) Ames 1905 - See Liparis viridiflora [Blume] Lindley 1830

~Cestichis lyonii Ames 1911 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851

~Cestichis merrillii Ames 1905 - See Liparis merrillii (Ames) Schltr. 1911

~Cestichis nugentiae (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis nugentiae F.M.Bailey 1900

~*Cestichis nutans Ames 1909 - See Liparis nutans (Ames) Ames 1915

~Cestichis pendula (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1888 - See Liparis viridiflora [Blume] Lindley 1830

~Cestichis philippinensis Ames 1905 - See Liparis philippinensis (Ames) Schltr. 1911

~Cestichis platybulba (Hayata) Kudô 1930 - See Liparis elliptica Wight 1851

~Cestichis plicata (Franch. & Sav.) Maek. 1937 - See Liparis bootanensis Griff. 1851

~Cestichis reflexa (R.Br.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis reflexa Lindl. 1826

~Cestichis spectabilis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis spectabilis Schltr. 1911

~Cestichis swenssonii (F.M.Bailey) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis swenssonii F.M. Bailey 1906

~Cestichis torricellensis (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis torricellensis Schltr. 1905

~Cestichis vestita Ames 1908 - See Liparis condylobulbon Rchb. f. 1862

~Cestichis werneri (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2005 - See Liparis werneri Schltr. 1911

~`Chaenanthe Lindl. 1838 - See Diadenium Poepp. & Endl. 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~*Chaenanthe barkeri Lindl. 1838 - See Diadenium barkeri (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. 1893

~Chaenanthe ecuadorensis Garay 1954 - See Systeloglossum ecuadorense (Garay) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

~Chaenanthe micrantha (Poepp. & Endl.) Kuntze 1891 - See Diadenium micranthum Poepp. & Endl. 1836

~Chaenanthe parkeri Kuntze 1891 - See Diadenium barkeri (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks. 1893

~`Chaetocephala Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Myoxanthus Poepp. & Endl. 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothalidinae.

~Chaetocephala lonchophylla (Barb. Rodr.) Barb. Rodr. 1882 - See Myoxanthus lonchophyllus (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1982

~*Chaetocephala punctata Barb. Rodr.1882 - See Myoxanthus punctatus (Barb. Rodr.) Luer 1982

Chamaegastrodia Makino & Maek. 1935 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

There are 4 species in this miniature, mycoheterotrophic terrestrial genus from Assam through Japan and Korea. Characterized by a short, slender, aphyllous stem enveloped by sheaths termianting in a dense inflorescence of small non-resupinate flowers. The sepals and petals are freeand preading. The lip is larger than the tepals, is spurless and has a hypochile, epichile and mesochile. There are 2, sectile pollinawitha caudicle of unequal size and shape.

Common Name or Meaning The Little Gastrodia Like Orchid

Synonyms Evrardia Gagnep. 1932; Evrardiana Aver. 1988; Evrardianthe Rauschert 1983

~Chamaegastrodia poilanei (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & A.N.Rao 1994 - See Odontochilus poilanei (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002

Type Species = Chamaegastrodia shikokiana Makino & Maek. 1935

    ~Chamaegastrodia exigua (Rolfe) F.Maek. 1971 - See Chamaegastrodia vaginata (Hook.f.) Seidenf. 1994

    ~Chamaegastrodia poilanei (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & A.N.Rao 1994 - See Odontochilus poilanei (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002

  1. !Chamaegastrodia shikokiana Makino & Maek. 1935

  2. Chamaegastrodia vaginata (Hook.f.) Seidenf. 1994

    Fragrant Full Shade Warm Cool

~`Chamaeleorchis Senghas & Lückel 1997 - See Miltonia Lindley 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Chamaeleorchis warscewiczii (Rchb.f.) Senghas & Lückel 1997 - See Miltonia warscewiczii Rchb.f 1856

~`Chamaeorchis Koch 1837 - See Chamorchis L.C.M.Richards 1818 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~*Chamaeorchis alpina Linne 1837 - See Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

~`Chamaerepes Spreng 1826 - See Chamorchis L.C.M.Richards 1818 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Chamaerepes alpina Spreng 1826 - See Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

Chamaeangis Schlechter 1915 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae.

This genus consiting of 11 species is found in Africa, Madagascar and the Mascarene Islands as a medium sized monopodial epiphyte with short or long stems and leathery or fleshy leaves that are unequally bilobed apically that is represented with fifteen species. This genus can be grown in the same manner as Aerides.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the low-lying flowers with a spur

Type Species Several species where proposed when Schlechter described the genus.

    ~Chamaeangis dewevrei (De Wild.) Schltr. 1918 - See Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918

    ~Chamaeangis divitiflora (Schltr.) Schltr. 1915 - See Microterangis divitiflora (Schltr.) Senghas 1985

  1. Chamaeangis gabonensis Summerh. 1958

    Full shade Fall

    ~Chamaeangis gracilis (Thouars) Schltr. Angraecum gracile Thouars 1822 1915 - See Angraecum gracile Thouars 1822

    ~Chamaeangis hariotiana [Kranzl.]Schltr. 1915 - See Microterangis hariotiana [Kranzl.]Sengh.

    ~Chamaeangis hildebrandtii (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972 - See Microterangis hildebrandtii (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1985

  2. Chamaeangis ichneumonea (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    Full shadeCoolTo HotSpring

    ~Chamaeangis kloetzlianum Szlach. & Olszewski 2001 - See Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

  3. Chamaeangis lanceolata Summerh. 1958

    Full ShadeWarmSummerFall

  4. Chamaeangis lecomtei (Finet) Schltr. 1918

    ~Chamaeangis lecomtei var. tenuicalcar Stévart & Droissart 2009 - See Chamaeangis lecomtei (Finet) Schltr. 1918

  5. Chamaeangis letouzeyi Szlach. & Olszewski 2001

    Part shade cool Spring Summer

  6. Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918

    FragranceFull shadeCoolTo Warm LATE Summer To Fall

    ~Chamaeangis orientalis Summerh. 1951 publ. 1952 - See Chamaeangis sarcophylla Schltr. 1915

    ~Chamaeangis pauciflora Pérez-Vera 2003 - See Chamaeangis letouzeyi Szlach. & Olszewski 2001

    ~Chamaeangis pobeguinii (Finet) Schltr. 1915 - See Angraecopsis pobeguinii (Finet) H.Perrier 1941

  7. Chamaeangis sarcophylla Schltr. 1915

    Full shadeWarm ColdTo Warm Fall

    ~Chamaeangis schliebenii Mansf. 1933 - See Rhipidoglossum rutilum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1918

  8. Chamaeangis sp.

  9. Chamaeangis spiralis Stévart & Droissart 2009

  10. Chamaeangis thomensis (Rolfe) Schltr. 1918

    Part shade Hot Warm

    ~Chamaeangis urostachya (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1915 - See Chamaeangis odoratissima (Rchb. f.) Schltr.1918

  11. Chamaeangis vagans (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    Part shade Hot Warm

  12. Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

    FragranceFull shadeCoolTo WarmSpringFall

    ~Chamaeangis vesicata var. kloetzliana (Szlach. & Olszewski) R.Rice 2005 - See Chamaeangis vesicata (Lindl.) Schltr. 1918

`Chamaeanthus Schltr. 1905 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 2 species occuring in Southern Thailand, Java, southern Taiwan and the Philippines. This genus has 2 pollina, the 9 removed species had 4 pollina and now reside in Gunnerella.

Common Name or Meaning The Low Flowering Orchid

Type Species = ! = Chamaeanthus brachystachys Schltr. 1905

    ~Chamaeanthus aymardii N.Hallé 1977 - See Gunnarella aymardii (N.Hallé) Senghas 1988

    ~*Chamaeanthus begaudii N.Halle 1977 - See Gunnarella begaudii (N.Hallé) Senghas 1988

  1. !Chamaeanthus brachystachys Schltr. 1905

    Part shade HotWarmSpring

    ~Chamaeanthus carinatus J.J.Sm. 1935 - See Gunnarella carinata (J.J.Sm.) Senghas 1988

    ~*Chamaeanthus filiformis J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Calymmanthera filiformis (J.J.Sm.) Schltr. 1913

    ~*Chamaeanthus florenciae N.Hallé 1986 - See Gunnarella florenciae (N.Hallé) Senghas 1988

    ~Chamaeanthus laxus Schltr. 1913 - See Gunnarella robertsii Senghas 1988

    ~*Chamaeanthus minimus Schltr. 1913 - See Drymoanthus minimus (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    ~Chamaeanthus neocaledonicus (Rendle) N.Hallé 1977 -See Gunnarella neocaledonica (Rendle) Senghas 1988

    ~Chamaeanthus robertsii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1913 - See Gunnarella robertsii Senghas 1988

    ~*Chamaeanthus singularis J.J.Sm. 1912 - See Dryadorchis singularis (J.J.Sm.) Christenson & Schuitt.1995

  2. Chamaeanthus wenzelii Ames 1915

`Chamelophyton Garay 1974 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Pleurothallidinae

There is a single species in this genus formed to contain this species that did not fit within Barbosella or Restrepia as it has a creeping habit, rounded to circular leaves, a single flowered inflorescence and 6 pollina 4 large and 2 that are smaller. Common Name or Meaning The Ground Creeping Orchid [refers to the repent habit of the plant]

Synonyms Garayella Brieger 1977

Type Species = ! = Chamelophyton kegelii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1974

  1. !Chamelophyton kegelii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1974

    Deep shade Hot Warm Spring Winter

Chamorchis L.C.M. Richard 1818 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

This is a monotypic genus in northern Scandanavia and through alpine Europe to Russia. The genus has two, oblong to ellipsoid tubers ghiving rise to an erect stem lacking scales and carrying 6 to 10, linear, terete, unspotted leaves that blooms on an erect, short, lax to somewhat densely 6 to 14 flowered inflorescence with herbaceous floral bracts and carrying small, yellowish green, resupinate flowers

Common Name or Meaning The Dwarf Orchid [refers to the small size of the flower]

Synonyms Arachnites F.W.Schmidt 1793; `Chamaeorchis Koch 1837; `Chamaerepes Spreng 1826

Type Species = ! = Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

    ~Chamorchis albida Dumort. 1827 - See Pseudorchis albida (Linne) A. & D. Löve 1969

  1. !Chamorchis alpina (Linne) L.C.M. Richard 1886

    Part sunCoolTo WarmSpring Summer

    ~Chamorchis viridis [L.]Dumort. 1827 - See Coeloglossum viride [L.]Hartm. 1820

`Changnienia S.S.Chien 1935 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoese,

A monotypic terrestrial genus endemic to China.

Common Name or Meaning Chang Nien's Orchid [Chinese Botanist 1900's]

Type Species = ! = Changnienia amoena S.S.Chien 1935

  1. !Changnienia amoena S.S.Chien 1935

    LATE

` Chaseella Summerh. 1961 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

A monotypic genus found only in Kenya, Zambia and Zimbabwe that was segregated from Bulbophyllum because of the whorl of small stiff, needdle-like leaves that the pseudobulb carries.

Common Name or Meaning Chase's Chaseella [Orchid Enthusiast in Zimbabwe late 20th cen]

Type Species = ! = Chaseella pseudohydra Summerh. 1961

  1. !Chaseella pseudohydra Summerh. 1961

    Full shadeCool

`Chaubardia Rchb.f 1852 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae .

There are 3 species in this new world fan-shaped epiphytic genus.They are characterized by having deciduous leaves with imbricating distichious leaf sheaths which produce the fan-shape plant. The small pseudobulbs can be either obvious and ovate in shape [C. surinamensis] or hidden within the leaf sheaths. The inflorescence is single flowered and arises from the base of the sheaths giving rise to a flower that has the sepals and petals similar in shape and size, the lip is ovate and has a large rib-shaped cupped callus on the claw or on the base of the lip blade. The column, which is curved, has a broad wing on each side from the base to the midpoint carrying 4 pollina in 2 unequal pairs.

Common Name or Meaning Named for S.B. Chaubard a French botanist and nurseryman

Synonyms Hoehneella Ruschi 1945

Type Species = ! = Chaubardia surinamensis Rchb.f. 1852

    ~Chaubardia gerhti (Hoehne) Garay 1969 - See Hoehneella gehrtiana (Hoehne) Ruschi 1945

  1. Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. & Endl.] Dodson & Bennet 1989

    Part shadeWarm to

  2. Chaubardia klugii (C. Schweinf.) Garay 1973

    Full shadeHotTo WarmLATEWinterEARLYSpring

  3. !Chaubardia surinamensis Rchb. f. 1852

    Full shadeHotTo WarmWinter TO EARLY Spring

    ~*Chaubardia tigrina Garay & Dunst. 1961 - See Chaubardiella tigrina (Garay & Dunst.) Garay 1969

Chaubardiella Garay 1969 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae .

This is a small epiphytic genus of nine species that are found in tropical Central and South America. The species were taken from the genus Chaubardia as they had no psuedobulbs and can be distinguished by a distinctive slender rostellum. This genus is characterized by the fan-shaped plant made up of imbricating leaf sheaths ona very short stem, there are no, or, very small pseudobulbs giving rise to a basal, single flowered and they lie on the medium a distance away from the plant. The fleshy flowers have spreading sepals and petals, a very short, thick column with a hooked rostellum, a lip that does not surround the column and there are two unequal pairs of pollina connected to a quadrate stipe and a hooked viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning refers to being a small Chaubardia, not very descriptive as they are not that similar

Type Species = ! = Chaubardia tigrina Garay & Dunsterville 1969 = Chaubardiella tigrina [Garay & Dunsterville]Garay 1969

    ~*Chaubardiella calceolaris Garay 1969 - See Stenia calceolaris (Garay) Dodson & D.E. Benn. 1989

  1. Chaubardiella chasmatochila (Fowlie) Garay 1969

    Full shadeWarmTo CoolSummerFall

  2. Chaubardiella dalessandroi Dodson & Dalström 1984

    FragranceFull shadeTo WarmSpring

  3. Chaubardiella hirtzii Dodson 1989

    FragranceFull shadeHotTo WarmMID to EARLY

  4. Chaubardiella pacuarensis Jenny 1989

    FragranceFull shadeHotTo WarmLATESummer and Fall

  5. Chaubardiella pubescens Ackerman 1981

    FragranceFull shadeHotTo Warm

    ~Chaubardiella saccata (Garay) Garay 1969 - See Stenia saccata Garay 1969

  6. Chaubardiella subquadrata (Schltr.) Garay 1969

    FragranceFull shadeHotTo WarmSpring

  7. !Chaubardiella tigrina (Garay & Dunst.) Garay 1969

    Full shadeHotTo Warm to EARLY

`Chauliodon Summerh. 1943 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aerangidinae

This is a montypic leafless genus confined to west central Africa.

Common Name or Meaning The Projecting teeth Orchid [refers to the erect, pointed callus that projects upward in front of the spur]

Type Species = ! = Angraecum deflexicalcaratum De Wild 1916 = Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979

    ~Chauliodon buntingii Summerh. 1943 - See Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979

  1. !Chauliodon deflexicalcaratum (De Wild.) L.Jonss.1979

    Part shadeHot WinterSummer

`Cheiradenia Lindl. 1853SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There is a single species in this little known epiphytic and sometimes lithophytic genus occuring in north to northeastern South America. The genus is characterized by the small plant with a short rhizomeand inconspicuous pseduobulbs and a multiflorous inflroescence arising through a leaf axil. The adult leaves are less than 2.8" [7 cm] long, and there is a 3 lobed lip with fan-shaped calli and it carries 4 hard, superposed pollina.

Common Name or Meaning Refers to the Finger-like appendages on the lip]

Type Species = ! = Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853

  1. !Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853

    ~Cheiradenia imthurnii Cogn. 1906 - See Cheiradenia cuspidata Lindl.1853

~`Cheiropterocephalus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Malaxis Sw. 1788 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae , TRIBE Malaxideae SUBTRIBE Malaxidinae

~~Cheiropterocephalus sertuliferus Barb.Rodr. 1877 - See Malaxis excavata Kuntze 1891

~Cheirorchis Carrière 1932 - See Cordiglottis J.J.Sm. 1922 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae

~Cheirorchis filiformis (Hook.f.) Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis filiformis (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

~Cheirorchis fulgens (Ridl.) Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis fulgens (Ridl.) Garay 1972

~*Cheirorchis major Carr 1932 - See Cordiglottis major (Carr) Garay 1972

Cheirostylis Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

There are about 53 species in this terrestrial genus occuring from SE Africa, SE Asia, Japan, the Philippines to New Guinea with underground rhizomes that give rise to erect stems at intervals with lying flat to the ground, an erect, terminal, 2 flowered inflorescence with small flowers with the sepals joined to form a tube and the petals are free and the lip has a claw that extends through the tube above and becomes two serrated lobes extending beyond it having 2 stigma and 2 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the 5 finger-like appendages on the colum apex

Type Species = ! = Cheirostylis montana Blume 1825

    ~Cheirostylis anomala Ohwi 1954 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

  1. Cheirostylis bidentata J.J.Sm. 1928

    Full shade

  2. Cheirostylis bipunctata Avery. 1997

    Full shade

  3. Cheirostylis calcarata X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2007

    Full shade Warm LATEWinter EARLY Spring

  4. Cheirostylis celebensis P.O'Byrne & J.J.Verm. 2006

  5. Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895

    ~Cheirostylis chinensis var. tortilacinia (C.S.Leou) S.S.Ying 1996 - See Cheirostylis tortilacinia C.S.Leou 1990

  6. Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976

    LATE EARLIER

  7. Cheirostylis cochinchinensis Blume 1859

  8. Cheirostylis cristata Avery. 2010

    Full shade Hot Warm LATErWinter EARLY Spring

  9. Cheirostylis dendrophila Schltr. 1911

    Full shade Hot Winter

    ~Cheirostylis dendrophila var. lancilabris Schltr. 1911 - See Cheirostylis dendrophila Schltr. 1911

    ~Cheirostylis derchiensis S.S.Ying 1991 - See Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976

  10. Cheirostylis didymacantha Seidenf. 1978

    Full ShadeWarmCool Winter

    ~ Cheirostylis eglandulosa Aver. 1996 publ. 1997 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

  11. Cheirostylis flabellata (A.Rich.) Wight 1851

  12. Cheirostylis foliosa Aver. 2007

    Full shade Warm EARLIERFall

    ~Cheirostylis franchetiana King & Pantl. 1895 - See Myrmechis pumila (Hook.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

  13. Cheirostylis goldschmidtiana Schltr.1915

    Full Warm Cool Spring

    ~Cheirostylis grandiflora sensu Gagnepain 1934 non Bl. - See Cheirostylis spathulata J.J. Smith 1927

  14. Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl. 1857

    Full shadeWarmColdWinterTo Spring

    ~Cheirostylis gymnochiloides (Ridl.) Rchb.1885 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

    ~*Cheirostylis heterosepala Rchb.f. 1881 - See Hetaeria heterosepala (Rchb.f.) Summerh.1934

    ~Cheirostylis humblotii Rchb.f. 1885 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

    ~Cheirostylis hungyehensis T.P.Lin 1977 - See Cheirostylis clibborndyeri S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976

    ~Cheirostylis inabae Hayata 1914 - See Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907

  15. Cheirostylis jamesleungii S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976

    LATE EARLY

  16. Cheirostylis javanica J.J.Sm. 1913

    Full shade Warm Cool EARLIER Winter

    ~Cheirostylis josephi Schltr.1921 - See Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896

    ~Cheirostylis kanarensis Blatt. & McCann 1932 - See Didymoplexis pallens Griff. 1844

    ~Cheirostylis kanashiroi Ohwi 1938 - See Cheirostylis liukiuensis Masam.1930

  17. Cheirostylis latipetala Aver. & Averyanova 2006

    Full shade Hot Warm LATER Fall

  18. Cheirostylis lepida (Rchb.f.) Rolfe 1897

    Full shade Warm LATE Winter EARLY Spring

  19. Cheirostylis liukiuensis Masam.1930

    Fragrance Part shadeColdSpring

    ~Cheirostylis macrantha Schltr. 1906 - See Cheirostylis griffithii Lindl. 1857

  20. Cheirostylis malipoensis X.H.Jin & S.C.Chen 2007

    Full shade Warm LATE Fall EARLYWinter

    ~Cheirostylis marmorata (C.Morren) Lindl. ex Lem. 1848 - See Dossinia marmorata C.Morren 1848

    ~Cheirostylis marmorata Aver. 1999 - See Cheirostylis marmorifolia Aver. 2000

  21. Cheirostylis marmorifolia Aver. 2000

    Full shade Warm LATE Fall EARLIERWinter

    ~Cheirostylis micrantha Schltr.1924 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

  22. !Cheirostylis montana Blume 1825

    Full shade Hot WarmFall

  23. Cheirostylis monteiroi S.Y.Hu & Barretto 1976

    LATER EARLY

    ~Cheirostylis munnacampensis A.N.Rao 1988 - See Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896

    ~Cheirostylis nemorosa Fukuy. 1935 - See Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999

  24. Cheirostylis notialis D.L.Jones 1997

    Full shade Warm Spring

  25. Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

    Full shade Hot Cool LATEWinter LATESummer

  26. Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907

    Full shade WarmCool LATESummer EARLYFall

    ~Cheirostylis oligantha Masam. & Fukuy. 1940 -See Cheirostylis octodactyla Ames 1907

  27. Cheirostylis ovata (F.M.Bailey) Schltr. 1911

    LATE EARLY

  28. Cheirostylis pabongnensis Lucksom 1997

    Full shade Warm Cool Spring

  29. Cheirostylis parvifolia Lindl. 1839

    Full shade

    ~Cheirostylis philippinensis Ames 1908 - See Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895

  30. Cheirostylis pingbianensis K.Y.Lang 1996

    Full shade Cold LATE Summer EARLIER Fall

  31. Cheirostylis pusilla Lindl. 1840

    Full shade Warm EARLIER Fall

  32. Cheirostylis rubrifolius T.P.Lin & W.M.Lin 2009

    Full shade WarmLATER Winter

    ~Cheirostylis sarcopus Schltr. 1915 - See Cheirostylis nuda (Thouars) Ormerod 2002

    ~Cheirostylis seidenfadeniana C.S.Kumar & F.N.Rasm. 1987 - See Cheirostylis parvifolia Lindl. 1839

  33. Cheirostylis serpens Aver. 2005

    Full shade Warm Winter

  34. Cheirostylis spathulata J.J. Smith 1927

  35. Cheirostylis tabiyahanensis (Hayata) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 1999

    Full shade Warm Spring

    ~Cheirostylis taichungensis S.S.Ying 1990 - See Cheirostylis cochinchinensis Blume 1859

    ~Cheirostylis tairae (Fukuy.) Masam. 1964 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

    ~Cheirostylis taiwanensis Yamam. 1933 - See Cheirostylis chinensis Rolfe 1895

  36. Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

    Full Shade HotWarm Spring

    ~Cheirostylis tatewakii Masam. 1932 - See Cheirostylis takeoi (Hayata) Schltr. 1919

  37. Cheirostylis thailandica Seidenf. 1978

    LATE

  38. Cheirostylis thanmoiensis (Gagnep.) Ormerod 2002

    Full shade

  39. Cheirostylis tortilacinia C.S.Leou 1990

    Full shadeWarmWinter

  40. Cheirostylis yunnanensis Rolfe 1896

    Full shadeWarmCoolSpring

~Chelonanthera Bl. 1825 - See Coelogyne Lindley 1821 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

~Chelonanthera clypeata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese 1854

~*Chelonanthera gibbosa Blume 1825 - See Pholidota gibbosa (Blume) Lindl. ex de Vriese 1854

~Chelonanthera incrassata Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne incrassata (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~*Chelonanthera longifolia Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne longifolia Lindl. 1830

~Chelonanthera miniata Blume 1825 - See Coelogyne miniata Lindl. 1830

~*Chelonanthera speciosa Bl. 1825 - See Coelogyne speciosa [Bl.]Lindley 1834

~Chelonanthera sulphurea (Rchb. f.) Blume 1825 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

~*Chelonanthera ventricosa Blume 1825 - See Pholidota ventricosa (Blume) Rchb.f. 1857

Chelonistele Pfitzer ex Kraenzl. 1907 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Coelogyninae.

There are 5 species in this epiphytic or lithophytic genus occuring form the Himalayaas through Burma and to Borneo and Java. This genus is related to Coelogyne and their culture is similar to Coelogyne species from the same area and elevations.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the cupola-shaped winged column

Type Species = ! = Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

  1. Chelonistele amplissima (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Carr 1935

    ~Chelonistele amplissima var. schweinfurthiana (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood 1984 - See Chelonistele amplissima (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Carr 1935

    ~Chelonistele apiculata (Lindl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Panisea apiculata Lindl. 1854

    ~Chelonistele biflora (C.S.P.Parish ex Rchb.f.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Panisea uniflora Lindl. 1854

    ~Chelonistele crassifolia Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

    ~Chelonistele cuneata (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

  2. Chelonistele dentifera de Vogel 1984

    Part shadeHotWarmFall

  3. Chelonistele devogelii Schuit. Mar 2012

    Deep shadeWarm Cool Fall

  4. Chelonistele ingloria (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935

    Part shade Warm Fall

  5. Chelonistele kinabaluensis (Rolfe) de Vogel 1984

    Part shade Warm Cold Spring

    ~Chelonistele kutaiensis (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

  6. Chelonistele lamellulifera Carr 1935

    LATE

  7. Chelonistele lurida (Ames & C.Schweinf.) Pfitzer 1907

    CoolCold Spring

    ~Chelonistele lurida var. grandiflora de Vogel 1984 - See Chelonistele devogelii Schuit. Mar 2012

    ~Chelonistele perakensis (Rolfe) Ridl. 1924 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

    ~Chelonistele pinniloba (J.J.Sm.) Carr 1935 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

    ~Chelonistele pusilla (Ridl.) Ridl. 1924 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

  8. Chelonistele richardsii Carr 1935

    Full shade Warm Spring

  9. !Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

    FragranceFull shadeHotTo Warm Northern hemisphere cultivation Spring Singapore cultivation Fall

    ~Chelonistele sulphurea var. crassifolia (Carr) de Vogel 1984 - See Chelonistele sulphurea (Blume) Pfitzer 1907

    ~Chelonistele tenuiflora (Ridl.) Pfitzer 1907 - See Geesinkorchis phaiostele (Ridl.) de Vogel 1984

  10. Chelonistele unguiculata Carr 1935

    Full shade Warm Spring Summer Fall

    ~Chelonistele vermicularis (J.J.Sm.) Kraenzl. 1907 - See Coelogyne vermicularis J.J.Sm. 1906

~`Chelyorchis Dressler & N.H. Williams 2000 - See Oncidium Sw. 1800 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

~Chelyorchis ampliata (Lindl.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 2000 - See Oncidium ampliatum Lindl. 1833

~`Chileorchis Szlach. 2008 - See Chloraea Lindl. 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae

~Chileorchis disoides (Lindl.) Szlach. 2008 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827

Chiloglottis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae.

A genus of 21 interesting species endemic to Australia and New Zealand that are deciduous terrestrials with paired leaves and subteranean tuberoids with insectiferous flowers that have 4 pollina. Pot with well drained soil mixed with leaf litter and wood shavings and keep cool to cold and moist while in active growth and much less water as the leaves die down in the late spring and summer.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the tongue-shaped lip

Type Species = ! = Chiloglottis diphylla R. Br. 1810

  1. Chiloglottis anaticeps D.L.Jones 1991

    Part shade Cold LATE Spring EARLYFall

    ~Chiloglottis bifolia (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1911 - See Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch 1946

  2. Chiloglottis boweri [In ed]

  3. Chiloglottis chlorantha D.L.Jones 1991

    Part shade Cold LATE Winter EARLY Spring

  4. Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. 1844

    Part shadeColdTo CoolSpring EARLYSummer

  5. !Chiloglottis diphylla R.Br. 1810

    Part shade Cold SummerFall

    ~Chiloglottis dockrillii Rupp 1953 - See Chiloglottis reflexa [Labill.]Druce 1917

  6. Chiloglottis formicifera Fitzg. 1877

    Part shadeCold To Cool LATE Winter and Spring

  7. Chiloglottis grammata G.W.Carr 1991

    Part shade Cold LATE Winter EARLY Spring

  8. Chiloglottis gunnii Lindl. 1840

    Part Shade ColdLATE Spring EARLY Summer

  9. Chiloglottis jeanesii D.L.Jones 1997

    Part shadeColdLATESpring EARLYSummer

  10. Chiloglottis longiclavata D.L.Jones 1991

    Part shade Cool Fall

    ~Chiloglottis muelleri Fitzg. 1885 - See Chiloglottis cornuta Hook.f. 1844

  11. Chiloglottis palachila D. Jones & M.A. Clem 1991

    Part sunCold EARLY

  12. Chiloglottis × pescottiana R.S.Rogers 1918

    LATER

    ~Chiloglottis platychila G.W.Carr 1991 - See Chiloglottis gunnii Lindl. 1840

  13. Chiloglottis platyptera D.L.Jones 1991

    Partial sun Cold" Winter THROUGH EARLIER Spring

  14. Chiloglottis pluricallata D.L.Jones 1991

    to EARLY

  15. Chiloglottis reflexa [Labill.] Druce 1917

    Part sunColdTo Cool LATE Summer TO Fall

  16. Chiloglottis seminuda D.L.Jones 1991

    Part sunCoolTo ColdFall

  17. Chiloglottis sphaerula D.L.Jones 2006

    LATER

  18. Chiloglottis sp. aff. valida

    Part shadeColdTo CoolSpring EARLYSummer

  19. Chiloglottis sphyrnoides D.L.Jones 1991

    Part shade Cool LATE Spring Summer EARLIER Fall

  20. Chiloglottis sylvestris D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 1987

    Part sunColdTo CoolLATESpring THROUGH Fall

  21. Chiloglottis trapeziformis D.L. Jones 1877

    Part sunCold EARLY Spring TO mid Summer

    ~Chiloglottis traversii F.Muell. 1864 - See Aporostylis bifolia (Hook.f.) Rupp & Hatch 1946

  22. Chiloglottis triceratops D.L.Jones 1998

  23. Chiloglottis trilabra Fitzg. 1883

    Part shadeCoolTo ColdSummerFall

  24. Chiloglottis trullata D.L.Jones 1991

    Part shadeCold To Cool Winter

  25. Chiloglottis truncata D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.1987

    Part shadeCold LATEWinter Spring

  26. Chiloglottis valida D.L. Jones 1991

    Part sunColdTo CoolSpring TO MIDSummer

Chilopogon Schltr.1912 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae, SUBTRIBE Podochilinae.

There are 2 species in this genus closely related to Appendicula and Podochilus with a short, slender, leafy stem carrying many, distichous, basally sheathing leaves that blooms on a terminal, several to many flowered inflorescence with distichous bracts usually longer than the flowers and attractively colored, and with small flowers with an ovate to ovate-lanceoalte, dorsal sepal, obliquely ovate, forming a mentum lateral sepals and linear, obtuse petals with a trilobed to obscurely trilobed, shortly spurred lip, a short column and 6 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the serrate floral bracts

Type Species = ! = Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912

    ~Chilopogon bracteatum Schltr. 1912 - See Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912

    ~Chilopogon kinabaluensis Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 - See Appendicula congesta Ridl. 1894

    ~Chilopogon merrillii (Ames) Ames 1915 - See Appendicula merrillii Ames 1913 publ. 1914

  1. !Chilopogon oxysepalum (Schltr.) Schltr. 1912

    Deep ShadeHot

Chiloschista Lindley 1832 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

Twenty small, mostly leafless epiphytes make up this warm growing genus from India, S.E. Asia, Indonesia, and Australia. They are best mounted on wood or cork and need high humidity, moderate shade and regular water, but they like to dry out between waterings and, after growth has stopped, less water is required. The ephemeral flowers have lateral sepals and petals that are subequal and are often adnate to the column foot, the lip is more or less clawed, hinged to the apex of the column foot and is pouched or spurred, 3 lobed, lateral lobes larger and erect, midlobe small, the disc has a finger-like callus and is hirsute -ubescent, The short, semiterte column has a long foot, a shallow clinandrium, a deep set stigma, a deflexed, bifid rostellum, an anther cap with 2 long-filiform setae, 4 pollina in 2 closely appressed, unequal, sessile pairs and a sublinear stipe.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the deep cleft in the lip

Type Species = ! = Chiloschista usneoides [D.Don]Lindley 1832

  1. Chiloschista exuperei (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    Part sunCoolTo HotFall

  2. Chiloschista godefroyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919

    Full shade

  3. Chiloschista guangdongensis Z.H.Tsi 1984

    Partial sun Cool MIDSpring

    ~Chiloschista hoi S.S.Ying 1987 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938

    ~Chiloschista indica J.J. Sm. 1913 - See Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm 1905

  4. Chiloschista javanica Schltr. 1919

    Part Sun Hot Warm Fall

    ~Chiloschista lunifera J.J. Sm. 1905 - See Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm 1905

  5. Chiloschista lunifera [Rchb.f]J.J. Sm. 1905

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo HotFall or Winter

  6. Chiloschista parishii Seidenf. 1988

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo HotSpring and Summer

  7. Chiloschista phyllorhiza (F.Muell.) Schltr. 1921

  8. Chiloschista pusilla Schlechter 1919

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSpring

  9. Chiloschista ramifera Seidenf. 1988

  10. Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938

    Part Sun Cool MIDSpring

    ~Chiloschista segawae f. taiwaniana (S.S.Ying) S.S.Ying 1990 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938

    ~Chiloschista segawae var. taiwaniana S.S.Ying 1977 - See Chiloschista segawae (Masam.) Masam. & Fukuy. 1938

  11. Chiloschista sweelimii Holttum 1966

  12. Chiloschista trudelii Seidenf. 1987

    FragrancePart sunCoolTo HotSpring

  13. !Chiloschista usneoides (D.Don) Lindl. 1832

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSummer

  14. Chiloschista viridiflava G.Seidenfaden 1988

    Part shadeHot TO Cool Spring

  15. Chiloschista yunnanensis Schltr. 1919

    Part shade Warm Cool spring

~`× Chilosimpliglottis - See Chiloglottis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Thelymitrinae

~× Chilosimpliglottis pescottiana (R.S.Rogers) Jeanes 2002 - See Chiloglottis × pescottiana R.S.Rogers 1918

~`Chiloterus D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum R. Br. 1810SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Prasphyllinae

~Chiloterus cucullatus (Rchb.f.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum cucullatum Rchb.f. 1871

~Chiloterus gibbosus (R.Br.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2004 - See Prasophyllum gibbosum R.Br. 1810

~ Chitonanthera Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena Thwaites 1861 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Podochileae SUBTRIBE Thelasiinae .

~Chitonanthera angustifolia Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena angustifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003

~Chitonanthera aphanopetala Schltr.1923 - See Octarrhena falcifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003

~ *Chitonanthera falcifolia Schltr. 1905 - See Octarrhena falcifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003

~*Chitonanthera filiformis L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena filiformis (L.O.Williams) P.Royen 1979

~Chitonanthera filiformis var. brachyphylla L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena filiformis (L.O.Williams) P.Royen 1979

~Chitonanthera tenuis (J.J.Sm.) L.O.Williams 1946 - See Octarrhena tenuis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. 1913

~Chitonanthera vinosa J.J.Sm.1934 - See Octarrhena angustifolia (Schltr.) Schuit. 2003

~`Chitonochilus Schltr. 1905 - See Agrostophyllum Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Agrostophyllinae

~*Chitonochilus papuanus Schltr. 1905 - See Agrostophyllum neoguinense Kittr. 1984 publ. 1985

~Chloidia Lindl. 1840 - See Corymborkis Thouars 1809 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Tropidieae, SUBTRIBE Tropidiinae.

~Chloidia confusa Ames 1908 - See Corymborkis veratrifolia [Reinw.] Bl. 1859

~Chloidia decumbens Lindl. 1840 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891

~Chloidia flava (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Corymborkis flava (Sw.) Kuntze 1891

~Chloidia polystachya (Sw.) Rchb.f. 1863 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908

~Chloidia vernalis Lindl. 1840 - See Tropidia polystachya (Sw.) Ames 1908

Chloraea Lindl. 1827 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Chloraeinae

There may bee 52 terrestrial species spread throughout southern South America of small to medium sized, glaborous terrestrials with fasciculate, fleshy, hairy roots with subterranean fingerlike tubers giving rise to spirally arranged conduplicate leaves with resupinate flowers with free sepals and petals to the base and a prominent column foot, a spurless lip, an erect anther that carries 2 soft, mealy pollina.. They are quite rare in collections and are very different taxonomically and have few relatives in the orchidacea.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the greenish hue the flowers of some members of this genus have

Synonyms Bieneria Rchb.f 1853; Geoblasta Barb. Rodr. 1891; Ulantha Hkr. 1830

Type Species = ! = Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea affinis Lindl. 1834 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    Chloraea alaris Lindl. 1827 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea alborosea Kraenzl. & Speg. 1907 - See Gavilea glandulifera (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1956

  1. Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

    Part sunColdTo CoolWinter

    ~Chloraea apinnula (Gosewijn) Szlach. 2001 - See Bipinnula apinnula Gosewijn 1993

    ~Chloraea arechavaletae Kraenzl. 1888 - See Geoblasta penicillata (Rchb. f.) Hoehne ex M.D. Correa 1968

    ~Chloraea aurantiaca (Lindl.) Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea aurantiaca var. crocata (Phil.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea aurea Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea barbata Lindl. 1834

    ~*Chloraea austiniae A.Gray 1877 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900

  2. Chloraea barbata Lindl. 1834

    Full sunColdSpring

    ~Chloraea bergii Hieron. 1879 - See Geoblasta penicillata (Rchb. f.) Hoehne ex M.D. Correa 1968

    ~ Chloraea berteroana Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea besseri Rchb.f. 1850 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea bicallosa Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea bidentata (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1969

  3. Chloraea bidentata (Poepp. & Endl.) M.N.Correa 1969

  4. Chloraea biserialis Griseb. 1879

  5. Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    Full sunCoolColdSummer

    ~Chloraea bouganvilleana Franch. 1889 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    ~Chloraea calopogon Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea prodigiosa Rchb.f. 1850

    ~Chloraea campestris Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

  6. Chloraea chica Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904

    suncold spring

    ~Chloraea chlorosticta Phil. 1857 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea cholilensis Kraenzl. 1902 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

  7. Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833

    Full sunCoolColdSummer

    ~Chloraea chrysochlora Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857

  8. Chloraea collicensis Kraenzl. 1904

    ~Chloraea commersonii Brongn. in L.I.Duperrey 1834 - See Gavilea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) M.N.Correa 1956

  9. Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840

    partial sun Cold LATESummer

  10. Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834

    Full sunColdSpring

    ~Chloraea crocata Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea chrysantha Poepp. 1833

  11. Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840

    ~ Chloraea cygnaea Phil 1864 - See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840

  12. Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833

    suncold LATEspring

    ~Chloraea cylindrostachya var. leptopetala (Reiche) Skottsb. 1916 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea dasypogon Phil.1864 - See Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834

    ~Chloraea decipiens Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea densa A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

    ~ Chloraea densiflora Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833

  13. Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827

    Full sunColdSpring

    ~Chloraea disoides var. picta (Phil. ex Kraenzl.) M.N.Correa 1969 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827

  14. Chloraea elegans M.N.Correa 1969

    Part shade Cold

    ~Chloraea elwesii Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea enigmatica (Hauman) Hoehne 1940 - See Gavilea australis (Skottsb.) M.N.Correa 1956

    ~Chloraea falklandica Kraenzl. 1910 - See Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829

    ~Chloraea ferruginea Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea fimbriata Poepp. 1833 - See Bipinnula fimbriata (Poepp.) I.M.Johnst.1929

    ~Chloraea fimbriata Phil. 1857 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea fonckii Phil. 1857-8 - See Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829

  15. Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    Full sunCoolColdSpring

  16. Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829

    Full sunColdLATESummer EARLYFall

  17. !Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    SunnyColdSpring

    ~Chloraea gayana A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833

  18. Chloraea grandiflora Poepp 1833

    partial shade Cold Summer

    ~Chloraea grandis Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea gymnoglossa Phil. 1857-8 - See Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829

    ~Chloraea hemichloris Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857

  19. Chloraea heteroglossa Rchb.f. 1850

    Full sunColdEARLYSummer

  20. Chloraea homopetala Phil. 1858

    SunCold spring

    ~Chloraea hookeriana Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea hystrix Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    ~Chloraea ignea Kraenzl. 1906 - See Chloraea biserialis Griseb. 1879

    ~ Chloraea incisa Poepp. 1833 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea inconspicua Phil. 1865 - See Chloraea gaudichaudii Brongn. 1829

    ~Chloraea kingii (Hook.f.) Macloskie1904 - See Gavilea kingii (Hook.f.) M.N.Correa 1956

    ~Chloraea kranzliniana Hoehne 1939 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    ~Chloraea kruegeri Phil. ex Kraenzl.1904 - See Chloraea chica Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904

    ~Chloraea lagunae-pacis Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850

  21. Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827

    suncold LATESpring

  22. Chloraea lechleri Lindl. 1857

    suncold spring

    ~Chloraea leontoglossa Speg. & Kraenzl. 1902 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    ~ Chloraea leptopetala Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea leucojiflora Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea nudilabia Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea liliacea Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

    ~ Chloraea lindleyi Poepp.1833 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea lineata Phil ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850

    ~*Chloraea littoralis Phil. 1864 - See Gavilea littoralis (Phil.) M.N.Correa 1969

    ~*Chloraea longibracteata Lindl. 1827 - See Gavilea longibracteata (Lindl.) Sparre ex L.E.Navas 1973

  23. Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

    Part Shade Cold LATE SpringSummer

    ~Chloraea lotensis Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) Skottsb. 1909 - See Gavilea lutea (Comm. ex Pers.) M.N.Correa 1956

    ~Chloraea lutea (Willd.) Schltr. 1914 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

  24. Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    Full sunColdSpring

  25. Chloraea membranacea Lindl. 1840

    FragrancePart sunCoolSpring

    ~Chloraea membranacea var. paranensis Schltr. 1926-7 - See Chloraea membranacea Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea modesta Phil ex Kraenzl 1904 - See Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850

  26. Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

    partial sun Cold LATER Spring

    ~Chloraea multilamellata Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea nervosa Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840

  27. Chloraea nudilabia Poepp. 1833

    Full sunColdEARLYSummer

    ~Chloraea obovata Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea cuneata Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea odontoglossa A. Rich. 1849 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea odoratissima (Poepp. & Endl.) Macloskie 1904 - See Gavilea odoratissima (Poepp. & Endl.) Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea oregana Nutt. ex Benth. & Hook.f. 1883 - See Cephalanthera austiniae (A.Gray) A.Heller 1900

    ~ Chloraea panduriformis Phil. ex Kraenzl.1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea papillosa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea cylindrostachya Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea patagonica Phil. 1863-5 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

  28. Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840

    Full ShadeCoolColdFall

    ~Chloraea pennicillata Rchb. f. 1878 - See Geoblasta penicillata (Rchb. f.) Hoehne ex M.D. Correa 1968

    ~ Chloraea pearcei Phil. 1864 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea perez-moreaui Garay 1954 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea peruviana Kraenzl. 1906 - See Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840

  29. Chloraea philippii Rchb.f.1850

    Full sunCold LATESpring EARLYSummer

    ~Chloraea picta Phil. ex Kraenzl.1903 - See Chloraea disoides Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea pigichen Kuntze 1891 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea piquichen Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea pleistodactyla Kraenzl. & Spegg. 1902 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea poeppigiana A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea pogonata Phil. 1864 - See Chloraea cristata Lindl.1834

  30. Chloraea praecincta Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904

    Part sun Cold

    ~Chloraea praecincta var. intermedia Hauman 1921 - See Chloraea praecincta Speg. & Kraenzl. 1904

  31. Chloraea prodigiosa Rchb.f. 1850

    Full sunCold LATERSpring

    ~Chloraea pseudocampestris Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea reflexa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea reflexa var. latifolia Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea reicheana Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

  32. Chloraea reticulata Schltr. 1918

    Full sunCold

    ~Chloraea robusta Rolfe 1916 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea rypaloglossa A.Rich. 1852 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~ Chloraea sceptrum Rchb.f. 1850 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea secunda Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

    ~ Chloraea semibarbata Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea semibarbata subsp. pearcei (Phil.) Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea lamellata Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea semibarbata subsp. spectabilis (Phil.) Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840

    ~Chloraea semitensis Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1904 - See Chloraea gavilu Lindl. 1827

    ~*Chloraea sobralioides Kraenzl.1920 - See Sobralia sobralioides (Kraenzl.) Garay 1978

  33. Chloraea sp.

  34. Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833

    suncold EARLYSpring

    ~Chloraea speciosa f. sterilis Kraenzl. 1904 -See Chloraea speciosa Poepp. 1833

    ~Chloraea spectabilis (Phil.) Phil. 1864 -See Chloraea crispa Lindl.1840

    ~Chloraea spegazziniana Kraenzl 1902 - See Chloraea magellanica Hook. f. 1847

    ~Chloraea stenantha Kraenzl. 1903 - See Chloraea multiflora Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea suaveolens Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea galeata Lindl. 1827

  35. Chloraea tectata Ravenna 2001

    suncold

    ~Chloraea teixeirana (Barb.Rodr.) Cogn. 1893 - See Geoblasta penicillata (Rchb. f.) Hoehne ex M.D. Correa 1968

  36. Chloraea trachysepala Kraenzl. 1904

    suncold Spring

    ~Chloraea ulantha Rolfe 1893 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea ulanthoides Lindl. 1840 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea ulanthoides var. affinis (Lindl.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea longipetala Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea ulanthoides var. grandis (Kraenzl.) Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea bletioides Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea undulata Raimondi ex Colunga 1878 - See Chloraea pavonii Lindl. 1840

    ~Chloraea unguis-cati Rchb. f. 1849 - See Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    ~Chloraea verrucosa Phil. 1858 - See Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833

  37. Chloraea virescens (Willd.) Lindl. 1827

    Full sunCold LATEspringEARLYSummer

  38. Chloraea viridiflora Poepp. 1833

    Full sunColdLATESpring

    ~Chloraea viridiflora var. reticulata Reiche 1910 - See Chloraea reticulata Schltr. 1918

  39. Chloraea volkmannii Phil. ex Kraenzl. 1904

    partial sun Cold LATER Spring

  40. Chloraea volucris Lindl. 1834

    partial sun Cold

    ~Chloraea wittei Hicken 1917 - See Gavilea patagonica M.N.Correa 1956

    ~Chloraea xerophila Kraenzl. 1910 - See Chloraea alpina Poepp. 1833

~Chlorosa Blume 1825 - See Cryptostylis R. Brown 1810 SUBFAMILY Orchideae , TRIBE Diurideae, SUBTRIBE Caladeniinae

~Chlorosa latifolia Bl. 1825 - See Cryptostylis arachnites (Blume) Blume 1858

~*Chlorosa clemensii Ames & C.Schweinf. 1920 - See Cryptostylis clemensii (Ames & C.Schweinf.) J.J.Sm. 1927

~Choeradoplectron Schau. 1843 - See Habenaria Willd. 1805 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae, SUBTRIBE Orchidinae.

~Chondradenia Maxim. ex Makino 1902 - See Orchis Tourn ex L. 1753 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

~Chondradenia doyonensis (Hand.-Mazz.) Verm. 1972 - See Platanthera roseotincta (W.W.Sm.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1940

~Chondradenia fauriei (Finet) Sawada ex Maek. 1971 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808

~Chondradenia yatabei Maxim. ex Makino 1902 - See Orchis fauriei Finet 1808

Chondrorhyncha Lindley 1846 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There are now 7 species in this genus and they are found in Central and South America as epiphytes and rarely lithophytes with the largest concentration of species in the Andes of Colombia at elevations of 300 to 2000 meters where they are cool to warm growing orchids that need shady humid conditions and never should be allowed to dry out completely. This genus is characterized by the lack of pseudobulbs [except in the case of C. lendyana Rchb.f], with the leaves forming a fan-shaped plant with an axillary, single flowered inflorescence arising from the axils of the leaf sheaths which gives rise to the flowers that have lateral sepals forming a semi tube, a not saccate lip that surrounds the column, a prominent callus, tongue or keel-like, in the mid portion of the lip, a clavate column without a ventral keel and four flattened pollina on a short stipe attached to a flat, cordiform viscidum.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the beak-like rostellum of the flower

Synonyms Warscewiczella Rchb.f.; Warszewiczella Benth. & Hkr.f

Type Species = ! = Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindley 1846

    ~Chondrorhyncha alba (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia alba Schltr 1923

    Chondrorhyncha albicans Rolfe 1898 - See Daiotyla albicans (Rolfe) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha amabilis Schltr. 1920 - See Chondroscaphe amabilis (Schltr.) Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993

    ~Chondrorhyncha amazonica [Rchb.f & Warsc.]A.D.Hawkes - See Warczewiczella amazonica Rchb.f & Warscew 1854

    ~Chondrorhyncha anatona (Dressler) Senghas 1990 - See !Euryblema anatonum (Dressler) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha andreae P. Ortíz 1994 - See Euryblema andreae (P.Ortiz) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha andreettae Jenny 1989 - See Aetheorhyncha andreettae (Jenny) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha antonii P. Ortiz 1994 - See Echinorhyncha antonii (P. Ortiz) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha aromatica [Rchb.f] P.H.Allen - See Cochleanthes aromatica [Rchb.f] Schultes & Garay 1954

    ~ *Chondrorhyncha aurantiaca Senghas & G.Gerlach 1991 - See Ixyophora aurantiaca (Senghas & G.Gerlach) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha bicolor Rolfe 1894 - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001

    ~Chondrorhyncha caloglossa (Schltr.) P.H.Allen 1949 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha caquetae Fowlie 1968 - See Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindl 1846

    ~*Chondrorhyncha carinata P. Ortiz 1994 - See Ixyophora carinata (P.Ortiz) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha caudata Ackerman 1981 - See Benzingia caudata (Ackerman) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha chestertonii Rchb.f 1879 - See Chondroscaphe chestertonii (Rchb. f.) Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993

    ~*Chondrorhyncha cornuta Garay 1970 - See Benzingia cornuta (Garay) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha costaricensis (Schltr.) Allen . 1949 - See Kefersteinia costaricensis Schltr. 1918

    ~Chondrorhyncha crassa Dressler 1983 - See Daiotyla crassa (Dressler) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha discolor [Lindley]P.H.Allen 1949 - See Warczewiczella discolor [Lindley] Rchb.f 1852

    ~Chondrorhyncha eburnea Dressler 1983 - See Chondroscaphe eburnea (Dressler) Dressler 2001

    ~*Chondrorhyncha ecuadorensis Dodson 1989 - See Echinorhyncha ecuadorensis (Dodson) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha embreei Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe embreei (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996

    ~Chondrorhyncha endresii Schltr. 1921 - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001

    ~*Chondrorhyncha escobariana Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe escobariana (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996

    ~*Chondrorhycha estradae Dodson 1980 - See Benzingia estradae (Dodson) Dodson 1995

    ~*Chondrorhyncha estrellensis Ames 1923 - See Stenotyla estrellensis [Ames] Harding 2008

    ~Chondrorhyncha fimbriata (Linden & Rchb.f.) Rchb.f. 1872 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

    ~Chondrorhyncha flabelliformis (Sw.) Alai 1962 - See Cochleanthes flabelliformis (Sw.) R.E. Schult. & Garay 1959

    ~Chondrorhyncha flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Garay 1967 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

    ~*Chondrorhyncha fosterae Dodson 1984 - See Ixyophora fosterae (Dodson) P.A.Harding 2008

    ~Chondrorhyncha guttata (Rchb.f.) Garay 1978 - See Stenia guttata Rchb. f. 1880

    ~*Chondrorhyncha helleri Fowlie 1971 - See Stenotyla helleri [Fowlie] Harding 2008

  1. Chondrorhyncha hirtzii Dodson 1989

    Full shadeCool

    ~Chondrorhyncha lactea (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1942 - See Kefersteinia lactea (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1923

    ~*Chondrorhyncha lankesteriana Pupulin 2000 - See Stenotyla lankesteriana (Pupulin) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha lendyana Rchb.f 1886 - See Stenotyla lendyana (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha lipscombiae Rolfe 1912 - See Warczewiczella lipscombiae (Rolfe) Fowlie 1969

    ~Chondrorhyncha litensis Dodson 1989 - See !Echinorhyncha litensis (Dodson) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha lojae [Schlechter] Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia lojae Schlechter

    ~*Chondrorhyncha luerorum R.Vásquez & Dodson 1998 - See Ixyophora luerorum (R.Vásquez & Dodson) P.A.Harding 2008

    ~*Chondrorhyncha maculata Garay 1969 - See Daiotyla maculata (Garay) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha manzurii P.Ortiz 2000 - See Echinorhyncha manzuri [Ortiz] Harding & Manzur 2009

    ~Chondrorhyncha marginata (Rchb. f.) P.H. Allen 1949 - See Warczewiczella marginata Rchb. f. 1852

    ~*Chondrorhyncha merana Dodson & Neudecker 1993 - See Chondroscaphe merana (Dodson & Neudecker) Dressler 2001

    ~Chondrorhyncha microcharis (Schltr.) L.O.Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia microcharis Schltr. 1923

    ~Chondrorhyncha palorae (Dodson & Hirtz) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1992 - See Benzingia palorae (Dodson & Hirtz) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha parvilabris (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia parvilabris Schltr. 1923

    ~* Chondrorhyncha picta (Rchb.f.) Senghas 1990 - See Stenotyla picta (Rchb.f.) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha plicata D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1994 - See Chondroscaphe plicata (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2001

    ~*Chondrorhyncha pusilla C. Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) C. Schweinf. 1970

    ~Chondrorhyncha reichenbachiana Schltr. 1921 - See Benzingia reichenbachiana (Schltr.) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha rhombilabium (C. Schweinf.) Fowlie 1984 - See Chaubardia heteroclita [Poepp. & Endl.] Dodson & Bennet 1989

  2. !Chondrorhyncha rosea Lindl 1846

    Part shadeHotTo WarmLATESpring EARLYSummer

    ~Chondrorhyncha stapelioides (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1956 - See Kefersteinia stapelioides Rchb.f.1852

    ~*Chondrorhyncha stenioides Garay 1978 - See Stenia stenioides (Garay) Dodson & R.Escobar 1993

  3. Chondrorhyncha suarezii Dodson 1989

    NO PHOTOPart shadeHotTo Warm to

    ~Chondrorhyncha subquadrata (Schltr.) L.O. Williams 1956 - See Chaubardiella subquadrata (Schltr.) Garay 1969

    ~Chondrorhyncha thienii (Dodson) Dodson 1984 - See Benzingia thienii [Dodson] Harding 2008

  4. Chondrorhyncha velastiguii Dodson 1989

    Part shadeWarmCool to

    ~*Chondrorhyncha viridisepala Senghas 1989 - See Ixyophora viridisepala ( Senghas ) Dressler 2005

    ~*Chondrorhyncha vollesii G.Gerlach, Neudecker & Seeger 1989 - See Echinorhyncha vollesii (G.Gerlach, Neudecker & Seeger) Dressler 2005

    ~Chondrorhyncha wailesiana (Lindl.) A.D.Hawkes 1965 - See Warczewiczella wailesiana (Lindl) E. Morren 1878

    ~Chondrorhyncha wercklei (Schltr.) C.Schweinf. 1944 - See Kefersteinia wercklei Schltr. 1923

Chondroscaphe Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae.

There are 14 species in this genus created from several members of Chondrorhyncha because of a second thickening below the basal callus.

Common Name or Meaning The Cartiliginous Thickening Orchid [refers to the thickening below the basal callus]

Type Species = ! = Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

  1. Chondroscaphe amabilis (Schltr.) Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993

    Part sunWarm

  2. Chondroscaphe atrilinguis Dressler 2001

    Full ShadeHotWarmSpringFall

  3. Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001

    Full shadeHotWarmSpringFall

  4. Chondroscaphe chestertonii (Rchb. f.) Senghas & G. Gerlach 1993

    FragrancePart shadeWarmTo CoolWinter

  5. Chondroscaphe dabeibaensis P.A. Harding 2008

    SPORADICALLY

  6. Chondroscaphe eburnea (Dressler) Dressler 2001

    LATEEARLY

  7. Chondroscaphe embreei (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996

    Full Shade WarmCoolWinterSpringSummerFall

    ~ Chondroscaphe endresii (Schltr.) Dressler 2002 - See Chondroscaphe bicolor (Rolfe) Dressler 2001

  8. Chondroscaphe escobariana (Dodson & Neudecker) Rungius 1996

    Full ShadeWarmCoolLATERSummer

    ~Chondroscaphe fimbriata (Linden & Rchb.f.) Dressler 2001 - See Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

  9. !Chondroscaphe flaveola (Linden & Rchb.f.) Senghas & G.Gerlach 1993

    Fragrance Full ShadeWarmCoolWinterSpringSummerFall

  10. Chondroscaphe laevis Dressler 2001

    Full ShadeWarmSpring

  11. Chondroscaphe merana (Dodson & Neudecker) Dressler 2001

    Part ShadeWarm

  12. Chondroscaphe plicata (D.E.Benn. & Christenson) Dressler 2001

    Full ShadeCoolCold

  13. Chondroscaphe yamilethae Pupulin 2005

~Christensonella Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria Ruiz and Pavon 1794 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

~Christensonella acicularis ( Herb. ex Lindl. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria acicularis Herb. ex Lindl. 1837

~Christensonella cepula (Rchb.f.) S. Koehler 2007 - See Maxillaria madida Lindl. 1838

~Christensonella cogniauxiana ( Hoehne ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria cogniauxiana W. Hoehne 1933

~Christensonella echinophyta (Barb.Rodr.), Szlach., Mytnik, Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria seidelii Pabst 1960

~Christensonella ferdinandiana ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria ferdinandiana Barb. Rodr. 1881

~Christensonella juergensii ( Schltr. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria juergensii Schltr. 1925

~Christensonella madida ( Lindl. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria madida Lindl. 1838

~Christensonella minuta ( Cogn. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria minuta Cogn. 1904

~Christensonella nardoides ( Kraenzl. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria nardoides Kraenzl. 1905

~Christensonella pachyphylla ( Schltr. ex Hoehne ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria pachyphylla Schltr. ex Hoehne 1936

~Christensonella pumila ( Hook. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria pumila Hook. 1837

~Christensonella seidelii ( Pabst ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria seidelii Pabst 1960

~Christensonella subulata ( Lindl. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria subulata Lindl 1832

~Christensonella uncata ( Lindl. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria uncata Lindl. 1837

~Christensonella vernicosa ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006 - See Maxillaria vernicosa Barb. Rodr. 1877

~Christensonella vitelliniflora ( Barb.Rodr. ) Szlach. , Mytnik , Górniak & Smiszek 2006- See Maxillaria vitelliniflora Barb. Rodr. 1877

`Christensonia Haager 1993 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE ?

A monotypic genus with one small monopodial epiphyte with spurred flowers that was named in 1993 and is found in Vietnam.

Common Name or Meaning Named for Eric A. Christenson an American taxomonist 2012

Type Species = ! = Christensonia vietnamica Haager 1993

  1. !Christensonia vietnamica Haager 1993

    Part shadeWarmLATE Summer

~Chromatotriccum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium Sw. 1799 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae.

~Chromatotriccum aemulans (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Chromatotriccum amblyogenium (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Chromatotriccum angiense (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum apertum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium apertum Schltr.1912

~Chromatotriccum argiense (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum asumburu (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum aurantiflavum (P.Royen) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum baeuerlenii (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium baeuerlenii F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894

~Chromatotriccum calyptratum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum chrysopterum ( Schuit. & de Vogel ) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium chrysopterum Schuit. & de Vogel 2001

~Chromatotriccum crepidiferum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium glomeratum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum deflexum (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium obtusipetalum J.J. Sm. 1911

~Chromatotriccum delphinioides (R.S.Rogers) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002- See Dendrobium lawesii F. Mueller 1884

~Chromatotriccum dichroma (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum erosum (Blume) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium erosum (Blume) Lindl. 1830

~Chromatotriccum flammula (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum fruticicola (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum fulgidum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium fulgidum Schlechter 1916

~Chromatotriccum infractum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum lane-poolei (R.S.Rogers) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum lawesii (F.Muell.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium lawesii F. Mueller 1884

~Chromatotriccum maritimum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium fulgidum Schlechter 1916

~Chromatotriccum melinanthum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. 2002 - See Dendrobium melinanthum Schltr. 1912

~Chromatotriccum mitriferum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum mohlianum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium mohlianum Rchb.f 1862

~Chromatotriccum obtusipetalum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium obtusipetalum J.J. Sm. 1911

~Chromatotriccum oreodoxa (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium oreodoxa Schltr. 1912

~Chromatotriccum pachyceras (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium smilliae F. Muell. 1867

~Chromatotriccum pandanicola (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum paspalifolium (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum phlox (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum riparium (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum rutriferum (Rchb.f.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium rutriferum Rchb.f. 1887

~Chromatotriccum sacculiferum M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium dillonianum A.D.Hawkes & A.H.Heller 1957

~Chromatotriccum salmoneum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trichostomum Rchb.f. ex Oliv. 1875

~Chromatotriccum speciosum (J.J.Wood) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum sphenochilum (F.Muell. & Kraenzl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, 2002 - See Dendrobium sphenochilum F.Muell. & Kraenzl. 1894

~Chromatotriccum strictum (Ridl.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum subclausum (Rolfe) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium subclausum Rolfe var 1894

~Chromatotriccum sulawesiense (Erfkamp & O.Gruss) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium glomeratum Rolfe 1894

~Chromatotriccum trichostomum (Rchb.f. ex Oliv.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium trichostomum Rchb.f. ex Oliv. 1875

~Chromatotriccum vacciniifolium (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium obtusipetalum J.J. Sm. 1911

~Chromatotriccum vannouhuysii (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium vannouhuysii J.J.Sm 1911

~Chromatotriccum verruculosum (Schltr.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium verruculosum Schltr. 1912

~Chromatotriccum wentianum (J.J.Sm.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones 2002 - See Dendrobium obtusipetalum J.J. Sm. 1911

Chroniochilus J.J.Sm. 1918 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 5 species in this small sized genus witha short stem and a few leaves. The tepals are similar, the lateral sepals are decurrent along the column foot and inside are sparsely bristly-hairy. The broadly clawed, trilobed, spurless lip is elasticly placed on the column foot and has conspicuous side lobes and a callus between them. The column is very long and has a conspicuous, free foot carrying 2, subglobose pollina with oblong stipes.

Common Name or Meaning The Persistent Lip Orchid [refers to the long-lasting flowers]

Type Species = ! = Chroniochilus tjidadapense J.J.Sm. 1918 - See Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1927

    ~Chroniochilus godeffroyanus (Rchb.f.) L.O.Williams 1938 - See Chiloschista godefroyana (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1919

  1. !Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm.1927

  2. Chroniochilus thrixspermoides (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    FragrancePart shadeHotSummer

    ~Chroniochilus tjidadapense J.J.Sm.1918 - See Chroniochilus minimus (Blume) J.J.Sm.1927

  3. Chroniochilus virescens (Ridl.) Holttum 1960

~`Chrysobaphus Wall.1826 - See Anoectochilus Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~Chrysobaphus roxburghii Wall. 1826 - See Anoectochilus roxburghii (Wall.) Lindl. 1832

~`Chrysoglossella Hatus. 1967 - See Hancockia Rolfe 1903 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae SUBTRIBE Bletiinae

~Chrysoglossella japonica Hatus. 1967 - See Hancockia uniflora Rolfe 1903

Chrysocycnis Linden & Rchb. f. 1854 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae.

There are about 5 species in this genus that is related to Cycnoches in Central and South America. Characterized by the elongate rhizomes between single leafed pseudobulbs, conduplicate, flattened leaves single flowered inflroescence arising from the pseudobulb base or along the stem and flowers that have free spreading sepals, a lip without a spur, a footless column and 4 flattened pollina superposed and attached to a short stipe and has a semilunate, broad viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning The Golden Swan Orchid [refers to the column that is shaped like a swan's neck]

Type Species = ! = Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden & Rchb. f. 1854

  1. Chrysocycnis ecuadorense Dodson & Garay 1980

    Part sunHotWarmWinterSpringSummerFall

  2. Chrysocycnis lehmanii Rolfe 1918

    ~*Chrysocycnis rhomboglossum F.Lehm. & Kraenzl. 1899 - See Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1982

  3. !Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden & Rchb. f. 1854

    Part sunCold

  4. Chrysocycnis tigrinum (C. Schweinf.) J.T. Atwood 1989

    ~Chrysocycnis trigonidii Linden & Rchb. f.? - See Chrysocycnis schlimii Linden & Rchb. f. 1854

    ~Chrysocycnis triptera Schltr. 1920 - See Cyrtidiorchis rhomboglossa (F.Lehm. & Kraenzl.) Rauschert 1982

Chrysoglossum Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Misfit SUBTRIBE Collabiinae Schlecht.

There are about 10 species in this terrestrial genus with a singlew apical leaf for each pseudobulb and has a terminal inflorescence that is not densely flowered and has a column with small wings or arms on the front edges and a distinct foot. There are 2, free, subglobose or unequally four sided pollina.

Common Name or Meaning The Golden Tongue Orchid refers to the lip color of the type species

LectoType Species = ! = Chrysoglossum villosum Blume 1825

  1. Chrysoglossum assamicum Hook.f. 1890

    Part Shade

    ~*Chrysoglossum bicameratum J.J.Sm. 1931 - See Collabium bicameratum (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Wood 1994

    ~Chrysoglossum chloranthum (Gagnep.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Collabium chloranthum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1983 publ. 1984

    ~Chrysoglossum cyrtopetalum Schltr. 1911 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum erraticum Hook.f. 1890 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum formosanum Hayata 1911 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum gibbsiae Rolfe 1909 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum hallbergii Blatt. 1928 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum latifolium Benth. & Hook.f. 1889 - See Diglyphosa latifolia Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum macrophyllum King & Pantl. 1895 - See Diglyphosa latifolia Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum maculatum (Thwaites) Hook.f. 1890 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum nebulosum (Blume) J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Collabium nebulosum Blume 1825

    ~Chrysoglossum neocaledonicum Schltr. 1906 - See Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

  2. Chrysoglossum ornatum Blume 1825

    Partial ShadeWarm Cool Fall

  3. Chrysoglossum reticulatum Carr 1935

    ~Chrysoglossum simplex (Rchb.f.) J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Collabium simplex Rchb.f. 1881

  4. !Chrysoglossum villosum Blume 1825

    Part sunWarmCool Winter

~Chusua Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis Rchb.f. 1852 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Orchideae SUBTRIBE Orchidinae

    ~ Chusua brevicalcarata (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis brevicalcarata (Finet) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua chidorii (Makino) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chidorii (Makino) Ohwi 1936

    ~ Chusua chrysea (W.W.Sm.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chrysea (W.W.Sm.) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua crenulata (Soó) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis crenulata Soó1966

    ~ Chusua curtipes (Ohwi) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis curtipes (Ohwi) J.M.H.Shaw 2003

    ~Chusua donii Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua hemipilioides (Finet) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Amitostigma hemipilioides (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1936

    ~Chusua hui (Tang & F.T.Wang) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua joo-iokiana (Makino) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Orchis joo-iokiana Makino 1902

    ~Chusua kiraishiensis (Hayata) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis kiraishiensis (Hayata) Ohwi 1936

    ~Chusua limprichtii (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis limprichtii (Schltr.) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Sirindhornia monophylla (Collett & Hemsl.) H.A.Pedersen & Suksathan 2002

    ~Chusua nana (King & Pantl.) Pradhan 1979 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua pauciflora (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua puberula (King & Pantl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2002 - See Ponerorchis puberula (King & Pantl.) Verm. 1972

    ~Chusua pulchella (Hand.-Mazz.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975 - See Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975

    ~Chusua roborowskyi (Maxim.) P.F.Hunt 1975 - See Galearis roborowskyi [Maxim] S.C. Chen 2010

    ~Chusua roborowskyi var. delavayi (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua roborowskyi var. giraldiana (Kraenzl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua roborowskyi var. nana (King & Pantl.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua roborowskyi var. tenii (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua roborowskyi var. unifoliata (Schltr.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua secunda Nevski 1935 - See Ponerorchis chusua (D.Don) Soó 1966

    ~Chusua taiwanensis (Fukuy.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis taiwanensis (Fukuy.) Ohwi 1936

    ~Chusua takasago-montana (Masam.) P.F.Hunt 1971 - See Ponerorchis takasago-montana (Masam.) Ohwi 1936

Chysis Lindley 1837 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Chysiinae.

Chysis is a genus of six or more epiphytic or lithophytic plants found from Mexico south to Peru and east to Andean Venezuela. Chysis is characterized by epiphytes and the occasional lithophyte with clustered fusiform psuedobulbs, carrying distichous and plicate leaves that are deciduous. The plant itself is often pendulous growing. The inflorescence arises from the side of the old psuedobulb as a new one arises and is laxly racemose and gives rise to a few showy flowers with equal sized petals and sepals, a three lobed lip that is attached to the column foot and has at it's base a callus with several crests holding 8 pollina.

Common Name or Meaning "Fusion" refers to the 8 pollina being fused together

Synonyms `Thorvaldsenia Leibm. ex Hartman 1844; `Thorwaldsenia Leibm. ex Hartman 1844

Type Species = ! = Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

  1. !Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

    FragrancePart sunHotTo WarmSpringSummer

    ~Chysis aurea var bractescens [Lindley]P.H.Allen 1955 - See Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840

    ~Chysis aurea frma limminghei [Linden & Rchb.f] P.H.Allen - See Chysis limminghei Linden & Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Chysis aurea var. limminghei (Linden & Rchb. f.) - See Chysis limminghei Linden & Rchb. f. 1858

    ~Chysis aurea var. maculata Hook. 1851 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1857

  2. Chysis bractescens Lindley 1840

    FragrancePart sunHotTo WarmSpring

  3. Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1857

    Part sunWarmTo HotSpringSummer

  4. Chysis x chelsonii 1874

    ~Chysis costaricensis Schltr. 1923 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1857

    ~Chysis laevis Lindl. 1840 - See Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

  5. Chysis limminghei Linden & Rchb. f. 1858

    Part sunHotSummer

    ~Chysis maculata (Hook.) Fowlie 1971 - See Chysis bruennowiana Rchb. f. & Warsz. 1857

    ~Chysis makoyi Heynh. 1846 - See Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

    ~Chysis nietana Gojon Sánchez 1930 - See Chysis aurea Lindley 1837

  6. Chysis tricostata Schlechter 1923

    FragrancePart sunWarmSpring

`Chytroglossa Rchb. f. 1863 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae

A genus with 3 miniature sized epiphytic species. The genus is related to Ornithocephalus nad can be grown in the same manner.

Common Name or Meaning The Pot-Shaped Lip Orchid

Type Species = ! = Chytroglossa marileoniae Rchb. f. 1863 & Chytroglossa aurata Rchb. f. 1863

  1. Chytroglossa aurata Rchb.f. 1863

    Full shadeWarmWinter

    ~Chytroglossa aurata f. luteoviridis V.P.Castro & Chiron 2007 - See Chytroglossa aurata Rchb.f. 1863

  2. !Chytroglossa marileoniae Rchb. f. 1863

    Part sunWarmCoolSpring

  3. Chytroglossa paulensis Edwall 1903

    Part shade Warm Cool LATEwinterEARLY Spring

    ~*Chytroglossa seehaweri I.Bock 1997 - See Rauhiella seehaweri (I.Bock) Toscano & Christenson 2001

~`Cionisaccus Breda 1829 - See Goodyera R. Br. 1813 SUBFAMILY Orchidoideae, TRIBE Cranichideae SUBTRIBE Goodyerinae

~ Cionisaccus lanceolatus Breda 1829 - See Goodyera procera (Ker Gawl.) Hook. 1823

Cirrhaea Lindley 1832 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Stanhopeinae

Seven species make up this Brazilian epiphytic genus that grows the same as the Gongora and has ribbed, ovoid to quadrangular, one leafed psuedobulbs, and a basal, pendant inflorescence with many racemose, complex, flowers. Closely allied to Gongora and Polycinis it differs by it's 3-lobed lip and column.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the bristles on the rostellum

Synonyms `Sarcoglossum Beer 1854; Scleropteris Schweidw. 1839

Type Species = ! = Cymbidium dependens Lodd. = Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850

    Cirrhaea atropurpurea hort. ex Stein - See Gongora quinquenervis Ruiz & Pavon 1798

  1. !Cirrhaea dependens Loudon 1850

    FragrancePart shadeHotTo WarmSpring and Summer

    ~ Cirrhaea dependens var concolor Porsch 1908 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var fryana Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var livida Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~ Cirrhaea dependens var ornata Hoehne 1942 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var russeliana Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var tigrina Porsch 1908 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var violaceovirens Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea dependens var violascens Stein 1892 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

  2. Cirrhaea fusco-lutea Lindley 1833

    FragrancePart shadeHotTo WarmWinter

    ~Cirrhaea fuscolutea Hook. 1839 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea hoffmannseggii Heynh. 1863 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea livida Lodd. - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

  3. Cirrhaea loddigesii Lindley 1833

    Part shadeCool Summer

  4. Cirrhaea longiracemosa Hoehne 1934

    LATER

  5. Cirrhaea nasuta Brade 1949

    ~Cirrhaea obtusata Lindl. 1837 - See Cirrhaea loddigesii Lindley 1833

    ~Cirrhaea pallida Lindl. 1837 - See Cirrhaea loddigesii Lindley 1833

    ~Cirrhaea saccata Lindl. 1839 - See Cirrhaea fusco-lutea Lindley 1833

  6. Cirrhaea seidelii Pabst 1972

  7. Cirrhaea silvana V.P.Castro & Campacci 1990

  8. Cirrhaea sp Brazil

  9. Cirrhaea sp Brazil

    ~Cirrhaea tristis Lindley 1836 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea violaceovirens Hoffmanns. 1842 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea violascens Hoffmanns. 1842 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd]G. Don 1850

    ~Cirrhaea viridipurpurea Lodd. 1833 - See Cirrhaea loddigesii Lindley 1833

    ~Cirrhaea warreana Lodd. 1863 - See Cirrhaea dependens [Lodd] G. Don 1850

Cirrhopetalum Lindley 1830 - See Bulbophyllum Thouars 1822 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE ?, SUBTRIBE Dendrobiinae

    ~Cirrhopetalum abbreviatum Rchb. f. 1881 - See Bulbophyllum abbreviatum Rchb.f 1881

    ~*Cirrhopetalum acuminatum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907

    ~Cirrhopetalum acutiflorum (A.Rich.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum acutiflorum A.Rich. 1841

    ~Cirrhopetalum adenophorum Schlechter 1906 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum aemulum W.W. Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum forestii Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum africanum Schlechter 1915 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum albidum Wight 1851 - See Bulbophyllum acutiflorum A.Rich. 1841

    ~*Cirrhopetalum albociliatum Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum albociliatum (Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su) K.Nakaj 1973

    ~Cirrhopetalum amesianum Rolfe 1891 - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum andersonii Hk f. 1870 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum andersonii Kurz 1870 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~*Cirrhopetalum annamense Garay 1999. - See Bulbophyllum annamense (Garay) Sieder & Kiehn 2009

    ~Cirrhopetalum annamicum (Finet) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~*Cirrhopetalum antenniferum Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum antenniferum [Lindley] Rchb. f. 1864

    ~*Cirrhopetalum appendiculatum Rolfe 1890 - See Bulbophyllum appendiculatum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1915

    ~Cirrhopetalum asperulum (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum asperulum J.J. Sm. 1909

    ~Cirrhopetalum aurantiacum W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum electrinum Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum auratum Lindley 1840 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum aureum Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum aureum (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum autumnale Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum baucoense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum weberi Ames 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum bicolor (Lindl.) Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum bicolor Lindl.1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum biflorum J.J.Smith 1905 - See Bulbophyllum biflorum Teijsm. & Binn. 1855

    ~Cirrhopetalum blepharistes Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb. f. 1872

    ~*Cirrhopetalum blumei Lindl. 1830 - see Bulbophyllum blumei [Lindley]J.J. Sm. 1906

    ~*Cirrhopetalum boninense Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum boninense (Schltr.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum boninense Makino 1919 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum bootanense Griff. 1851 - Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum bootanoides Guillaumin 1956 - See Bulbophyllum frostii Summerh.1928

    ~Cirrhopetalum borneense Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum brevibrachiatum Schltr. 1911 - See Bulbophyllum brevibrachiatum (Schltr.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum brevipes Hook.f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum yoksunense J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum breviscapum Rolfe 1905 - See Bulbophyllum lasiochilum Parish & Rchb.f 1874

    ~*Cirrhopetalum brienianum Rolfe 1893 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum brunnescens Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum caespitosum Wall. ex Lindl. 1838 - See Bulbophyllum scabratum Rchb. f. 1864

    ~*Cirrhopetalum campanulatum Rolfe 1910 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum candelabrum Lindley ex Moore 1854 - See Bulbophyllum auratum (Lindl.) Ridl. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum capitatum [Bl.] Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum carinatum Teijm & Binn. 1853 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum caudatum [Lindley] King & Pantling 1898 - See Bulbophyllum caudatum 'Trident' CHM/AOS Lindley 1829

    ~Cirrhopetalum caudatum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864

    ~*Cirrhopetalum cercanthum Garay, Hamer, & Siegrist 1996 - See Bulbophyllum cercanthum (Garay, Hamer & Siegerist) J.M.H.Shaw 2009

    ~*Cirrhopetalum chinense Lindl. 1842 - See Bulbophyllum chinense (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum chryseum Kraenzl. 1910 - See Bulbophyllum tenuifolium (Blume) Lindl. 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum ciliatum Klinge 1899 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum citrinum Ridl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm & Binn 1862

    ~Cirrhopetalum clavigerum Fitz. 1883 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum collettii Hemsl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum collettianum Hemsl. ex Collett & Hemsl. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum compactum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm & Binn 1862

    ~Cirrhopetalum compressum Lindl. 1843 - See Bulbophyllum uniflorum [Bl.]Hassk. 1844

    ~Cirrhopetalum concinnum Hook.f.1890 - See Bulbophyllum pulchellum Ridley 1907

    ~Cirrhopetalum concinnum var purpureum Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917

    ~*Cirrhopetalum cornutum Lindl. 1838 See Bulbophyllum helenae J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum cumingii Lindl. 1838 - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum curtisii Hkr.f 1927 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917

    ~Cirrhopetalum curtisii var. lutescens Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917

    ~Cirrhopetalum curtisii var. purpureum (Ridl.) Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum corolliferum J.J.Sm. 1917

    ~Cirrhopetalum cyclosepalon (Carr) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum dentiferum Ridl. 1915

    ~Cirrhopetalum delitescens [Hance] Rolfe 1882 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876

    ~Cirrhopetalum dentiferum (Ridl.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum dentiferum Ridl. 1915

    ~Cirrhopetalum distans Rchb.f - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872

    ~Cirrhopetalum dyerianum King & Pantl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum rolfei (Kuntze) Seidenf. 1979

    ~~Cirrhopetalum eberhardtii Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum picturatum [Lodd.] Rchb.f 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum elatum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum elatum (Hook.f.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum elegans Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum elegantulum Rolfe 1891 - See Bulbophyllum elegantulum (Rolfe) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum elisae F. Muell. 1868 - See Bulbophyllum elisae F. Mueller 1868

    ~Cirrhopetalum elongatum (Blume) Lindl. 1843 - See Bulbophyllum elongatum (Blume) Hassk. 1844

    ~Cirrhopetalum emarginatum Finet 1897 - See Bulbophyllum emarginatum (Finet) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum farreri W.W.Sm. 1921 - See Bulbophyllum farreri (W.W.Sm.) Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974

    ~*Cirrhopetalum fascinator Rolfe 1908 - See Bulbophyllum putidum [Teijsm. & Binn.]J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum fastuosum Rchb.f - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum fenestratum (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum fenestratum J.J. Sm. 1907

    ~*Cirrhopetalum fimbriatum Lindl. 1839 - See Bulbophyllum fimbriatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum flabellovernis [Koenig] Seidenfadden & Ormerad 1995 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum flagelliforme Teijsm. & Binn. ex Rchb. 1861 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum flaviflorum Liu & Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum flavisepalum (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869

    ~Cirrhopetalum fletcherianum (Rolfe) Rolfe 1915 - See Bulbophyllum fletcherianum Rolfe 1911

    ~Cirrhopetalum fletcherianum Rolfe 1915 - See Bulbophyllum fletcherianum Rolfe 1911

    ~Cirrhopetalum frostii (Summerh.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum frostii Summerh.1928

    ~Cirrhopetalum gagnepainii Guill 1964 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum gamblei Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum fischeri Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum gamosepalum Griff. 1851 - See Bulbophyllum gamosepalum (Griff.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum gongshanense (Z.H.Tsi) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gongshanense Z.H.Tsi 1981

    ~*Cirrhopetalum gracillimum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum grandiflorum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum wightii Rchb.f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum graveolens F.M. Bailey 1896 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum gusdorfii (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gusdorfii J.J. Sm. 1917

    ~ Cirrhopetalum gusdorfii var. johorense (Holttum) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum gusdorfii J.J. Sm. 1917

    ~*Cirrhopetalum guttulatum Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum guttulatum (Hook. f.) M.S. Balakr. 1970

    ~ Cirrhopetalum guttulatum Wight non Hook. f. - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum J.J. Sm. 1905

    ~Cirrhopetalum habrotinum (J.J. Verm. & A.L. Lamb) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum habrotinum J.J. Verm. & A.L. Lamb?

    ~Cirrhopetalum henryi Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum hirundinis Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum hirundinis [Gagnep.] Seidenf. 1974

    ~*Cirrhopetalum hookeri Duthie 1902 - Bulbophyllum muscicola Rchb.f. 1872

    ~Cirrhopetalum inabai Hayata 1914 - See Bulbophyllum japonicum [Makino] Makino 1910

    ~*Cirrhopetalum insulsum Gagnep.1950 - See Bulbophyllum levinei Schltr. 1924

    ~*Cirrhopetalum japonicum Makino 1891 - See Bulbophyllum japonicum [Makino] Makino 1910

    ~Cirrhopetalum kenejianum Schlechter 1915 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum koordersii Rolfe 1899 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum lasiochilum [Par & Rchb.f] Hkr.f 1874 - See Bulbophyllum lasiochilum Par. & Rchb.f 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum layardii F. Meuller & Krnzl. 1894 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum lendyanum Rchb. f. 1887 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm & Binn 1862

    ~Cirrhopetalum leopardinum Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum binnendijkii J.J. Sm. 1906

    ~Cirrhopetalum lepidum [Blume]Schlechter 1911 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum leratiae Kraenzl. 1928 - See Bulbophyllum baladeanum J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum leratii Schltr. 1911 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum linchianum (S.S.Ying) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914

    ~Cirrhopetalum linearfolium Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907

    ~*Cirrhopetalum loherianum Kraenzl. 1916 - See Bulbophyllum loherianum [Kranzel] Ames 1925

    ~Cirrhopetalum longibrachiatum (Z.H.Tsi) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum longibrachiatum Z.H.Tsi 1981

    ~Cirrhopetalum longidens Rolfe 1917 - See Bulbophyllum boninense (Schltr.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum longiflorum [Thou.]Schlechter 1915 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum longiscapum Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872

    ~*Cirrhopetalum longissimum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum longissimum (Ridl.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum macgregorii (Schltr.) Schltr. 1914 - See Bulbophyllum chloranthum Schltr. 1905

    ~*Cirrhopetalum macraei Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum maculosum Lindl. 1841 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. annamicum Finet 1909 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum maculosum var. frutescens Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum makinoanum Schlechter 1919 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum makoyanum Rchb.f 1879 - See Bulbophyllum makoyanum [Rchb.f]Ridley 1879

    ~Cirrhopetalum makoyanum var brienianum [Rolfe] Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum brienianum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum mannii Mukerjee 1953 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876

    ~Cirrhopetalum masonii Senghas 1978 - See Bulbophyllum masonii (Senghas) J.J.Wood 1986

    Cirrhopetalum mastersianum Rolfe 1890 - See Bulbophyllum mastersianum [Rolfe]J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum maxillare Lindley 1843 - See Bulbophyllum maxillare [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum maximum Ridl. 1900 - See Bulbophyllum virescens J.J. Sm. 1907

    ~*Cirrhopetalum medusae Lindley 1842 - See Bulbophyllum medusae [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861

    ~ Cirrhopetalum melanoglossum (Hayata) Hayata 1917- See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914

    ~Cirrhopetalum melinanthum Schltr. 1919 - See Bulbophyllum electrinum Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum micholtzii Rolfe 1912 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869

    ~Cirrhopetalum miniatum 'Jane'CHM/AOS Rolfe 1913 - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum mirificum Hance 1931 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876

    ~Cirrhopetalum mirum (J.J. Sm.) Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum mirum J.J. Sm. 1906

    ~Cirrhopetalum morotaiense (J.J. Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum morotaiense J.J. Sm. 1932

    ~Cirrhopetalum mundulum Bull 1891 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~*Cirrhopetalum nodosum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum nodosum [Rolfe] J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum nutans Lindl. 1839 - See Bulbophyllum othonis (Kuntze) J.J.Sm. 1912

    Cirrhopetalum ochraceum Ridley 1898 - See Bulbophyllum serratotruncatum Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum omerandrum (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum omerandrum Hayata 1914

    ~Cirrhopetalum oreogenes Auct. no W.W.Sm. 1934 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869

    ~*Cirrhopetalum ornatissimum Rchb. f. 1882 - See Bulbophyllum ornatissimum (Rchb. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum ornatissimum Auct. non Rchb.f 1898 - See Bulbophyllum putidum [Teijsm. & Binn.]J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum ornithorhynchum J.J.Sm. 1903 - See Bulbophyllum ornithorhynchum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1992

    ~Cirrhopetalum pachybulbum Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum pahudi De Vriese 1854 - See Bulbophyllum pahudii [De Vr] Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum pallidum Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum purpurascens Teijsm & Binn 1862

    ~Cirrhopetalum panigrahianum (S.Misra) S.Misra 1997 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophyllum [King & Pntlg.]J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum papillosum Rolfe 1908 - See Bulbophyllum thaiorum J.J.Smith 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum parvulum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum rolfei (Kuntze) Seidenf. 1979

    ~*Cirrhopetalum pecten-veneris Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum pecten-veneris (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum picturatum all authors other than Lodd. 1840 - See Cirrhopetalum pseudopicturatum Garay

    ~Cirrhopetalum picturatum Lodd. 1840 - See Bulbophyllum picturatum [Lodd.] Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum pileolatum Klinge 1899 - See Bulbophyllum elegantulum (Rolfe) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum pingtungense (S.S. Ying & C. Chen) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994- See Bulbophyllum pingtungense S.S. Ying & C. Chen 1985

    ~Cirrhopetalum polliculosum (Seidenf.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum polliculosum Seidenf. 1973

    ~Cirrhopetalum proliferum hort. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum [Kraenzl]Dammer 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum pseudopicturatum Garay 1999 - See Bulbophyllum pseudopicturatum (Garay) Sieder & Kiehn 2009

    ~Cirrhopetalum psittacoides Ridley 1896 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum puguahaanense (Ames) Garay, Hamers & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum puguahaanense Ames 1915

    ~Cirrhopetalum pulchrum N.E. Br. 1886 -See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum) pumilio Par. & Rchb.f. 1874 - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum pumilio Par. & Rchb.f. ex B.D.Jackson 1895 - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum pumilio (Par. & Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum pumilio (Parish & Rchb. f.) Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum punctatissimum (Ridl.) Rolfe ex Ridl. 1924 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum putidum Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum putidum [Teijsm. & Binn.]J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum racemosum Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum insulsoides Seidenf. 1973 publ. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum refractum Zoll. 1847 - See Bulbophyllum refractum [Zoll.]Rchb. f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum remotifolium Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum hirundinis [Gagnep.] Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum retusiusculum [Rchb. f.] Hemsley 1869 - See Bulbophyllum retusiusculum Rchb. f. 1869

    ~*Cirrhopetalum rhombifolium Carr 1935 - See Bulbophyllum rhombifolium [Carr]Masam. 1942

    ~Cirrhopetalum rivesii Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum andersonii (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum robustum Rolfe 1893 - See Bulbophyllum graveolens J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum roseopunctatum Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1995 - See Bulbophyllum schwarzii Sieder & Kiehn 2010 publ. 2011

    ~Cirrhopetalum rothschildianum O'Brien 1895 - See Bulbophyllum rothschildianum (O'Brien) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum roxburghii Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum roxburghii (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1864

    ~Cirrhopetalum rubroguttatum (Seidenf.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum rubroguttatum Seidenf. 1985

    ~*Cirrhopetalum sarcophyllum King & Pantl. 1895 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophyllum [King & Pantl.]J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum sarcophyllum var. minor King & Pantl. 1898 - See Bulbophyllum sarcophylloides Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994

    ~Cirrhopetalum saruwatarii (Hayata) Hayata 1917 - See Bulbophyllum umbellatum Lindley 1830

    ~Cirrhopetalum semibifidum Ridl. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum acuminatum [Ridl.] Ridl. 1907

    ~Cirrhopetalum setiferum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum delitescens Hance 1876

    ~Cirrhopetalum siamense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum sibuyanense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum sibuyanense Ames 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum sikkimense King & Pantling 1898 - See Bulbophyllum sikkimense (King & Pantl.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum simillinum [Par & Rchb.f] Hkr.f 1890 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum skeatianum (Ridl.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915

    ~*Cirrhopetalum spathulatum Rolfe ex E. Cooper 1929 - See Bulbophyllum spathulatum (Rolfe ex E. Cooper) Seidenf. 1970

    ~Cirrhopetalum spicatum Gagnep. 1950 - See Bulbophyllum blepharistes Rchb.f 1872

    ~Cirrhopetalum stramineum Auct. non Teijsm & Binn 1934 - See Bulbophyllum cummingii [Lindl.]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum stramineum Teijsm. & Binn. 1862 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864

    ~Cirrhopetalum strangularium Rchb. f. 1887 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum striatum Tang S.Liu & H.Y.Su 1971 - See Bulbophyllum melanoglossum Hayata 1914

    ~*Cirrhopetalum sutepense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Bulbophyllum sutepense (Rolfe ex Downie) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1961

    ~Cirrhopetalum surigaense [Ames & Quis.] Suarez 2007 - See Bulbophyllum surigaense Ames & Quisumb. 1933 publ. 1934

    ~Cirrhopetalum taeniophyllum (Parish & Rchb. f.) Hook. f. 1896 - See Bulbophyllum taeniophyllum Parish & Rchb. f. 1874

    ~*Cirrhopetalum taiwanense Fukuy. 1935 - See Bulbophyllum taiwanense (Fukuy.) K.Nakaj. 1973

    ~Cirrhopetalum tanegasimense [Mas.]Masasum. 1970 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum tenuicaule Rolfe 1937 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    Cirrhopetalum thomasinii Lindley ex Josst 1851 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum thomsonii Hooker f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum fischeri Seidenf. 1974

    ~Cirrhopetalum thouarsii Lindley 1824 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum thouarsii var. concolor Rolfe 1892 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum tigridum (Hance) Rolfe 1903 - See Bulbophyllum tigridum Hance 1883

    ~Cirrhopetalum touranense Gagnep. 1931 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915

    ~Cirrhopetalum touranense var brevifolium Gagnep 1933 - See Bulbophyllum skeatianum Ridl. 1915

    ~*Cirrhopetalum trichocephalum Schltr. 1919 - See Bulbophyllum trichocephalum (Schltr.) T. Tang & F.T. Wang 1951

    ~Cirrhopetalum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881 - See Bulbophyllum trigonopus Rchb. f. 1881

    ~Cirrhopetalum tripudians Par & Rchb.f 1876 - See Bulbophyllum tripudians Par. & Rchb.f. 1874

    ~Cirrhopetalum trisetum (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~*Cirrhopetalum tseanum S.Y. Hu & Barretto 1976 - See Bulbophyllum tseanum (S.Y. Hu & Barretto) Z.H. Tsi 2000

    ~Cirrhopetalum umbellatum [Forst.] Hkr. & Arn 1832 - See Bulbophyllum longiflorum Thouars 1822

    ~Cirrhopetalum unciniferum (Seidenf.) Senghas 1983 - See Bulbophyllum unciniferum Seidenf. 1973

    ~Cirrhopetalum uniflorum Schltr. 1906 - See Bulbophyllum baladeanum J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum urainse Hayata 1914 - See Bulbophyllum macraei (Lindl.) Rchb. f. 1861

    ~*Cirrhopetalum vaginatum Lindl. 1828 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864

    ~Cirrhopetalum viridiflorum Hook.f. 1890 - See Bulbophyllum viridiflorum (Hook.f.) Schltr. 1910

    ~Cirrhopetalum viscidum (J.J.Sm.) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum flabellum-veneris (J.König) Aver. 2003

    ~Cirrhopetalum walkerianum Wight 1852 - See Bulbophyllum macraei [Lindley]Rchb.f 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum wallichii Lindl. 1828 - Bulbophyllum wallichii Rchb.f. 1861

    ~Cirrhopetalum wallichii Lindl. 1830 - See Bulbophyllum muscicola Rchb.f. 1872

    ~Cirrhopetalum warianum Schltr. 1913 - See Bulbophyllum gracillimum [Rolfe]Rolfe 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum weberi (Ames) Senghas 1983 - See Bulbophyllum weberi Ames 1912

    ~*Cirrhopetalum wendlandianum Kraenzl. 1891 - See Bulbophyllum wendlandianum (Kraenzl.) Dammer 1912

    ~Cirrhopetalum whiteanum Rolfe 1895 - See Bulbophyllum vaginatum [Lindley]Rchb.f 1864

    ~Cirrhopetalum zamboangense (Ames) Garay, Hamer & Siegerist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum zamboangense Ames 1913

    ~Cirrhopetalum zygoglossum Garay, Hamer & Siegrist 1994 - See Bulbophyllum pulchrum (N.E. Br.) J.J. Sm. 1912

Cischweinfia Dressler & L.O. Wms. 1970 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae SUBTRIBE Oncidiinae.

There are 11 species in this epiphytic genus from moist forests that ranges from Costa Rica south to Bolivia and is closely related to Trichopilia except that it has a lip that is fused at it's margins to the column to form a nectary that is fused below to the ovary.

The Type species is Aspasia pusilla which has been renamed to Cischweinfia pusilla.

Common Name or Meaning Named for the American botanist Charles Schweinfurth

Type Species = ! = Aspasia pusilla C. Schweinf. 1941 = Cischweinfia pusilla [C. Schweinf.]Dressler & L.O.Wms. 1970

    ~Cischweinfia chasei D.E.Benn. & Christenson 1994 - See Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

  1. Cischweinfia colombiana Garay 1973

    Full shadeWarmSpring

  2. Cischweinfia dasyandra (Rchb. f.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

    Part shadeWarmSummer

  3. Cischweinfia donrafae Dressler & Dalström 2004

    LATE

    ~Cischweinfia emarginata Christenson 2003 - See Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

  4. Cischweinfia glicensteinii Christenson 2003

    FragrancePart sunWarm To CoolSpring and Fall

  5. Cischweinfia horichii Senghas & Neudecker 1995

    Part shadeWarmTo CoolSummerFallWinter

  6. Cischweinfia jarae Dodson & D.E. Benn. 1989

    Part shadeWarmTo CoolFall

    ~Cischweinfia kroemeri R. Vásquez & Dodson 1999 - See Cischweinfia jarae Dodson & D.E. Benn. 1989

    Part shadeWarmTo Cool

  7. Cischweinfia nana Dressler 2001

    LATE EARLY

  8. Cischweinfia parva (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

    Part shadeHotTo CoolSummer EARLYFall

  9. Cischweinfia platychila Garay 1972

    Full shadeWarmCool TO Spring

  10. Cischweinfia popowiana Königer 1987

    Part shadeWarmCool

  11. !Cischweinfia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

    Part shade HotSpring

    ~Cischweinfia pusilla var. furcata Dressler & Dalström 2004 - See Cischweinfia pusilla (C. Schweinf.) Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

  12. Cischweinfia pygmaea (Pupulin, J.Valle & G.Merino) M.W.Chase 2011

  13. Cischweinfia rostrata Dressler & N.H. Williams 1970

    Part shadeHotSpring

  14. Cischweinfia sheehaniae Christenson 2003

    FragrancePart shadeCoolWarm

  15. Cischweinfia species novo

  16. Cischweinfia sp.

    ~Cischweinfia suarezii Dodson 1989 - See Cischweinfia jarae Dodson & D.E. Benn. 1989

    Part shadeHot

~`Cistella Blume 1825 - See Geodorum G. Jacks 1811 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Eulophiinae

~Cistella cernua (Willd.) Blume 1825 - See Geodorum densiflorum (Lam.) Schltr. 1919

Claderia Hook.f. 1890 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Misfit,

Common Name or Meaning The Eria-Like Orchid

Type Species = ! = Claderia viridiflora Hook.f. 1890

  1. !Claderia viridiflora Hook.f. 1890

    Partial ShadeHot Springsummer

~Cladobium Lindl. 1836 - See Scaphyglottis Poeppig & Endl. 1836 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Epidendreae, SUBTRIBE Laeliinae.

~Cladobium ceracifolium (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940

~Cladobium costaricense Schltr. 1923 - See Lankesterella orthantha (Kraenzl.) Garay 1962

~Cladobium epiphytum (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella caespitosa (Lindl.) Hoehne 1944

~Cladobium gnomus (Kraenzl.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella gnomus (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1944

~Cladobium longicolle (Cogn.) Schltr. 1920 - See Lankesterella longicollis (Cogn.) Hoehne 1944

~Cladobium majus Hoehne & Schltr 1926 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940

~Cladobium oliganthum Hoehne & Schltr. 1926 - See Lankesterella ceracifolia (Barb.Rodr.) Mansf. 1940

~*Cladobium spannagelianum Hoehne & Brade 1930 - See Lankesterella spannageliana (Hoehne & Brade) Hoehne 1940

~Cladobium violaceum Lindl. 1836 - See Scaphyglottis violacea Lindl. 1901

~`Cladorhiza Raf. 1828 - See Corallorhiza [Haller] R.Br 1755 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Calypsoeae

~*Cladorhiza maculata Raf. 1817 - See Corallorhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. 1817

Cleisocentron Brühl 1926 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

This small monopodial epiphytic genus occurs from the N Himalayas to N Borneo and has 5 distinct species. Characterized by the pendulous stem carrying narrow leathery leaves and an axillary, racemose, many flowered inflorescence. The lip is firmly adnate to the column foot, urceolate, lobulate above, laterla lobes erect, a short triangular midlobe witha gently curved, cylindric spur. There are 4 pollina in unequal pairs on linear stipes witha large subquadrate viscidium

Common Name or Meaning refers to the spur being almost closed by 2 calli

LECTOType Species = ! = Cleisocentron pallens [Cathcart ex Lindley] N Pearce & Cribb 2001?

  1. Cleisocentron abasii Cavestro 2002

    ~Cleisocentron collettianum (King & Pantl.) Garay 1972 - See Robiquetia pachyphylla (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

  2. Cleisocentron gokusingii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2008

  3. Cleisocentron klossii (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    Part shade CoolCold MID Winter

  4. !Cleisocentron merrillianum (Ames) Christenson 1992

    Part sunColdTo WarmWinterSpring

  5. Cleisocentron pallens (Cathcart ex Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001

    ~Cleisocentron trichromum (Rchb.f.) Brühl 1926 - See Cleisocentron pallens (Cathcart ex Lindl.) N.Pearce & P.J.Cribb 2001

`Cleisomeria Lindl. ex G. Don 1855 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 5 species in this East Indian epiphytic genus related to Aerides with a long pendant stem carrying oblong, terete, unequally bilobed apically acute leaves and blooms on an axillary, racemose, short, few to many flowered inflorescence with sepals and petals spreading, An immobile, 3 lobed, spur gently arched, cylindric lip with either an erect central projection on the back wall or and decurved, shelf-like back wall callus and a flap-like front wall callus, there is no median septum and the erect, cylindric, column has the foot decurrent on the back wall or free, has long slender stipes, a large viscidium, 4 pollina in two masses, each divided into free halves.

Common Name or Meaning Means closed part and refers to the spur is almost closed by the callus

Type Species = ! = Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855

  1. !Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855

    Part shadeWarm LATESpringSummer

  2. Cleisomeria pilosulum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972

    Part shadeLATE SpringSummer

Cleisostoma Blume 1825 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

One of the largest mini flowered genera of it's subtribe it is widely distributed over the entire tropical Asia and out to the Philippines and south to Australia. This genus is composed of 88 different, compact, small to medium epiphytes that have flat fleshy leaves or terete leaves. The inflorescence can be short or long, simple or branched, erect or pendulous and always multiflowered. The 3-lobed lip is spurred and has a sort of a foot that is attached to the margins of the side lobes and the short column with a short foot has 4 pollina that are united in 2 round bodies. The genus was established by C. L. Blume in 1825 using Cleisostoma sagittatum as the type species.

Common Name or Meaning refers to the spur entrance that is almost closed by calluses

Synonyms Ascochilus Blume 1828; Blumeorchis Szlach. 2003; Sarcanthus Lindley 1824

Type Species = ! = Cleisostoma sagittatum Blume 1825 = Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972

    ~*Cleisostoma acaule Lindl. 1833 - See Gastrochilus acaulis (Lindl.) Kuntze 1891

    ~Cleisostoma aciliatum Guillaumin & Tixier 1965 - See Thrixspermum ancoriferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma acuminatum Rolfe 1913 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma acutilabris (Guillaumin) Aver. 1988 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

    ~Cleisostoma amabile Teijsm. & Binn. 1853 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825

    ~*Cleisostoma ancoriferum Guillaumin 1963 - See Thrixspermum ancoriferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma andamanicum Hook.f. 1890 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

  1. Cleisostoma appendiculatum (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.1893

    SECTION Pilearia

    part Shade LATERSummer

    ~*Cleisostoma armigera King & Pantl. 1896 - See Pomatocalpa armigerum (King & Pantl.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    ~Cleisostoma arnitii F. Muell. 1875 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967

  2. Cleisostoma arietinum (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Mitriformes Seiden 1975

  3. Cleisostoma aspersum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    Part sun Warm to HotSpring to Summer

    ~Cleisostoma auriculatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845

    ~*Cleisostoma beckleri F. Muell. ex Benth. 1873 - See Papillilabium beckleri (F. Muell. ex Benth.) Dockr. 1967

    ~Cleisostoma belophorum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972

    ~*Cleisostoma bicolor Lindl. 1851 - See Pomatocalpa bicolor (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Cleisostoma bicorne (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma firmulum Rchb.f. 1886

    ~*Cleisostoma bicuspidatum Hook. f. 1896 - See Cleisostoma aspersum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma bidoupense (Tixier & Guillaumin) Aver.1988 - See Deceptor bidoupensis (Tixier & Guillaumin) Seidenf. 1992

  4. Cleisostoma bilamellatum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part Shade Warm Spring

    ~Cleisostoma bipunctatum (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Trichoglottis bipunctata (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

  5. Cleisostoma birmanicum (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975

    Part shadeWarmTo Cool

    ~Cleisostoma brachybotryum Hayata 1914 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

  6. Cleisostoma brachystachys (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    ~*Cleisostoma brevilabre F.Muell.1878 - See Plectorrhiza brevilabris (F.Muell.) Dockrill 1967

    ~Cleisostoma brevipes Hook.f. 1890 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882

    ~Cleisostoma breviracemum Hayata 1911 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925

  7. Cleisostoma buruense (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    Part Shade Warm

  8. Cleisostoma callosilobum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    Part Shade Warm Cool Winter

    ~Cleisostoma callosum Blume 1825 - See Micropera callosa (Blume) Garay 1972

  9. Cleisostoma capricorne [Ridley]Garay 1972

    SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975

    Part sunWarmTo HotSummer

    ~Cleisostoma carinatum (Rolfe ex Downie) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma duplicilobum (J.J. Sm.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma cerinum Hance 1822 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972

  10. Cleisostoma chantaburiense Seidenf. 1975

    SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975

    Part sunHotTo WarmFall

    ~Cleisostoma chrysomelas (Rchb. f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma racemiferum (Lindl.) Garay 1972

    ~*Cleisostoma comberi J.J. Wood 1986 - See Sarcoglyphis comberi (J.J. Wood) J.J. Wood 1987

  11. Cleisostoma complicatum (Seidenf.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Complicatum

    Part Sun Hot LATERSpring Summer EARLY Fall

    ~*Cleisostoma congestum F.M.Bailey 1895 - See Thrixspermum congestum (F.M.Bailey) Dockrill 1967

    ~Cleisostoma cornutum Rupp 1935 - See Plectorrhiza tridentata [Lindley]Dockrill 1967

    ~Cleisostoma crassifolium Lindl. & Paxton 1852-3 - See Sarcophyton crassifolium (Lindl. & Paxton) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma crassum Ridl. 1896 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827

    ~*Cleisostoma cristatum Ridl.1893 - See Pelatantheria cristata (Ridl.) Ridl.1896

  12. Cleisostoma crochetii (Guillaumin) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part sunWarmTo HotSummer

    ~Cleisostoma crucicallum (Burkill) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908

    ~Cleisostoma cryptochilum F. Muell. 1885 - See Ascoglossum calopterum (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1913

    ~Cleisostoma cumingii Rchb.f. 1856 - See Pomatocalpa diffusum Breda 1830

    ~*Cleisostoma dawsonianum Rchb.f. 1868 - See Staurochilus dawsonianus (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Cleisostoma dealbatum Lindl. 1843 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825

    ~*Cleisostoma decipiens Lindl. 1844 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma demangei (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma dichroanthum Gagnep. 1951 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912

  13. Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part sunWarmTo Hot LATEWinter TO EARLY Spring

  14. Cleisostoma duplicilobum (J.J. Sm.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Paniculatum

    Full ShadeHot WarmSpring

    ~Cleisostoma elegans Seidenfadden 1975 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~ Cleisostoma elongatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~*Cleisostoma erectum Fitzg. 1878 - See Plectorrhiza erecta (Fitzg.) Dockrill 1967

    ~Cleisostoma evrardii Gagnep. 1932 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma expansum Rchb.f. 1878 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827

    ~Cleisostoma fallax (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Rhynchogyna fallax (Guillaumin) Seidenf. 1992

  15. Cleisostoma filiforme (Lindley) Garay 1972

    SECTION Pilearia [Lindl.] Seiden. 1975

    Part sunWarmTo HotSummer TO Fall

  16. Cleisostoma firmulum Rchb.f. 1886

    Part Shade Hot Warm Winter Spring Summer Fall

  17. Cleisostoma fissicors (Ridl.) Seidenf. & J.J.Wood 1992

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    ~Cleisostoma flagellare (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908

    ~Cleisostoma flagelliforme (Rolfe ex Downie) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908

  18. Cleisostoma flexum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma fordii Hance 1876 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

    ~Cleisostoma formosanum Hance 1884 - See Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972

  19. Cleisostoma fuerstenbergianum Kranzl. 1908

    SECTION Pilearia [Lindl.] Seiden. 1975

    Part shadeCoolWarmSpring

    ~Cleisostoma galeatum Thwaites 1861 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Cleisostoma gemmatum (Lindl.) King & Pantl. 1899 - See Schoenorchis gemmata (Lindl.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma gemmatum Rupp 1937 - See Schistotylus purpuratus (Rupp) Dockrill 1967

  20. Cleisostoma gjellerupii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    Part Sun Cold Spring

    ~Cleisostoma guiberti Linden & Rchb. f. 1862 - See Staurochilus guibertii ( Linden & Rchb.f. ) Christenson 1994

  21. Cleisostoma halophilum (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Pilearia

    ~Cleisostoma hincksianum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma appendiculatum (Lindl.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex B.D.Jacks.1893

    ~Cleisostoma hongkongense (Rolfe) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma fratrum Guillaumin 1956 - See Thrixspermum hystrix (Blume) Rchb.f. 1874

  22. Cleisostoma inflatum (Rolfe) Garay 1972

    Part shade Hot

    ~Cleisostoma inflexilobum (Holttum) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma nieuwenhuisii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma ionosmum Ridl.1897 - See Cleisostoma odoratum Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma ionosmum Lindl 1847 - See Staurochilus ionosma (Lindl.) Schltr. 1914

    ~Cleisostoma ionosmum fo. lutschuense Makino 1907 - See Staurochilus luchuensis (Rolfe) Fukuy. 1942

  23. Cleisostoma javanicum (Blume) Garay 1972

    SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975

    to Fall

    ~Cleisostoma keffordii F.M.Bailey 1884 - See Micropera fasciculata (Lindl.) Garay 1972

  24. Cleisostoma kerrii Seidenf. 1975

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    to

  25. Cleisostoma koeteiense (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    Part shade Hot

    ~Cleisostoma koordersii Rolfe 1899 - See Pomatocalpa marsupiale (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1913

    ~Cleisostoma krempfii (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882

    ~*Cleisostoma kunstleri Hook. f. 1894 - See Pomatocalpa kunstleri (Hook. f.) J.J. Sm. 1912

    ~*Cleisostoma lanatum Lindl. 1849 - See Cleisomeria lanatum Lindl. ex G. Don 1855

    ~Cleisostoma laoticum Guillaumin 1930 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~*Cleisostoma latifolium Lindl. 1840 - See Pomatocalpa diffusum Breda 1830

    ~Cleisostoma latifolium var. fuscum J.J.Sm. 1905 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

  26. Cleisostoma linearilobatum (Seidenf. & Smitinand) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part Shade Hot cool Spring Summer

  27. Cleisostoma litoreum (Schltr.) Garay 1972

    Part Sun Hot Summer

    ~Cleisostoma longifolium Teijsm. & Binn. 1853 - See Cleisostoma suaveolens Blume 1825

    ~Cleisostoma lophochilum (Gagnep.) Garay 1972 - See Pelatantheria ctenoglossum Ridl. 1896

    ~Cleisostoma macphersonii (F.Muell.) Benth. 1873 - See Pomatocalpa macphersonii (F. Muell.) P.F. Hunt 1958

    ~*Cleisostoma maculosum Lindl. 1833 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Cleisostoma maculosum Thwaites 1861 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma mannii Rchb.f. 1872 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827

    ~*Cleisostoma marsupiale Kraenzl. 1889 - See Pomatocalpa marsupiale (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1913

    ~Cleisostoma micranthum (Lindl.) King & Prantl 1898 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

  28. Cleisostoma minax (Rchb.f.) Seidenf. 1995

    SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975

    Part Sun Hot Spring

  29. Cleisostoma montanum (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    Part Shade Warm cool Spring

  30. Cleisostoma muticum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    Partial Sun Warm Fall

  31. Cleisostoma nangongense Z.H.Tsi 1989

    LATE

  32. Cleisostoma nieuwenhuisii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Partial SunHot

    ~Cleisostoma nugentii F.M.Bailey 1895 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967

    ~Cleisostoma oblongisepalum Hayata 1912 - See Trichoglottis rosea (Lindl.) Ames 1925

  33. Cleisostoma odoratum Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Fragrance Part shade Warm LATERSpring EARLYSummer

    ~Cleisostoma orbiculare Rupp 1934 - See Saccolabiopsis armitii (F. Muell.) Dockr. 1967

    ~ Cleisostoma ornithorrhynchum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Robiquetia rosea (Lindl.) Garay, 1972

    ~*Cleisostoma pachyphyllum Cavestro 2003 - See Stereochilus pachyphyllus (Cavestro) Cavestro 2003

    ~Cleisostoma paludosum (P.Royen) T.M.Reeve 1981 - See Cleisostoma gjellerupii (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

  34. Cleisostoma paniculatum (Ker Gawl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Paniculatum

    Part shade HotWarmWinterEARLYSpring

  35. Cleisostoma parishii (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

    Part shadeHot Warm Spring

    ~Cleisostoma pauciflorum (Wight) Senghas 1989 - See Cleisostoma tenuifolium (L.) Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma pensile (Ridl.) Garay 1972 - See Sarcoglyphis pensilis (Ridl.) Seidenf. 1973

    ~Cleisostoma petitiana Guillaumin 1945 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

    ~Cleisostoma piliferum (Guillaumin) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882

    ~*Cleisostoma pilosulum Gagnep. 1932 - See Cleisomeria pilosulum (Gagnep.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma poilanei Gagnep. 1932 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

    ~Cleisostoma potamophilum (Schltr.) Garay 1972 - See Sarcoglyphis potamophila (Schltr.) Garay & W.Kittr. 1985 publ. 1986

    ~*Cleisostoma purpuratum Rupp 1938 - See Schistotylus purpuratus (Rupp) Dockrill 1967

  36. Cleisostoma racemiferum (Lindl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part shadeHotWarmSpring

    ~Cleisostoma ramosum (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Staurochilus ramosus (Lindl.) Seidenf. 1988

  37. Cleisostoma recurvum [Hook] In ed

    SECTION Subulatum

  38. Cleisostoma rhyncholabium Garay 1972

    Part Shade Warm cool Fall

  39. Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

    SECTION Subulatum Seid 1975

    Part shadeHotSummer

    ~Cleisostoma robustum Guillaumin 1930 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912

  40. Cleisostoma rolfeanum (King & Pantl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Pilearia

    Part Sun Summer

    ~*Cleisostoma roseum Lindley 1838 - See Trichoglottis rosea [Lindley] Ames 1925

  41. Cleisostoma rostellatum (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Paniculatum

    Part shadeHotwarm

    ~Cleisostoma rostratum (Lindl.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

    ~Cleisostoma sacculatum (Ridl.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

  42. Cleisostoma sagittatum Blume 1825

    Part Shade HotCool Spring

  43. !Cleisostoma sagittiforme Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part sunWarmTo Hot

  44. Cleisostoma scolopendrifolium (Makino) Garay 1972

    to to

  45. Cleisostoma scortechinii (Hook.f.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Subulatum

    THROUGH

    ~Cleisostoma secundum Rolfe 1907 - See Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825

    ~Cleisostoma seidenfadenii Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

    ~Cleisostoma siamense Rolfe ex Downie 1925 - See Pomatocalpa maculosum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm.1912

    ~Cleisostoma sigaldiense Guillaumin 1953 - See Pteroceras leopardinum (C.S.P.Parish & Rchb.f.) Seidenf. & Smitinand 1963

    ~Cleisostoma simondianum (Gagnep.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma recurvum (Hook.) ined

  46. Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

    SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975

    Part sunHotFallWinter

    ~Cleisostoma simondii var. guangdongense Z.H.Tsi 1983 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

  47. Cleisostoma sororium (J.J.Sm.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Part Shade LATER Winter EARLYSpring

    ~*Cleisostoma spathulatum Blume 1825 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912

  48. Cleisostoma sp Java

  49. Cleisostoma sp.1 western Malesia

  50. Cleisostoma sp.2 western Malesia

  51. Cleisostoma sp.3

    Part sunWarmTo HotSummer

    ~Cleisostoma spicatum Lindl. 1847 - See Robiquetia spathulata (Blume) J.J. Sm. 1912

  52. Cleisostoma striatum (Rchb.f.) N.E.Br. 1882

    SECTION Echioglossum [Bl.] Seiden 1975

    Hot Warm Spring Summer

  53. Cleisostoma strongyloides (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    Part shade Hot

  54. Cleisostoma suaveolens Blume 1825

    FragranceFull ShadeHot Spring

  55. Cleisostoma subulatum Blume 1825

    SECTION Subulatum Seiden. 1975

    Part sun Cool toWarmSummer TO Fall

    ~Cleisostoma subviolaceum (Llanos) Rchb. f. 1862 - See Trichoglottis bataanensis Ames 1905

  56. Cleisostoma suffusum (Ridl.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Cleisostoma

    Hot Warm Spring

    ~Cleisostoma tenerum (Lindl.) Hook.f. 1890 - See Trichoglottis tenera (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872

    ~Cleisostoma tenuicaule King & Pantl. 1897 - See Trichoglottis cirrhifera Teijsm. & Binn. 1853

  57. Cleisostoma tenuifolium (L.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Subulatum Seidenf. 1975

    ~Cleisostoma teres Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma simondii (Gagnep.) Seidenf. 1975

  58. Cleisostoma teretifolium Teijsm. & Binn. 1864

    SECTION Complicatum Seiden. 1975

    Part shadeWarmHot Winter

    ~Cleisostoma termissum (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma discolor Lindl. 1845

    ~Cleisostoma thomatoglossum Guillaumin 1961 - See Pelatantheria rivesii (Guillaumin) Tang & F.T.Wang 1951

    ~ Cleisostoma thwaitesianum Trimen 1885 - See Pomatocalpa decipiens (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

    ~Cleisostoma tixieri Guillaumin 1960 - See Smitinandia micrantha (Lindl.) Holttum 1969

    ~*Cleisostoma tridentatum Lindl. 1838 - See Plectorrhiza tridentata (Lindl.) Dockr. 1967

    ~Cleisostoma undulatum (Lindl.) Rchb.f. 1872 - See Pomatocalpa undulatum (Lindl.) J.J.Sm. 1912

  59. Cleisostoma uraiense (Hayata) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974

    Part Sun Hot Spring

    ~Cleisostoma uteriferum Hk.f. 1890 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827

    ~Cleisostoma vacherotiana Guillaumin 1948 - See Aerides multiflora Roxbury 1823

    ~Cleisostoma virginale Hance 1877 - See Robiquetia succisa (Lindl.) Seidenf. & Garay 1972

    ~Cleisostoma viridescens (Fukuy.) Garay 1972 - See Cleisostoma uraiense (Hayata) Garay & H.R.Sweet 1974

    ~Cleisostoma vitellinum Rchb.f. 1876 - See Pomatocalpa spicata Breda 1827

  60. Cleisostoma weberi (Ames) Garay 1972

    Part Sun Hot Spring

    ~Cleisostoma wendlandorum Rchb.f 1856 - See Pomatocalpa wendlandorum [Rchb.f]J.J.Sm. 1912

  61. Cleisostoma williamsonii (Rchb.f.) Garay 1972

    SECTION Mitriformes Seiden 1975

    Part sunWarmSpring

    ~*Cleisostoma zollingerianum Kraenzl. 1897 - See Trichoglottis zollingeriana (Kraenzl.) J.J.Sm. 1906

Cleisostomopsis Seidenf. 1992 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Vandeae, SUBTRIBE Aeridinae.

There are 2 species in this epiphytic genus confined to Thailand and Vietnam characterized by an elongate, slender stem carrying laxly, many terete leaves blooming on lateral, racemose inflorescence with small bracts and has many small flowers with free lateral speals that are larger than the dorsal sepal and petals that are small than the sepals, a lip adnate to the base of the column, spurred, 3 lobed, spur longer than the sepals, inside with a "Y"-shaped callus on the base wall but has no septum. The column is short, stout and without a column foot and has a large rostellum, a concave stigma and 4 waxy, subglobose pollina in 2 pairs, each pair with a caudicle attached by a common stipe to a large viscidium.

Common Name or Meaning The Cleisostoma-Lik Orchid

Type Species = ! = Cleisostomopsis eberhardtii (Finet) Seidenf. 1992

  1. !Cleisostomopsis eberhardtii (Finet) Seidenf. 1992

    Part Sun Hot LATERSpring

Cleistes Rich. ex Lindl. 1840 SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Pogoniieae. SUBTRIBE Pogoniinae

There are 66 species in this terrestrial genus allied to Pogonia spread from Florida to Brazil. They are characterized by having a slender, erect stem arising from a subterranean nodular or fibrous tuber, carrying cauline, conduplicate towards the base, lanceolate or ovate, acute or acuminate leaf arranged singley at intervals along the stem. The inflorescence is tereminal, is laxly few flowered and has conspicuous leafy bracts giving rise to showy, large, yellow, pink or purple flowers with free, subsimilar sepals and petals and an entire or obscurly 3 lobed lip, that is funnel shaped, without a spur and has a central longitudinal callus. The column is elongate and subclavate and carries 2 mealy pollina lacking a viscidium. They differ from Pogonia by the different root, larger size and larger campanulate flowers.

Common Name or Meaning In Greek means closed, refers to the narrowly funnel shaped corolla

Type Species = ! = Cleistes lutea Lindley 1840 = !Cleistes grandiflora (Aubl.) Schltr. 1926

  1. Cleistes abdita G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2009

  2. Cleistes bella Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881

  3. Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling & Gregg 1992

    Full sunColdSpring

  4. Cleistes brasiliensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1925

  5. Cleistes caloptera Rchb.f. & Warm. 1881

    Part sunColdFall

  6. Cleistes castaneoides Hoehne 1939

    Part sun Cool LATE Spring EARLY Summer

  7. Cleistes costaricensis Christenson 1992

  8. Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921

    Part sunCoolSpring

    ~Cleistes divaricata f. leucantha P.M.Br. 1995 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921

    ~Cleistes divaricata var. bifaria Fernald 1946 - See Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling & Gregg 1992

  9. Cleistes exilis Hoehne 1916

    ~ Cleistes hoehneana Schltr. ex Mansf. 1930 - See Cleistes silveirana Hoehne & Schltr. 1925

  10. Cleistes ionoglossa Hoehne & Schltr. 1926

  11. Cleistes latipetala (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

  12. Cleistes libonii (Rchb. f.) Schltr. 1926

    Part ShadeHotTo WarmSummerFall

  13. Cleistes macrantha (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

    ~Cleistes medicii Ruschi 1972 - see Cleistes exilis Hoehne 1916

  14. Cleistes metallina (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

  15. Cleistes moritzii (Rchb.f.) Garay & Dunst. 1966

    ~Cleistes paludosa Benth. ex Griseb. 1864 - See Cleistes tenuis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

  16. Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

    to LATER EARLY

    Cleistes paranaensis var. bradeana (Kraenzl.) Hoehne 1940 - See Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

    ~Cleistes paranaensis var. minor Hoehne 1940 - See Cleistes paranaensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

  17. Cleistes parviflora Lindl. 1840

  18. Cleistes paulensis (Schltr.) Schltr. 1926

  19. Cleistes pluriflora (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

  20. Cleistes pusilla Pansarin 2004

  21. Cleistes ramboi Pabst 1953

    Full Sun

  22. Cleistes rodeiensis (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

  23. Cleistes rosea Lindl. 1840

    to LATE

    ~Cleistes rosea f. pallida Carnevali & I.Ramírez 1990 - See Cleistes abdita G.A.Romero & Carnevali 2009

  24. Cleistes silveirana Hoehne & Schltr. 1925

  25. Cleistes sp Brazil Beach Sao Paulo state

  26. Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Lowland

  27. Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Middle elevation lands

  28. Cleistes sp Sao Paulo state Brazil Middle elevation lands

  29. Cleistes speciosa Gardner 1842

  30. Cleistes tamboana Dodson & Carnevali 1997

  31. Cleistes tenuis (Rchb.f.) Schltr. 1926

  32. Cleistes vinosa (Barb.Rodr.) Schltr. 1926

~Cleistesiopsis Pansarin & F.Barros, Kew Bull. 63: 444 (2008 publ. 2009 - See Cleistes Rich. ex Lindl. 1840 SUBFAMILY Vanilloideae, TRIBE Pogoniieae. SUBTRIBE Pogoniinae

~Cleistesiopsis bifaria (Fernald) Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009 - see Cleistes bifaria (Fernald) Catling & Gregg 1992

~Cleistesiopsis divaricata (L.) Pansarin & F.Barros 2008 publ. 2009 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921

~Cleistesiopsis divaricata f. leucantha (P.M.Br.) P.M.Br. 2009 - See Cleistes divaricata (L.) Ames 1921

~`Clinhymenia A. Rich. & Galeotti 1844 - See Cryptarrhena R.Br. 1816 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Zygopetalinae

~Clinhymenia pallidiflora A. Rich. & Galeotti 1844, nom. inval - See Cryptarrhena lunata R.Br. 1816

Clowesia Lindley 1843 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae, TRIBE Cymbidieae, SUBTRIBE Catasetinae

There are six species spread from Mexico south to Venezuela. They are generally fragrant and are grown like the Catasetum yet differ in having perfect flowers, ie that contain both sexes. The pseudobulb is shorter than those of Catasetum and have deciduous, plicate leaves, a pendulous, basal inflorescence that arise after leaf fall inthe fall with bisexual, fragrant flowers witha short column, as broad as it is long, This genus requires abundant fertilizer and water while in its growth phase and a distinct lessening of both after leaf fall.

Common Name or Meaning Named for the Rev. J. Clowes An English orchid aficionado

Synonyms Myanthus Lindley 1832

Type Species = ! = Clowesia rosea Lindley 1843

  1. Clowesia amazonica K.G.Lacerda & V.P.Castro 1995

    to

  2. Clowesia dodsoniana Ag. León 1986

    Hot

  3. Clowesia glaucoglossa (Rchb.f.) Dodson 1975

    to LATEto EARLY

  4. !Clowesia rosea Lindley 1843

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotEARLY Winter

  5. Clowesia russelliana [Hooker] Dodson 1975

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotSummer THROUGH Fall

  6. Clowesia thylaciochila (Lem.) Dodson 1975

    FragrancePart sunHotTo Warm LATE Spring EARLY Summer

  7. Clowesia warczewitzii (Lindl. & Paxton) Dodson 1975

    FragrancePart sunWarmTo HotFall

~Cnemidia Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia Lindl. 1833 SUBFAMILY Epidendroideae TRIBE Tropideae

~*Cnemidia angulosa Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

~Cnemidia ctenophora Rchb.f.1878 - See Tropidia effusa Rchb.f. 1868

~Cnemidia semilibera Lindl. 1833 - See Tropidia angulosa (Lindl.) Blume 1859

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Jay Pfahl c/o Neptune Designs.
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Orchid Mall A great site to link up to other orchid sites, includes vendors, societies, and book sites.

Orchid Discussion List's A list of links to orchid related newsgroups, online discussion groups, and mailing lists

The Stanhopea Page A list of all the Stanhopea species and photos of many of the species.

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Neptune Designs is celebrating it's 20th year here in tropical Key West making quality jewelry with nature in mind. We specialize in 14 karat orchid flower and coin jewelry but manufacture all kinds of 14 Karat gold and gemstone jewelry.

Neptune Designs home page Please give us your comments as to the workings of this home page, we have hopes of creating a site that will have photos of every genera and possibly cultural tips as well. E-Mail: Jay Pfahl c/o Neptune Designs.